ICAA Research Team: NY×
  • Culture in the battleground : from nationalist to Pan-Latino projects
    Dávila, Arlene M., 1965-
    2000
    Written by Puerto Rican anthropologist Arlene Dávila, this article analyzes the reasons for the still subordinated position of Latin culture in New York’s artistic and cultural landscape, despite the relative popularity of Latin American art since [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841288

  • Curator's Statement
    2001
    C. Daniel Dawson, a curator and scholar of African diaspora in arts and culture, writes of first meeting artist Manuel Vega on a trip to Bahia (Brazil) in 1984, where he witnessed his wondrous ability as a dancer. Dawson argues that this is an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840343

  • De como más es mejor = Why more is better
    Rivera, Félix Joaquín
    1991
    This interview between fellow Puerto Ricans Félix Joaquín Rivera and Pepón Osorio was conducted while walking through the street markets of Bayamon’s historical center, one of the metropolitan municipalities of Puerto Rico close to San Juan. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842612

  • Del populismo al pop : las artes gráficas de los movimientos Chicano y puertorriqueño
    Estrada, Henry C.
    1999
    In this essay, curator and scholar Henry C. Estrada argues that despite the fact that Latinos are a heterogeneous cultural group, they share a history of colonialism, geographic displacement, internal exile, and racial discrimination. The experience [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849809

  • Destructivism : a manifesto
    Ortiz, Rafael Montanez
    1988
    In this manifesto, Rafael Montañez Ortiz, who was born in the United States and is of Puerto Rican descent, discusses the concept of destruction as a new mode of creating art. He validates employing “destruction art” as an appropriate [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796655

  • Diary of a collective
    Collazo, Dori
    1980
    This catalogue for the 1990 exhibition, Comadres: A Collective Environmental Exhibit by Ten Women Artists, wasdesigned as a folder containing loose sheets of handwritten minutes taken throughout the different meetings in preparation of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841326

  • Director's Statement
    Capote, Melody
    2001
    On the occasion of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Caribbean Cultural Center, Melody Capote, the executive director, states the pertinence of concluding the first twenty-five years of the institution with the work of visual artist Manuel Vega. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841390

  • Director's statement
    Capote, Melody
    1998
    This brief statement by Melody Capote, executive director of the Caribbean Cultural Center, explains the relevance of De La Vega’s work to the mission of the Center, which is to record the history of peoples of Caribbean descent. She ponders De La [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841624

  • Director's statement
    Capote, Melody
    2002
    On the occasion of the twenty-fifth anniversary of the Caribbean Cultural Center, the executive director, Melody Capote, asserts the relevance of concluding the first quarter of a century of the institution with an exhibition of the work of visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849997

  • Domestic Prayer = Oración Doméstica
    Jones, Kellie, 1952-
    1991
    Art historian and curator Kellie Jones states that critics, both modern and postmodern, have continually identified fragmentation, layering, meeting, and/or the combination of meanings as the elements that have characterized the twentieth-century [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840688

  • Editorial
    Biasiny- Rivera, Charles
    2001
    Photographer Charles Biasiny-Rivera recounts the history of En Foco [Focused], the first Puerto Rican photographers collective in New York City. Founded in 1973, En Foco’s community-based programs in the Bronx included operating a street gallery, a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842134

  • El arte de liberación y la praxis de la muerte
    Escobar, Elizam, 1948-
    1988
    Puerto Rican artist Elizam Escobar applies semiotic and Marxist theories to analyze social value in art occurring in an historical era that proclaims itself both postmodern and postcolonial. He observes that such discourse renders people oppressed by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802830

  • El Manifesto : notes on El Puerto Rican Embassy
    Pietri, Pedro, 1944-2004
    1995
    In 1995, Nuyorican poet Pedro Pietri wrote “El Manifesto: Notes on El Puerto Rican Embassy,” which describes the sociopolitical condition of Puerto Ricans as a colonial people whose sense of nationhood is expressed and maintained through the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841862

  • El Museo del Barrio's permanent collection : revealing a treasure
    Torruella Leval, Susana
    2003
    Susana Torruella Leval relates her experience as curator and director of El Museo del Barrio throughout the 1990s. She discusses the process of maintaining professional standards of care for the museum collections of Puerto Rican, Latino, and Latin [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804680

  • El museo y la calle
    Benítez, Marimar
    2000
    In this essay, art historian Marimar Benitez applies Walter Benjamins’s concept of the “aura” of the work of art, and its reduction in the age of mechanical reproduction to the assumed role of the museum as a religious temple of art. Comparing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849893

  • El Spanglish National Anthem
    Pietri, Pedro, 1944-2004
    2002
    Written to replace the words of En Mi Viejo San Juan—Puerto Rico’s national anthem and a song that expresses a longing to return to the island—Pedro Pietri’s Spanglish National Anthem alludes to economic factors that keep Puerto Ricans [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 797430

  • Everybody's Business
    Fuller, R. Buckminster (Richard Buckminster), 1895-1983
    1973
    In this 1972 essay, R. Buckminster Fuller presciently describes a new era of communication systems in which all humanity can learn enough about productivity as well as the generalized principles of nature that render abject poverty, and the have-nots [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842438

  • Expressions and visions
    Salicrup, Fernando
    1990
    In this essay, artist Fernando Salicrup recalls his first years at Taller Boricua [Puerto Rican Workshop]. Salicrup notes that he was introduced to the collective by the artist Jorge Soto, and during the 1970s, he was also influenced by poets such as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 797373

  • From populist to pop : the graphic arts of the Chicano and Puerto Rican movements
    Estrada, Henry C.
    1999
    In this essay, curator and scholar Henry C. Estrada argues that despite the fact that Latinos are a heterogeneous cultural group, they share a history of colonialism, geographic displacement, internal exile, and racial discrimination. The experience [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842806

  • Grace under pressure
    Cameron, Dan
    1995
    In the first half of this essay, American curator Dan Cameron considers the unexplored relationship between Puerto Rican-born artist Rigoberto Torres and American sculptor John Ahearn. In the past, the author declares, Torres’s artistry had been [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850035

  • Here & there : six artists from San Juan
    Cullen, Deborah
    2001
    This essay, written by curator Deborah Cullen, offers an account of how El Museo del Barrio was founded out of the drive to establish a creative nexus for Puerto Rican artists who exist between the mainland United States and the Caribbean island. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842466

  • Huellas : avanzada estética por la liberación nacional
    Sánchez, Juan, 1954-
    1988
    Curator and artist Juan Sánchez compares colonialism to an epidemic that causes physical and mental harm. He maintains that the will of the Puerto Rican people to survive colonial oppression is manifested in their culture. Quoting from the writings [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802874

  • Huellas: avanzada estética por la liberación nacional
    Sánchez, Juan, 1954-
    1988
    Curator and artist Juan Sánchez compares colonialism to an epidemic that causes physical and mental harm. He maintains that the will of the Puerto Rican people to survive colonial oppression is manifested in their culture. Quoting from the writings [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802859

  • Image in the collective memory
    Barreras del Rio, Petra
    2003
    In this essay, Petra Barreras del Río relates her experience as curator and interim director of El Museo del Barrio throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s. She describes the process of building up the financial and administrative resources of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799070

  • Intercambio Adál
    Biasiny- Rivera, Charles
    2003
    En Foco founding director, Charles Biasiny-Rivera, and Nuyorican artist Adal Maldonado discuss the latter’s transition from documentary projects in the 1970s, to the employment of photography in conceptual installations in the 1990s. Adal relates [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842104

  • Interview with an out of focus Nuyorican
    Sommer, Doris, 1947-
    2004
    Literary critic Doris Sommer and Adal Maldonado discuss his transition from documentary projects in the 1970s to the employment of photography in conceptual installations in the 1990s. He relates the importance of prior works, such as Portraits of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841901

  • Introduction
    Barreras del Rio, Petra
    1990
    In this introduction to the exhibition catalog Taller Alma Boricua: Reflecting on Twenty Years of the Puerto Rican Workshop, 1969–1989, Petra Barreras del Rio, former director of El Museo del Barrio, describes Taller Boricua [Puerto Rican Workshop [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796715

  • Introduction
    Roulet, Laura
    2000
    In this essay, independent curator Laura Roulet maintains that Puerto Rican artists Rafael Ferrer, Antonio Martorell, Papo Colo, Ernesto Pujol, Pepon Osorio, Dahara Rivera, Charles Juhasz, and Arnaldo Morales have advanced the practice of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 797556

  • Introduction
    Ratcliff, Carter
    1973
    In this essay, American art critic Carter Ratcliff offers a wide-ranging analysis of the diverse themes explored by Puerto Rican-born, New York-based artist, Rafael Ferrer, in his exhibition, Deseo [Desire] from 1973. According to the author, Ferrer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799276

  • Introduction
    Sánchez, Juan, 1954-
    1988
    Curator and artist Juan Sánchez writes that what was intended in the exhibition, Huellas: Avanzada Estética Por La Liberación Nacional, would draw public awareness to the colonial status of Puerto Rico. Huellas was organized to complement the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802889

  • Introduction
    Agüeros, Jack
    1979
    In this short introduction to the exhibition catalogue, Jorge Soto Sánchez: Works on Paper, 1974–1979,Jack Agüeros—director of El Museo del Barrio from 1977 until 1986—maintains that while the artist was well known as a painter and sculptor, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803066

  • Introduction
    Camnitzer, Luis
    1986
    In his introduction to the catalog, The Latin American Graphic Arts Biennial, Luis Camnitzer relates the graphic arts exhibition presented by the Museum of Contemporary Hispanic Art (MoCHA) in 1986, to the tradition of the 1960s of Latin American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841250

  • Introduction
    Poston, Kem
    1998
    This introductory statement, written by Kem Poston, and an interview with New York-born artist of Puerto Rican descent, James De La Vega, is from 1998 on the occasion of his first exhibition at the Caribbean Cultural Center. Poston explains how De La [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841587

  • Introduction
    Wilde- Biasiny, Betty
    2001
    Betty Wilde-Biasiny recounts the emergence of the photography collective, En Foco [Focused], to the rise of alternative artist-run spaces and collectives in New York City during the 1970s. Wilde-Biasiny states that En Foco’s promotion of cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842153

  • Introduction
    Ortiz, Rafael Montanez
    1981
    Artist Rafael Montañez Ortiz describes the assemblages of Marcos Dimas, Puerto Rican artist based in New York City, as an extension of his childhood experience of digging up bits of pre-Columbian Taino artifacts in the fields of Puerto Rico. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842330

  • Introduction
    García, Domingo, 1932-
    1994
    In this introductory essay to the exhibition catalogue of Islands: Art in Transit/Yslas: Arte en tránsito, the main question artist Domingo García asks and tries to decipher is how successfully Puerto Rican art has adapted to metropolitan art forms [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842730

  • Introduction
    Barreras del Rio, Petra
    1988
    Puerto Rican art historian and curator Petra Barreras describes Rafael Montañez Ortiz’s work as startling and demanding of responses from viewers. She calls Ortiz “a shaman” who has continually looked for ways to heal society through art. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 853878

  • Jorge Soto
    Rodríguez, Myrna
    1979
    Art critic and scholar Myrna Rodriguez writes that the work of Jorge Soto Sánchez should be seen within the context of Latin American art. His grotesque depictions of the human figure bring to mind the work of such artists as Fernando Botero, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803006

  • Jorge Soto : portfolio
    Soto Sánchez, Jorge
    1977
    The work of Jorge Soto, an artist of Puerto Rican descent, is featured in the portfolio section of the first issue of Caribe magazine. He explains his drawings and images as incorporating symbols and meanings related to the general themes of being [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841786

  • Juan Sánchez
    Ashton, Dore
    1998
    Art critic Dore Ashton praises artist Juan Sánchez for employing a visual language that conveys the complexity of his experience as an Afro-Puerto Rican who was born and raised in New York City. She believes that Sánchez’s artistic success stems [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802661

  • Juan Sánchez
    Ashton, Dore
    1998
    Art critic Dore Ashton praises artist Juan Sánchez for employing a visual language that conveys the complexity of his experience as an Afro-Puerto Rican who was born and raised in New York City. She believes that Sánchez’s artistic success stems [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802676

  • Juan Sánchez Rican/Structs
    Anreus, Alejandro
    1998
    Curator Alejandro Anreus gives a close reading of an ongoing series by Juan Sánchez: “Rican/struction.” The title “Rican/struction” refers to a term that salsa musician Ray Barretto coined to describe processes utilized by Diasporic Puerto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802629

  • Juan Sánchez Rican/structs
    Anreus, Alejandro
    1998
    Curator Alejandro Anreus gives a close reading of an ongoing series by Juan Sánchez: “Rican/struction.” The title “Rican/struction” refers to a term that salsa musician Ray Barretto coined to describe processes utilized by Diasporic Puerto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802646

  • Latinizing culture : art, museums, and the politics of U.S. multicultural encompassment
    Dávila, Arlene M., 1965-
    1999
    This article written by Puerto Rican anthropologist Arlene Dávila, analyzes the debate over El Museo del Barrio’s change in mission from a grassroots organization concerned with the empowerment of Puerto Ricans to a museum of Latin American art. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841307

  • Living Borders/Buscando America : languages of Latino self-formation
    Flores, Juan; Yudice, George
    1990
    Written at a time when the United States’ English-only movement was expanding, this article examines the construct of Latino identity in its social, political and aesthetic dimensions, through the struggle over language. The authors discuss [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841662

  • Los artistas puertorriqueños en los Estados Unidos : solidaridad, resistencia, identidad
    Torruella Leval, Susana
    1998
    Art historian and curator Susana Torruella Leval provides an overview of the development of Puerto Rican art institutions and artist activism in New York from the 1950s to the 1990s. She argues that Puerto Rican artists have played key roles in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842311

  • Magdalena Campos-Pons
    Dwyer, Adrianne M.; Hoffmann, Thomas S.; Katz, Jennifer L.; Keller, Susan; Malaret, Johanna; Peck, Shannon; Gonzalez, José-Luis
    1998
    The author of this essay, Adrianne Dwyer, discusses the autobiographical references found in Magdalena Campos-Pons’s work that relate to her Afro-Cuban background, specifically the spiritual tradition of Santeria. Campos-Pons explains that her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841133

  • Marcos Dimas
    Glueck, Grace,
    1982
    In her review of a retrospective exhibition of the art of Marcos Dimas at El Museo del Barrio, Grace Glueck discusses the following works: El Bohique, Ritual Assemblages, Tribute to Tito, The Voyager, and Dream Room. She describes Dimas as fusing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802919

  • Nuyorican Aesthetics
    Algarín, Miguel
    1987
    Poet Miguel Algarin maintains that rather than a sign of ignorance the mixing of Spanish and English words by Puerto Ricans in New York expresses linguistic creativity. He argues that Puerto Ricans in New York are forging a new language and culture [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842571

  • Nuyoricans Out of Focus
    Pietri, Pedro, 1944-2004
    2004
    Nuyorican poet Pedro Pietri describes in this text the difficulty of classifying Puerto Ricans with standard racial and ethnic categories employed by United States government agencies. He commends Puerto Ricans for living lives that resist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841881