Creator: Calzadilla, Juan, 1931×
  • [Aparte de ser el seudónimo sortario de Juan Vicente Hernández...]
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1981
    Curator Juan Calzadilla begins his essay on the Venezuelan painter known as “Pájaro” [Juan Vicente Hernández] by pointing out the similarity between some, though not all, aspects of his work and orthodox Surrealism. Calzadilla comments on the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163174

  • [En los últimos años se ha suscitado un gran interés por el dibujo...]
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1964
    In this text, Juan Calzadilla analyzes Luisa Richter’s work in drawing while also providing an overview of the drawing genre in the post-World War II era—a time when there was widespread interest in the graphic arts in general. Calzadilla [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161048

  • [Hace medio siglo, en una heladería de Valencia...]
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1985
    Critic Juan Calzadilla wrote this text on Venezuelan artist Braulio Salazar on the fiftieth anniversary of his first solo show. That exhibition, Calzadilla explains, took place at a moment when Salazar’s efforts as an artist and as an educator were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161987

  • [Hasta ahora lo que entre nosotros se había llamado …]
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1965
    The critic Juan Calzadilla wrote this prologue for Borges. Las Jugadoras, the exhibition at the Galería del Techo [de la Ballena]. Calzadilla describes Jacobo Borges’ work as being representative of a new kind of painting that—while not entirely [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060684

  • [No me resulta fácil recordar...]
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1980
    In this essay, Juan Calzadilla provides a chronological overview of the life and work of Venezuelan artist Maruja Rolando. He begins with her artistic training in the fifties, mentioning her most important teachers and influences, as well as the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163637

  • [Un verdadero lenguaje, en pintura...]
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1973
    Juan Calzadilla discusses the work of the painter José Campos Biscardi, explaining how hard it was for him to be acknowledged in the Venezuelan art world because he was originally from Colombia. The author attributes it to the fact that Campos [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157573

  • Alejandro Otero y la enseñanza del arte
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1997
    In this essay, Juan Calzadilla discusses Alejandro Otero’s contribution to the field of visual art instruction. Calzadilla acknowledges Otero’s leading role in the promotion of Abstract painting and sculpture, and education, by noting the support [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1167940

  • Aproximación a un dibujo escrito
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1998
    In this essay, the artist and critic Juan Calzadilla reviews his own creative process and his work. He explains the connection between drawing and writing in his work, referring to drawing as a form of “visual writing” consisting of “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161491

  • Consideraciones inoportunas sobre Zapata
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1969
    In this article, Juan Calzadilla protests against the indifference shown by national critics to the caricatures of Pedro León Zapata. The author explains why he thinks Zapata’s drawings should be considered works of art in the drawing and graphic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162679

  • El Cegra, una experiencia útil
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1981
    In this article, Juan Calzadilla introduces the exhibition of work by the second graduating class from CEGRA (Centro de Enseñanza Gráfica, in Caracas). He discusses the fundamental goals of this Venezuelan school workshop, suggesting that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153413

  • El dibujo hoy
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1981
    The critic Juan Calzadilla analyzes the matter of drawing in [the context of the] Venezuelan art scene during the end of the seventies and the early eighties. The author introduces the text reflecting on the rise of this technique as a skill [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1169585

  • El grabado en Venezuela
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1978
    The critic Juan Calzadilla provides a broad overview of the history of Venezuelan printmaking, from its earliest days in the nineteenth century until this essay was published in 1978. He discusses certain landmark events along the way, such as how [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1069321

  • El nereida : Óleos recientes
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1965
    Juan Calzadilla begins his critical essay by relating a crisis in geometric abstraction to the exploration of Informalism by Omar Carreño. Calzadilla reflects on Carreño’s embrace of the gestural and material aspects of the trend in his paintings [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157417

  • Elsa Gramcko : la atracción de las texturas
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1969
    In this essay, the critic Juan Calzadilla discusses the exploration of Informalist abstract movements by Venezuelan artist Elsa Gramcko, who was in search of new “textures” with which to express her ideas in physical form. Calzadilla describes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1153589

  • Emilio Boggio
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1973
    This is critic Juan Calzadilla’s biographical essay for the catalogue produced by the Museo Emilio Boggio (Caracas: Concejo Municipal del Distrito Federal, n.d.). Calzadilla provides a detailed report about Emilio Boggio, discussing where he was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162902

  • En el taller de Mary Brandt
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1995
    Juan Calzadilla describes a visit to the Venezuelan artist Mary Brandt’s studio in 1972, during her one-woman show at the Sala Mendoza in Caracas. The critic discusses her technique, her use of color and form, and her canvases, slashed to reveal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162391

  • Entrevista con Elsa Gramcko : realizada el 30 de agosto de 1976
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1997
    This article is written in the form of an interview; it consists of a series of questions that the critic Juan Calzadilla asked the Venezuelan visual artist Elsa Gramcko. The questions focus on Gramcko’s artistic development and especially on her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1152673

  • Estos 26
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1987
    The critic Juan Calzadilla reviews the work of the participants in the Gran Premio Christian Dior de Artes Visuales (Caracas, 1987), after ranting about Venezuelan art critics and art salons. He describes that milieu—of what he calls partisan and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166234

  • Etapas en la obra de Manuel Quintana Castillo
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1995
    In this critical essay, Juan Calzadilla discusses the independent, caustic attitude of the visual artist Manuel Quintana Castillo vis-à-vis the controversy that raged between abstract and figurative artists in the 1950s. According to Calzadilla, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156151

  • Exposiciones en Caracas : Alejandro Otero - Galería Mendoza
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1965
    Juan Calzadilla refers to the latest installment in Alejandro Otero’s Papeles coloreados series; he calls the artist’s current period his most important one since Coloritmos, and identifies an underlying synthesis of the artist’s creative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1172174

  • Forma espacial
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1962
    The critic Juan Calzadilla introduces the exhibition of prints by Luis Chacón at the Museo de Bellas Artes in Caracas, discussing the lack of a printmaking tradition and wondering what the artist might do to remedy the void in training opportunities [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1134993

  • II Bienal Nacional de Dibujo y Grabado
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1984
    The critic Juan Calzadilla discusses the status of the system governing Venezuelan art biennials and salons in 1984, on the occasion of the II Bienal Nacional de Dibujo y Grabado at the Museo de Artes Visuales Alejandro Otero in Caracas. Calzadilla [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166167

  • José António Quintero
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1981
    This text by Juan Calzadilla quotes ideas stated by the Venezuelan painter José Antonio Quintero about his own work. In his comments, the artist highlights the fact that his landscapes (whether realistic or imaginary scenes) are personal stories of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157094

  • La Ciudad Universitaria : un ensayo de Integración de las Artes
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1966
    In this essay, Juan Calzadilla points out all the qualities that enabled Venezuelan architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva to become the “protector of the arts” and to develop the Ciudad Universitaria de Caracas, the project for the “integration of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864316

  • La figura en el lugar
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1974
    The art historian and critic Juan Calzadilla includes his impressions of the material shown in an exhibition space in the plaza Bolívar de Caracas, along with a set of reviews and critical texts collected under the title: La figura y el lugar, an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156055

  • La pintura como centro de conocimiento : Pedro Ángel González en el Centro Euroamericano
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1977
    Juan Calzadilla reviews the work of the Venezuelan visual artist Pedro Ángel González. In his essay, Calzadilla mentions the artist’s creativity and critical skills, referring to his constant reflection on his own work and the work of other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1164592

  • La pintura de Armando Barrios
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1977
    The critic Juan Calzadilla wrote one of the introductory essays for the exhibition Armando Barrios: Retrospectiva (Caracas: Galería de Arte Nacional, 1977). He discusses the painter’s evolution and the artistic language he consistently uses to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163238

  • La pintura de Carlos Contramaestre
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1967
    Juan Calzadilla notes that the Venezuelan painter Carlos Contramaestre uses humor in his work to demythologize death. The critic cautions that Contramaestre should not be confused with his work, since he is a victim of what he presents, despite the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 868632

  • Las apariciones de Salvador Valero
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1981
    Juan Calzadilla’s essay “Las apariciones de Salvador Valero” was one of stories, declarations, poems, and critical writings compiled by Carlos Contramaestre in the book Salvador Valero published by the Museo de Arte Salvador Valero in 1981. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1165613

  • Las pruebas materiales del Taga
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    Juan Calzadilla describes the early days of contemporary printmaking in Venezuela, and discusses how the founders of the discipline (Elisa Elvira Zuloaga and Pedro Ángel González) set about developing a second generation of printmakers. This second [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1069019

  • Los hierros de Pedro Briceño
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1959
    Juan Calzadilla provides an overview of abstract sculpture in Venezuela in the mid-20th century, placing emphasis on a group of promising young artists, chief among them Pedro Briceño. He discusses in particular Briceño’s most recent sculptural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161032

  • Los tumorales I y II
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931; Contramaestre, Carlos
    1987
    This introduction to Carlos Contramaestre’s exhibition Los Tumorales is divided into two parts: the first was written by the artist himself and the second by Juan Calzadilla (both were members of the El Techo de la Ballena group). In his section, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097559

  • Luisa Richter
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1969
    In this essay on Luisa Richter [written in 1969], the critic Juan Calzadilla provides an overview of Venezuelan art during the 1950s and 1960s. He refers to some of the artists whose work has evolved whether through different styles (Action painting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160968

  • Manaure : Interacción de mitos
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1989
    In this text, the critic Juan Calzadilla develops his thoughts on the collages created by the Venezuelan painter Mateo Manaure. His analysis considers the start of the integration of photography into the visual arts in the early twentieth century. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156811

  • Manuel Quintana Castillo: anotaciones para los fragmentos de un muro escrito
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1996
    The essay “Anotaciones para los fragmentos de un muro escrito” by art historian and critic Juan Calzadilla was featured in the catalogue to the show Fuera de juego. Exposición antológica. Manuel Quintana Castillo held at the Fundación Museo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156168

  • Mateo Manaure
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1967
    In this volume, Juan Calzadilla provides an overview of Venezuelan painter Mateo Manaure’s artistic development. After an initial reflection on the poetic as a constant in Manaure’s art, he analyzes the different stages of his work: his early [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156542

  • Miguel Von Dangel
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1969
    Juan Calzadilla wrote this critical text as a preface to the catalogue for Miguel von Dangel’s exhibition Sacrifixiones (1969). The essay starts with comments on the artist’s beginnings in taxidermy. Calzadilla explains how, during his time at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102109

  • Milos Jonic : vivencias plásticas
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1962
    In his essay on Milos Jonic’s work, critic Juan Calzadilla argues that the concepts of “sign,” “matter,” and “space” are more than just terms in a proposal that uses words as means of expression graphically as well as pictorially. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1163918

  • Pedro Briceño
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1969
    Juan Calzadilla divides his critical essay on the work of Pedro Briceño into two parts. The first examines the field of Venezuelan abstract sculpture in the mid-twentieth century, including an overview of the most important characteristics of Brice [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161016

  • Presentación
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1976
    This text by critic Juan Calzadilla is the introduction to the catalogue for Magia de un realismo crítico, an exhibition of work by Jacobo Borges organized by the Galería de Arte Nacional in 1976. Calzadilla asserts that, of all Venezuelan artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060392

  • Proyecto de explicación a título autoexplicativo
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1968
    The critic Juan Calzadilla introduces the architect Domingo Álvarez in the catalogue for the exhibition Salón Confrontación 68, based on the architect’s participation in that event, held in the spaces of the Ateneo de Caracas. After recounting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1171815

  • Régulo Pérez: el compromiso con la realidad
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1982
    Here, the critic Juan Calzadilla analyzes the work of the Venezuelan visual artist Régulo Pérez, starting with the artist’s adherence to figurative art. The text even clarifies that this is a contemporary artist who has developed his work within [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154252

  • Reverón : su universo como idioma
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1989
    This essay by Juan Calzadilla reviews the stages of Armando Reverón’s art (blue, white, and sepia periods) proposed by Alfredo Boulton in 1955 in order to broaden and deepen understanding of Reverón’s life and work. Calzadilla posits as well an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142009

  • Siete eventos para una nueva lógica del arte venezolano
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1995
    In his essay “Siete eventos para una lógica del arte venezolano,” the critic Juan Calzadilla describes the 1981 event Acciones frente a la Plaza, which involved non-objective works of art produced by seven artists in different parts of the city [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 865589

  • Signos, haces, laberintos
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1990
    In this text, Juan Calzadilla describes the development of Marietta Berman’s production, her relationship with the Venezuelan art scene, her independence from trends that could have led her visual research astray, and her ability to work at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1162551

  • Sobremontajes de Manaure
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1965
    In this text, Juan Calzadilla critically reflects on Mateo Manaure’s “pinturas sobremontaje” conceived as a combination of painting and photography. In Calzadilla’s view, these works represent continuity, rather than rupture, within Manaure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156507

  • Transitoriedad de hoy, evidencia de mañana
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1990
    In this text, critic Juan Calzadilla provides a concise analysis of art salons in Venezuela and how they evolved until 1991, the year when the I Bienal Nacional de Artes Plásticas de Mérida (state of Mérida) was held. Calzadilla describes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1166286

  • Un destino venezolano en Boggio
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    Juan Calzadilla provides an overview of the career of Venezuelan artist Emilio Boggio, from his early academic phase through his return to Venezuela in 1919, one year before his death. Calzadilla discusses the influences on Boggio, his travels in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161732

  • Un estado metafórico de la tierra
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1986
    In this text, critic Juan Calzadilla reflects on the relationship between sculpture and ceramics and on the possibilities of the latter to take on a monumental scale. He considers the work of ceramicist Noemí Márquez an example of that move into [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1161509

  • Un pintor desconocido
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    1960
    In this text, Juan Calzadilla analyzes Ángel Luque’s Informalist work starting with its early stage in Spain. He discusses the artist’s relationship to avant-garde artists and movements on the Iberian Peninsula and to the origins of the Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156795