Name Descriptor: Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (México)×
  • La Confederación Reg. Obrera aboga por el Lic. Toledano : pero el Secretario de Educación no está dispuesto a revocar el acuerdo que tomó contra el Director de la Preparatoria
    Vasconcelos, José
    The Confederación Regional Obrera [Regional Workers Confederation] became involved in the dismissal of Vicente [Lombardo] Toledano, who was at that time Director of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria [National Preparatory School] and a member of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 788609

  • México en biografías : José Clemente Orozco premio nacional de pintura
    Heredia Jasso, Carlos
    This article about the work of painter José Clemente Orozco was written by the then-young writer Carlos Heredia Jasso, who enjoyed working in the biographical genre. He starts the piece with a portrait of the artist at work, seeking to decipher his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776555

  • Como en tiempo de Huerta : Una dictadura reaccionaria en la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria
    This article denounces the director of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria, Ángel Vallarino, for suspending, by order of the Secretario de Educación Pública [Minister of Public Education], a group of students. The students were suspended for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764125

  • ¿Cuál es la pintura revolucionaria?
    Tamayo, Rufino
    In artistic circles in those days, according to Rufino Tamayo, anything that was not purely Mexican was roundly rejected, and works that reflected our own experience and personal expression were lavishly praised. This had its positive aspects, but it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759040

  • Arte y nacionalismo
    After criticizing the painters of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP), the newspaper El Demócrata speaks of the triumphs Mexico achieved abroad, through singers, writers, and the architects during the Río de Janeiro Expo. These are our [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758022

  • Pintura y opiniones
    In the newspaper El Mundo, an anonymous writer urges people to make clear what side they’re on: whether with the painters of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP) or against the motifs and dimensions presented there. While the matter was treated [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758017

  • Pintura Oficial
    In an unsigned article published in El Demócrata, a Mexico City morning newspaper, the anonymous author expresses his opinion about the proposals made by El Heraldo, which had launched an energetic campaign against the murals in the Escuela Nacional [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758012

  • Fueron cesados todos los pintores estridentistas
    On the orders of the Mexican Under Secretary of Education, Bernardo J. Gastélum (the office manager), confirmed the dismissal of all the Etridentista painters who—led by Diego Rivera—had painted murals on the walls of the annex of the SEP, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758007

  • Las pedradas como un sustituto de la razón
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Orozco, José Clemente; Guerrero, Xavier
    David Alfaro Siqueiros, José Clemente Orozco and Xavier Guerrero signed this article in which they refute the assertions published by the Federación de Estudiantes Preparatorianos [Federation of Preparatory Students] and they list, one after [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758002

  • Los destructores de pinturas : Manifiesto del Grupo Comunista Estudiantil de la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria
    This document reports on the publication of a manifesto signed by the Comunista Estudiantil de la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria [Student Communist Group at the National Preparatory School], comprised of 151 members. It explains how a small minority [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757997

  • El “93” de la pintura mexicana
    Leal, Fernando
    Fernando Leal’s article talks about the dearth of art criticism, which uses different names to describe the movement: “al fresco decorations,” “national art,” “Cubism,” “revolutionary art,” “academic art,” and “Renaissance [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755413

  • Declaraciones del Sindicato de Pintores y Escultores
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    In an open letter to the newspaper, David Alfaro Siqueiros makes a number of statements about the article published in the same paper defending students’ rights in terms of the paintings at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP). Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755362

  • Diego Rivera y la Federación de Estudiantes
    In this piece, the Federación de Estudiantes [Student Federation] declares the muralists’ paintings to be “bad caricatures.” The federation expressed outrage by an offensive statement issued by a group of painters led by Diego Rivera. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755345

  • La decoración de Diego Rivera en la Preparatoria
    Molina, Renato
    Along with a caricature by Miguel Covarrubias published in a special edition of El Universal Ilustrado, Renato Molina Enríquez focuses his article on the encaustic technique used by Diego Rivera. This allows Antonio Caso’s article to explain the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755297

  • Un decorado cubista se inauguró en la Preparatoria
    Diego Rivera’s mural La Creación [The Creation] was unveiled during a showing at the amphitheater of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria de México—with the assistance of the painter and the Minister of Public Education, José Vasconcelos. After [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 755288

  • The Frescoes of Diego Rivera
    Evans, Ernestine
    Ernestine Evans reviews Diego Rivera’s murals, referring to their artistic and political values. In this introductory essay she discusses the murals at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria, the SEP (Ministry of Public Education), and the School of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752555

  • El arte en México : el feísmo de Diego Rivera
    Selva, Roberto de la
    Roberto de la Selva reviews Diego Rivera’s work and comments on the murals Rivera painted in the auditorium of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria and at the SEP (Ministry of Public Education), both in Mexico City. De la Selva hints that these works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 749273

  • Art interpretations
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    Carlos Mérida considers that Mexican painting belongs to the Americas because the spirit of its ancestors floats anew all over the Indo-Hispanic land. The author believes that the development of Mexican painting is directed by traditional rules [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747066

  • Sesión de la Cámara de Diputados : fue aprobada la organización de varias secretarías del despacho : la Universidad Nacional
    This article covers the discussion that took place in the Mexican House of Representatives regarding the university and the fine arts departments. After the debate, the Departamento de Bellas Artes [Fine Arts Department] was separated from the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739672

  • José Clemente Orozco y el horror
    Villaurrutia, Xavier, 1903-1950
    In this essay, Xavier Villaurrutia examines José Clemente Orozco’s paintings through a prism of dread. The writer contends that this dread, this sense of horror, though not the only feeling present in Orozco’s work, is almost always the dominant [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735365

  • El pintor Diego Rivera
    Pellicer, Carlos, 1897?-1977
    The poet Carlos Pellicer writes about a pair of Diego Rivera’s important works: the mural in the Auditorium at the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria, and the frescoes in the courtyard at the Palacio de Educación Pública. Rather than describe the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735311

  • Las Pinturas Decorativas del Anfiteatro de la Preparatoria
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera’s visual arts discourse echoes the ideas of José Vasconcelos in his mural La Creación [Creation], in which he expresses, within an abstract theme, a clear allusion to race through selected representative elements. These include the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734641

  • El anfiteatro de la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Diego Rivera describes the liberties he took when painting his mural La Creación [Creation], which expressed man’s relationship with the elements as a means of telling the prime history of Mankind. Rivera explains how he adapted his work to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 732884