Name Descriptor: Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957×
  • ¡Por un arte revolucionario independiente!
    1938
    With war looming in the background, this manifesto, dated July 25, 1938, and signed by André Breton and Diego Rivera, expresses a particular point of view regarding the concept of freedom of expression for the artist and the man of science—“the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792914

  • ¡Que viva Trotsky!
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1986
    This was the headline of the supplement—dedicated to the muralist on the centenary of his birth—that published a document dated December 19, 1929 in which Diego Rivera explained “My Expulsion from the PCM.” The text discusses his reasons and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754283

  • ¡Rivera y Siqueiros lo acaparan todo!
    Climent, Juan B.
    1952
    Juan B. Climent interviews Manuel Rodríguez Lozano, who leaves no doubt about his position regarding the figures of Diego Rivera and David Alfaro Siqueiros in Mexican art. Lozano talks about the need to vindicate the native figure stemming from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776602

  • ¿Artistas provocadores y delatores? : Los efectos de la intromisión corruptora del departamento de Estado Yanqui en la vida artística de nuestro país
    1954
    The exhibition at Perls Gallery in Beverly Hills, Los Angeles, presented Rufino Tamayo as one of the four great Mexican artists. His works were part of the great modernism and, unlike those of his colleagues, no Communist symbols could be found in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785817

  • ¿Cuál es el pintor más grande de México?
    Ortega, Febronio
    1922
    In the Survey Section, the journalist Ortega decided to go to the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria to ask the painters there the following question: Who is the greatest painter in Mexico? The caricaturist Ernesto García Cabral ironically responds that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755251

  • ¿El abandono de su tradicional plataforma ideológica servirá a la pintura mexicana?
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1948
    In this short article by Antonio Rodríguez, the art critic shows his support for an article published in the previous issue of the journal Espacios by the artist Roberto Berdecio, in defense of “social painting.” Rodríguez believes that “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799572

  • ¿Identidad o modernidad?
    Manrique, Jorge Alberto
    1974
    In this chapter from América Latina en sus artes Jorge Alberto Manrique begins by describing the artistic movements of the 1920s and comparing this period to a giant hinge that moved backward to the nineteenth century and forward to the twentieth [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838652

  • ¿Son inmorales estas pinturas? Los murales del pintor González Camarena en el edificio Guardiola actualizan la debatida cuestión de la moral en el arte
    Rodríguez, Antonio
    1942
    The critic Antonio Rodríguez uses this article to defend the murals painted by Jorge González Camarena in the main hall of the Edificio Guardiola, in the center of Mexico City. The author believes that the short newspaper article calling for these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804294

  • [C'est avec la Mort de Maximilien...]
    Salmon, André
    1929
    André Salmon introduces Lola Cueto’s work by referring to certain moments that he considers important. He suggests that Edouard Manet’s painting, La Muerte de Maximiliano [The Death of Maximilian], was Mexico’s debut in the visual arts. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1104283

  • [Calaveras del Mausoleo nacional]
    1934
    This print by Leopoldo Méndez was used for the cover of the first issue of Frente a Frente [Face to Face], in which the inauguration of the Palacio de Bellas Artes was satirized as an act of cultural exclusion. At the bottom of the page, a policeman [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774365

  • 3 llamamientos de orientación actual a los pintores y escultores de la nueva generación americana
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1921
    With his manifesto, David Alfaro Siqueiros sought to position the avant-garde project anew, doing away with belated modernism and impressionism, in favor of Cubo-Futurist expressions and the incipient eruption of Dadaism. This eagerness for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801659

  • Abstracción y símbolo en la pintura
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1940
    During the 1940s, Carlos Mérida’s reflections tend toward abstract art and its protagonists. In this article, the painter states that for those who are not familiar with abstract painting, a symbolic form of interpretation is the most logical. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757819

  • Advertencia preliminar
    Nelken, Margarita
    1949
    This document is the first section of Margarita Nelken’s book Pintores de México [Painters of Mexico], which she wrote by commission of the Secretaría de Educación Pública [SEP, Ministry of Public Education]. Nevertheless, it was never [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 791990

  • Alejandro Romero
    Chaplik, Dorothy
    1991
    Author Dorothy Chaplik provides an overview of the life and art of Alejandro Romero, a recognized Chicago-based Mexican painter and muralist. She traces his artistic career from his childhood in Tabasco and youth and Mexico City, when he first [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064478

  • Alfaro Siqueiros catalogó ayer a nuestros pintores
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1950
    In 1950, David Alfaro Siqueiros gave a lecture at the Palacio de Bellas Artes [Palace of Fine Arts] in which he analyzed [the work of] Mexican painters such as Diego Rivera and Rufino Tamayo. Siqueiros concluded that they do not belong to the Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753171

  • Algo sobre la exposición de la Tolteca
    1932
    In this issue of the magazine Helios—the official publication of the Asociación de Fotógrafos de México—an editorial expresses disagreement with the results of the photographic competition sponsored by the cement company La Tolteca. This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748969

  • Americanidade e latinidade da America latina: crescente interpenetração e decrescente segregação
    Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987
    1963
    This is a summary of Gilberto Freyre’s thoughts on the subject of Latin America, with a focus on the cultural anthropological aspects of a hybrid civilization based on a blend of black, American Indian, and European traditions. The author discusses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807893

  • An introduction to the history of Mexican American art = Introducción a la historia del arte Mexicoamericano
    Ybarra-Frausto, Tomás, 1938-
    1981
    This essay by Tomás Ybarra-Frausto is included in the 1981 catalogue of selected works from the Mexican Museum in San Francisco, California. Ybarra-Frausto presents a historiography documenting the trajectory of Mexican American artistic traditions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809236

  • André Breton
    Barreda, Octavio G.
    1938
    Letras de México, the magazine directed by Octavio G. Barreda, devoted its May 1938 issue to André Breton and Surrealism. It published several of his essays: an excerpt of “Les vases communicantes” [Communicating Vessels], “Le merveilleux [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774259

  • André Bretón debuta en Hoy!
    Breton, André, 1896-1966
    1938
    This is the first interview granted by André Breton after he arrived in Mexico City. In the article, the French poet “provides a clear, insightful review of conditions in French literature and painting, the position taken by French intellectuals [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779813

  • Apoteosis del Comunismo en el mural que pinta Diego Rivera : Stalin preside el mundo y es el campeón de la paz : Inglaterra y Francia, agotados y EE.UU, inferior y sumiso
    Sodi de Pallares, María Elena
    1952
    María Elena Sodi de Pallares discusses the inconsistency shown by the INBA (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes) while sponsoring a mural by Diego Rivera to be displayed at the Paris exhibition, but then decided not to submit it after all when the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735618

  • Arquitectura y pintura mural
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1934
    In this article written for The Architectural Forum, a New York City publication, in January 1934, the muralist Diego Rivera made public his point of view about the necessary link between architecture and painting. The purpose of the link was to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785796

  • Arte Latinoamericano en los Estados Unidos : al margen de algunas exposiciones
    Barradas, Efraín
    1988
    The Puerto Rican critic Efraín Barradas writes about the full schedule of exhibitions in the United States, where he lives; according to him very few include Latin American art, since little is known about Latin American artists and their work. Be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805513

  • arte y comunismo
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this essay, Joaquín Torres García attempts to link this sociopolitical doctrine with that of modern art after presenting a succinct historical review starting from “primitive communism” up through the Marxist doctrine. He does so by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245711

  • Arte y revolución: una polémica en la LEAR
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1936
    In the 1990s, the magazine Memoria reported on a controversy that led to the great 1936 exhibition organized by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. The article explains that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779783

  • Artes Plásticas
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    1954
    This is the first of two articles by Sebastián Salazar Bondy, published under the pseudonym “Juan Eye,” on the Mexican art exhibition organized in Lima by La Crónica newspaper. The author believes the show is exceptional for its positive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137991

  • Artes plásticas : la pintura en México : carta de Ángel Zárraga a Manuel Rodríguez Lozano
    Zárraga, Angel
    1926
    In this 1925 letter, Ángel Zárraga acknowledges Manuel Rodríguez Lozano as a painter and a friend. After a brief introduction of indeterminate tone, Zárraga points to his discovery that “Race” and “People” are grandiose concepts that lead [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754116

  • Bellas Artes retiró el mural Comunista de Diego Rivera, ignórese donde fue a parar el discutido cuadro
    1952
    Carlos Chávez tells the press that he had received an order not to exhibit the painting Pesadilla de guerra y sueño de paz [Nightmare of War and Dream of Peace]. As such he had only two choices: remove the painting or close the museum; he opted for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780032

  • Bienal primer balance : Cero originalidad
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    1958
    Art critic Ceferino Palencia identified the advantages of contests such as the one held within the context of the Inter-American Biennial of Painting and Printmaking. In the first place, he said, such contests gave painters the possibility of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769937

  • Borderland murals : Chicano artifacts in transition
    Romo, Ricardo
    In this essay, Ricardo Romo discusses the vibrant tradition of Chicano muralism, proposing as his goals both an examination of the historical evolution of murals painted in borderland states across the United States (California, Arizona, New Mexico, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849104

  • Carta a Diego Rivera
    Rabel, Fanny
    1957
    The painter and engraver Fanny Rabel directs an ironic, open letter to Diego Rivera because of the declarations he had made four months earlier in the same publication. [See 794985] In the name of the young generations, Rabel asks Rivera if a change [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795037

  • Carta a Fernando Ocaranza
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1935
    Bertram Wolf, Diego Rivera’s biographer, states that the period from the late 1930s through the early 1940s was a solitary, confusing time for the painter due to the fact that his name was appearing constantly in newspaper headlines as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785801

  • Carta a Orozco : en presencia de su actual exposición de pinturas, dibujos y grabados : en la casa del Colegio Nacional, (del 25 de septiembre pasado al 25 de octubre en curso)
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1944
    In 1944, David Alfaro Siqueiros wrote an open letter to José Clemente Orozco in which he admitted that he could identify the different stages of his work. Siqueiros begins by saying that an artist’s work is not an individual creation but the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760439

  • Cinco dibujos decorativos de Diego Rivera
    1926
    This article reproduces some of Diego Rivera’s observations regarding his work, based on a number of sketches done in Paris and Tehuantepec “in which the penetrating sensibility of the artist may be discerned.” These sketches would later be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770002

  • Cincuenta años de arte moderno
    Suárez, Luis
    1958
    The journalist Luis Suárez complains about the selection of paintings made by the “International committee of experts designated by the general commissioners of the Pavilions of certain number of countries with some importance in modern art,” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780074

  • Coloquio III : mexicanismo y universalidad
    Tamayo, Rufino; Alba, Víctor
    1956
    In the Coloquio III [Symposium III], titled “Mexicanismo y Universalidad” [Mexicanism and Universality], Rufino Tamayo criticizes the “patriotism” of some of his contemporaries, explaining that Mexican art should not be limited to recognition [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752650

  • Columnas del Periquillo : Un "Hitazo"
    1940
    This article discusses a plan by the Museum of Modern Art in New York City to purchase works by José Clemente Orozco, Diego Rivera, Rufino Tamayo, Jesús Guerrero Galván, and Juan Soriano. The chosen artists’ formal and artistic qualities are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 769992

  • Comunismo vs aprismo : Diego acusa a Víctor Raúl
    Isolbi, Gerardo de
    1954
    The press waxed passionate with accusations among members of the Latin American left about the decision by the American University in Bogotá to grant an honorary doctorate to Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre. To Diego Rivera, this seemed to be an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805212

  • Con tinta negra y roja : El Muralismo de México : Gran y aparatoso adefesio de la Historia, dice José Luis Cuevas
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1964
    Antonio Rodríguez begins his text by justifying, to a degree, José Luís Cuevas’ harsh denunciation of the Mexican muralism movement to Marta Traba. The writer states that Cuevas, as a young painter and critic of his time, should be allowed such [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747199

  • Con Tinta negra y roja : El Muralismo de México : Uno de los momentos culminantes del Arte en este siglo
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1964
    Antonio Rodríguez reports that José Luís Cuevas’ statements to Marta Traba concerning the Mexican muralist movement provoked resentful feelings in many painters that consider them to be unpatriotic. He states that Traba repeatedly attacked [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747077

  • Con tinta negra y roja : El Muralismo Mexicano, un enorme absceso que contagió a todos nuestros países : carta abierta de Marta Traba sobre el problema del Muralismo Mexicano
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1964
    Antonio Rodríguez published an open letter sent to him by Marta Traba—the Argentine critic—in response to his article “El muralismo de México: uno de los momentos culminantes del arte de este siglo” [Muralism in Mexico: One of the Climactic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747211

  • Contemporary painting and sculpture in Mexico
    Fernández, Justino
    1937
    In this essay from 1937, Justino Fernández conducts a study on the evolution of Mexican art during the 1920s and 1930s. The text is organized in three large sections: mural painting, general painting and sculpture. Fernández characterizes mural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748369

  • Contestando a Torres García
    Berdía, Norberto, 1900-
    1934
    In his famous “Manifiesto 1,” Joaquín Torres García repudiates the article published in the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay’s journal Movimiento. Torres García’s text, in turn, occasioned “Contestando a Torres [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1208175

  • Contra los “Grandes” : la pintura mural no puede sujetarse a ningún control
    Rodríguez, Antonio, 1909-
    1947
    The Comisión Nacional de Pintura Mural [National Commission for Mural Painting], which consisted of Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco, and David Alfaro Siqueiros, was founded in late August 1947. The Commission’s goal was to stimulate and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755474

  • Conversación con David Alfaro Siqueiros sobre la pintura mural mexicana
    Torriente, Loló de la, 1906-1983
    1947
    In this biographical sketch, Loló de la Torriente defines the aspiration of David Alfaro Siqueiros as wanting to be recognized as a leader of socialist fighters rather than as a painter. The text is divided into four parts: Siqueiros, the man; the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772501

  • Cosas del momento : Best Maugard y su sistema de enseñanza artística
    Frías, José D., 1891-1936
    1922
    Adolfo Best Maugard describes the nature of “authentic” Mexican art in order to define the essential features of the aesthetic idea based on a “grammar of drawing” that he proposes as the formula for what he sees as “current national art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771701

  • Crítica a la crítica del Arte : A propósito de un reciente artículo de Margarita Nelken sobre la obra total de Diego Rivera
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1949
    In his long essay, Siqueiros defends Diego Rivera’s work in response to Margarita Nelken’s article on the latter’s retrospective exhibition at Bellas Artes published in the latest issue of Cuadernos Americanos. He accuses Nelken of being “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774903

  • Critica el pintor Matisse las teorías que sobre arte ha externado Diego Rivera
    Matisse, Henri
    1933
    The legendary French painter, Henri Matisse, who was in New York in the early 1930s, disagrees “with the theories on art set forth by Diego Rivera.” Confronting the Mexican painter’s declarations in favor of work with “political” content, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798405

  • Cuatro azules : Feininger, Jawlensky, Kandinsky, Paul Klee : exposición : óleos, acuarelas, grabados, litografías : Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico, del 24 de noviembre al 1o. de diciembre de 1931
    Biblioteca Nacional de México
    1931
    The Art Salon of the SEP [Ministry of Public Education] (1931-1934), as coordinated by the painters Francisco Díaz de León and Gabriel Fernández Ledesma—who represented both the Departamento de Bellas Artes de la Secretaría de Educación Pú [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733040

  • Cuestionario para las entrevistas sobre el interés del arte mexicano con motivo de la próxima exposición que presentará México en París
    Gamboa, Fernando
    1952
    The questionnaire consists of six questions concerning the importance of social art in Mexico. The questions are as follows: Do you believe that the function of art in our time is to deliver an eloquent message of social content to the people? Do you [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779906