ICAA Research Team: ICAA/MFAH, Houston×
  • ¿Existe América Latina?
    1945
    In these two chapters of text from the book ¿Existe América Latina?, Luis Alberto Sánchez discusses the idea of “Latin America” as both a political bloc and a cultural value, ultimately arguing for a dynamic concept of Latin America that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 843743

  • ¿Identidad o modernidad?
    Manrique, Jorge Alberto
    1974
    In this chapter from América Latina en sus artes Jorge Alberto Manrique begins by describing the artistic movements of the 1920s and comparing this period to a giant hinge that moved backward to the nineteenth century and forward to the twentieth [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838652

  • ¿Qué es América Latina?
    Coutinho, Afrãnio
    1969
    Brazilian literary critic and essayist Afrânio Coutinho wrote this article in the late- 1960s. His article states since inception that to him the term “Latin American,” is at odds with the historical, social, cultural, literary, and artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839810

  • ¿Qué quiere decir un Arte Americano?
    Traba, Marta
    1956
    In this text, Marta Traba argues that there is not really a unified [Latin] American aesthetic in the visual arts and calls for an honest investigation of the question of such an aesthetic approach, even at the risk of affirming that no common spirit [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 839092

  • [En la forja de América...]
    Gamio, Manuel, 1883-1960
    1916
    The prologue to Forjando patria: pro nacionalismo, published in 1916 by leading Mexican anthropologist and archaeologist Manuel Gamio, compares the forging of metal out of an amalgam of bronze and steel to the ideal societal intermixing of Mexicans [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125463

  • [Letter] 1988 June 20, London [to] Adolpho Leirner
    Brett, Guy
    1988
    In this letter dated June 20, 1988, the English critic and curator Guy Brett expresses his gratitude to the Brazilian collector Adolpho Leirner and his wife, Fulvia Leirner, for the time they spent together in São Paolo. Brett is especially [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1232349

  • [Letter] 1998 September 15, São Paulo [to] Aracy Amaral
    Maluf, Antônio, 1926-2005
    1998
    In September 15, 1998, graphic artist Antônio Maluf writes to art historian Aracy Amaral regarding her book Arte Construtiva no Brasil Coleção Adolpho Leirner. Even before its release, in his view, the book was considered an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1317439

  • [Sobre los cuadros que forman esta serie...]
    Szyszlo, Fernando de
    1963
    This text was written by Peruvian artist Fernando de Szyszlo to accompany his series of paintings inspired by “Apu Inka Atawallpaman,” an elegiac Quechua poem by an anonymous author. The poem describes the death of the Inca Atahualpa, and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126405

  • [When, in 1926, Tamayo was preparing his first exhibition...]
    Goldwater, Robert John, 1907-1973
    1947
    In this article, art historian Robert Goldwater analyzes the life and work of Mexican painter Rufino Tamayo. Goldwater explains that although Tamayo is thought to have an individual style, when his works are assembled, it is apparent that his work is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126437

  • 1 Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1951
    This flier announces the first Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, held at the Galeria Prestes Maia. The event was organized by the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo during the same year it launched the Bienal de São Paulo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334683

  • 10. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1961
    The country was awash in optimism that year, when Brasília was officially declared the new capital city. The tenth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna was held at the Galería Prestes Maia, organized on this occasion by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334818

  • 11. Salão Paulista de arte moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1962
    The flier’s cover is illustrated with a work of geometric abstraction (with no mention of the painter’s name), but includes no title for the event. The eleventh edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna, organized by the state [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334833

  • 3. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1954
    This is the official flier for the third edition of the Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, held in 1954 at the Galeria Prestes Maia under the auspices of the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo. Mário Zanini was responsible [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334713

  • 4. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1955
    This is the official flier for the fourth edition of the Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, organized by the Secretaria do Governo do Estado de São Paulo at the Galeria Prestes Maia in 1955. The organizing committee was headed by two well- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334728

  • 5. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1956
    In 1956, what proved to be a critical year in Brazilian art circles, the first Concrete art exhibitions were organized at a national level. But this development had no impact at all in terms of the participants or the type of works presented at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334743

  • 6. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1957
    After President Getúlio Vargas committed suicide in August 1954, Brazil embarked on a program of renewal focused on two basic areas: industrialization and development. The democratically elected government of Juscelino Kubitschek (1956-1960) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334758

  • 7. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1958
    This flier, which announces the seventh edition of the Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna, has an excellent minimalist design on the cover. The (ordinal) “ o ” becomes one of the squares in the black and yellow composition, which uses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334773

  • 8. Mexican, Mexican American, Chicano Art : Two Views
    Quirarte, Jacinto, 1931-
    1973
    In this text, Jacinto Quirarte interviews artists who led Chicano art movements in San Antonio and the California Bay area during the late 1960s and early 1970s, asking them questions about what motivated their efforts and about, more generally, what [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833783

  • 8. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1959
    The flier for the eighth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna has been redesigned and relies mainly on lowercase letters, double-page spreads, and a simple cover design. Willys de Castro is a member of the jury responsible for the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334788

  • 9. Salão Paulista de Arte Moderna
    Galeria Prestes Maia São Paulo
    1960
    The ninth edition of the salão paulista de arte moderna (still written in lowercase letters) was held in June 1960 at the usual venue, the Galeria Prestes Maia de São Paulo. The flier carries over many elements from the previous year& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1334803

  • A arquitetura é a grande arte de nosso tempo —1948 : Romero Brest em São Paulo
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    2016
    This text includes a few excerpts from the six lectures that Jorge Romero Brest gave in São Paulo in 1948. At that time, Romero Brest held an academic position at the Universidad de Montevideo and was the director of the magazine Ver y estimar [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1314972

  • A arte tradicional no Brasil : a casa e o templo
    Severo, Ricardo, 1869 - 1940
    1916
    This landmark manifesto by architect and intellectual Ricardo Severo da Fonseca e Costa (1869–1940) was delivered in São Paolo, Brazil, at the 1914 conference, A Arte Tradicional no Brasil: a Casa e o Templo [Traditional Art in Brazil—The House [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125864

  • A escultura de Amílcar de Castro
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    This is the program for Amilcar de Castro, the exhibition of the artist’s metal sculptures that ran from October 14 to November 14, 1982, at the Galeria Raquel Arnaud (Babenco). The essay written by Ferreira Gullar is illustrated with Sin t& [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315493

  • A greve das cores
    Ferreira, Glória
    1985
    In this introductory essay, “La huelga del color” (The Color Strike), Glória Ferreira includes an article that had appeared in the newspaper Correio da Manhã on May 16, 1954. The article described the third Salão [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1307631

  • A Marcha Das Utopias
    Andrade, Oswald de, 1890-1954
    1972
    In this excerpt of his master’s dissertation at the USP (São Paulo), Oswald de Andrade reassesses the history since the Renaissance of how the concept of utopia has been constructed by Europeans as a means to justify a set of values that support [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838902

  • A sa Majesté l'empereur Napoléon III
    Calvo, Carlos, 1822-1906
    1862
    This suite of documents includes Charles (Carlos) Calvo’s (1824–1906) letter to Napoleon III, the response from M. Thouvenel, Minister of the French Foreign Office, and the introduction to Calvo’s book, Recueil complet des traités, conventions [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1052451

  • Algo sobre bellas artes
    Laso, Francisco
    1859
    The 1859 article by Peruvian painter Francisco Laso on the history of Peruvian architecture, sculpture, and painting is primarily a critique of the lack of support for artists in Peru. Laso contends that the inferiority of Peruvian artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125154

  • Algumas idéais sobre as belas artes e a indústria no Império do Brasil
    Pôrto Alegre, Manuel de Araújo
    1851
    The author’s nationalist approach takes into account the imbalances created by slavery in a developing nation with no homogenous social structure of its own. In his essay, the painter Porto-Alegre challenges colonial impositions on fashion, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150819

  • América monumental : el palacio Posnanski de La Paz
    Castillo, Teófilo
    1918
    In this article, Peruvian artist, photographer, and art critic Teófilo Castillo describes the architecture of Lima as deficient, proposing a structure he calls “el Palacio Posnanski” [sic], a home built by the Austrian engineer, amateur [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125752

  • Anatol Wladyslaw
    Vieira, José Geraldo, 1897-1977
    1958
    In this brochure produced for the exhibition of works by prizewinners at the 1958 Prêmio Leirner de Arte Contemporânea, José Geraldo Vieira describes Anatol Wladyslaw’s work as a “painting of separations.” Having [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1322921

  • Anatol Wladyslaw
    Ferraz, Geraldo, 1905-1979
    1961
    In this brochure produced for the exhibition of works by prizewinners at the 1960 Prêmio Leirner de Arte Contemporânea, Gerardo Ferraz discusses how Anatol Wladyslaw’s work transitioned from the “mathematics and geometry&rdquo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1325562

  • Ariel
    Rodó, José Enrique, 1871-1917
    1900
    In this text, José Enrique Rodó outlines his vision for a future Latin American civilization based on the pursuit of idealism. He stages this description as a lecture being delivered by an elderly teacher named Prospero to his young students. Rod [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1055578

  • Armando Reverón
    Padrón, Julián, 1910- 1954
    2001
    The 1932 article "Armando Reverón,” written by Venezuelan journalist, writer, and lawyer Julián Padrón is a short biography of Venezuelan artist Armando Reverón, and a description of his working method. Reverón was a Modernist painter who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125575

  • Art on the border
    Casas, Mel
    1976
    This 1976 flowchart depicts Chicano artist Melesio Casas’s formula for the integration of Chicano art into a national aesthetic of American art. The diagram is divided into five sections: a general overview of Chicano art; “Value of Chicano Art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125446

  • Arte Argentino 78
    Glusberg, Jorge
    1978
    Argentinean writer, publisher, curator, and professor, Jorge Glusberg presented this article in 1978 at the Latin American symposium Arte Argentino 78. In the article, he explains that the study of semiotics has led to a new understanding of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126357

  • Arte chicano : part one
    Martínez, César Augusto, 1944-
    1974
    Written by César Augusto Martínez, one of the most active members of the Chicano art movement of the 1970s, “Arte Chicano” discusses the implications of the term “Chicano” (in Part One) and the status of Chicano art in the mainstream art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126597

  • Arte Concreta
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    1977
    In this essay, Ferreira Gullar challenges the position taken by Rio de Janeiro’s so-called neo-Concrete artists in his account of the two movements’ shared history and disagreements. In his opinion, the genesis of Brazilian Concrete art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315020

  • Arte Latino Americano actual
    Traba, Marta
    1972
    In this book, Marta Traba examines how the growing influence of art of the United States has shaped the art of Latin America during the 1950s and ‘60s, and how Latin American artists have both succumbed and resisted the effects of this influence. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833707

  • Arte neoconcreta : uma experiência radical
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    1984
    In this essay, Ferreira Gullar describes the context in which the Neo-Concrete art movement was created by artists in Rio de Janeiro. He outlines the movement’s evolution as he identifies key developments in its history, such as the series [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315414

  • As bienais e a abstração
    Gonçalves, Lisbeth Rebollo
    In her introductory essay for As Bienais e a Abstração. A Década de ’50 (1978), the exhibition organized by the Museu Lasar Segall in 1978, Lisbeth Gonçalves explains that the goal of the event was to review [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315350

  • As ideologias construtivas no ambiente cultural brasileiro
    Brito, Ronaldo Correia de
    1977
    In this essay Ronaldo Brito discusses Brazilian Constructivism as an integral part of an “organized cultural strategy” that was in effect from the 1940s to the 1960s and was closely aligned with “the country’s social and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1315150

  • Atelier Abstração
    1956
    These documents are the invitation to and the program of the Third Exhibition of the Atelier-Abstração, held in São Paulo in June 1956. The Atelier-Abstração was a studio set up by the Brazilian artist Samson Flexor [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1232253

  • Avan-propos
    Rouquié, Alain
    1987
    These passages by Alaine Rouquié, a French political scientist, are excerpted from his book, Amérique latine. Introduction à l’Extrême-Occident (1989). Rouquié considers the lack of unity in Latin America and the problems encountered when [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 838924

  • Bellas artes, arquitectura, arqueología y arquitecturas mexicanas
    Calquetzani, Tepoztecaconetzin
    1997
    In “Bellas Artes, Arquitectura, Arqueología y Arquitecturas Mexicanas," published in 1899 in the journal El Arte y la Ciencia, Tepoztecaconetzin Calquetzani (a pseudonym for an anonymous Mexican author) argues against the use of decorative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125720

  • Bits and pieces : the Mexican American folk aesthetic
    Seriff, Suzanne; Limón, José
    1986
    In "Bits and Pieces: The Mexican American Folk Aesthetic," authors Suzanne Seriff and José Limón argue that a common aesthetic pervades all aspects of Mexican American culture including folk art, food, music, games, and rituals. Seriff and Limón [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126066

  • Border culture : the multicultural paradigm
    Gómez-Peña, Guillermo
    1990
    In this text, Guillermo Gómez-Peña declares the new dominant U.S. culture “border culture,” and assesses how Latino culture has infiltrated U.S. culture writ large. U.S. culture has, he argues, become fundamentally multicultural, and the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1065568

  • Brown paper report
    Casas, Mel
    1971
    “Brown Paper Report” is the manifesto of the Tejano [Texan-Chicano] San Antonio-based art collective Con Safo, written by artist Mel Casas in 1971. This short text presents the concepts of Chicano and “Brown Vision,” as well as the etymology [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126581

  • Camargo
    Camargo, Sérgio de, 1930-1990; Gimpel Fils
    1970
    This is the catalogue published to accompany Camargo, the exhibition organized by the Gimpel Fils gallery in London. The Brazilian artist Sérgio Camargo’s works were exhibited there from November 17 through December 5, 1970. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1232709

  • Carlos Mérida
    Salmon, André
    1927
    In this text, André Salmon considers the paintings of the young Guatemalan artist, Carlos Mérida, and their appeal to Parisian audiences, while also expressing nationalist sentiments specific to Guatemala. Salmon begins by recounting how young [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 832600

  • Chicano art
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1974
    In this essay, Shifra Goldman defines Chicano art as the expression of the historical conditions of what she calls the “double-mestizaje” [double-intermingling] of Chicano experience. Beginning with a consideration of the unresolved question of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1061662