ICAA Research Team: CURARE, Espacio Crítico para las Artes, Mexico City×
  • [Letter] 1925 Junio 17, México [a] Secretario de Educacion Puig Cassauranc
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1925
    David Alfaro Siqueiros sent a letter to the Minister of Public Education, José Manuel Puig Cassauranc, when he was dismissed from his ministry job as professor of drawing and manual works, for which he was paid three pesos a day. His dismissal was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786037

  • [Letter] 1930 Junio 18, México D.F. [to] Ignacio García Tellez, Rector de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma
    Lombardo Toledano, Vicente, 1894-1968
    1930
    In this letter, the interim director of the Escuela Central de Artes Plásticas [Central School of the Visual Arts] informs the rector of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México [UNAM National Autonomous University of Mexico], and attorney-at- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795917

  • [Letter] 1935 December 23, México City [to] Edward Weston
    Richey, Roubaix de l' Abrie
    1921
    In this letter, the painter [and writer] Roubaix de l’Abrie Richey, known by the pseudonym, “Robo,” the husband of the Italian artist and photographer, Tina Modotti, writes to Edward Weston from Mexico City. The writer is visiting Mexico in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806750

  • [Letter] 1935 December 4th, México D.F [to] League of American Writers
    Cabada, Juan de la
    1935
    Juan de la Cabada reports on progress in organizing a Congreso Continental de Científicos [Scientists’ Continental Congress] in Mexico City under the direction of Víctor Manuel Villaseñor in accordance with the resolutions of the American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801625

  • [Letter] 1935 June 6, México [to] Bernabé Barrios
    Arenal, Luis; Cabada, Juan de la
    1935
    This is a letter addressed to Barnabé Barrios, in New York, signed by Juan de la Cabada and Luis Arenal, as the editor and a member of the Executive Committee, respectively, of Frente a Frente [Face to Face] magazine. The authors inform Bernabé [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801000

  • [Letter] 1935 June 6th, México D.F. [to] New masses
    Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (Mexico City, Mexico)
    1935
    This document proposes an exchange of publications between Frente a Frente and New Masses, but its main goal is to convince the North American publication to use its influence to help connect LEAR to the Association d’Écrivains et Artistes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801041

  • [Letter] 1935 Junio 14, México D.F [to] Angel Flores
    Arenal, Luis
    1935
    This essay discusses LEAR’s decision to establish a “Bureau Editor for Mexico” to publish the continent-oriented magazine, Sin Fronteras / All America—the roots of the future “Congreso Continental de Escritores y Artistas de Toda América [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801551

  • [Letter] 1935 Marzo 31 [to] Alan Calmer
    Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (Mexico City, Mexico)
    1935
    This letter written by the Comité Ejecutivo of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios [Executive Committee of the League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] was addressed to the American Writers’ Congress (AWC) in New York; it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807356

  • [Letter] 1935 Noviembre 8, Mexico City [to] Luis Arenal
    Ossa, Ben
    1935
    After discussing how busy Germán List Arzubide—the Estridentista from old times—kept in New York’s workers’ media, Ben Ossa mentions the ideas suggested to LEAR by the “Congreso de Artistas Americanos (de Estados Unidos)” [American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801606

  • [Letter] 1935 Octubre 16, New York [to] Luis Arenal
    1935
    “The Red International”—as Ramón Pi, Jr. referred to himself—describes his vehicle for distributing revolutionary words and images from his base in New York. His goal is to place his publication in the hands of professionals whose names he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801576

  • [Letter] 1936 December [to] Pollock, Sandy, Lehman
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1936
    In this brief letter, David Alfaro Siqueiros advises Jackson Pollock and his team that the studio in New York will be closed during the day while he prepares for his forthcoming exhibition in Manhattan. Siqueiros explains that he needs to be alone to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751122

  • [Letter] 1936 Abril 4, New York [to] Leopoldo Mendez
    Tamayo, Rufino
    1936
    In this letter, Rufino Tamayo hints at the friction experienced by an artist who put his personal goals above the demands of political activism. Tamayo promises to report on the failings of the delegation to the LEAR and apologizes for asking the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801636

  • [Letter] 1938 Abril 27, [España to] María Teresa León, [México]
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1938
    David Alfaro Siqueiros writes a letter to Teresa León from a military command post in Spain during the Civil War, telling her of his combat experiences at the front and comparing procedures there with artistic work. He sees that in both there are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786046

  • [Letter] 1951 [to] Fernando Gamboa
    Tamayo, Rufino
    1951
    The Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura (INBAL, 1947) invited Rufino Tamayo to participate in the Mexican Art Exhibition that would take place in Europe. The Oaxacan painter responded that he could not give them an answer until “he knew [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779846

  • [Letter] 1951 Junio 14, París [to] Carlos Chávez
    Gamboa, Fernando
    1951
    When no agreement could be reached to present the exhibition of Mexican art at the Petit-Palais in Paris, Fernando Gamboa was forced to find an alternative space. In this letter to Carlos Chávez, Gamboa informs him of the results of attempts to hold [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779948

  • [Letter] 1951 Septiembre 24, Acapulco [to] Rufino Tamayo
    Chávez, Carlos, 1899-1978
    1951
    This document is Carlos Chávez’s response to the letter that Rufino Tamayo had written to Fernando Gamboa on August 20, 1951. In it, Tamayo asks to know the government’s point of view on the Mexican Art Exhibition that would take place in Europe [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779827

  • [Letter] 1958 Junio 10, México D. F. [to] Fernando Gamboa
    Mendoza, María Luisa
    1958
    A letter dated June 10, 1958, from Maria Luisa Mendoza to Fernando Gamboa (who was in Brussels at the time) took the form of a progress report. Mendoza, a consultant on the art integration project Centro Médico Nacional [National Medical Center], [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796076

  • [Letter] 1958 Mayo 26, México D.F. [to] Fernando Gamboa, Bruselas
    Yáñez, Enrique
    1958
    While he was in Brussels, Fernando Gamboa stayed in close communication with the architect Enrique Yáñez, who informed him of the progress of the artists working on the Centro Médico [Medical Center]. In addition to designing the Centro, Yáñez [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796080

  • [Letter] 1958 Oct. 31 [to] Fernando Gamboa, Bruselas
    Cárdenas, Lázaro
    1958
    In this brief letter, ex-President Lázaro Cárdenas congratulates Fernando Gamboa for the “message” he sent regarding Mexico by means of the Brussels Pavilion at the International Fair of 1958 which Cárdenas had visited only a few days earlier [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780078

  • [Letter] 1964 Julio 3, México D. F. [to] Julio Scherer García
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1964
    In 1964, journalist Julio Scherer García received the manuscript of David Alfaro Siqueiros’s autobiography. Three years earlier, in 1961, Scherer García had gone to Lecumberri Prison and managed to obtain some 387 pages. Siqueiros asked him to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751181

  • [Letter] 1965 Junio 8, México D. F., [to] Juan Bracho, Antonio Pujol y Rufino Tamayo
    Pizarro Suárez, Nicolás
    1936
    According to the communiqué, several members of the LEAR [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] were scolded by the League’s Executive Committee for overextending their stay in New York and abandoning their League duties, The members were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801646

  • [Muchos son los pintores y escultores que han trabajado...]
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    1959
    Through diverse photographs, Mathias Goeritz shows the development of what he calls the “problem” of Integración Plástica [Plastic Integration], a dogmatic movement in which the architect Mario Pani actively participated together with several [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741770

  • [Sobre fotografía]
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    Carlos Mérida asserts that photography is an art which has no developmental links to the advance of technology (as is the case with science) since daguerreotypes can be just as beautiful as contemporary photographs. For this author it is necessary [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757912

  • 1er Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    The first treinta-treintista manifesto is aimed against academics, public officials, thieves of public offices, and in general, all kinds of layabouts and rascals who pretend to be intellectuals. Using iconoclastic language, the ¡30-30! Group [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779430

  • 2° Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    In the second treinta-treintista manifesto, the group declares the reason for its dispute. It states that the struggle between independent painters and the academics intensified when the presidency changed hands, since certain conservative teachers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779440

  • 3 llamamientos de orientación actual a los pintores y escultores de la nueva generación americana
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1921
    With his manifesto, David Alfaro Siqueiros sought to position the avant-garde project anew, doing away with belated modernism and impressionism, in favor of Cubo-Futurist expressions and the incipient eruption of Dadaism. This eagerness for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801659

  • 3er. Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    The third treinta-treintista manifesto is a flyer written in opposition to the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, its instruction methods, and the works produced at the school. Subdivided into eight points, the group’s statement describes the basic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779450

  • 4° Manifiesto treintatrentista
    Alva de la Canal, Ramón
    1928
    This manifesto from the Treinta-treintistas [¡30-30! mouvement] discusses the incorporation of new elements and announces the group’s purging and expulsion of old members, either for being neo-academics or for attempting to eliminate the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779471

  • 42, 43 y 44
    1901
    [This document entails] humorous dialogue between two apparent homosexuals. The anonymous writer refers to a word game with the numbers (forty-two, forty-three and forty-four) that would represent the masculinity of the two workers who are attacking [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778156

  • 5° Manifiesto treintatrentista : Contra los académicos : los covachuelistas : los salteadores de puestos públicos : En general contra toda clase de sabandijas y zánganos intelectualoides
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    In this manifesto, the ¡30-30! collective of painters announced that its struggle against academism was once again alive and thriving. The reason for this was that the president’s office of the Escuela de Bellas Artes [School of Fine Arts] [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786596

  • A los soldados, a los obreros y a los campesinos : Los tres somos víctimas, los tres somos hermanos : Farsa en varios actos titulada : La caída de los ricos y la construcción de un nuevo orden social
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Amador, Graciela
    1924
    Following the prologue to the farce “The Fall of the Rich and the Construction of a New Social Order,” is a scene in the first act entitled, “The Army of the Soldiers, Workers and Peasants.” In a triumphal panorama of the socialist revolution [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 764028

  • A New Method for Developing Creative Imagination
    Best-Maugard, Adolfo
    1923
    This text speaks of the evolution of sensorial perception and its relation to artistic expression. It proposes that the method of Adolfo Best Maugard be used in arts education because it would permit greater development and personal satisfaction [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 825910

  • A nuestros lectores
    1901
    In the introduction to volume three (issue number one) of El Fotografo Mexicano [The Mexican Photographer], the editors and editorial staff assert their wish to perform the noble task of disseminating photography, as well as thanking the readers for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792886

  • A propósito de la Exposición de Isabel Villaseñor
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1930
     Carlos Mérida comments that in Mexico xylography [wood engraving] has become the prevalent artistic trend of the time. He describes some characteristics of this technique, such as the use of pure contrast between light and dark. On the other hand [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736784

  • A. Rodríguez Luna
    Bergamín, José, 1895-1983
    1946
    José Bergamín, the writer in exile and critic, compares poetry with painting as in classical times, and uses the language of poetry to discuss the painting of Antonio Rodríguez Luna. Bergamín refers to Rodríguez Luna’s main theme, which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773001

  • Abstracción y realismo : comentario sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas
    Renau Montoro, José
    1950
    This essay is a continuation of the exiled artist, José Renau’s, reflections on the preeminence of realism over abstraction. He believes that in the years following World War I, the art trends were characterized by an unbridled exaltation of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756518

  • Abstracción y realismo : Comentarios sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas
    Renau Montoro, José
    1949
    The author reflects on a comparison between abstraction and realism, presenting it as a grave problem of the era. For José Renau, the main trend of the “bourgeois” culture is based on the abstract and trivial aspect of intellectual creation. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756512

  • Abstracción y símbolo en la pintura
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1940
    During the 1940s, Carlos Mérida’s reflections tend toward abstract art and its protagonists. In this article, the painter states that for those who are not familiar with abstract painting, a symbolic form of interpretation is the most logical. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757819

  • Aclaración
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    1962
    Mathias Goeritz announces that this issue of the magazine Arquitectura México is dedicated to the examples of architecture and religious art current at the time. He argues that—even though in some works of secular art a greater “religiosity” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 751329

  • Aclaración del C. de Defensa Proletaria
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro; Gonthier, Jesus
    1928
    The Comité de Defensa Proletaria [Committee for the Defense of the Proletariat] wrote to the editorial board of El Machete magazine regarding the reports published in the press about the events organized by the Bloque Obrero [Workers’ Block] in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776692

  • Acotaciones del momento : La Academia de Bellas Artes y la seriedad
    Castillo, Guillermo, 1899-1952
    1927
    In this article, journalist Guillermo Castillo criticizes the directors of the Mexican Academia de Bellas Artes, portraying the institution as outdated. Castillo targets proposed limitations on the curriculum of the open-air painting schools, which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752459

  • Actual No 1 : Hoja de Vanguardia. Comprimido Estridentista
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    1921
    This is the manifesto poster that gave rise to the Estridentista movement in Mexico. The poet Manuel Maples Arce issued the leaflet Actual as an aggressive vexation against the consecrated personalities of the literary milieu; said proclamation was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737463

  • Actual No 3. Hoja de vanguardia. Proyecto Internacional de Nueva Estética
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    1922
    While the first issue of Actual contained a directory of avant-garde artists, this third issue held an index of avant-garde books and magazines. Listings include: La vie des lettres, a French magazine begun in 1913 and headed by Nicolas Beauduin; an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809167

  • Actual, Hoja de Vanguardia, Num. 1
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    1921
    This is the poster-manifesto that gave rise to the Estridentista movement in Mexico. Manuel Maples Arce, a poet born in Xalapa (Veracruz), launched his avant-garde publication Actual as a provocation directed against the acclaimed literary figures of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754048

  • Actualidades : el fusil y no las faldas
    Muñoz Serrano, Benito
    1901
    After a scandalous raid in Mexico City in which forty-two homosexual men were detained, subsequently known as the Ball of the Forty One, this satirical poem calls the Forty-One (among other things) “viciosos inmundos [dissolute, filthy] / nutridos [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 778131

  • Acusa Chávez Morado : Tamayo se ha quitado el disfraz de esteta apolítico
    Suárez, Luis
    1954
    José Chávez Morado thought Mexican painting was in a crisis brought on by abstract art, which was becoming a fad though it was not brand-new to Mexico. It had once interested Diego Rivera when he was exploring geometrical ideas in search of formal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759033

  • Adget : Documentos para artistas
    Alvarez Bravo, Manuel
    1939
    In this text, Manuel Álvarez Bravo considers the development of Adget (sic) as a photographer and the life experiences, warmth, and creativity reflected in his unique ability to see what is around him. He notes that Adget had no training in the arts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752393

  • Adiós a la fotografía : correspondencia de Tina Modotti a Manuel Álvarez Bravo
    Modotti, Tina, 1896-1942
    1931
    In this letter written by Tina Modotti in March 1931 to Manuel Álvarez Bravo, she mentions the recommendation she has made to a photo agency in Berlin. Her purpose is for Álvarez Bravo to provide them with some current images, whether recently [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 795195

  • Adventuring with the seven motives of creative imagination
    McCall, Emma
    1923
    Emma McCall adapted Adolfo Best Maugard’s Método de Dibujo [Method of Drawing] to the U.S. cultural and educational milieu in order to take advantage of this art instruction system with U.S. children and young adults. As in the method proposed by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780228

  • Advertencia
    Goeritz, Mathias, 1915-1990
    1959
    With this essay, Mathias Goeritz introduces the Art Section of the magazine Arquitectura México. In this first “Warning,” the author affirms that once visual education and abstract design are officially accepted, no “avant-garde” will exist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 741745