ICAA Research Team: ICAA/MFAH, Houston×
  • Atelier Abstração
    1956
    These documents are the invitation to and the program of the Third Exhibition of the Atelier-Abstração, held in São Paulo in June 1956. The Atelier-Abstração was a studio set up by the Brazilian artist Samson Flexor [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1232253

  • Avan-propos
    Rouquié, Alain
    1987
    These passages by Alaine Rouquié, a French political scientist, are excerpted from his book, Amérique latine. Introduction à l’Extrême-Occident (1989). Rouquié considers the lack of unity in Latin America and the problems encountered when [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838924

  • Beatriz González : Reportaje con Ana María Cano
    Cano, Ana María; González, Beatriz, 1938-
    1994
    ICAA Record ID: 1343076

  • Bellas artes, arquitectura, arqueología y arquitecturas mexicanas
    Calquetzani, Tepoztecaconetzin
    1997
    In “Bellas Artes, Arquitectura, Arqueología y Arquitecturas Mexicanas," published in 1899 in the journal El Arte y la Ciencia, Tepoztecaconetzin Calquetzani (a pseudonym for an anonymous Mexican author) argues against the use of decorative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125720

  • Beyond ‘The Fantastic’: Framing Identity in US Exhibitions of Latin American Art
    Ramírez, Mari Carmen, 1955-
    1992
    Mari Carmen Ramírez argues that exhibitions of Latin American and Latino art in the United States during the 1980s have promoted false, colonial representations of these cultures by championing the paradigm of this art as the “fantastic other.” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065386

  • Birlibirloque
    Bonilla Aragón, Alfonso
    1965
    Journalist Alfonso Bonilla Aragón writes a review of a solo exhibition of the artist Beatriz González, which took place at the Museo La Tertulia in Cali, Colombia, in 1965. The show encompassed three bodies of work: nine oil paintings [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1342982

  • Bits and pieces : the Mexican American folk aesthetic
    Seriff, Suzanne; Limón, José
    1986
    In "Bits and Pieces: The Mexican American Folk Aesthetic," authors Suzanne Seriff and José Limón argue that a common aesthetic pervades all aspects of Mexican American culture including folk art, food, music, games, and rituals. Seriff and Limón [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126066

  • Border culture : the multicultural paradigm
    Gómez-Peña, Guillermo
    1990
    In this text, Guillermo Gómez-Peña declares the new dominant U.S. culture “border culture,” and assesses how Latino culture has infiltrated U.S. culture writ large. U.S. culture has, he argues, become fundamentally multicultural, and the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065568

  • Brown paper report
    Casas, Mel
    1971
    “Brown Paper Report” is the manifesto of the Tejano [Texan-Chicano] San Antonio-based art collective Con Safo, written by artist Mel Casas in 1971. This short text presents the concepts of Chicano and “Brown Vision,” as well as the etymology [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126581

  • Camargo
    Camargo, Sérgio de, 1930-1990; Gimpel Fils
    1970
    This is the catalogue published to accompany Camargo, the exhibition organized by the Gimpel Fils gallery in London. The Brazilian artist Sérgio Camargo’s works were exhibited there from November 17 through December 5, 1970. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1232709

  • Carlos Mérida
    Salmon, André
    1927
    In this text, André Salmon considers the paintings of the young Guatemalan artist, Carlos Mérida, and their appeal to Parisian audiences, while also expressing nationalist sentiments specific to Guatemala. Salmon begins by recounting how young [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 832600

  • Cartas de Martí
    Martí, José, 1853-1895
    In this letter, José Martí considers a recent exhibition of watercolors he saw in New York and what it means regarding the state of art in the United States. He begins by recalling how disappointing he found an exhibition of painting he had seen in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839794

  • Chicano art
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1974
    In this essay, Shifra Goldman defines Chicano art as the expression of the historical conditions of what she calls the “double-mestizaje” [double-intermingling] of Chicano experience. Beginning with a consideration of the unresolved question of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061662

  • Comentarios sobre el nacimiento de la arquitectura hispano-americana
    Noel, Martín, 1888-1963
    1915
    In "Comentarios sobre el nacimiento de la arquitectura hispano-americana," Argentinean architect, art historian, and writer Martín Noel asserts that colonial architecture represents the foundation of the Latin American architectural styles that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125848

  • Comments on the Article by Damián Bayón
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    1975
    In this text, Jorge Romero Brest responds to an article by Damián Bayón about what qualities make art produced by Latin American artists Latin American, and to four related questions about the nature of Latin American art which were sent to him by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061762

  • Conclusao
    Gonzaga Duque-Estrada, Luis
    1888
    The Brazilian writer and art critic Luis Gonzaga Duque Estrada presents a strong critique of the notion of an escola brazileira, [Brazilian school] promoted by the Academia Imperial de Belas Artes.  Since its origins, he argues, the escola [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125269

  • Concretismo / Neoconcretismo : quem é, quem não é, quem aderiu, quem precedeu, quem tangenciou, quem permaneceu, saiu, voltou, o concretismo existiu?
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    1977
    Frederico Morais uses an extremely long title to provide a précis of his essay. But it only complicates the simplified narratives of a movement—whose embrace of doctrinaire Constructivism was followed by a critical rift between Concrete [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315134

  • Concretistas na Galeria das "folhas"
    1959
    This brief, anonymous article, published on January 25, 1959, in the Brazilian newspaper Folha de São Paulo, notes that the Galeria de Arte das Folhas closed out 1958 with a group exhibition of Concrete art. The article names the six [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1232732

  • Concretos de São Paulo no MAM do Rio
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    In this essay, Ferreira Gullar critiques the exhibition of works by São Paulo Concrete artists at the MAM-RJ (Museu de Arte Moderna de Rio de Janeiro, 1957). He also critiques Waldemar Cordeiro’s introductory essay and its assertion that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315102

  • Contemporary Regional Schools in Latin America
    Morley, Grace, 1900-1985
    1945
    In this text, Grace L. McCann Morley reviews recent developments in Latin American art, and makes a number of suggestions about how the appreciation of Latin American art can be furthered in the United States. McCann Morley begins by reminding us of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833729

  • Conversation with Iván Navarro
    Herzberg, Julia P.; Navarro, Iván, 1972-
    2012
    In this interview with Iván Navarro, Julia P. Herzberg poses questions about process and materials, the use of electricity, and art historical influences on his work from the 1990s to the 2000s. Navarro’s Blade Runner series (2004), [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1469683

  • De Alberto Hidalgo a José Carlos Mariategui : Buenos Aires, 21 de diciembre de 1928
    Hidalgo, Alberto, 1893-1967
    1984
    In this letter to Peruvian writer and journalist José Carlos Mariátegui, avant-garde Peruvian writer and poet Alberto Hidalgo thanks Mariátegui for sending him a copy of his recently published book, Seven Interpretative Essays on Peruvian Reality [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126257

  • Decomposing – Recomposing : concepts, processes, and sources
    Herzberg, Julia P.
    2011
    This exhibition essay by adjunct curator Julia Herzberg on artist Magdalena Fernández’s video installation 2iPM009 (2009) intends to broaden our understanding of the Venezuelan artist’s concepts, processes, sources, and development [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1343943

  • Del patrioterismo en el arte
    Malharro, Martín
    1903
    Despite the title “Del patrioterismo en el arte,” in this article the Argentinean painter Martín Malharro rejects the idea of a narrowly prescribed and defined national art school. He partially does so in opposition to the influence of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125318

  • Depoimentos : Aluisio Carvão
    Ferreira, Glória, 1947-
    In this text, Aluísio Carvão recalls taking part in the third Salão Nacional de Arte Moderna, which was also known as the Salón Blanco y Negro (Black-and-White Salon) “mainly because of the political statement it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307694

  • Depoimentos : Décio Vieira
    Interlenghi, Luiza
    This testimony records Décio Vieira’s recollections of taking part in the third Salão Nacional de Arte Moderna, also called the Salón Blanco y Negro (Black-and-White Salon) as a member of the Grupo Frente. Challenging & [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307712

  • Depoimentos : Ferreira Gullar
    Ferreira, Glória, 1947-; Interlenghi, Luiza
    In his testimony the critic Ferreira Gullar describes his involvement in the third Salão Nacional de Arte Moderna, also called the Salón Blanco y Negro (Black-and-White Salon), in 1954. At that point in time he was not a professional [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307732

  • Depoimentos : Iberê Camargo
    Yoschpe, Evelyn
    1985
    In this statement, Iberê Camargo recalls how the third Salão Nacional de Arte Moderna, also known as the Salão Preto e Branco (Black-and-White Salon), was planned as a protest against the Brazilian Finance Minister Osvaldo Aranha& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307754

  • Depoimentos : Ione Saldanha
    Interlenghi, Luiza
    1985
    In this text, Ione Saldanha recalls how the third Salão Nacional de Arte Moderna, known as the Salão Preto e Branco (Black-and-White Salon), influenced both her work and Brazilian modernism more broadly. She remembers having works in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307774

  • Depoimentos : Quirino Campofiorito
    Ferreira, Glória, 1947-
    1985
    The curator Glória Ferreira interviews the painter and art critic Quirino Campofiorito, asking him about the circumstances that led to what came to be known as the Salão Preto e Branco (Black-and-White Salon) in 1954 in Rio de Janeiro. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307811

  • Depoimentos : Sérgio Camargo
    Interlenghi, Luiza
    1985
    The curator Luiza Intermenghi interviews the Brazilian artist Sérgio Camargo, asking him about his involvement in what came to be known as the Salão Preto e Branco (Black-and-White Salon) (1954) in Rio de Janeiro. Camargo explains that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307831

  • Desexpl(l)os(ign)ção
    Campos, Haroldo de; Campos, Augusto de
    1997
    This brochure was designed in 1996 for the exhibition Desexp(l)os(ign)ição (a compound word meaning something like ignited-signs-that-do-not-explode-in-the-non-exhibition). This event was a historical celebration of the Exposiç& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315953

  • Diez preguntas de Marta Traba a Beatriz González
    Traba, Marta; González, Beatriz, 1938-
    1973
    In this interview, art critic Marta Traba poses ten questions to Colombian artist Beatriz González. Traba begins by inquiring about the ironic nature of González’s subjects and the kitschy character of the objects she produces. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1343029

  • Discurso de Francisco Oller en la Escuela Normal
    Oller y Cestero, Francisco, 1833-1917
    1983
    Puerto Rican painter Francisco Oller delivered this speech to students and fellow professors around 1902 while teaching at the Normal School in Río Piedras. Oller explains that in order to impart anything meaningful to his audience, he must first [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125249

  • Discurso de incorporación a una sociedad literaria de Santiago pronunciado en la sesión del 3 de mayo de 1842
    Lastarria, José Victorino, 1817-1888
    1944
    This address was given by the Spanish-born, Chilean-based scholar José Victorino Lastarria in 1842 during a meeting of the recently formed Sociedad Literaria, a literary society of important Chilean scholars and politicians. In his speech to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125103

  • Duas linhas de contribuição : Concretos em São Paulo/ Neoconcretos no Rio
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    1977
    In this introductory essay, which appeared in the catalogue for the paradigmatic exhibition Projeto Construtivo Brasileiro na Arte, Aracy Amaral describes the “revelation” she experienced as she researched the period in question: “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315176

  • El asunto
    Vasconcelos, José
    1926
    In two chapters from his book Indología, José Vasconcelos outlines his concept of a culturally and politically unified Latin America, discussing how Latin America’s internal conflicts and its disagreements with the United States could be resolved [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 832563

  • El ateneo en 1894
    Schiaffino, Eduardo, 1858-1935
    1933
    This article records a polemical debate over Argentinean national artistic and literary practices that took place in 1894 between three Argentinean artistic figures: poet and playwright Rafael Obligado; painter, critic, and scholar Eduardo Schiaffino [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125286

  • El empoderamiento de lo local
    Buntinx, Gustavo
    2005
    In this lecture, Gustavo Buntinx looks to convince his listeners that the current idea of “Latin American art” is an imperialist construct, and argues that the only solution is for them to reinvent it in its entirety. He begins by declaring that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065640

  • El momento
    Marinello, Juan, 1898-1977
    1927
    In "El momento," Juan Marinello announces the existence of a new avant-garde movement in Cuban literature and the arts. Marinello prophesizes a coming “battle” between the new Cuban intellectual scene and the outmoded literary establishment who, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125671

  • El pabellón de México en Sevilla (1930)
    Amábilis, Manuel
    1988
    “El pabellón de Mexico en Sevilla,” by architect Manuel Amábilis, describes the Mexican pavilion at the 1930 Universal Exposition in Seville. In the prologue, Enrique González Martínez, the Mexican ambassador to Spain, explains that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125768

  • El pachuco y otros extremos
    Paz, Octavio
    1973
    In “The Pachuco and Other Extremes,” the Mexican poet, writer, and diplomat Octavio Paz grapples with the issues related to the search for the national identity in post-revolutionary Mexico and, more broadly, the existential relationship of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126549

  • El presagio de América
    Reyes, Alfonso, 1889-1959
    1942
    In these three extracts from the first chapter of his book Última Tule, Alfonso Reyes considers the history of conquest and how it has fostered mythic notions of the Americas. In the text “Colón y Américo Vespucio,” he corrects the historical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839023

  • El problema de la ‘existencia’ del artista latinoamericano
    Traba, Marta
    1956
    In this text, Marta Traba considers the problem of how Latin American artists can produce art “continental” in character at a moment when realism is not the contemporary mode of expression. She introduces the problem by observing how European [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061801

  • El sentido de nuestra arquitectura colonial
    Villanueva, Carlos Raúl, 1900-1975
    1952
    In this essay, Venezuelan architect Carlos Raúl Villanueva argues that the goal for Latin American architects should be “to identify the functional elements of colonial architecture and their possible application to contemporary architecture.” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125944

  • Entrance
    García Canclini, Néstor
    1995
    The text “Entrance” serves as the introduction to the book, Hybrid Cultures: Strategies for Entering and Leaving Modernity, by Mexico-based Argentinean academic and anthropologist Néstor García Canclini. Written in 1995, the work rapidly became [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126661

  • Entrevista com Djanira no programa clube da crítica
    Longo, Pascoal; Djanira, 1914-1979
    1985
    This is the transcript of an interview—broadcast during a radio program, Clube da Crítica—in which the host, Pascoal Longo, discusses the third Salão Nacional de Arte Moderna with the Brazilian painter Djanira. Speaking as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307678

  • Ernesto Pujol : Conversion of Manners
    Herzberg, Julia P.
    2000
    This exhibition brochure, written by consulting curator Julia P. Herzberg, addresses Ernesto Pujol’s installation Conversion of Manners. The title comes from a Benedictine vow that Catholic monks take when they leave secular life and enter [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1343831

  • Ernesto Pujol : American Fields
    Herzberg, Julia P.
    2002
    Written by guest curator Julia P. Herzberg, this exhibition leaflet explains the ideas behind Ernesto Pujol’s installation American Fields. This Cuban artist’s work comprises a wooden table, a metal chair, and cast-aluminum corn cobs, as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1343815

  • Escuela española
    Escandón, Pedro
    1856
    This review was written for the Mexican minister of public works by Mexican diplomat Pedro Escandón, president of the Mexican commission for the 1855 Universal Exposition of Products of Agriculture, Industry, and Fine Arts in Paris. In this essay, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125137