ICAA Research Team: CURARE, Espacio Crítico para las Artes, Mexico City×
  • Advertencia
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    1961
    In response to a series of overwhelming news published in the press that month, not having enough time to reflect upon it and adopt a position, Mathias Goeritz wonders what type of art should correspond to these, our times. He insists on placing the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741783

  • Advertencia a la crítica
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    1960
    In view of the results of the Segunda Bienal Interamericana de México [Second Inter- American Biennial of Mexico]that took place in the Palacio de Bellas Artes, Mathias Goeritz’s opinion is that if what is being exhibited has something to do with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741803

  • Advertencia preliminar
    Nelken, Margarita
    1949
    This document is the first section of Margarita Nelken’s book Pintores de México [Painters of Mexico], which she wrote by commission of the Secretaría de Educación Pública [SEP, Ministry of Public Education]. Nevertheless, it was never [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 791990

  • Agustín Lazo
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1939
    This article praises the artistic qualities of the work of Agustín Lazo, who participated in the international surrealist exhibition a few months later. Cardoza mentions the visual interpretation of the work of Giorgio de Chirico, as well as the use [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795181

  • Al dictado de la hora
    Nelken, Margarita
    1957
    Margarita Nelken reports on the Torres de Ciudad Satélite [Satellite City Towers] project that had been designed in tandem by Mathias Goeritz and the architect Luis Barragán. Although the art critic celebrates the innovative sculptural design of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786746

  • Al margen del manifiesto del Sindicato de Pintores y Escultores
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1924
    This document analyzes the national repercussions that the Sindicato de Obreros Técnicos, Pintores y Escultores [SOTPE, Union of Technical Workers, Painters and Sculptors] had on an art scene that was then dominated by individualism. Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763287

  • Al público de la América Latina y del mundo entero : principalmente a los escritores : artistas y hombres de ciencia: hacemos la siguiente declaración
    Alvarez Bravo, Manuel
    1938
    The protest reports on a series of cancellations and blockages that prevented André Breton from arriving at the university and other college facilities. This occurred despite his official invitation and the fact that his presentation was planned in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800240

  • Alberto Garduño y su obra moderna
    1930
    Alberto Garduño is the subject of this article. The author considers Garduño to be a keen observer, as his paintings of everyday life, once translated onto canvas, produce the intended effect. He points out that the artist has been recognized not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736634

  • Album del extremo oriente : A Hyoshio Furukava
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    1900
    In 1900, Revista Moderna [Modern Magazine]— the bastion of modernismo in the Spanish-speaking world—published two important essays by José Juan Tablada on Japanese art, both of which positioned him as a prominent authority on that subject. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778175

  • Álbum del extremo oriente : Los pintores japoneses
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    1900
    This article, published in Revista Moderna [Modern Magazine]?which contributed to the rise of modern art criticism (in particular of the kind inspired by Charles Baudelaire and by the French parameters)?sketches a brief history of Japanese painting. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778184

  • Alegorías de la opulencia y la miseria : el primer fresco de Ángel Zárraga pintado en México
    Monferrer, Ulises
    1942
    This short article covers the opinions of the painter Ángel Zárraga on mural painting, given his recent work decorating the bar of the Club de Banqueros at Edificio Guardiola in the historic center of the Mexican capital. This is the first fresco [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804309

  • Alfaro Siqueiros catalogó ayer a nuestros pintores
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1950
    In 1950, David Alfaro Siqueiros gave a lecture at the Palacio de Bellas Artes [Palace of Fine Arts] in which he analyzed [the work of] Mexican painters such as Diego Rivera and Rufino Tamayo. Siqueiros concluded that they do not belong to the Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 753171

  • Alfaro Siqueiros funda en México el Centro de Arte Realista Moderno
    Vargas, Elvira
    1944
    According to this article, David Alfaro Siqueiros had just founded the Centro de Arte Realista [Center for Realist Art] that was intended to function as a “school” or “institute” in which research into techniques, pedagogical theory, geometry [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786680

  • Alfonso X. Peña : pintor mexicano
    Ortiz Avila, Raúl
    1936
    This article discusses Alfonso X. Peña, a painter who had decided to spend time in Europe to exhibit his work and offer his views of Mexico. The author states, “his work is characterized by color that preserves all the lights and all the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759475

  • Alfredo Ramos Martínez y la Academia Nacional de Bellas Artes (1910-1920)
    García de Germenos, Pilar
    1992
    The article written by the researcher Pilar García de Germenos presents the cultural biography of Alfredo Ramos Martínez from 1910 to 1920, to help our understanding of the changes he implemented at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes. During [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833175

  • Algo sobre la exposición de la Tolteca
    1932
    In this issue of the magazine Helios—the official publication of the Asociación de Fotógrafos de México—an editorial expresses disagreement with the results of the photographic competition sponsored by the cement company La Tolteca. This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 748969

  • Algunas palabras acerca del juicio en materia de fotografía
    1901
    The writer of this article discusses some of the formal changes that photography must undergo in order to improve the presentation and subjects captured. To that end, he proposes that professional photographers abandon their studio props: “the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800085

  • Alice Rahon : Pintor- poeta
    Nelken, Margarita
    1961
    In this article, Margarita Nelken looks back over Alice Rahon’s career. Nelken explains that Rahon, the French artist who straddled between both Surrealist painting and Surrealist poetry, had shaken off her father’s aesthetic influence while [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772489

  • Alteraciones de la Historia: El paisaje en la obra de caballete de Siqueiros
    Acevedo, Esther
    1996
    In the symposium entitled Hacia otra ruta hacia Siqueiros [Towards Another Route Towards Siqueiros] and organized by Curare, Esther Acevedo presented a paper in which she dealt with landscapes in the work of David Alfaro Siqueiros. This facet of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 833211

  • América en peligro de perecer! : El famoso pintor Diego Rivera profetiza la disgregación y la muerte de América si no corrige un yerro
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1943
    To Diego Rivera, discrimination against Indians is the greatest collective crime of the descendants of the Spanish colonists on the continent. If this situation is not corrected, Latin America will be set on a path to extinction. In this essay, as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747263

  • Amero
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1937
    The short article written by the Guatemalan writer extols the artwork of Emilio Amero, who had lived in the United States in the 1920s, enjoying a certain success in the U.S. market. The writer praises the characteristics of the artist’s work— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 770207

  • André Breton
    Barreda, Octavio G.
    1938
    Letras de México, the magazine directed by Octavio G. Barreda, devoted its May 1938 issue to André Breton and Surrealism. It published several of his essays: an excerpt of “Les vases communicantes” [Communicating Vessels], “Le merveilleux [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774259

  • André Breton : la niebla y el relámpago
    Paz, Octavio
    1996
    This is a dense re-telling of Octavio Paz’s nexus to surrealism and particular link to André Breton. It tells of the role played by the poet Benjamín Péret in this long relationship, which the Mexican writer sums up as a moral bond: “My [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779416

  • André Bretón debuta en Hoy!
    Breton, André, 1896-1966
    1938
    This is the first interview granted by André Breton after he arrived in Mexico City. In the article, the French poet “provides a clear, insightful review of conditions in French literature and painting, the position taken by French intellectuals [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779813

  • André Breton o la búsqueda del comienzo
    Paz, Octavio
    1996
    In this essay, along with posthumous praise for the figure, André Breton, Octavio Paz establishes a new approach to surrealism, automatic writing and the concept of revelation: “The critics are saying that surrealism is no longer the avant-garde. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779424

  • Ángel Botello Barros
    Valldeperes, Manuel, 1902-
    1940
    In this review of the New York exhibition of works by Ángel Botello Barros—the Galician painter living in exile—Manuel Valldeperes discusses the values he perceives in the paintings, referring in particular to the artist’s use of color as “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772996

  • Anteproyecto del monumento que se piensa erigir en la Plaza de Armas a la Revolución Mexicana de 1910-1917
    1917
    This document shows an engraving of the preliminary design for the Monument to the Revolution of 1910-1917, in the Plaza de Armas [Main Square] of Mexico City. The equestrian sculpture of Francisco I. Madero will be the main figure that stands out at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 739698

  • Antonio Ballester : Escultor Español en México
    1946
    This brief text refers to a 1935 newspaper article by Manuel Abril about the Concurso Nacional de Escultura [National Sculpture Contest] whose theme was “Conmemoración a Lope de Vega” [In Remembrance of Lope de Vega]. Abril reports that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773008

  • Antonio M. Ruiz
    Vela, Arqueles
    1937
    Arqueles Vela writes a review of the most recent work by Antonio Ruiz, nicknamed “El Corcito” whom he considers a “contemporary Mexican painter.” He emphasizes the essential traits of his paintings and at the same time reveals a criticism of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764619

  • Antonio Rodríguez Luna : como jurado y como pintor no podía estar con su arte deshumanizado y servil
    Rodríguez Luna, Antonio
    1958
    Antonio Rodríguez Luna was invited to sit on the jury of the I Bienal Interamericana de Pintura y Grabado [First Inter-American Biennial of Paintings and Prints] a few days after the exhibition opened. He was picked as the arbiter who would cast the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758430

  • Apoteosis del Comunismo en el mural que pinta Diego Rivera : Stalin preside el mundo y es el campeón de la paz : Inglaterra y Francia, agotados y EE.UU, inferior y sumiso
    Sodi de Pallares, María Elena
    1952
    María Elena Sodi de Pallares discusses the inconsistency shown by the INBA (Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes) while sponsoring a mural by Diego Rivera to be displayed at the Paris exhibition, but then decided not to submit it after all when the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735618

  • Arquitectura y pintura mural
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1934
    In this article written for The Architectural Forum, a New York City publication, in January 1934, the muralist Diego Rivera made public his point of view about the necessary link between architecture and painting. The purpose of the link was to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785796

  • Art interpretations
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1926
    Carlos Mérida considers that Mexican painting belongs to the Americas because the spirit of its ancestors floats anew all over the Indo-Hispanic land. The author believes that the development of Mexican painting is directed by traditional rules [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747066

  • Arte : Antonio Ruiz
    Izquierdo, María
    1942
    María Izquierdo undertakes an assessment of the pictorial artwork of Antonio Ruiz, known as El Corcito. She addresses both the small format and meticulous technique used by the artist as well as his inventive motifs. After describing several of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804343

  • Arte : La pintura mural de Xavier Guerrero en Chillán
    Izquierdo, María
    1942
    María Izquierdo describes the customs of the inhabitants of the small mining village of Chillán, Chile, which was damaged by a strong earthquake in January 1939. Mexico declared its support for Chile, presenting Chillán with the construction of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804354

  • Arte : Las galerías de México y el Salón 1941
    Izquierdo, María
    1942
     María Izquierdo addresses two topics in this short article. She analyzes the characteristics of the five most important galleries in Mexico City: the one at the University, Galería Espiral, Galería de Arte y Decoración, Galería de Arte María [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804323

  • Arte abstracto arte figurativo
    Westheim, Paul
    1957
    The art critic Paul Westheim believed that abstract art had always existed and that it had something to do with a poetic interpretation of the world. The artist’s job was therefore to channel art toward the spiritual, sensitive, and imaginative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 768035

  • Arte Antiguo Mexicano
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1956
    Rivera claims that societal conditions influence a society’s cultural expression, and insists that making art is an integral part of the social fabric. Speaking from an essentially Marxist platform, he explains that art will disappear in future [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780488

  • Arte melancólico
    Flores, Manuel María
    1900
    In this interesting article, the poet Manuel M. Flores exposes the contrast between the character and nature of life in Mexico (busy, erotic and festive) and the national art in all its manifestations (melancholic and grave in nature). Alluding to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778168

  • Arte Mexicano
    Henríquez Ureña, Pedro, 1884-1946
    1923
    This text chronologically summarizes the conception, development and implementation of Best’s drafting method that culminated in a publication of it. The publication places it within the context of American ideas, celebrating its good judgment to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825923

  • Arte mexicano en Europa
    Castro, Rosa
    1951
    This text by art critic Rosa Castro reports on her conversation with curator Fernando Gamboa, who had just arrived from Europe in order to thoroughly implement an exhibition of Mexican art that would take place in Paris. Gamboa comments on the great [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779981

  • Arte puro, puros maricones
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1934
    Choque [Shock], the publication of the Alianza de Trabajadores del Arte Plásticas (ATAP) [Alliance of Visual Arts Workers] sets forth the opinions of Diego Rivera regarding art for art’s sake, which he considers “sandez sentimental” [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822465

  • Arte y artistas : dos exposiciones : pintura y escultura : los pensionados mexicanos en Europa : acontecimientos musicales del año
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    1907
    This interesting article by the critic Okusai (the pseudonym of José Juan Tablada) reports on the two important art exhibitions held in Mexico in 1906: that of the magazine Savia Moderna [Modern Sap] and another of artists sponsored by the Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 789249

  • Arte y artistas : Se inaugura en París la Exposición de Arte Mexicano
    Nelken, Margarita
    1952
    This short article by the art critic Margarita Nelken comments on the recent inauguration in Paris of the traveling exhibition of Mexican art with work ranging from the pre-Columbian period up to the date of the article. She describes the artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 793200

  • Arte y nacionalismo
    1923
    After criticizing the painters of the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP), the newspaper El Demócrata speaks of the triumphs Mexico achieved abroad, through singers, writers, and the architects during the Río de Janeiro Expo. These are our [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 758022

  • Arte y realidad
    Martínez Ulloa, Enrique
    1929
    Bandera de provincias [Flag of the Provinces] also took on the task of “discovering” José Clemente Orozco. The magazine commissioned Enrique Martínez Ulloa from Jalisco to write about Orozco’s painting. The author wrote three articles [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 763507

  • Arte y revolución
    Tablada, José Juan, 1871-1945
    1929
    Poet and critic José Juan Tablada points out that for the first time contemporary art from Mexico had been fully recognized in the United States through the œuvre of José Clemente Orozco, an artist “whose psychological power and highly tragic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771685

  • Arte y Revolución
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1935
    According to Luis Cardoza y Aragón, poetry enjoyed greater development in Mexico than the visual arts because the former was situated on the margins of the national-pictorial movement. The proof of this can be found in the confluence of the Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 822836

  • Arte y revolución: una polémica en la LEAR
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1936
    In the 1990s, the magazine Memoria reported on a controversy that led to the great 1936 exhibition organized by the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists]. The article explains that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779783

  • Artes plásticas : la exposición de J. C. Orozco en la Casa “Biblos”
    Cabildo, Raziel
    1916
    This article reviews the José Clemente Orozco exhibition that included the paintings belonging to his La casa del llanto [The House of Weeping] series (1911) and others as well. The exhibition took place at the Biblos bookstore, located in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799479