ICAA Research Team: Museo de Bellas Artes Juan Manual Blanes, Montevideo×
  • Aspectos multiculturales de la identidad
    Romero, Nelbia, 1938-
    1995
    Artist Nelbia Romero wrote this document on her exhibition project Bye, Bye, Yaugurú, curated by critic Alicia Haber. Written on a loose page, the text explains the aims of an exhibition that set out to reaffirm the need to engage the cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1241419

  • Astractos concretan : artistas no figurativos protestando contra decisión de la comuna, ocuparon hoy el Subte Municipal, donde debia inaugurarse el XV Salon de Artes Plásticas. Objetan la designación de jurados por procedimeintos claramente políticos
    1963
    This article describes the artists’ occupation of the Montevideo city exhibition venue of el Subte in August 1963, which continued through December of that year. The ironic title of the text, “Abstractos concretan” (Abstract Artists Concretize [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1231216

  • Augusto Rodin
    Mauclair, Camilo
    1920
    The avant-garde journal Los Nuevos was created in Montevideo in 1919 in an attempt to renew the European roots of literary modernism. The first issue contains an article on the life and work of French sculptor Auguste Rodin. The text asserts that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1196229

  • Barradas
    Abril, Manuel, 1884-1943
    1930
    The Spanish author and art critic Manuel Abril was widely known as an admirer of the work of Uruguayan artist Rafael Barradas. This essay, originally written for the Catalan magazine Vell I Nou, outlines the artist’s predisposition for modernism. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243461

  • Barradas el uruguayo
    Abril, Manuel, 1884-1943
    1925
    Written in 1925, this essay by Spanish writer Manuel Abril published in Alfar journal analyzes Rafael Barradas’s artistic attitude, which is based on permanent transformation. Abril begins with a reflection on the notions of “change” and “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1197352

  • Barradas pintor de eternidad
    Perucho, Artur, 1902-1956
    1930
    The catalogue of the exhibition Exposición Barradas, organized by the Comisión Nacional del Centenario in Uruguay in 1930, included an essay on Artur Perucho that had already been published before by the Barcelona-based magazine Joia. The article [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243392

  • Bases A.I.A.P.E (Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores)
    A.I.A.P.E. (agrupación de intelectuales, artistas, periodistas y escritores - rosario)
    1936
    In this essay, the members of AIAPE (Asociación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores [Association of Intellectuals, Artists, Journalists and Writers]) lays out the basic program structure of the association, emphasizing a class-based [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226697

  • Bases y fundamento del arte constructivo
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    This article is called a “lesson” (as are all the chapters in the book Universalismo Constructivo, which is a collection of lectures), a reference to Joaquín Torres García’s didactic style throughout the lengthy volume. The project is the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1242058

  • Bernabé Michelena y la claridad solidaria
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    1937
    The essay “Bernabé Michelena y la claridad solidaria” is the third chapter of the book Arte Simple, published in 1937 by the Uruguayan essayist Cipriano S. Vitureira. The author evaluates the sculptural work of Michelena at a time when the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1220692

  • Bernabé Michelena, escultor
    Dieste, Eduardo, 1881-1954
    1925
    Chapter V of the book Teseo Discusión Estética y Ejemplos […] by the critic Eduardo Dieste, titled “Bernabé Michelena, escultor,” is devoted to a discussion about Michelena’s sculptural work, which the author associates with a new [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1220780

  • Boletín de TESEO
    Agrupación de Artistas y Escritores Uruguayos
    1923
    The Boletín de TESEO is the newsletter published by the AAEU (Agrupación de Artistas y Escritores Uruguayos), the association of Uruguayan artists and writers whose memorandum of association appears in this Boletín Nº 1, Year 1, August 25, 1923. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1182637

  • Boletín N°7 Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    1965
    The Club de Grabado de Montevideo’s Boletín N° 7 (June 1965) contains several sections. The first one, “Escuela” [School], describes the growth of the CGM and the need for a team of instructors to educate the Club’s members in printmaking [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1182833

  • Buscando la identidad : encuentro latinoamericano de artes plasticas
    1990
    In this essay, various aspects of the II Encontro Latino-americano de Artes Plásticas [Second Latin American Meeting of the Visual Arts] held in Porto Alegre, Brazil, are summarized, emphasizing the performing artistic practices and the need to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1242413

  • Cae decorado de Berni bajo la piqueta del G.O.U
    1944
    This article reports on the destruction of a theater set made by Antonio Berni at the Teatro del Pueblo in Buenos Aires. The report mentions the situation that artists were facing under the repressive measures of the G.O.U. (a group of Argentinian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225213

  • Cambio de plano
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this lecture, Joaquín Torres García (JTG) asserts that groups of artists that are not joined by theoretical ideas or stand behind a distinct ethical platform are pointless. He therefore repudiates the schools and groups in Uruguay, supporting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245979

  • Camnitzer expone en N.York
    1971
    In this article, a New York art critic whose signature is the initials H. R. discusses the first version of Uruguayan artist Luis Camnitzer’s work Leftovers on exhibition in a new gallery in Manhattan. The work consists of a neat arrangement of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1246103

  • Cándido Portinari no es un creador
    Castillo, Guido, 1922-2010
    1947
    In this article, Guido Castillo does not launch an all-out attack on Cándido Portinari because he recognizes the Brazilian artist’s “human values” and his compassion for the suffering endured by some people in the world. But [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263707

  • Cansinos Assens comenta "Estética del Novecientos"
    Cancinos Assens, Rafael
    1928
    The article “Cansinos Assens comenta Estética del Novecientos” is a study on the book Estética del Novecientos by Uruguayan essayist and historian Alberto Zum Felde, who sought to establish cultural views about his country and Latin America [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1197025

  • Carta de Figari a Cuneo, publicada en el diario "La mañana" del 25 de Julio de 1918. Las exposiciones Cuneo y Michelana : un juicio del Dr. Figari
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    1918
    Pedro Figari wrote this letter to José Cúneo, who had recently shown his paintings at a joint exhibition with Bernabé Michelena in Montevideo (1918). The letter, published in the newspaper La Mañana, was Figari’s public recognition of the young [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233819

  • Club de Grabado compra su casa
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    1971
    In this document, the Club de Grabado de Montevideo (CGM, founded in 1953) announces that it has purchased a property to be used as its headquarters. The text provides an overview of the club’s achievements and outlines its aims, among them [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1192649

  • Club de Grabado de Montevideo : 22 Aniversario 1953- Agosto 1975
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    1975
    The CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo) issued a number of publications in honor of its twenty-second anniversary. This flier includes several topics: a tribute to the maestro and artist Luis Mazzey in celebration of his 80th birthday; a program of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1183514

  • Club de Grabado de Montevideo a la población de Montevideo
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    1965
    The announcement in the Boletín Nº 10 issued by the CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo, founded in 1953) includes a description of the Club’s organization and means of support, and a reference to its membership in the recently formed Confederaci [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1183124

  • Club de Grabado de Montevideo.
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    1956
    The report published in 1956 by the CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo) provides information on the institution’s objectives. In the group’s opinion, prints can be used to reach a range of different audiences and address a broad spectrum of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1181911

  • Club de Grabado, una institución independiente
    Fossatti, Carlos, 1928-
    1966
    The communiqué signed by Carlos Fossatti (an active member of the Club de Grabado de Montevideo) outlines several suggestions for arriving at a consensus as regards the objectives of the group’s artistic activities, which he describes as being [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1181992

  • Club de Grabado: desde la crisis con pesar
    Peluffo Linari, Gabriel
    1984
    The crisis and feelings of “remorse” (that, in this case, connotes political impotence) of the 1980s were the result of more than ten years of military dictatorship that had effectively dismantled the network of cultural organizations that had [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1185468

  • Club de Gravure de Montevideo : exposición
    Calvete, Jorge
    1968
    This document in diptych format is an invitation, with commentary, to the exhibition of the Club de Grabado de Montevideo (CGM) held in the city of Sèvres in March 1968. The official presentation of the exhibition was made by the Uruguayan [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1193387

  • Conferencias Culturales : Sobre tópicos de arte decorativo
    Viviani, Sebastián, 1883-
    1920
    This 1920 article by Sebastián Viviani was published in Trabajo, a periodical that was a vehicle for the Consejo Superior de la Enseñanza Industrial in Uruguay. The text is a summary of the lecture given by sculptor Antonio Pena—who taught [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1230583

  • Consideraciones sobre aspectos de la enseñanza del dibujo
    Rodríguez, Guillermo, 1889-1959
    1920
    In this 1920 article published in Trabajo, a conduit for the Escuela de Industrias, painter and printmaker Guillermo Rodríguez places emphasis on the practical nature of drawing instruction at industrial schools—an approach advocated by the Unión [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1230412

  • Consideraciones sobre la expresión heroica
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    1930
    Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui discusses Vicente Basso Maglio’s ideas about what the literary critic describes as “heroic expression,” with oblique references to the painting of another Uruguayan, Rafael Barradas. Based on literary ideas in particular [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225615

  • Contestando a Torres García
    Berdía, Norberto, 1900-
    1934
    In his famous “Manifiesto 1,” Joaquín Torres García repudiates the article published in the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay’s journal Movimiento. Torres García’s text, in turn, occasioned “Contestando a Torres [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1208175

  • Cuál debiera ser nuestro arte
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    His extensive preaching in favor of spiritual rectitude led Joaquin Torres García to reject the “superfluous” in art and keep the fundamental elements that make up the concept and structure of Constructivist art. The resulting logic of this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245873

  • Cuando el Tercer Mundo se mira a sí mismo : II Bienal de La Habana
    Tiscornia, Ana, 1951-
    1987
    In this opinion piece, Ana Tiscornia addresses the second Bienal de La Habana. Rather than describe specific works or artists, she assesses the objective of the event in relation to the political framework of the eighties. The notion of the “Third [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1184459

  • Cultura de liberación
    Grompone, Antonio, 1893-1965
    1936
    This essay is on the author of the speech delivered at the Ateneo de Montevideo, Antonio Miguel Grompone, on “the culture of liberation,” where he highlights the cultural and political importance of the “peoples” universities or adult [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226424

  • Cultura en el orden internacional
    Oribe, Emilio, 1893-1975
    1939
    In the early twentieth century, Europe—which had, until that time, been Latin America’s cultural referent par excellence—was deeply immersed in a devastating socio-economic crisis brought about as a result of the First World War. Fascism and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223996

  • De la invención en la pintura
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this essay, Joaquín Torres García speaks about “Lesson 50,” which was later published in his book Universalismo Constructivo (1944). In it there are some comments referencing selected paragraphs from another conference under the same title [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245854

  • De la pintura y el pintor
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1947
    This article was written around the time Joaquín Torres García was giving his lecture on “Mística de la Pintura” and reviewing the main points supporting his conception of “art,” that is, immanentism [God or an abstract mind or spirit [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226559

  • De la Tragedia de la Imagen : Barradas
    Basso Maglio, Vicente, 1889-
    1930
    The author outlines his convictions on “artistic creation,” associating them to searches that are transcendent and tragic in character (as manifested in the title of the article). He conceives that the act of creating derives from spiritual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225969

  • De los grabados de ayer a las ediciones actuales
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    1981
    This is a report on how artists at the CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo) dealt with new techniques designed for the reproduction of images. The report reviews new printing systems, such as offset, and mentions the increasing popularity of silk [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1191787

  • Declaración de principios de la C.T.I.U
    Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay
    1934
    A manifesto of sorts, this article expands on the statement of principles voiced by the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay (CTIU) in its first publication, the journal Aportación. The text is an extended exposition of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198763

  • Declaración de principios de la C.T.I.U
    Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay
    1933
    The Union of Visual Artists was part of the structure of the C.T.I.U. (Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay [Confederation of Intellectual Workers of Uruguay]) federation created in Montevideo at the request of David Alfaro [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1216968

  • Declaración de principios de la Unión de Plásticos
    Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay
    1933
    The declaration of principles of the Visual Arts Union were in fact taken and inscribed from the general declaration of the C.T.I.U. (Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay [Confederation of Intellectual Workers of Uruguay]). This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1216999

  • Decreto del P.E. que instituye la Comisión Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Echegoyen, Martín, 1891-1974
    1936
    Issued on October 2, 1936, during the dictatorship of Gabriel Terra (1933–38), this decree created the Uruguayan Comisión Nacional de Bellas Artes, which was charged with, among other things, organizing the Salones Nacionales de Bellas Artes, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1186589

  • Definiciones / Uno
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    1982
    This informative and didactic article, published by the CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo), describes and explains a range of art styles that emerged and were developed in the United States and Europe after the Second World War. Referring to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1189065

  • Del Círculo de Bellas Artes
    1935
    In this essay, the students at the Montevideo Círculo de Bellas Artes vilify the critical situation affecting the institution due to cuts in state subsidies. The publication Movimiento incited the students to fight for restoring quality in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1211356

  • Del ejercicio de la crítica de arte
    Argul, José Pedro, 1903-
    1956
    Figures such as José Pedro Argul, Jorge Romero Brest, and others of national and regional importance provided a new turn in fifties art criticism—a tendency akin to the Generación del 45 in literature. This essay by Argul was first published in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227229

  • Demetrio Urruchúa con Nosotros
    1939
    The (unknown) author of this article reports and comments on the exhibition of works by the Argentinian painter, printmaker, and muralist Demetrio Urruchúa at the Ateneo de Montevideo. The article specifically mentions certain iconographic aspects [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223661

  • Dibujantes de monstruitos
    Heide, Daniel
    1971
    In this article in the weekly Marcha, critic Daniel Heide discusses the growing interest in drawing as visual modality in Uruguay in the sixties. Heide explains that he will address the fantastic and realist connotations of this new strain of drawing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1241440

  • Dictadura o clamoreo en el Uruguay
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    1994
    Here Clemente Padín sketches a retrospective of his life as an artist—he was an experimental poet, graphic designer, performer, and networker—during the Uruguayan military-civilian dictatorship (that lasted from the June 27, 1973 coup d’état [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1240688

  • Dos años en una tarea
    Kalenberg, Angel
    1965
    This informational brochure was written by Ángel Kalenberg, the director of the IGE (Instituto General Electric) in Montevideo, founded in 1963. The brochure describes the various objectives and activities of the institute that had been carried out [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1182268

  • Dr Antonio Frasconi
    Frasconi, Antonio, 1919-2013
    1969
    Through an open letter to the president of the Comisión Nacional de Artes Plásticas published in the weekly journal Marcha, the Uruguayan printmaker Antonio Frasconi, who was residing in New York, expressed his solidarity with the Visual Arts Guild [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1246348