ICAA Research Team: Museo de Arte de Lima (MALI), Peru×
  • ¡Pop!
    Valdivia Portugal, Alberto, 1947-
    1969
    This is a brief letter from the writer Alberto Valdivia Portugal to Caretas magazine about the first prize recently awarded at the painting competition organized by the Festivales de Ancón. After (apparently) congratulating the winner, Luis Zevallos [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142123

  • ¿Arte o artesanía?
    Gerschman, Rodolfo
    1976
    In this article, journalist Rodolfo Gerschman responds to the questions raised in a press release against an award given to altarpiece maker Joaquín López Antay issued by the Asociación Profesional de Artistas Plásticos (ASPAP) that upholds a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136044

  • ¿Arte popular o artesanía?
    Castrillón, Alfonso, 1935-
    1977
    In this text, Alfonso Castrillón argues that the conflict between “high art” and “folk art” is a reflection of class division, where the dominant class sets limits for low art by means of notions such as “individual creation” and “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855151

  • ¿Autenticidad o exotismo?
    Abril de Vivero, Francisco
    1977
    The author of this article, Francisco Abril de Vivero, claims that the decision to send arts and crafts instead of “fine arts” to represent Peru at the 1977 Bienal de São Paulo was an act of “infra-Marxist populism.” In his opinion it was a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855918

  • ¿Cómo fue Túpac Amaru?
    Barra, Felipe de la
    1970
    This article by army general and historian Felipe de la Barra tries to describe the true appearance of José Gabriel Condorcanqui [Túpac Amaru II]. The article justifies the depiction of the forefather of Peruvian independence in a hat—the image [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 865441

  • ¿De qué puntos cardinales hablan?: Anotaciones sobre la última década en las artes visuales peruanas / Rodrigo Quijano
    Quijano, Rodrigo, 1965-
    2002
    In this essay Rodrigo Quijano describes the period as having “contributed to the consolidation of a specific direction in Peruvian contemporary art” that, in his opinion, was characterized by “a virtual fragmentation of subjectivities” and by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146549

  • ¿Entre lo popular y lo moderno? Alternativas pretendidas o reales en la joven plástica peruana
    Buntinx, Gustavo, 1957-
    1983
    In this essay, Gustavo Buntinx analyzes emerging Peruvian art, seeing it as part of a process that began twenty or twenty-five years earlier. He speculates on “what were or claimed to be alternatives in Peruvian high art during Fernando Belaúnde [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143012

  • ¿es la pintura moderna respecto de la clásica, culminación o retroceso?
    Miró Quesada Cantuarias, Francisco, 1918-
    In response to the question in the survey published by the Lima newspaper El Comercio as to whether “modern” painting is an improvement on “classical” painting or a step back, the various respondents agreed that different styles from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137431

  • ¿Existe una pintura peruana?
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    1958
    In this article signed “J. Nahuaca”—the anagram he used as an alias—Peruvian critic Juan Acha reflects on whether or not there is a painting tradition in Peru. He discusses the current state of painting on the occasion of the Premio [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138182

  • ¿Hacia dónde va la pintura en el Perú¿? : Primer Salón de Pintura
    Valle, Alejandro Romualdo, 1926-2008
    1955
    The author identifies the principal characteristic of the works shown at the Primer Salón Annual de Pintura Peruana “as a strong and cohesive predilection for objectivity.” Among others, he highlights Alfredo Ruiz Rosas for his “successful [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138900

  • ¿Mural que muere? : en villa El Salvador
    Jarque, Fietta
    1982
    The writer Fietta Jarque discusses the possible reasons for the deterioration of the mural the Dutch artist Karel Appel painted on a wall in a shantytown in Lima that—despite the fact that it would have “cost many thousands of dollars had he been [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 865683

  • ¿Pintores o plagiarios?
    Castro Arenas, Mario, 1932-
    1969
    This text by journalist Mario Castro Arenas comments on the controversy surrounding the work Motociclista No. 3 by Luis Zevallos Hetzel, first prize winner at the painting competition organized by the Festivales de Ancón. The debate had widened [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142315

  • ¿Plagio o lícita búsqueda de lo bello?
    Castrillón, Alfonso, 1935-
    1969
    Alfonso Castrillón weighs in on the controversy that erupted over Motociclista No. 3, the painting by Luis Zevallos Hetzel that won first prize at the Festivales de Ancón (a resort on the outskirts of Lima). The uproar began when the Lima magazine [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142187

  • ¿Qué ha cambiado en la cultura?
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-
    1975
    In this editorial article, the Czech–Peruvian poet and critic Mirko Lauer reviews Peruvian culture on the seventh anniversary of the military coup led by General Juan Velasco Alvarado, who installed the self-styled Gobierno Revolucionario de las [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141459

  • "J. López Antay es más auténtico que muchos artistas cultos"
    Castrillón, Alfonso, 1935-
    1976
    Alfonso Castrillón defends the decision to recognize López Antay by granting him the Premio Nacional de Cultura [award], asserting that his work “is more authentic than the work of many so-called high artists, who have spent their whole lives [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136092

  • "Julia Codesido y Sabogal son buenos pintores" : Aquilles Ralli cree, además, que muchos sólo buscan la fama por medio de la publicidad
    Ralli, Aquiles, 1925-
    1951
    Painter Aquiles Ralli rejects the comments made by Fernando de Szyszlo that became a national scandal: “there are no painters in Peru.” He juxtaposes the work of the “good artists,” those who diligently “work in silence and never advertise [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150882

  • "La importancia de nuestra generacíon es haber puesto al día al Perú artístico"
    1955
    This is an anonymous interview with Fernando de Szyszlo on his successful presentation at the III Salón Moncloa in Lima in 1955. The artist stated that it was the first artistic competition in which he had participated since 1951 due to his distrust [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137778

  • "La poesía de Vallejo tiene origen Breton" dice Sabogal
    Orbegozo, Manuel Jesús, 1923-
    1954
    The first part of the interview covers the start of his career and his training in Europe. After living in Buenos Aires (where he returned to his art studies), he returned to Peru in 1919. Sabogal states that “the Cuzco area cast a powerful spell [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141080

  • "Me parece que no hay otra pintura que la europea"
    Moll, Eduardo, 1929-
    1952
    In this interview, Fernando de Szyszlo states that the only painting tradition that exists is the European tradition, under the standards that emanated from Paris in the late 19th century, to which all other schools have been assimilated. Even “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864956

  • "No hay peor que el pintor que el no quiere ver": sobre el premio a López Antay
    Gargurevich, Juan, 1934-
    1976
    In this newspaper article Juan Gargurevich criticizes the negative opinions expressed by the painter Juan Manuel Ugarte Eléspuru, who opposed the decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to the Andean altarpiece artist Joaquín Ló [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136027

  • "No todos nos quieren ni en Lima ni en Ayacucho": así comentó sobre cuestionamiento a premio
    1975
    This is an interview with Joaquín López Antay, the Andean altarpiece artist who was awarded the Peruvian National Culture Prize in 1975. He describes certain aspects of his life and work, and responds to the criticism prompted by the recognition of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135930

  • "polémica Espacio"
    Pérez Barreto, Samuel (1921-2003)
    1951
    This text is Samuel Pérez Barreto’s response to the article by the Agrupación Espacio published as part of the debate that took shape around the polemic statements by Fernando de Szyszlo (“there are no painters in Peru”) published in La [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137916

  • "Qué arte abstracto ni que nada, el arte es esencialmente uno...": lo que debe hacer el pintor es "pintar", manifestó Sérvulo Gutiérrez
    Gutiérrez, Sérvulo
    1951
    In this text, Sérvulo Gutiérrez asserts that any classification that entails “dividing art” is conventional and falls into pigeonholing. It is misguided since it implies taking “a part for the whole.” Sérvulo Gutiérrez questions whether [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150851

  • “Campesino, el patrón ya no comerá más tu pobreza” : Finalizó así su patriótica invocación : mensaje del Presidente Velasco
    Velasco Alvarado, Juan, 1910-1977
    1969
    This document is the message to the nation given by General Juan Velasco Alvarado, president of the ruling military junta from 1968 to 1975, on the “Día del Indio, Día del Campesino” (June 25, 1969). The enactment of the historic Agrarian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1052108

  • “Mi pintura intenta expresar la vida del indio” : nos declaró ayer a su llegada de Cajamarca el artista Mario Urteaga
    1955
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1144025

  • “Sobre la pintura de Urteaga” : disertó ayer el artista Fernando Szyszlo [sic], en el local del IAC
    1955
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146131

  • [Águila, tigre, Che Guevara, Rosa de los Vientos...]
    1984
    On the back cover of number 4/5 of the magazine U-tópicos: Entornoalovisual (Lima, 1984), a brief anonymous article discusses the iconographic scenes painted on truck mudguards. The writer points out that, despite being ignored “by everything that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292492

  • [Carta de renuncia a la Mención Honrosa otorgada en el Concurso de Pintura Nacional sobre Túpac Amaru]
    Cajahuaringa, José Milner, 1932-
    1971
    With this letter, Peruvian painter Milner Cajahuaringa rejects the honorable mention granted his work at the Concurso Nacional de Pintura [National Painting Contest] organized by the so-called Gobierno Revolucionario de las Fuerzas Armadas in 1970, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141759

  • [Cuando Picabia escibía sobre un cuadro...]
    Rodríguez Saavedra, Carlos
    1969
    This brief introductory text by Carlos Rodríguez Saavedra was written for the official catalogue of the painting competition organized by the Festivales de Ancón, then an elegant resort on the outskirts of Lima. In a lyrical tone, the author [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142381

  • [Hemos llegado hasta casi la cumbre del cerro...]
    Nakamura, Félix, 1938-
    1977
    This text was written by Félix Nakamura for the catalogue for the exhibition Los pintores de Sarhua, that took place at the Huamanqaqa Gallery in Lima in 1977. Nakamura provides an account of his visit to the workshop operated by the artists Víctor [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140950

  • [Letter] 1930 Julio 15, Miraflores [to] Antonino Espinosa y Saldaña
    Ibérico, Mariano, 1892-1974
    1930
    This letter by Mariano Ibérico was written at the request of painter Antonino Espinosa Saldaña. More specifically, Ibérico was asked to share his opinion on the polemic surrounding the course on Incan art given at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143618

  • [Letter] 1930 junio 10, Lima, Perú [to] Antonino Espinosa Saldaña
    Velarde, Héctor, 1898-1989
    1930
    In this letter, Héctor Velarde responds to the artist Antonino Espinosa Saldaña, regardin the debate provoked by the establishment of a course on “Inca Art” at the ENBA (Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes). The author considers that humor [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143602

  • [Letter] 1930 junio 25, Lima, [to] Antonino Espinosa Saldaña
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    1930
    This is a letter that was sent by José Sabogal in response to his colleague, Antonino Espinosa Saldaña, who requested his opinion on the polemics surrounding the course on “Inca Art” that was being offered at the ENBA (Escuela Nacional de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143586

  • [Letter] 1965 February 22, Lima, Perú [to] Benjamín Roca Muelle
    Miró Quesada S., Aurelio, 1907-; Valcárcel, Luis E. (Luis Eduardo), 1891-1987; Szyszlo, Fernando de
    1965
    This document is the letter sent by eminent Peruvian intellectuals, writers, and artists to Benjamín Roca Muelle—president of the Corporación Nacional de Turismo—upon learning that the property that houses “Pacho Fierro,” a folk music venue [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139508

  • [Los cuadros que explico en esta exposición...]
    Espinosa Saldaña, Antonino, 1888-1969
    1947
    This draft of a text by painter Antonino Espinosa Saldaña was for a presentation at an exhibition of his work that did not take place. In it he justifies the absence of titles or any references for the works, “because one should not impose a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143457

  • [Nos encontramos en un mundo determinado...]
    Grupo Arte Nuevo (Perú)
    1966
    This programmatic statement by the Grupo Arte Nuevo was included in the catalogue for their second exhibition, which ran from October to November 1966 at the MALI (Museo de Arte de Lima). Faced with “a world molded by the dramatic evolution of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142834

  • [Para un pintor, y éste es mi caso, la defensa de la libertad de pensamiento...]
    Gutiérrez, Sérvulo
    1955
    This text is the message delivered by painter Sérvulo Gutiérrez to the first convention organized by the Asociación Nacional de Escritores y Artistas (ANEA); the event was held in Lima in September 1955. In his statement, Gutiérrez asserts that, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138812

  • [Sarhua ha sido siempre un pueblo de agricultores, ganaderos, pintores y artesanos]
    Macera, Pablo, 1929-
    1975
    In this essay Pablo Macera states that although various anthropologists had studied the social organization of Sarhua (in the Departamento de Ayacuco), nothing was known about the quelcas or painted boards produced in this region until a few years [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140935

  • 113 cuadros avaluados en seis milliones : Roberto S. Matta ganó el primer Gran Premio Festival de Pintura : Chávez obtuvo premio de pintura peruana
    1966
    This short newspaper article discusses the results of the first Festival Americano de Pintura, held in October to November (Lima, 1966). The Chilean painter Roberto Matta won the First Grand Prize (three thousand dollars) for his work Grande decoraci [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142692

  • 12 meses de artes plásticas en Lima
    Ugarte Eléspuru, Juan Manuel, 1911-
    1955
    The author highlights here the intensity of activities on the arts scene of the Peruvian capital in 1954, both for the number and the importance of exhibitions, a fact which, in his judgment, demonstrates the ever-increasing affirmation of the visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1137301

  • 1os Juegos Deportivo-Recreativos Túpac Amaru para Organizaciones Agrarias y Carrera de Chasquis
    Instituto Nacional de Recreación, Educación Física y Deportes (Perú)
    1975
    This is the promotional leaflet for the Primeros Juegos Deportivo–Recreativos Túpac Amaru, the Games for Agrarian Organizations and Courier Races held in 1974. The event was organized by INRED (Instituto Nacional de Recreación, Educación Física [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141392

  • A fin de cuentas, todo eso de la pintura racista y socialista de Méjico y Perú no es sino folclore
    More, Federico, 1889-1955
    1944
    The anonymous author of this article contrasts the favorable response on the part of Peruvian intellectuals and artists to the work of Spanish artist Victorio Macho and their response to María Izquierdo, considered “ambassador of a hypothetical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146700

  • A los pintores peruanos
    Guido, Angel Francisco
    1951
    Argentinean architect Ángel Guido—invitee to the I Congreso Internacional de Peruanistas—summarizes the genesis of modern painting in general terms: “Until Impressionism, toward reality. Afterward, toward ‘unreality.’ From there, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150943

  • A propósito de la exposición de pintura francesa contemporánea
    Rios, Juan, 1914-1991
    1950
    In this essay Juan Ríos discusses De Manet a nuestros días, the exhibition of French painting organized by the Municipalidad de Lima in the early 1950s. His review summarizes the origins of modern French art, taking Manet’s work as its focal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1138917

  • A propósito del "plagio"
    Hernández Saavedra, Emilio
    1969
    The artist Emilio Hernández Saavedra adds his ironic comments to the discussion about Motociclista No. 3, the controversial painting by Luis Zevallos Hetzel that won first prize at the competition organized by the Festivales de Ancón (1969). [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1142331

  • A propósito del curso de "arte incaico" en la Escuela de Bellas Artes
    Espinosa Saldaña, Antonino, 1888-1969
    1930
    The author, Antonino Espinosa Saldaña, proposes to replace the course name “Arte incaico” [Incan Art]—used by the ENBA beginning in 1930, with “Arqueología pre-incaica y su aplicación a las artes decorativas” [pre-Incan archeology and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143553

  • A propósito del curso de "arte incaico" en la Escuela de Bellas Artes
    Aguirre Morales, Augusto, 1888-1957
    1930
    The author, Augusto Aguirre Morales, questions the stance of painter Antonino Espinosa Saldaña, who does not believe Peruvian precolonial art is “art.” He challenges Espinosa’s premise that cultural differences among men are an obstacle to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143570

  • A propósito del curso de arte incaico en la Escuela de Bellas Artes : carta abierta
    Espinosa Saldaña, Antonino, 1888-1969
    1930
    Painter Antonino Espinosa opens this letter questioning the pertinence of the “Arte incaico” [Incan Art] course at the ENBA—to be offered by writer Augusto Aguirre, author of the novel El pueblo del sol [The People of the Sun]—arguing that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143520

  • A propósito del curso de arte incaico en la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Aguirre Morales, Augusto, 1888-1957
    1930
    The author, Augusto Aguirre Morales, (who was selected by the ENBA to teach the controversial course) defends the existence of “Incan art,” using the examples conserved in museums and the testimonials of historians. He asserts that it was the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1143537

  • A propósito del premio a López Antay
    Bernuy, Jorge, 1937-
    1976
    In this text, critic Jorge Bernuy points out that the decision to grant the Premio Nacional [award] to an altarpiece maker is unprecedented in Peru. He agrees that it is necessary to consider craftsmanship a cultural expression of the people, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136076