Name Descriptor: Picasso, Pablo×
  • Nuestro problema de arte en América
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    This lengthy article discusses the main doctrinaire questions that concerned Joaquín Torres García, stressing his personal view of the “American race” as a transplant with no roots, for which he proposes the development of a collective, “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238773

  • Aspectos del arte moderno y la pintura de signos
    Quintana Castillo, Manuel, 1928-
    In this essay, the visual artist Manuel Quintana Castillo suggests that early twentieth century art represents the demise of the art that preceded it. He explains that modern art promotes communication, encourages personal choice as the basis of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156023

  • Exposición Szyszlo
    Raygada, Carlos, 1898-1953
    For the author, Carlos Reygada, the works exhibited exemplify a presumptuous attitude that merely imitates the “penultimate” European trends, although without first grounding them in a serious study of the pictorial material. In his judgment, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151246

  • España en la Exposición Internacional de París
    Vallejo, César, 1892-1938
    In this article, the Peruvian poet César Vallejo reflects on the genre of portrayal, referring specifically to a bust of himself that was produced by the Spanish sculptor José de Creeft and exhibited at the 1925 International Exhibition in Paris. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150457

  • Posición
    Agrupación Espacio (Perú)
    This text is the editorial published in the first issue of Espacio, the journal launched by the Lima-based group of the same name in 1947. In it, the collective takes a radical stance in favor of the association of artistic and social avant-gardes. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143745

  • [Para un pintor, y éste es mi caso, la defensa de la libertad de pensamiento...]
    Gutiérrez, Sérvulo
    This text is the message delivered by painter Sérvulo Gutiérrez to the first convention organized by the Asociación Nacional de Escritores y Artistas (ANEA); the event was held in Lima in September 1955. In his statement, Gutiérrez asserts that, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138812

  • Meta fija de los artepuristas y metafísicos
    Falcón, Jorge, 1908-
    In this essay Jorge Falcón discusses the exhibition of works by Lajos d’Ebneth, the Hungarian artist who lived in Peru, at the Galería de Lima in August 1950. Falcón states objectively that art is, above all, a product in search of “its client [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138686

  • Reflexiones extemporáneas sobre una exposición de pintura
    Moro, César, d. 1956
    In this article César Moro discusses De Manet a nuestros días, the exhibition of French painting organized by the Municipalidad de Lima. The poet and artist describes French painting as “the best” in the world because of the fusion that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138657

  • En blanca y negra...
    Miró Quesada Garland, Luis
    In this text, Luis Miró Quesada Garland enumerates the main formal virtues of the works in the exhibition of Surrealism held at the Galería de Lima in July 1954. In his view, the show reflects none of the movement’s initial aggressiveness in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138599

  • Pintura : realismo y decadencia
    Falcón, Jorge, 1908-
    In this article Jorge Falcón reviews De Manet a nuestros días, the exhibition of French painting that opened at the Municipalidad de Lima on March 15, 1950. According to the writer and militant communist, the exhibition’s local reception—which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138271

  • Polémica
    Agrupación Espacio (Perú)
    Contrary to the arguments put forth by opponents of “non-figurative” painting, this article maintains that a country’s degree of cultural evolution is in no way tied to its adherence or lack of adherence to a given artistic tendency. While, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137823

  • Sobre la influencia social en el arte
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    In response to the aesthetic opinions expressed by the architect Luis Miró Quesada Garland, who vehemently denied any influence between society and art, the author states that it is obvious that “the great art movements have had an influence on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137629

  • Cátedra libre : pintura clásica y pintura moderna
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    This is the general introduction to the survey about “classical” painting and “modern” painting that was published over the course of several weeks in the “Cátedra Libre” section of the Sunday supplement of El Comercio, a Lima newspaper [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137375

  • Servicio de inteligencia : lo universal y lo cosmopolita
    Valle, Alejandro Romualdo, 1926-2008
    The author argues that the confusion between the terms “universal” and “cosmopolitan” was caused by “the disagreeable and audacious accusation of the ‘made in Paris’ [artists],” who oppose the idea of a national art. In his opinion, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137266

  • Una memoria de mineral y musgo, casi
    Giraldo, Luis Hernando, 1946-
    This is an essay by Luis Hernando Giraldo that was published in the catalogue for La sensación del tiempo humano. Homenaje a Giorgione, the exhibition presented in March 1999 at the Museo de Arte Moderno in Bogotá. Giraldo mentions anecdotes and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1133365

  • Latinoamérica
    Engel, Walter, 1908-2005
    In the book Problemas sociales en las artes plásticas [Social Problems in the Visual Arts], the critic Walter Engel reviews different periods in the universal history of art, discussing how some cultures and artists depict social issues?such as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1094220

  • Picasso y la inconformidad en el arte
    Botero, Fernando, 1932-
    This article, published in 1940 by the young painter Fernando Botero, offers us a sample of the intellectual interests pursued by the young adults of Medellín during that period. Full of enthusiasm and a basic knowledge obtained from trade books, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1093161

  • Reflexiones sobre la Escuela de París y el arte americano
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this article published in Revista Espiral in 1945, critic Luis Vidales Jaramillo responds to the missive that Basque sculptor Jorge de Oteiza addressed to artists from the Americas, published a few months earlier in Revista de la Universidad del [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089744

  • Sobre el arte nuevo en la post-guerra : carta a los artistas de América
    Oteiza, Jorge de, 1908-2003
    In this extensive article, Spanish sculptor Jorge de Oteiza examines the connections between art from the Americas and art from Europe, urging American artists not to fall into a fanatical independence and eschew the essential influence of European [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1089675

  • Las modernas corrientes de la pintura : la lucha por lo revolucionario
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    In this article, the Colombian writer and critic Luis Vidales evaluates aesthetic methods based on spiritual causality, as distinct from positivist doctrines that seek causality in external phenomena. He suggests that style—that is, the technical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1088481

  • El cubismo ante la bancarrota del mundo moderno
    Vidales Jaramillo, Luis, 1900-1990
    This article provides a sociological assessment of Cubism on the basis of the idea that all art reflects the needs of its times. It questions those who have condemned Cubism because it changed the rules of classical representation formulated in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1087711

  • Del abstraccionismo a un nuevo realismo : presente y porvenir de la pintura
    Rengifo, César, 1915-1980
    In this article César Rengifo explains why the art world is disappointed in abstract formalism, and notes a resurgence of the realist movement. He refers to statements made or positions taken by artists such as Salvador Dalí, Giorgio de Chirico, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074194

  • El arte abstracto y nuestra época
    Veraz, Giuseppe
    In Alejandro Lora Risco’s opinion the exhibition of contemporary Italian paintings deserves to be discussed in extremely positive terms because it provides the residents of Lima with an opportunity to get to know—and therefore promote—non- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 858704

  • VIII: Orientaciones de una nueva pintura: Conceptos concretos sobre la pintura abstracta
    Otero Silva, Miguel
    In the final article in his series “Conceptos concretos sobre la pintura abstracta,” the Venezuelan journalist and writer Miguel Otero Silva refers to a poll conducted by the French magazine Preuves [Proofs], in which the forty-eight young [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856942

  • Uno de los otros. Uno de los nuestros
    Guerrero Galván, Jesús
    The article in which Choque [Shock] stated its basic principles included a promise to use more graphics to promote the visual arts. However, the four large pages in the first issue contained a mere couple of boxes with a drawing by Jesús [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822748

  • Arte puro, puros maricones
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    Choque [Shock], the publication of the Alianza de Trabajadores del Arte Plásticas (ATAP) [Alliance of Visual Arts Workers] sets forth the opinions of Diego Rivera regarding art for art’s sake, which he considers “sandez sentimental [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822465

  • El realismo en el arte
    Revueltas, José, 1914-1976
    In this long, interesting article, José Revueltas ponders the nature of words, how they are used and how, over time, their meaning changes. As an example, he mentions the expression “épater le bourgeois” [to frighten the bourgeois] that was in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815306

  • Fábula y signo de la pintura (Espejo de España)
    Larrea, Juan
    Juan Larrea wrote these words while looking at the panel shown by Joan Miró, the famous Spanish painter, in his country’s pavilion at the International Exhibition in Paris in 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. Though it is a product of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 814926

  • Gastón Diehl promulga y espera una resurrección del espíritu impresionista en Venezuela?
    Otero, Alejandro, 1921-1990
    This article was written by Alejando Otero, on behalf of the Los Disidentes group (Paris, 1950); in the first paragraphs, it challenges the show De Manet a nuestros dias, which had been presented in various countries in South America; the French [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813625

  • Picasso : 4
    Renau Montoro, José
    The statements by Pablo Picasso are a highlight of the catalog assembled for a late exhibition held in Picasso’s honor in Mexico City in 1944. The texts for the catalog were assigned to four other artists: Carlos Mérida, the painter and muralist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804000

  • Lasansky and the Hayter circle: an ad hoc note
    Gilbert, Creighton
    After receiving a Guggenheim fellowship to travel to the United States in 1943, Buenos Aires-born Mauricio Lasansky spent eight months working at Stanley William Hayter’s Atelier 17 in New York City. In this essay, Creighton Gilbert examines how [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802014

  • De lo abstracto a lo real
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    Antonio Berni writes about developments in modern art and of formalism in art. He analyzes the artists who adhere to Nuevo Realismo [New Realism] and discusses the meaning of that movement [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 794394

  • Discusión del cubismo
    Bayón, Damián
    Damián Bayón provides a far-reaching reading of Cubism on the basis of an exhibition held at the Musée d’Art Moderne de Paris that ran from February to April 1953. Before delving into specific concerns, he explains the overall perspective of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 787233

  • Portinari
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    In this article, Mário de Andrade discusses Cândido Portinari’s painting, and explains that his heterogeneity of styles, aesthetic and technical concepts and, of course, virtuosity are integral components of the drama of being a contemporary [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784336

  • La busca de la plenitud
    This is a review of an exhibition of paintings by young Spanish artists living in exile in Mexico. It remarks on the group’s preference for depth over variety, in keeping with their vision of pondering deeply all aspects of their lives. Their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783769

  • Prefácio
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    SPAM (Sociedade Pró-Arte Moderna) was founded in December 1932 in São Paulo. Its stated goals were to create closer artistic ties, and relationships between artists and the public. The catalogue for the SPAM 1ª Exposição de Arte Moderna includes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783393

  • Existe uma arte judaica?
    Segall, Lasar
    This essay by the painter Lasar Segall, which was published in the book entitled A comunidade judaica no Brasil, includes excerpts from two of his earlier essays about Jewish artists and their work, written in 1939 and 1940. Segall’s use of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783319

  • Expressionismo no Rio
    Bonfanti, Gino
    This is a review of the exhibition of drawings and watercolors by Franz Weissmann at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes. Bonfanti detects the influence of Paul Klee, Wassily Kandinsky, and Pablo Picasso in these pieces, and sees in Weissmann’s work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780855

  • Sobre las texturas
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    On these scant three sheets of paper, Diego Rivera explores a wide range of ideas on the subject of art. This document is important because of the depth of Rivera’s ruminations on aesthetic emotions, color, form, texture, touch, feelings, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780498

  • El arte en París
    Fernández, Justino
    Justino Fernández provides a roundup of the exhibitions going on in Paris at the same time as the Mexican exhibition in France. Comparing European painting with Mexican, he argues that from the beginning, Mexican painting developed its own language [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779939

  • La exposición de arte mexicano en París es un triunfo enorme para México y su arte y para nuestro gobierno
    Gamboa, Fernando
    This article reports on the success of the exhibition of ancient and modern Mexican art that was presented in Paris and then shipped to Stockholm. In Fernando Gamboa’s opinion, the exhibition was a revelation. The Parisian press described it as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779879

  • Qué debemos al cubismo : La negación del arte burgués
    This analysis of the meaning of the Cubist rupture—that was published in Frente a Frente [Face to Face], the journal of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]—considers the fact that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779370

  • Pablo Picasso, o primeiro unificador espiritual da América Latina
    Quiroga Galdo, Germán
    Germán Quiroga Galdo believes that modern Latin American painting could well be considered “the finest and most complete” example of art that was influenced by the works of Pablo Picasso. Galdo thinks that Picasso showed the Indian-American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 777197

  • Etapas de la formación de Diego Rivera
    Nelken, Margarita
    This is a review of the exhibition Diego Rivera. 50 años de su labor artística [Diego Rivera: 50 Years of Artistry], held at the Museo de Artes Plásticas in the Palacio de Bellas Artes, and which analyzed the aesthetic “influences” of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774822

  • No hay mas ruta que la nuestra : Importancia nacional e internacional de la pintura mexicana moderna
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    This is a collection of articles by David Alfaro Siqueiros in which he restates the principles of an art about war, linking it to the great artistic traditions expressed in the work of artists such as Dr. Atl, José Clemente Orozco, and Diego Rivera [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774358

  • André Breton
    Barreda, Octavio G.
    Letras de México, the magazine directed by Octavio G. Barreda, devoted its May 1938 issue to André Breton and Surrealism. It published several of his essays: an excerpt of “Les vases communicantes” [Communicating Vessels], “Le merveilleux [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774259

  • Diálogo con Andre Breton
    Valle, Rafael Heliodoro, 1891-1959
    According to Rafael Heliodoro Valle, the distinguishing feature of the Surrealist movement is that it has “old roots” that set it apart from the rest of the avant-garde. And that, “Mexico, [which] is not a myth,” but has a mythical past has [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774239

  • Dos exposiciones dos mundos
    This valiant text discusses the inauguration of the Exposición Bienal Hispanoamericana (1951) [Hispano-American Biennial Exhibition] in Francisco Franco’s Madrid. It was organized by the Fascist government of the Caudillo por la Gracia de Dios to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772435

  • The new image
    Paalen, Wolfgang
    In this article, divided into eight sections, Wolfgang Paalen identifies the most representative image from a number of different periods, reviewing the Middle-Ages period, the Renaissance, and Modern times. He notes that, when faced with a radical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772019

  • Abstracción y símbolo en la pintura
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    During the 1940s, Carlos Mérida’s reflections tend toward abstract art and its protagonists. In this article, the painter states that for those who are not familiar with abstract painting, a symbolic form of interpretation is the most logical. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757819