ICAA Research Team: NY×
  • "Magnet - New York": conceptual, performance, environmental, and installation art by latin american artists in New York
    Stellweg, Carla
    1988
    In this article, scholar Carla Stellweg discusses the position of New York as the world art center during the 1960s and ‘70s, which attracted many artists from Latin America who came eager to experience its artistic effervescence firsthand. Through [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841710

  • "Oh Colo how you perform contradiction? let we count the ways" : Martha Wilson in conversation with Papo Colo
    Wilson, Martha, 1947-; Colo, Papo
    1986
    In this conversation between Nuyorican artist Papo Colo, and feminist performance artist Martha Wilson, Colo describes his performances from 1976 to 1986 in chronological order. The conversation with her provides succinct descriptions of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849850

  • "Serie de Cafe" Nitza Tufiño : "A Rafael Tufiño"
    Torruella Leval, Susana
    1981
    This essay, written by curator Susana Torruella Leval, provides a biographical overview of the careers of mural artist, Nitza Tufiño, and her father, Rafael Tufiño—a renowned Puerto Rican painter and printmaker. Leval describes the relationship [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849746

  • [Anaida Hernández fue la segunda hija de cinco niños en Mayagüez, Puerto Rico...]
    Mattews, Colleen B.; Vega, Kathy; Hernández, Carla M.; Kaufman, Nicole R.; Coldsmith, Angela M.
    1998
    In this essay, Angela Coldsmith examines the varied printmaking techniques of Anaida Hernández, and her work on behalf of women’s issues in her practices as an artist, activist, and educator. In particular, they note that Hernández organized an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841453

  • [Born in Puerto Rico, living there the first nine years of his life...]
    Ortiz, Rafael Montanez
    1981
    Rafael Montañez Ortiz describes the assemblages of Marcos Dimas as an extension of the artist’s childhood experience of digging up bits of Taíno artifacts in the fields of Puerto Rico. Ortiz proposes that Dimas’s works are the result of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802904

  • [Coco Fusco es una de las figuras más visibles, vocales y agitadoras en el ámbito artístico latino...]
    Croteau, Mary Ellen; Okunseinde, Ayodamola; Rompilla, Denise M.
    1998
    The authors of this essay describe Coco Fusco as one of the most highly visible and vocal members of the Latino artistic community in the United States. The author, Mary Ellen Croteau, provides an overview of Fusco’s family background and academic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841940

  • [Colo emerges from a tradition that emphasizes and inventing of art more than a making of art]
    Ingberman, Jeanette, 1952-2011
    1986
    This essay by curator Jeannette Ingberman analyzes ten years of work by Papo Colo in painting, sculpture, drawing, and performance. According to the author, Colo’s work explores the metaphysical and the spiritual, incorporating organic forms and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849870

  • [He tenido la oportunidad de observar la colección de obras permanentes del Museo del Barrio]
    Colón Morales, Rafael, 1941-
    1978
    Artist Rafael Colon Morales criticizes the selections for the exhibition of recent acquisitions of El Museo del Barrio for lacking consistent coherent criteria. He observes that there are few high-quality works on display, and therefore he does not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842272

  • [In 1969 I exhibited at the Brooklyn Museum's contemporary Puerto Rican Artist Exhibit...]
    Dimas, Marcos
    In this short essay, Marcos Dimas discusses his participation in a 1969 group show of Puerto Rican artists at the Brooklyn Museum, where he displayed two paintings, and his first assemblage. He notes that he met the future cofounders of the Puerto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802934

  • [In Protuario histórico de Puerto Rico (Historica Compendium of Puerto Rico)...]
    Pérez, Enoc, 1967-
    1992
    In this essay published in the 1992 exhibition catalog of Remerica! Amerika, Puerto Rican artist Enoc Perez discusses the effects of United States colonialism in the development of art in Puerto Rico. He observes that Puerto Rican artists have [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799179

  • [La pregunta de cómo uno puede funcionar como un activista...]
    Crockford, Michael
    1998
    In this essay, Michael Crockford discusses how the artistic practices of Yolanda Lopez combine feminism, activism, and community building. He observes that Lopez challenges indeed lowly depictions of Mexican-Americans in the United States by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841988

  • [Letter] [n.d.], New York [to] El Museo del Barrio
    Taller Boricua (New York, USA)
    In this typewritten open letter, the artist collective Taller Boricua [Puerto Rican Workshop], criticizes El Museo del Barrio for excluding the work of several New York-based Puerto Rican artists from an unnamed exhibition of Puerto Rican art jointly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841209

  • [Letter] 1974 May 29, New York [to] Board of Directors of El Museo del Barrio
    Colectiva de Artistas Puertorriqueños
    1974
    The group—calling itself the Colectiva de Artistas Puertorriqueños—articulates the concern that the policies of El Museo del Barrio marginalize the production of Puerto Rican artists in New York in favor of promoting well-established artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803050

  • [Letter] 1982 January 6, New York [to] Lucy Lippard
    Dimas, Marcos
    1982
    In this letter, artist Marcos Dimas writes to art critic Lucy R. Lippard and invites her to review his exhibition at El Museo del Barrio. Dimas discusses his participation in an activist artist collective, known as the Art Workers’ Coalition, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802977

  • [Nueve años después que Castro vino al poder, la artista María Magdalena Pons...]
    Dwyer, Adrianne M.
    1998
    The author of this essay, Adrianne Dwyer, discusses the autobiographical references found in Magdalena Campos-Pons’s work that relate to her Afro-Cuban background, specifically the spiritual tradition of Santeria. Campos-Pons explains that her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841346

  • [Sometimes he has two heads, many masks, four eyes, or fish for genitals...]
    Lippard, Lucy
    1986
    Renowned art critic Lucy Lippard compares Papo Colo’s artistry to an island like his native Puerto Rico that is also striving for independence. Trying to relate Colo’s painting style to what had become the shadow term of “expressionism,” she [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849831

  • [The Museo del Barrio has been in existence for over eight years...]
    Soto Sánchez, Jorge
    1978
    In this brief statement, Nuyorican artist Jorge Soto provides an historical overview of El Museo del Barrio. The author contends that the institution emphasized the educational value of Puerto Rican culture, but did not attend to the needs of Puerto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842291

  • [The work selected for this exhibition traces the last years...]
    Peña, Gladys
    1982
    In her brief introduction to the exhibition catalogue, Children of Darkness: Rafael Colón Morales, curator Gladys Peña asserts that Colón Morales broke away from the traditional painting of Puerto Rico by experimenting with both surrealist and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842215

  • [This exhibition at El Museo del Barrio celebrates a public work by a Puerto Rican artist...]
    Torruella Leval, Susana
    1990
    The essay provides a biographical overview of the career of mural artist Nitza Tufiño, the daughter of Puerto Rican printmaker Rafael Tufiño. In it, curator Susana Torruella Leval describes Nitza Tufiño’s process of creating a ceramic tile mural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802505

  • [We must understand history as a live process...]
    Escobar, Elizam, 1948-
    1992
    Elizam Escobar, artista puertorriqueño y antiguo prisionero político, sostiene que el quinto centenario de la llegada de Cristóbal Colón al Nuevo Mundo no es motivo de celebración, sino más bien una ocasión para reflexionar sobre la historia [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799247

  • [When I was shown a preview of the paintings which El Museo del Barrio had acquired through the years for their permanent collection...]
    Caraballo, José
    1978
    In this brief artist statement, Puerto Rican-born artist José Caraballo posits that El Museo del Barrio’s exhibition of recent acquisitions serves as a reminder of the existence of Puerto Rican artists, and their struggle for recognition in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842253

  • [Writers characterize the Caribbean as playground...]
    Roulet, Laura
    2000
    In this document, independent curator, Laura Roulet provides a biographical sketch of Charles Juhasz and Arnaldo Morales—two artists that the author has identified as the third generation of Puerto Rican artists to dedicate their work to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798149

  • A brief background of graffiti
    Martinez, Hugo, 1923-
    1975
    In this essay, Hugo Martinez chronicles the formation of United Graffiti Artists, a collective of New York City graffiti artists. Analyzing the graffiti scene from a sociological perspective, Martinez reports that the majority of graffiti artists in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842634

  • A collective vision
    Peña Acosta, Gladys
    2003
    Former curator of El Museo del Barrio, Gladys Peña-Acosta relates her experience as chief curator and interim director of that institution throughout the late 1970s and into the ‘80s. She discusses the process of introducing professional standards [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799049

  • A Ulysses of Puerto Rico
    Kind, Joshua
    1987
    The author, Joshua Kind, contends that Ferrer may be included in the category of contemporary artists interested in naïve style forms. In assemblage art, which is often deliberately amorphous, such qualities as the artist’s qualms are hidden from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842711

  • Aborigines of the western world
    Fusco, Coco; Gómez-Peña, Guillermo
    1992
    In this essay published in the exhibition catalog, Remerica! Amerika, artists Coco Fusco and Guillermo Gomez-Peña contend that the origins of dada events and performance art date back to the 1500s when native peoples from Africa and the Americas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799233

  • Aché para todo el mundo : Manuel Vega and his art
    Farris Thompson, Robert
    2001
    In this essay, art historian Robert Farris Thompson provides a narrative of Manuel Vega’s biography and art. Vega, a New Yorker of Puerto Rican descent, grew up in the tough streets of the Bronx. In his early years, Vega gravitated toward diverse [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841371

  • Aesthetic development of Puerto Rican visual arts in New York as part of the Diaspora : the epitaph of the Barrio
    Ballester, Diógenes, 1956-
    2001
    In this essay, Puerto Rican-born artist, Diogenes Ballester, gives a brief overview of Puerto Rican art and artists working in El Barrio (East Harlem, New York City) from the 1940s to 2000 and categorizes the art produced into three themes: 1) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 797329

  • Aesthetics considerations
    Ortiz, Rafael Montanez
    1990
    In this essay, Rafael Montañez Ortiz, a United States-born artist of Puerto Rican descent, argues that Eurocentrism, patriarchy, and racism have deprecated the art and culture of peoples from the Americas, Asia, and Africa. He notes that the legacy [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 797351

  • Amelia Mesa - Bains
    Touhey, Meagan; Zayas, Andrea; Rozo, Arlene; Keller, Susan
    1998
    The author, Susan Keller, ponders the work of Amalia Mesa-Bains within the context of the Mexican-American social empowerment movement of the 1960s and 1970s, also known as the Chicano Movement. A figurehead of her generation, Mesa-Bains looked to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842013

  • Amelia Mesa - Bains
    Keller, Susan; Rozo, Arlene; Touhey, Meagan; Zayas, Andrea
    1998
    The author, Susan Keller, ponders the work of Amalia Mesa-Bains within the context of the Mexican-American social empowerment movement of the 1960s and 1970s, also known as the Chicano Movement. A figurehead of her generation, Mesa-Bains looked to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842035

  • An open statement from artists workers
    Papoleto Meléndez, Jesús
    1973
    This open statement written by New York-born Puerto Rican poet, Jesús Papoleto Meléndez, is addressed to writers, painters, musicians, and artists saying that although they have dedicated their lives to the creation of art forms that sustain [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842768

  • An overview of the converging history of graphic artists from the island and El Barrio, Spanish Harlem
    Nazario, Isabel
    1998
    Curator Isabel Nazario compares the emergence of independent Puerto Rican printmaking collectives in New York during the 1970s to the government sponsored graphic art workshops that were instituted in Puerto Rico in the 1950s. She notes that Puerto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802536

  • Anaida Hernandez
    Coldsmith, Angela M.; Hernández, Carla M.; Kaufman, Nicole R.; Vega, Kathy; Matthews, Colleen B.
    1998
    In this essay, Angela Coldsmith examines the varied printmaking techniques of Anaida Hernández, and her work on behalf of women’s issues in her practices as an artist, activist, and educator. In particular, they note that Hernández organized an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841430

  • Annotated chronology : introduction
    Ballester, Diógenes, 1956-
    1990
    This annotated chronology written by Puerto Rican-born artist Diogenes Ballester, documents the history of Taller Boricua [Puerto Rican Workshop]—the oldest extant Puerto Rican artist collective in New York—from its founding in 1969 to 1989. For [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841228

  • Aquí & allá : seis artistas de San Juan
    Cullen, Deborah
    2001
    This essay, written by curator Deborah Cullen, offers an account of how El Museo del Barrio was founded out of the drive to establish a creative nexus for Puerto Rican artists who exist between the mainland United States and the Caribbean island. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842515

  • Artistic interventions in the Bronx
    Hertz, Betti-Sue
    1999
    This essay assembles a genealogy of avant-garde—yet socially committed—interventionist art practices that took place in the South Bronx starting in the 1960s New York City. The essay, written by curator Betti-Sue Hertz, examines how artists have [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840618

  • Author's note
    Mottel, Syeus
    1973
    In this “Author’s Note,” Syeus Mottel, a theater and film director, and a photographer, describes his experience after he was recruited to make a book adaptation of a unique project already in development by Buckminster Fuller and Michael Ben [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849765

  • Autobiography
    Ferrer, Rafael
    1973
    In this autobiography, Puerto Rican-born, New York-based artist Rafael Ferrer chronicles his life from 1933 to 1972. He discusses his early life in military school where he learned to play the drums; his mentoring by Spanish Surrealist émigré [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799304

  • Biographical sketch
    Soto Sánchez, Jorge
    1979
    In this autobiographical timeline covering from 1947 to 1977, Nuyorican artist Jorge Soto Sánchez describes his childhood in the South Bronx where he took great delight in drawing from an early age. Conversely, he also found disillusionment in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803035

  • Blurriness in focus
    Falconi, José Luis
    2004
    José Luis Falconi discusses Nuyorican photographer Adal Maldonado’s series, Out of Focus Nuyoricans, as a metaphorical depiction of the mutable nature of Puerto Rican identity and nationhood. By choosing to portray his Puerto Rican subjects as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841920

  • Bridge between islands : retrospective works by six Puerto Rican artists in New York
    Museo del Barrio (New York, N.Y.); Bronx Museum of the Arts; Louis Abrons Arts for Living Center (Henry Street Settlement)
    1978
    The catalogue essay for the exhibition, Bridge Between Islands: Retrospective Works by Six Puerto Rican Artists in New York, offered overviews of the works by Olga Albizu, Tony Bechara, Eloy Blanco, Marcos Dimas, Evelyn Lopez de Guzmán, and Jorge [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840024

  • Caribe : a new magazine focusing on the visual arts and culture of caribbean people
    Moreno Vega, Marta
    Dr. Marta Moreno Vega’s editorial statement for the first issue of Caribe magazine lays out the aims and goals of the new publication. She states that Caribe willfocus on Caribbean subjects that have been misinterpreted by colonizing powers. She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841497

  • Catalina Parra
    Bardeguez- Brown, Carmen; Bosques, Wilnelya; Irizarry, Angelica M.; León, Mauren; Mir, Claudio
    1998
    In this essay, Carmen Bardeguez-Brown weighs the influence of the Berlin Dadaists (1918–22) on photomontage artist Catalina Parra. Of Chilean descent, Parra went to college in Germany where she was exposed to Dada art in 1968. She was drawn to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842058

  • Catalina Parra
    León, Mauren; Mir, Claudio; Bardeguez- Brown, Carmen; Bosques, Wilnelya; Irizarry, Angelica M.
    1998
    In this essay, Carmen Bardeguez-Brown weighs the influence of the Berlin Dadaists (1918–22) on photomontage artist Catalina Parra. Of Chilean descent, Parra went to college in Germany where she was exposed to Dada art in 1968. She was drawn to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842081

  • Coco Fusco
    Croteau, Mary Ellen; Okunseinde, Ayodamola; Rompilla, Denise M.
    1998
    The authors of this essay describe Coco Fusco as one of the most highly visible and vocal members of the Latino artistic community in the United States. The author, Mary Ellen Croteau, provides an overview of Fusco’s family background and academic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841409

  • Con to'los hierros
    Torruella Leval, Susana
    1991
    In the curatorial statement by Susana Torruella Leval in the 1991 exhibition, Con To’ Los Hierros: A Retrospective of the Work of Pepón Osorio [Armed to the Teeth: A Retrospective of the Work of Pepón Osorio],she breaks down the artist’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840672

  • Contact lenses, corrected vision
    Lippard, Lucy
    2001
    Art critic Lucy Lippard gives an overview of issues that have galvanized Latino artists in the United States to take action; the most notable causes being migrant workers rights in the 1960s and ‘70s, protests against United States interventions in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842196

  • Conversaciones en el Taller: Juan Sánchez and Julia P. Herzberg
    Herzberg, Julia P.
    1998
    Art historian and curator, Julia P. Herzberg, converses with Juan Sánchez on his evolution as a printmaker. Sánchez stated that he became interested in printmaking during college after visiting the Puerto Rican artist collective, Taller Boricua, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802569

  • Conversations in the studio : Juan Sánchez and Julia P. Herzberg
    Herzberg, Julia P.; Sánchez, Juan, 1954-
    1998
    Art historian and curator, Julia P. Herzberg, converses with Juan Sánchez on his evolution as a printmaker. Sánchez stated that he became interested in printmaking during college after visiting the Puerto Rican artist collective, Taller Boricua, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802599