Creator: Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949×
  • [Letter] 1915 Diciembre 1, Terrasa, España [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1915
    In this letter to the writer José Enrique Rodó, Joaquín Torres García discusses the affinity they share for the Greco-Latin tradition, and expresses his wish to be in touch with contemporary Uruguayan art because, though living in Spain at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247404

  • [Letter] 1916 Junio 1, Terrasa, España [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1916
    This letter from Joaquín Torres García to his Uruguayan compatriot, the renowned writer José Enrique Rodó, suggests that both men agreed on the need to encourage the emerging art in their country by exposing young Uruguayan artists to what was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247430

  • [Letter] 1916 Marzo 15 [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1916
    In this letter, Joaquín Torres-García declares his intention to promote contemporary Uruguayan art to European audiences. The objective is to create a program designed to provide scholarships or grants from the Uruguayan government for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247461

  • Aquí, en Montevideo
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    1938
    In this brief essay Joaquín Torres-García outlines the goals he developed at the AAC (Asociación de Arte Constructivo) and explained in the association’s magazine. He describes the difficulties he had in trying to make [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263116

  • arte y comunismo
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this essay, Joaquín Torres García attempts to link this sociopolitical doctrine with that of modern art after presenting a succinct historical review starting from “primitive communism” up through the Marxist doctrine. He does so by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245711

  • Bases y fundamento del arte constructivo
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    This article is called a “lesson” (as are all the chapters in the book Universalismo Constructivo, which is a collection of lectures), a reference to Joaquín Torres García’s didactic style throughout the lengthy volume. The project is the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1242058

  • Cambio de plano
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this lecture, Joaquín Torres García (JTG) asserts that groups of artists that are not joined by theoretical ideas or stand behind a distinct ethical platform are pointless. He therefore repudiates the schools and groups in Uruguay, supporting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245979

  • Con respecto a una futura creación literaria
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    Article in which Joaquín Torres-García analyzes literary creation, stemming from the guidelines of Constructivism. From this point of view, he proposes that poets should “build up” accordingly to the harmonic law, looking for invention within [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 730292

  • Cuál debiera ser nuestro arte
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    His extensive preaching in favor of spiritual rectitude led Joaquin Torres García to reject the “superfluous” in art and keep the fundamental elements that make up the concept and structure of Constructivist art. The resulting logic of this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245873

  • De la invención en la pintura
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this essay, Joaquín Torres García speaks about “Lesson 50,” which was later published in his book Universalismo Constructivo (1944). In it there are some comments referencing selected paragraphs from another conference under the same title [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245854

  • De la pintura y el pintor
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1947
    This article was written around the time Joaquín Torres García was giving his lecture on “Mística de la Pintura” and reviewing the main points supporting his conception of “art,” that is, immanentism [God or an abstract mind or spirit [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226559

  • El arte de América
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    This essay is on another new text about American art by Joaquín Torres García that addresses the distance from Europe after a harsh judgment about the “delay” in aesthetic concepts in Uruguay in which he tries to explain his concept of “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245783

  • El Arte de Arzádum
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1937
    Joaquín Torres García discusses the Uruguayan painter Carmelo de Arzadun’s change of course. Writing in a style that is rife with irony and veiled criticism of the local milieu, Torres García singles out Arzadun for having opted for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223148

  • El arte de David Alfaro Siqueiros
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1940
    Joaquín Torres García gave this lecture on David Alfaro Siqueiros and his mural painting at a time when several Argentinean artists who had worked closely with the Mexican painter in 1933—in particular Antonio Berni and Demetrio Urruchúa—were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238628

  • El arte mejicano
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1938
    On the occasion of a tribute to Mexico, Joaquín Torres García gives a talk at the Ateneo de Montevideo about the major Mexican artists. He mentions the group of artists who are commonly referred to as “Los Tres Grandes:” David Alfaro Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225519

  • El arte naturalista y el arte geométrico
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    1937
    This article, “El arte naturalista y el arte geométrico,” includes a discussion of Joaquín Torres-García’s main theoretical ideas. Here he restates his metaphysically-inspired philosophical approach and his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263101

  • El arte popular debe ser el más universal
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    Upholding the need to theorize his practice—Joaquín Torres García once again explains the basis of his Constructivist art; in his view, all artists should engage in permanent reflection. This text is primarily aimed at pointing out the confusion [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1246036

  • El Hombre Americano y el Arte de América
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    This [document] is on the thesis of art in America a developed by Joaquín Torres García during 1938 and 1939, when he wrote his Metafísica de la Prehistoria Indoamericana. The book aimed to associate pre-Hispanic tradition with what he called the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245754

  • El nuevo arte de América
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    Joaquín Torres García argues in defense of geometric thought, which in his opinion should dominate our art and our lives,” by leaning to a great extent on the pre-Hispanic tradition of America. He does this to counter language regarding the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245804

  • El problema de la decoración mural. Contestando al Arquitecto señor Herrera Mac Lean.
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In response to the article published in the newspaper El Día by Carlos Herrera Mac-Lean (October 13, 1944), Joaquín Torres García published in the weekly magazine Marcha a particularly harsh response, especially, if one considered that the emitted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228503

  • Guiones Nº1.
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1933
    This leaflet presents the work done in Madrid in 1933 by Joaquín Torres García and the Grupo de Arte Constructivo during JTG’s visit to Spain prior to returning to Uruguay for good. Three similar documents are known to exist, each one containing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238837

  • Guiones Nº2
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1930
    This leaflet presents the work done in Madrid in 1933 by Joaquín Torres García and the Grupo de Arte Constructivo during JTG’s visit to Spain prior to returning to Uruguay for good. Three similar documents are known to exist, each one containing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238853

  • Guiones Nº3.
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1933
    This leaflet presents the work done in Madrid in 1933 by Joaquín Torres García and the Grupo de Arte Constructivo during JTG’s visit to Spain prior to returning to Uruguay for good. Three similar documents are known to exist, each one containing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238869

  • Imitar y pintar
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    1950
    After seeing the exhibition of works by Juan Manuel Blanes at the Teatro Solís in Montevideo (1941), Joaquín Torres-García noted that there were pictorial qualities in the artist’s sketches that were lost in the final [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263756

  • Introducción
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    The introduction to Joaquín Torres García’s book, Universalismo Constructivo (published in Buenos Aires in 1944), was written two years earlier, and touches on many of the maestro’s fundamental ideas. It explains that his views are the result [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1242032

  • La Escuela del Sur
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1984
    Uruguayan artist and theorist Joaquín Torres García proposes in “La Escuela del Sur” an essential inversion in the political and cultural geography of the world by suggesting that the map of the world could be reversed, so that the South would [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125398

  • La Escuela del Sur
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    This “lesson” given by Joaquín Torres García (JTG) is a manifesto of sorts. It is the first in which the artist formulates the idea of “inverting the map” of South America and asserts the existence of a local cultural identity that should [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245960

  • La exposición : Amigos de España
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1938
    An exhibition and sale of works by Uruguayan artists was held in January and February 1938 at the Ateneo de Montevideo as a fundraiser to help the children of Republican Spain, which at the time was battling fascist forces in the Spanish Civil War. A [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1191197

  • La liberación del artista
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    “The liberation of the artist” is the title of one of Joaquín Torres García’s “lessons.” In it, he discusses the geometric foundations of Constructivist Art and calls for “setting oneself free” from what has been learned about the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245998

  • La presente revista
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1936
    Joaquín Torres-García wrote this editorial for Círculo y Cuadrado, the journal published by the Asociación de Arte Constructivo de Montevideo that seeks to follow in the footsteps of Cercle et Carré, the magazine co [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1262991

  • Lo abstracto y lo concreto
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this text, Joaquín Torres García (JTG) briefly clarifies his statement that “the abstract” is the same as “the concrete.” On the basis of his Platonic notion that the material object and its “Idea” as transcendental essence [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1246017

  • Los artistas uruguayos en Europa : Rafael Barradas
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1917
    The same year Joaquín Torres García meets Rafael Barradas in Barcelona, he sends to Montevideo an article praising the young Uruguayan who had just started living in Spain. He valued his work from the perspective of new visual artistic conceptions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228429

  • Manifiesto1. Contestando a N.B.
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1934
    In this text and newly arriving to his native country, Joaquín Torres García responds to the ostensive critique made by N.B. in the Issue No. 7, June−July 1934 publication of the magazine Movimiento.  Since number 7 of the magazine Movimiento ( [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228450

  • Metafísica y ética del artista
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    Following harsh criticism of positivism (and eclecticism) of the intellectual environment of Montevideo, Joaquín Torres García presented his ideas about metaphysics, ethics, and religiosity in art. This text makes several important points about the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245733

  • Mi opinión sobre la exposición de artistas norteamericanos : contribución
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1942
    In this lecture delivered on September 5, 1941, in Montevideo, Joaquín Torres-García examines a recent exhibition of North American (United States) artists, asking what this work tells us about the “great problem” of the art of “our” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833512

  • No sean majaderos
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    1947
    “No sean majaderos” [don’t be idiots] is an example of the hostile, scornful tone that Joaquín Torres-García adopted in the latter years of his life to address colleagues and art critics who rejected or objected to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263777

  • Nuestro problema de arte en América
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1946
    This lengthy article discusses the main doctrinaire questions that concerned Joaquín Torres García, stressing his personal view of the “American race” as a transplant with no roots, for which he proposes the development of a collective, “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238773

  • Nuestro problema de arte en América : lección VI del ciclo de conferencias dictado en la Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de Montevideo
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1946
    This is the text of a lecture given by Joaquín Torres-García at the School of Science and Humanities in Montevideo, Uruguay, in which he reflected on modern art and even analyzed a number of theories. Among other controversial views, he announced [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 731106

  • Primeros pasos de la idea constructivista
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    This document is a transcription of a lesson that Joaquín Torres García (JTG) gave in January 1935, nine months after his return to Uruguay. It may have been given at Estudio 1035 or at the Escuela Taller de Artes Plásticas (ETAP). JTG attempts to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245892

  • Reflexiones
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    1943
    “Reflexiones” is just that, a collection of thoughts related to the essence of the constructivist doctrine and the concrete strategies to be adopted in an environment that was not particularly receptive to the doctrine. The intent is to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263191

  • Sentido de lo "moderno"
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    This article includes the text of a section that appeared before the introduction in Joaquín Torres García’s book, Universalismo Constructivo (published in Buenos Aires in 1944). Here the maestro refers to “the modernity” of current art, an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1242015

  • Un episodio en la gran lucha por la pintura y el arte
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    This document is a transcription of one of the last lectures Joaquín Torres García gave at the Escuela Taller de Artes Plásticas (ETAP) in Montevideo. In it, he paves the way for cutting short the series of lectures he had been giving at that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245941

  • Valor moral de la posición del artista
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    By means of an overview of modern art and its development, Joaquín Torres García lays out his Constructivist theory as the culmination (or convergence) of various strains of Western art. In his view, the moral value of the artist’s position lies [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245911

  • Valores constantes y de importación
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    This essay is about a conference that was presented by Joaquín Torres García a few months after arriving in Montevideo in April 1934. In it, Torres García seeks to characterize the Uruguayan artistic environment while also proposing a path forward [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245823