ICAA Research Team: Museo de Arte de Lima (MALI), Peru×
  • Bases para la política cultural de la revolución peruana
    Perú. Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas
    This charter document lists the main cultural guidelines established by the self-styled Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas Peruanas (1968–80). The text, which is divided into several chapters, discusses a number of prior situations and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139418

  • Bello afiche para un gran festival
    This was the first time a national publication—the Lima newspaper El Comercio—had published the guidelines for the Festivales de Lima, an event of great importance in Latin America that took place in October and November 1966. The event consisted [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1302789

  • Bill Caro : pinturas
    Caro, Bill, 1949-
    In this brief review, Bill Caro discusses his own career, ranging from his 1972 exhibition (focused on Lima shantytowns) to his interest in light that became one of the key facets of his work in the 1980s. Caro states that “photographing is as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293457

  • Bill Caro 76
    Caro, Bill, 1949-
    This document is the catalogue to Cementerio de automóviles, an exhibition of work by hyperrealist painter Bill Caro held at Galería Enrique Camino Brent in Lima in late 1976. In a synopsis, architect Héctor Velarde states that beauty is “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293440

  • Bracamonte : comunicación social
    This is a brief interview with designer José Bracamonte Vera whom in 1975 had won the National Cultural Award of Peru in the social communication category. He claimed he was an artist who designed posters because “graphic art, especially regarding [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139371

  • Breve diálogo con Jean Dewasne
    Szyszlo, Fernando de
    In this article, Fernando de Szyszlo interviews his colleague, the renowned French exponent of geometric abstraction, Jean Dewasne, who explains that he rejects the romantic concept of “inspiration” on the grounds that it is a “passive” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 859117

  • Canto coral a Tupac Amaru : Tupaqamaruman ukhuti takina taki
    Romualdo, Alejandro, 1926-2008
    This is the sleeve of the 45 RPM vinyl record on which the well-known poet and cultural critic Alejandro Romualdo recorded his most famous poem, Canto Coral a Túpac Amaru, que es la libertad. The cover art is a Pop version of a conventional image of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141374

  • Carácter y tendencias de la revolución vanguardista
    Ballón, Juan Francisco
    This article by Juan F. Ballón is about the avant-garde revolution that took place in the 1930s in Peru, which he believes was inspired “by childish and propitiatory feelings.” He claims that despite its apparent utilitarianism, this movement is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151280

  • Carlos More, pintor
    Larrea, Juan
    Spanish poet Juan Larrea comments on the Carlos More exhibition in Lima in 1931 and states that, before More, the Peruvian mountain ranges were illustrated and interpreted by people “who could not see them without deforming them in an arbitrary and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150975

  • Carrousel : xilografías de José Sabogal
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    López Merino begins his article by remarking on the success of Sabogal’s exhibition in Buenos Aires, “where the most discerning critics acknowledged the respect he enjoys in Latin America.” The writer describes the exhibition of prints as a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140277

  • Carta a Enrique Domingo Barreda sobre el arte en el Perú
    Gallagher de Parks, Mercedes, 1883-
    In this document, the author, Mercedes Gallagher, had offered assessments similar to those of painter Enrique Domingo Barreda—that is, against indigenous art—except for the indigenous scenes painted by Francisco Laso. She asserts that “there [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143356

  • Carta analítica al pintor Bill Caro
    Harth Terré, Emilio,1899-1983
    In this letter to painter Bill Caro, Emilio Harth-Terré asserts that the views of the neighborhoods of Lima Caro painted constitute “artistic expression” that goes beyond any attempt at social protest. The painter formulates, in Harth-Terré’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293393

  • Cartas al Director
    Szyszlo, Fernando de
    Fernando de Szyszlo sent this open letter to the editor of Cultura Peruana magazine in response to the article by journalist Jesús Manual Orbegozo that was published in this same magazine (Lima, December 1955). Szyszlo denied the declarations [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227064

  • Cátedra libre : ¿ qué prefiere Ud., pintura clásica o pintura moderna?
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    The question in the El Comercio newspaper’s survey, “Which do you prefer, classical painting or modern painting?” prompted replies from two painters, one attorney, one journalist, and an art dealer. All the responses were similar, claiming that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137399

  • Cátedra libre : ¿por qué se ha transformado la pintura?
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    The survey about “classical” painting and “modern” painting that appeared in El Comercio, a Lima newspaper, sought to elicit opinions about the changes that painting has undergone. Though Sérvulo Gutiérrez states that those changes reflect [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137512

  • Cátedra libre : pintura clásica y pintura moderna
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    This is the general introduction to the survey about “classical” painting and “modern” painting that was published over the course of several weeks in the “Cátedra Libre” section of the Sunday supplement of El Comercio, a Lima newspaper [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137375

  • Cátedra libre : pintura clásica y pintura moderna ¿ritmo acelerado o retorno a lo clásico?
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    Several European intellectuals responded to the final question in the survey about “classical” painting and “modern” painting that was published in the Lima newspaper El Comercio. Paul Linder states that, in the course of history, there are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137531

  • Cátedra libre: ¿por qué se ha transformado la pintura?
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    In response to the survey published by the Lima newspaper El Comercio as to the difference between “classical” and “modern” art, respondents provided different and, in some cases, contradictory answers. Responding to the question regarding [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137463

  • Cátedra libre: en el Perú se reconoce el valor de la pintura moderna. - Dos direcciones de importancia: pintura moderna y pintura significativa
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    Francisco Miró Quesada Cantuarias, the driving force behind the El Comercio newspaper’s survey about art, summarizes the results and underscores the presumed consensus among “learned” people. In his opinion, “modern” painting is gaining [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137563

  • Comisión Nacional del Sesquicentario de la Independencia del Perú : resultado del concurso para el monumento a Túpac Amaru
    Pons Muzzo, Gustavo, 1916-2008
    This document is the official assessment of the projects submitted to the Cuarto Concurso Nacional [Fourth National Contest], organized in order to erect a monument to José Gabriel Condorcanqui, Túpac Amaru II, indigenous forefather of Peruvian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139103

  • Cómo es y de dónde proviene la nueva pintura peruana
    Pérez Luna, Edgardo, 1928-1984
    In this newspaper article, Edgardo Pérez Luna reviews an exhibition organized by the Grupo Señal at the IAC (Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo). According to the columnist, the young members of the group (Emilio Hernández, José Tang, Jaime Dávila [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142561

  • Cómo la pintura ha buscado al Perú : el arte colonial entendido como represión
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    This text is the first of three parts of the essay “Cómo la pintura ha buscado al Perú” written by Sebastián Salazar Bondy. The text was not intended to be “an aesthetic theory,” but rather “a sociological interrogation” geared towards [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138058

  • Cómo la pintura ha buscado al Perú : hallazgo de la realidad perdida : siglo XX : III
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    In this text, Sebastián Salazar Bondy argues that the post-romantic generation, which was held in high regard at the time, is not essential to Peruvian art history because it is anachronistic; such art has neglected its “true” national and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138092

  • Cómo la pintura ha buscado al Perú : los que intentan vencer el complejo : II
    Salazar Bondy, Sebastián
    This text is the second of three parts of the essay “Cómo la pintura ha buscado al Perú” written by Sebastián Salazar Bondy. The text was not intended to be “an aesthetic theory,” but rather “a sociological interrogation” geared [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138075

  • Comprobando netamente nuestro juicio y los de nuestros artistas , la Escuela de Bellas Artes, en su exposición de clausura, ha puesto de manifiesto su fracaso
    More Barrionuevo, Ernesto, 1897-1980
    Article written by Ernesto More, signed with the pseudonym Jerome, in which he criticizes the direction adopted by the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (ENBA), based in Lima, Peru. The author affirms that ENBA was created by an oligarchic government [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143228

  • Comunicado del IAC sobre el homenaje al pintor Sérvulo
    Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (Lima, Perú)
    This is the communiqué issued by the Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (IAC) [Institute of Contemporary Art] in Lima on the subject of the disagreement between the writer Juan Ríos and the art critic Juan Acha about the opinions expressed by Acha in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1151132

  • Con cachivaches hacen muestra de Pop Art en Lima
    This article about the installation Mimuy (1965) appeared in Última Hora, a popular national newspaper. Published two days after the opening of the exhibition, the article notes the large number of comments received so far. It also mentions the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142819

  • Con Julia Condecido [sic]
    Urteaga C., Franklin
    Franklin Urteaga conducted this lengthy interview with Julia Codesido on the occasion of her recent exhibitions overseas. Referring to the first of these, at the recently inaugurated Palacio de Bellas Artes (Mexico City, 1935), Urteaga notes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136615

  • Concierto de figuras
    Peña Barrenechea, Ricardo, 1896 - 1939
    Well-known avant-garde author Ricardo Peña recounts the cosmopolitan education of Ricardo Grau, whom he describes as a “concertmaster of international figures.” In his paintings, he notes a tonal atmosphere that is austere and excessive. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146740

  • Conscripción peruana de la pintura
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    In this article signed “J. Nahuaca”—the anagram he used as an alias—critic Juan Acha addresses the relationship between nationalism and painting in Peru. He points out “the pressure” that nationalist concerns, which he considers “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138109

  • Consideraciones estéticas : Szyszlo en el I. A. C.
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    Juan Acha discusses the exhibition of Fernando de Szyszlo’s series of paintings inspired by the indigenous poem “Apu Inca Atawallpaman,” an event that was organized by the Instituto de Arte Contemporáneo (IAC) in Lima. Acha finds the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292805

  • Consideraciones sobre la pintura peruana
    Pereira, Raúl María, 1916-2007
    In this text, Raúl María Pereira reflects on the history of painting in Peru, affirming that the Incan “genius in form and color” lived on despite the Spanish conquest, not as a parallel or marginal entity, but as a force that acted on “the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293103

  • Considerando en frío
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-; Oquendo, Abelardo, 1930-
    In this opinion column the writers and critics Mirko Lauer and Abelardo Oquendo, writing under the pseudonym “Pedro Rojas,” challenge the arguments made by the ASPAP (Asociación Peruana de Artistas Plásticos) [Peruvian Association of Visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135994

  • Contacta 72 : arte libertario
    This is a report on the Contacta 72 festival that was organized by SINAMOS (Sistema Nacional de Apoyo a la Movilización Social) from July 26–30, 1972, during the military regime headed by General Juan Velasco Alvarado. The anonymous author [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138949

  • Contacta 72 será una experiencia de significación
    This is the text of a brief interview with Francisco Mariotti, Luis Arias Vera, and Luis Zevallos, the artists who organized the Festival de Arte Total Contacta 72 in Lima. Mariotti and Arias Vera attempt to identify the major guidelines used for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138979

  • Contra la arquitectura "nudista": impresiones de la Exposición de París, 1937
    Jochamowitz, Alberto, 1881-1974
    In this periodical article on the Parisian International Exposition [of Art and Technology in Modern Life] in 1937, the engineer Alberto Jochamowitz questions the “nudism” found in the modern styled architecture. In his opinion, the pavilions of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143760

  • Contra los mentirosos y los negociantes del arte
    Nuñez Ureta, Teodoro
    In this article about the 1975 Premio Nacional de Cultura [National Culture Prize], the painter Teodoro Núñez Ureta recognizes the legitimacy of the award and praises the winning altarpiece artist, but also deplores the controversy sparked by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136365

  • Contra toda manipulación en el arte
    This review, which appeared in the Lima magazine Oiga (February 27, 1976), discusses the different positions adopted by ASPAP (Asociación Peruana de Artistas Plásticos) [Peruvian Association of Visual Artists] and SUTAP (Sindicato Único de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136349

  • Convocan a concurso : monumento a Túpac Amaru se levantará en el Cuzco
    This is the first invitation to submit proposals to the official competition that was organized to design a statue of Túpac Amaru II, the indigenous hero of Peruvian independence, in the Plaza de Armas in Cuzco, where he was executed. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1053438

  • Convocan a concurso de pintura para perpetuar la imagen plástica del mártir José Gabriel Condorcanqui
    On September 10, 1970, this call for submissions to the Concurso Nacional de Pintura was published in the government backed newspaper, El Peruano. The aim of the competition was to perpetuate the image of the forefather of Peruvian independence, Jos [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 865422

  • Convocan nuevo concurso para erigir monumento a Túpac Amaru : en el Cuzco
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226989

  • Cosas de la Villa
    This article comments on the energetic approach to internal electoral processes in the Villa El Salvador community, and discusses the mural—“quite debatable in terms of quality, technique, and expression,” according to the article—that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 865627

  • Cristina Gálvez opina que sí hay pintores en el Perú: citó a cuatro : "Hay que ser muy intelectual para ser abstracto" dijo y añadió luego "Szyszlo no es intelectual"
    Gálvez, Cristina
    In response to de Szyszlo’s controversial statement “there are no painters in Peru,” sculptor Cristina Gálvez mentions four whom she considers excellent: Juan Manuel Ugarte Eléspuru, Ricardo Grau, Sérvulo Gutiérrez, and Julia Codesido. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150897

  • Crítica de la ideología del arte
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-
    This critical review suggests that “art” is not an expression of the human spirit—as philosophical idealism would have us believe—but something created by culture and class; it is therefore a historically determined phenomenon that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136512

  • Crítica de pintura : Luis Zevallos Hetzel
    This anonymous article discusses the controversy that arose in Lima over Motociclista No. 3, the work by Luis Zevallos Hetzel that won the grand prize for painting at the competition organized by the Festivales de Ancón. The article refers to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142252

  • Crónica de arte : I Salón de Arte Abstracto
    Moll, Eduardo, 1929-
    Commentary by painter and art critic Eduardo Moll on the I Salón de Arte Abstracto held in Lima (January 1958), which he participated in and helped organize. Moll emphasizes the large number of participating artists and artworks, stating that this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137359

  • Crónicas : el artista Sabogal
    García y García, Elvira
    This article, written in 1919, was published several months after José Sabogal’s first exhibition due to, as the author explains, “the congestion of opinions, appraisals, and enthusiasm” that circulated at the time. Elvira García y García [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139798

  • Cuatro edades de la pintura
    Goyburu, Emilio
    In this essay, Emilio Goyburu divides Western painting into periods on the basis of its “aesthetic facet.” He defines four “ages” that he envisions as a progression. In its “primitive” age—or genesis—painting acted as a “graphic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150294

  • Cuidado con la pintura : el arte por el arte abstracto : comentario al premio “Manuel Moncloa y Ordóñez
    Valle, Alejandro Romualdo, 1926-2008
    Alejandro Romualdo Valle critiques the III Salón de Pintura Manual Moncloa which, in his judgment, posits “abstract art as a complete substitute for art,” arguing that abstraction divides man from art, thus debilitating the latter. [He states] [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227101

  • Curioso hacedor de las cosas
    Garreaud, Eduardo
    The visual artist Gastón Garreaud weighs in on the debate over the decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to the Andean altarpiece artist Joaquín López Antay. Garreaud points to parallels he sees between this decision and Pablo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136175