ICAA Research Team: Museo de Bellas Artes Juan Manual Blanes, Montevideo×
  • ¿Arte versus política?
    1963
    This article was published in El País, a newspaper run by sectors of the Partido Nacional, one of Uruguay’s two traditional political parties. It reports on the occupation of the Subte exhibition space in Montevideo by a group of visual artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1231919

  • [Durante años, varias generaciones de uruguayos...]
    Romero, Nelbia, 1938-
    1992
    In this leaflet Nelbia Romero expresses her goal of recognizing the identity and ethnicity of the indigenous race that once lived on the land that is now Uruguay. That race was, in fact, exterminated during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238885

  • [El hombre es libre]
    Basso Maglio, Vicente, 1889-
    1931
    Vicente Basso Maglio sees “creative freedom” as a constant that lies outside historical time. In his view, it is intrinsically human—a pure concept not bound to questions of style in art, which are to his thinking, vulgar, ornamental, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1229417

  • [Letter] [1933, Junio?], Buenos Aires [to] Blanca Luz Brum
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1933
    Other than the intimate details of the communication between Siqueiros and Brum, this letter provides extremely interesting insights into Siqueiros’s public relations in Buenos Aires, as well as his opinions and intentions concerning the local [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238660

  • [Letter] 1913 Noviembre 11, Carlos M. Herrera [to] Martín Lasala, Comisión Directiva del Círculo de Bellas Artes
    Herrera, Carlos María
    1913
    As the director of the Círculo de Bellas Artes School in Montevideo, painter Carlos María Herrera wrote this letter to Martín Lasala, the president of that institution’s board, with a number of proposals, chief among them was the elimination of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1230195

  • [Letter] 1915 Diciembre 1, Terrasa, España [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1915
    In this letter to the writer José Enrique Rodó, Joaquín Torres García discusses the affinity they share for the Greco-Latin tradition, and expresses his wish to be in touch with contemporary Uruguayan art because, though living in Spain at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247404

  • [Letter] 1916 Junio 1, Terrasa, España [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1916
    This letter from Joaquín Torres García to his Uruguayan compatriot, the renowned writer José Enrique Rodó, suggests that both men agreed on the need to encourage the emerging art in their country by exposing young Uruguayan artists to what was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247430

  • [Letter] 1916 Marzo 15 [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1916
    In this letter, Joaquín Torres-García declares his intention to promote contemporary Uruguayan art to European audiences. The objective is to create a program designed to provide scholarships or grants from the Uruguayan government for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247461

  • [Letter] 1926 enero 28, Calle Lucas Obes, Montevideo [to] Pedro Figari
    Guillot Muñoz, Gervasio, 1897-1956
    1926
    In this letter Guillot Muñoz, the distinguished writer and journalist, tells his friend Pedro Figari about the critiques that his paintings were receiving in Montevideo at that time, and about the unconditional support for Figari there was among a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238724

  • [Letter] 1934 Enero 11, Isla de Trinidad [to] Blanca Luz Brum
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1934
    In this letter, David Alfaro Siqueiros tells Blanca Luz Brum that the Troubadour—the ship on which he sailed from Buenos Aires in December 1933—had arrived in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. Siqueiros talks about the book he wrote on the trip [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238692

  • [Letter] 1943 Julio 20, Buenos Aires [to] Presidenta de la Federación de Estudiantes Plásticos del Uruguay
    Oliva Navarro, Juan Carlos, 1888-; Mazza, Raul, 1888-
    1943
    This letter from the Asociación Estímulo de Bellas Artes (AEBA) in Argentina to the Federación de Estudiantes Plásticos del Uruguay (FEPU) invited the Uruguayan students to attend the opening of the exhibition Arte argentino del pasado y del [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1210802

  • [Letter] 1965, Montevideo [to] Fernando García Esteban
    Cúneo, José, 1887-1977
    1965
    In this letter to critic Fernando García Esteban, José Cúneo celebrates the recent publication of the critic’s Panorama de la plástica contemporánea uruguaya (Montevideo: Editorial Alfa, 1965). Cúneo then explains his ideas about color in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233790

  • [Letter] 1973 Febrero 3, Buenos Aires, Argentino [to] Leonilda González, Club de Grabado
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1973
    This essay is on the letter from Antonio Berni (Buenos Aires) to Leonilda González (president of the Club de Grabado de Montevideo [Engravers Club of Montevideo], CGM) on occasion of the twenty-year anniversary of the CGM and on having requested [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226464

  • [Letter] 1973 Febrero, San Juan Puerto Rico [to] Leonilda González
    Martorell, Antonio, 1939-
    1973
    In this letter to Uruguayan artist Leonilda González—secretary general of the Club de Grabado de Montevideo (CGM)—multifaceted Puerto Rican creator Antonio Martorell conveys his interest in organizing a group show of the CGM in San Juan. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1193636

  • [Letter] 1977 Junio 27, Leonidas González, Manizales, Colombia [to] Oscar Ferrando
    González, Leonilda, 1923-
    1977
    This document is a letter from Leonilda González, former secretary general of the Club de Grabado de Montevideo (CGM), to Óscar Ferrando, who took charge of the institution when González left the country in exile. The letter is a confidential [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226480

  • [Letter] 1977 Novembro 21, Rio de Janeiro [to] Oscar Ferrando, Secretario de Taller, Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    Gerchman, Rubens, 1942-2008
    1977
    After Oscar Ferrando, the secretary of the Club de Grabado de Montevideo (CGM), visited the Escola de Artes Visuais do Rio de Janeiro, Rubens Gerchman, the director of that school in Rio, expressed his interest in organizing a number of exchanges [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1193516

  • [Letter] 1981, Julio 21, São Paulo, Brasil [to] Clemente Padín
    Zanini, Walter, 1925-
    1981
    This is the Brazilian art critic and curator Walter Zanini’s official invitation to Clemente Padín, asking him to take part in the XVI Bienal Internacional de São Paulo, in 1981. The document created a “diplomatic” incident that was solved [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1242138

  • [Letter] Al Comité Central del Partido Comunista del Uruguay
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1933
    While stating his unflinching loyalty to the communist cause, David Alfaro Siqueiros also provides some important autobiographical information in this letter to the Uruguayan Communist Party Central Committee. He talks about being under house arrest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238917

  • [Letter] Enero 1930, París, Francia [to] José Cuneo y Bernabé Michelena
    Raykis, Wladimir, 1899-
    1930
    In 1930, Wladimir Raykis (director of Galerie Zak in Paris) sent this letter inviting Uruguayan artists José Cúneo and Bernabé Michelena to exhibit at his exhibition venue which promoted Latin American art between the wars. The dialogue and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233623

  • [Letter] Jesualdo y María Carmen [to] David Alfaro Siqueiros, Montevideo, 27 Diciembre, 1962
    Sosa, Jesualdo, 1905-1982; Portela, María Carmen, 1898-
    1962
    This document is a letter sent by two Uruguayan intellectuals to David Alfaro Siqueiros, who had been held at Lecumberri jail in Mexico City since 1960; the letter was sent through the artist’s wife, Angélica Arenal. It was a message of solidarity [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238756

  • [Manifiesto Grupo Brasileño Maldoror]
    1967
    The magazine Los Huevos del Plata founded in Montevideo by Clemente Padín, published the manifesto of the Brazilian group Maldoror that politically identified itself with revolutionary and antimilitaristic principles that were plainly active during [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243177

  • [Somos mutantes, es decir, vividos...]
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    1966
    In 1965, the original manifesto of the magazine Los Huevos del Plata was an avant-garde platform advocating against Uruguayan cultural dominance by the so-called Generación del ’45, a group of writers who exerted and promoted their strong [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243157

  • [Tengo el honor de dirigirme a Ud. en relación a la nota no. Br. 568/22/1...]
    Sosa, Jesualdo, 1905-1982
    1961
    This document is a confidential report, perhaps to be sent to the KGB, on the three Uruguayan artists selected to participate in the 1961 São Paulo Biennial. The text addresses other aspects of the art scene in Uruguay as well, among them the group [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238805

  • 13 años de actividad de Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    1966
    This printed, folded sheet of paper provides a chronological history of the CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo) that spans its first thirteen years of operation, from 1953 to 1966. It includes a report on the Club’s sources of inspiration in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1183571

  • 1er Salón Independiente de Artes Plásticas
    Ateneo de Montevideo
    1937
    There are basically three sections in the catalogue for the Primer Salón Independiente de Artes Plásticas: (1) Statement of principles; (2) List of participating artists; and (3) The text of the tribute to the painter Milo Beretta, mentor to young [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1186701

  • 1er Salón Independiente, la UAPU y la CNBA
    Aroztegui, Joaquín, 1943-
    1967
    This article published in El Mate journal in 1967 supports the stance embraced by a group of artists in Uruguay who, thirty years earlier, had decided not to submit work to the Primer Salón Nacional de Artes Plásticas during the dictatorship of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198061

  • 1er Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas : Su contenido artístico
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    1940
    This special edition of the magazine AIAPE (Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores) was devoted entirely to the first Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas (Montevideo, 1940). The sole article in the magazine was written by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1184568

  • 2ª exposición al aire libre en homenaje a Stalingrado : Domingo 8 de Noviembre, 1942
    Federación de Estudiantes Plásticos del Uruguay
    1942
    This document contains information on an exhibition of the Federación de Estudiantes Plásticos del Uruguay (FEPU) held in 1942. A pro-Soviet text is transcribed and a list of participants in the show appears, among them eminent local artists. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1210566

  • A propósito de Vasarely
    Taller Torres García
    1958
    This essay is on the work of Victor Varsarely that in 1958 was exhibited for the first time in Montevideo, giving rise to glowing journalistic commentaries. A commentary was also written on the TTG (Taller Torres García [Torres Garcia Workshop]) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228355

  • A quienes lucharon por mi libertad con mi más profundo reconocimiento
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1964
    After spending four years in prison in Mexico for an obscure “crime of social dissolution,” Siqueiros was released in July 1964. He then wrote this letter to all the friends in various parts of the world who had demanded his freedom. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238740

  • Acerca de la crítica de arte
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    1955
    This essay, is on the art critic Fernando García Esteban and on his noted intellectual presence in Montevideo during the fifties and the sixties. The art critic echoes the difficulties encountered when critiquing local art and the differences in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227280

  • Acerca de la letra h : una conversación entre Yamandú Canosa y Rosa Queralt
    Queralt, Rosa; Canosa, Yamandú, 1954-
    2007
    This is an interview by the art critic Rosa Queralt with Yamandú Canosa in regard to his 2003 exhibition held in Spain, named La línea h (iceberg), at the Art Center of Salamanca. It was published in the catalogue Premio Pedro Figari (2007–08 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247647

  • AIAPE la víbora y Nadie
    Cabrera, Sarandy, 1923-2005
    1947
    This article by Sarandy Cabrera, which appeared in Removedor, the journal published by the TTG (Taller Torres-García), is an example of the magazine’s colloquial—and aggressive, “from the trenches”—discourse. This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263683

  • Al encuentro de América Latina
    Peluffo Linari, Gabriel; Gilmet, Hugo
    1972
    This interview with Uruguayan artist Jorge Damiani addresses the Primer Encuentro de Artistas Plásticos del Cono Sur held in Santiago, Chile. As the Uruguayan delegate, Damiani took part in debates on art in Latin America, specifically in relation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1246126

  • Al encuentro de las culturas subyacentes
    Haber, Alicia, 1946-
    1992
    In this text, Alicia Haber analyzes how a large and complex installation by Nelbia Romero shows the toponymic-linguistic legacy of Guarani culture in a country as European as Uruguay. From the mid-eighties to the mid-nineties, there was a social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1238901

  • Al País
    Prevosti, Carlos, 1896-1955; Michelena, Bernabé 1888-1963; Mazzey, Luis, 1895-1983; Castellanos Balparda, Leandro; De Simone, Alfredo
    1937
    This is the public statement made by Uruguayan artists who rejected the invitation to submit their works to the Primer Salón Nacional de Bellas Artes and called for an exhibition that had nothing to do with the government. Their main argument was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225471

  • Alianza de intelectuales, artistas y escritores bolivianos
    1938
    This article announces the founding of the Bolivian AIAPE (Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores) a few years after the founding of homonymous associations in Argentina and Uruguay. The Bolivian group basically embraced the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225763

  • Apollonio ¿Libertad para qué?
    1964
    Pablo Mañé Garzón discusses some of the thoughts expressed by Umbro Apollonio, the director of the Biennale di Venezia’s Historic Archive of Contemporary Art. The Uruguayan critic refers specifically to the concept of “freedom” that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1248811

  • Apremios e interrogantes
    Peluffo Linari, Gabriel
    1972
    This essay is on an interview [conducted] by Gabriel Peluffo with the sculptor Germán Cabrera, the artist and performer Teresa Vila, and the painter and engraver Anhelo Hernández. He questions them on the role of the visual arts within the social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245079

  • Aquí, en Montevideo
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    1938
    In this brief essay Joaquín Torres-García outlines the goals he developed at the AAC (Asociación de Arte Constructivo) and explained in the association’s magazine. He describes the difficulties he had in trying to make [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263116

  • Arte Argentino del pasado y del presente
    Asociación Estímulo de Bellas Artes (Buenos Aires, Argentina)
    1943
    In 1943, an exhibition of one hundred and seven Argentinean artists, consisting of late 19th- century and early 20th-century painters and sculptors, was held in Montevideo under the auspices of the National Commission of Fine Arts of Montevideo and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1228201

  • Arte correo en el Uruguay
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    1985
    From a Uruguayan perspective, visual artist and performer Clemente Padín discusses the importance of Mail Art in Latin America, as well as the problems it faces. In this article, he explains the origins of Mail Art as a movement for international [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247293

  • Arte de Acción en Latinoamérica : cuerpo político y estrategias de resistencia
    De Gracia, Silvio, 1973-
    2010
    In this essay, critic and performer Silvio de Gracia explains the importance of and provides context for “action art” in Latin America. He demonstrates its specificity in the region, showing how it differs from similar tendencies in Europe and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1240673

  • Arte en las calles
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    1990
    In this essay, the artist and performer Clemente Padín explains the concept of “street art and urban art” following the alternative art exhibition, Tomarte, held in the city of Rosario, Argentina, in April 1990, with the pretense of injecting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243093

  • Arte Folklorico Versus Arte Social, Versus L´Art Pour L´Art
    Halty, Adolfo, 1915-1974
    1943
    In this essay by Adolfo Halty, ideas are espoused about the controversial “social” sense of art and “folkloric art” at a time in Uruguay when debates about the notions of “cultural heritage,” “popular art,” etc., were beginning to be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1217654

  • Arte Latinoamericano en Estados Unidos
    Camnitzer, Luis
    1966
    In this text, Uruguayan artist Luis Camnitzer—resident of New York since 1964 who was a correspondent from there for the Montevideo-based weekly Marcha—discusses the rising importance of “Latin American” art in New York art galleries and in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1246055

  • Arte postal en Latinoamérica
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    1988
    Clemente Padín describes and discusses his vision as a creator and promoter of Mail Art in the 1970s in Uruguay. He approaches the subject from the broad perspective of the movement’s worldwide activities, providing a comparative analysis that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1240703

  • Arte simple : por Cipriano Santiago Vitureira, Editorial Nueva América
    Del Cioppo, Atahualpa
    1937
    The author discusses Arte simple, the recently published book by Cipriano Santiago Vitureira. The Uruguayan columnist notes Vitureira’s poetic sensitivity, and expresses his conviction that art can drive social change. Atahualpa del Cioppo does not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223119

  • Arte vinculado a la industria
    Grupo 8 (Uruguay)
    1959
    In its bulletin, GRUPO 8, created in Montevideo in 1959, exposed the need to organically and institutionally tie national industries to those Uruguayan artists affiliated with modernity. The objective was to promote labor sources for Uruguayan modern [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1313167

  • arte y comunismo
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1944
    In this essay, Joaquín Torres García attempts to link this sociopolitical doctrine with that of modern art after presenting a succinct historical review starting from “primitive communism” up through the Marxist doctrine. He does so by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245711