ICAA Researcher: Yasmin Ramirez×
  • "Serie de Cafe" Nitza Tufiño : "A Rafael Tufiño"
    Torruella Leval, Susana
    1981
    This essay, written by curator Susana Torruella Leval, provides a biographical overview of the careers of mural artist, Nitza Tufiño, and her father, Rafael Tufiño—a renowned Puerto Rican painter and printmaker. Leval describes the relationship [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 849746

  • [Anaida Hernández fue la segunda hija de cinco niños en Mayagüez, Puerto Rico...]
    Mattews, Colleen B.; Vega, Kathy; Hernández, Carla M.; Kaufman, Nicole R.; Coldsmith, Angela M.
    1998
    In this essay, Angela Coldsmith examines the varied printmaking techniques of Anaida Hernández, and her work on behalf of women’s issues in her practices as an artist, activist, and educator. In particular, they note that Hernández organized an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841453

  • [Born in Puerto Rico, living there the first nine years of his life...]
    Ortiz, Rafael Montanez
    1981
    Rafael Montañez Ortiz describes the assemblages of Marcos Dimas as an extension of the artist’s childhood experience of digging up bits of Taíno artifacts in the fields of Puerto Rico. Ortiz proposes that Dimas’s works are the result of his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802904

  • [Coco Fusco es una de las figuras más visibles, vocales y agitadoras en el ámbito artístico latino...]
    Croteau, Mary Ellen; Okunseinde, Ayodamola; Rompilla, Denise M.
    1998
    The authors of this essay describe Coco Fusco as one of the most highly visible and vocal members of the Latino artistic community in the United States. The author, Mary Ellen Croteau, provides an overview of Fusco’s family background and academic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841940

  • [He tenido la oportunidad de observar la colección de obras permanentes del Museo del Barrio]
    Colón Morales, Rafael, 1941-
    1978
    Artist Rafael Colon Morales criticizes the selections for the exhibition of recent acquisitions of El Museo del Barrio for lacking consistent coherent criteria. He observes that there are few high-quality works on display, and therefore he does not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842272

  • [In 1969 I exhibited at the Brooklyn Museum's contemporary Puerto Rican Artist Exhibit...]
    Dimas, Marcos
    In this short essay, Marcos Dimas discusses his participation in a 1969 group show of Puerto Rican artists at the Brooklyn Museum, where he displayed two paintings, and his first assemblage. He notes that he met the future cofounders of the Puerto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802934

  • [La pregunta de cómo uno puede funcionar como un activista...]
    Crockford, Michael
    1998
    In this essay, Michael Crockford discusses how the artistic practices of Yolanda Lopez combine feminism, activism, and community building. He observes that Lopez challenges indeed lowly depictions of Mexican-Americans in the United States by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841988

  • [Letter] [n.d.], New York [to] El Museo del Barrio
    Taller Boricua (New York, USA)
    In this typewritten open letter, the artist collective Taller Boricua [Puerto Rican Workshop], criticizes El Museo del Barrio for excluding the work of several New York-based Puerto Rican artists from an unnamed exhibition of Puerto Rican art jointly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841209

  • [Letter] 1974 May 29, New York [to] Board of Directors of El Museo del Barrio
    Colectiva de Artistas Puertorriqueños
    1974
    The group—calling itself the Colectiva de Artistas Puertorriqueños—articulates the concern that the policies of El Museo del Barrio marginalize the production of Puerto Rican artists in New York in favor of promoting well-established artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803050

  • [Letter] 1982 January 6, New York [to] Lucy Lippard
    Dimas, Marcos
    1982
    In this letter, artist Marcos Dimas writes to art critic Lucy R. Lippard and invites her to review his exhibition at El Museo del Barrio. Dimas discusses his participation in an activist artist collective, known as the Art Workers’ Coalition, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802977

  • [Nueve años después que Castro vino al poder, la artista María Magdalena Pons...]
    Dwyer, Adrianne M.
    1998
    The author of this essay, Adrianne Dwyer, discusses the autobiographical references found in Magdalena Campos-Pons’s work that relate to her Afro-Cuban background, specifically the spiritual tradition of Santeria. Campos-Pons explains that her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841346

  • [The Museo del Barrio has been in existence for over eight years...]
    Soto Sánchez, Jorge
    1978
    In this brief statement, Nuyorican artist Jorge Soto provides an historical overview of El Museo del Barrio. The author contends that the institution emphasized the educational value of Puerto Rican culture, but did not attend to the needs of Puerto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842291

  • [The work selected for this exhibition traces the last years...]
    Peña, Gladys
    1982
    In her brief introduction to the exhibition catalogue, Children of Darkness: Rafael Colón Morales, curator Gladys Peña asserts that Colón Morales broke away from the traditional painting of Puerto Rico by experimenting with both surrealist and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842215

  • [This exhibition at El Museo del Barrio celebrates a public work by a Puerto Rican artist...]
    Torruella Leval, Susana
    1990
    The essay provides a biographical overview of the career of mural artist Nitza Tufiño, the daughter of Puerto Rican printmaker Rafael Tufiño. In it, curator Susana Torruella Leval describes Nitza Tufiño’s process of creating a ceramic tile mural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802505

  • [We must understand history as a live process...]
    Escobar, Elizam, 1948-
    1992
    Elizam Escobar, artista puertorriqueño y antiguo prisionero político, sostiene que el quinto centenario de la llegada de Cristóbal Colón al Nuevo Mundo no es motivo de celebración, sino más bien una ocasión para reflexionar sobre la historia [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799247

  • [When I was shown a preview of the paintings which El Museo del Barrio had acquired through the years for their permanent collection...]
    Caraballo, José
    1978
    In this brief artist statement, Puerto Rican-born artist José Caraballo posits that El Museo del Barrio’s exhibition of recent acquisitions serves as a reminder of the existence of Puerto Rican artists, and their struggle for recognition in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842253

  • [Writers characterize the Caribbean as playground...]
    Roulet, Laura
    2000
    In this document, independent curator, Laura Roulet provides a biographical sketch of Charles Juhasz and Arnaldo Morales—two artists that the author has identified as the third generation of Puerto Rican artists to dedicate their work to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 798149

  • A brief background of graffiti
    Martinez, Hugo, 1923-
    1975
    In this essay, Hugo Martinez chronicles the formation of United Graffiti Artists, a collective of New York City graffiti artists. Analyzing the graffiti scene from a sociological perspective, Martinez reports that the majority of graffiti artists in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842634

  • A collective vision
    Peña Acosta, Gladys
    2003
    Former curator of El Museo del Barrio, Gladys Peña-Acosta relates her experience as chief curator and interim director of that institution throughout the late 1970s and into the ‘80s. She discusses the process of introducing professional standards [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799049

  • Aborigines of the western world
    Fusco, Coco; Gómez-Peña, Guillermo
    1992
    In this essay published in the exhibition catalog, Remerica! Amerika, artists Coco Fusco and Guillermo Gomez-Peña contend that the origins of dada events and performance art date back to the 1500s when native peoples from Africa and the Americas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799233

  • Aesthetic development of Puerto Rican visual arts in New York as part of the Diaspora : the epitaph of the Barrio
    Ballester, Diógenes, 1956-
    2001
    In this essay, Puerto Rican-born artist, Diogenes Ballester, gives a brief overview of Puerto Rican art and artists working in El Barrio (East Harlem, New York City) from the 1940s to 2000 and categorizes the art produced into three themes: 1) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 797329

  • Amelia Mesa - Bains
    Touhey, Meagan; Zayas, Andrea; Rozo, Arlene; Keller, Susan
    1998
    The author, Susan Keller, ponders the work of Amalia Mesa-Bains within the context of the Mexican-American social empowerment movement of the 1960s and 1970s, also known as the Chicano Movement. A figurehead of her generation, Mesa-Bains looked to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842013

  • Amelia Mesa - Bains
    Keller, Susan; Rozo, Arlene; Touhey, Meagan; Zayas, Andrea
    1998
    The author, Susan Keller, ponders the work of Amalia Mesa-Bains within the context of the Mexican-American social empowerment movement of the 1960s and 1970s, also known as the Chicano Movement. A figurehead of her generation, Mesa-Bains looked to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842035

  • An overview of the converging history of graphic artists from the island and El Barrio, Spanish Harlem
    Nazario, Isabel
    1998
    Curator Isabel Nazario compares the emergence of independent Puerto Rican printmaking collectives in New York during the 1970s to the government sponsored graphic art workshops that were instituted in Puerto Rico in the 1950s. She notes that Puerto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802536

  • Anaida Hernandez
    Coldsmith, Angela M.; Hernández, Carla M.; Kaufman, Nicole R.; Vega, Kathy; Matthews, Colleen B.
    1998
    In this essay, Angela Coldsmith examines the varied printmaking techniques of Anaida Hernández, and her work on behalf of women’s issues in her practices as an artist, activist, and educator. In particular, they note that Hernández organized an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841430

  • Annotated chronology : introduction
    Ballester, Diógenes, 1956-
    1990
    This annotated chronology written by Puerto Rican-born artist Diogenes Ballester, documents the history of Taller Boricua [Puerto Rican Workshop]—the oldest extant Puerto Rican artist collective in New York—from its founding in 1969 to 1989. For [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841228

  • Autobiography
    Ferrer, Rafael
    1973
    In this autobiography, Puerto Rican-born, New York-based artist Rafael Ferrer chronicles his life from 1933 to 1972. He discusses his early life in military school where he learned to play the drums; his mentoring by Spanish Surrealist émigré [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799304

  • Biographical sketch
    Soto Sánchez, Jorge
    1979
    In this autobiographical timeline covering from 1947 to 1977, Nuyorican artist Jorge Soto Sánchez describes his childhood in the South Bronx where he took great delight in drawing from an early age. Conversely, he also found disillusionment in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803035

  • Blurriness in focus
    Falconi, José Luis
    2004
    José Luis Falconi discusses Nuyorican photographer Adal Maldonado’s series, Out of Focus Nuyoricans, as a metaphorical depiction of the mutable nature of Puerto Rican identity and nationhood. By choosing to portray his Puerto Rican subjects as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841920

  • Bridge between islands : retrospective works by six Puerto Rican artists in New York
    Museo del Barrio (New York, N.Y.); Bronx Museum of the Arts; Louis Abrons Arts for Living Center (Henry Street Settlement)
    1978
    The catalogue essay for the exhibition, Bridge Between Islands: Retrospective Works by Six Puerto Rican Artists in New York, offered overviews of the works by Olga Albizu, Tony Bechara, Eloy Blanco, Marcos Dimas, Evelyn Lopez de Guzmán, and Jorge [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 840024

  • Catalina Parra
    León, Mauren; Mir, Claudio; Bardeguez- Brown, Carmen; Bosques, Wilnelya; Irizarry, Angelica M.
    1998
    In this essay, Carmen Bardeguez-Brown weighs the influence of the Berlin Dadaists (1918–22) on photomontage artist Catalina Parra. Of Chilean descent, Parra went to college in Germany where she was exposed to Dada art in 1968. She was drawn to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842081

  • Coco Fusco
    Croteau, Mary Ellen; Okunseinde, Ayodamola; Rompilla, Denise M.
    1998
    The authors of this essay describe Coco Fusco as one of the most highly visible and vocal members of the Latino artistic community in the United States. The author, Mary Ellen Croteau, provides an overview of Fusco’s family background and academic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841409

  • Conversaciones en el Taller: Juan Sánchez and Julia P. Herzberg
    Herzberg, Julia P.
    1998
    Art historian and curator, Julia P. Herzberg, converses with Juan Sánchez on his evolution as a printmaker. Sánchez stated that he became interested in printmaking during college after visiting the Puerto Rican artist collective, Taller Boricua, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802569

  • Conversations in the studio : Juan Sánchez and Julia P. Herzberg
    Herzberg, Julia P.; Sánchez, Juan, 1954-
    1998
    Art historian and curator, Julia P. Herzberg, converses with Juan Sánchez on his evolution as a printmaker. Sánchez stated that he became interested in printmaking during college after visiting the Puerto Rican artist collective, Taller Boricua, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802599

  • Destructivism : a manifesto
    Ortiz, Rafael Montanez
    1988
    In this manifesto, Rafael Montañez Ortiz, who was born in the United States and is of Puerto Rican descent, discusses the concept of destruction as a new mode of creating art. He validates employing “destruction art” as an appropriate [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796655

  • Editorial
    Biasiny- Rivera, Charles
    2001
    Photographer Charles Biasiny-Rivera recounts the history of En Foco [Focused], the first Puerto Rican photographers collective in New York City. Founded in 1973, En Foco’s community-based programs in the Bronx included operating a street gallery, a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842134

  • El arte de liberación y la praxis de la muerte
    Escobar, Elizam, 1948-
    1988
    Puerto Rican artist Elizam Escobar applies semiotic and Marxist theories to analyze social value in art occurring in an historical era that proclaims itself both postmodern and postcolonial. He observes that such discourse renders people oppressed by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802830

  • El Manifesto : notes on El Puerto Rican Embassy
    Pietri, Pedro, 1944-2004
    1995
    In 1995, Nuyorican poet Pedro Pietri wrote “El Manifesto: Notes on El Puerto Rican Embassy,” which describes the sociopolitical condition of Puerto Ricans as a colonial people whose sense of nationhood is expressed and maintained through the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841862

  • El Museo del Barrio's permanent collection : revealing a treasure
    Torruella Leval, Susana
    2003
    Susana Torruella Leval relates her experience as curator and director of El Museo del Barrio throughout the 1990s. She discusses the process of maintaining professional standards of care for the museum collections of Puerto Rican, Latino, and Latin [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804680

  • El Spanglish National Anthem
    Pietri, Pedro, 1944-2004
    2002
    Written to replace the words of En Mi Viejo San Juan—Puerto Rico’s national anthem and a song that expresses a longing to return to the island—Pedro Pietri’s Spanglish National Anthem alludes to economic factors that keep Puerto Ricans [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 797430

  • Huellas : avanzada estética por la liberación nacional
    Sánchez, Juan, 1954-
    1988
    Curator and artist Juan Sánchez compares colonialism to an epidemic that causes physical and mental harm. He maintains that the will of the Puerto Rican people to survive colonial oppression is manifested in their culture. Quoting from the writings [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802874

  • Huellas: avanzada estética por la liberación nacional
    Sánchez, Juan, 1954-
    1988
    Curator and artist Juan Sánchez compares colonialism to an epidemic that causes physical and mental harm. He maintains that the will of the Puerto Rican people to survive colonial oppression is manifested in their culture. Quoting from the writings [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802859

  • Image in the collective memory
    Barreras del Rio, Petra
    2003
    In this essay, Petra Barreras del Río relates her experience as curator and interim director of El Museo del Barrio throughout the late 1980s and early 1990s. She describes the process of building up the financial and administrative resources of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799070

  • Intercambio Adál
    Biasiny- Rivera, Charles
    2003
    En Foco founding director, Charles Biasiny-Rivera, and Nuyorican artist Adal Maldonado discuss the latter’s transition from documentary projects in the 1970s, to the employment of photography in conceptual installations in the 1990s. Adal relates [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842104

  • Interview with an out of focus Nuyorican
    Sommer, Doris, 1947-
    2004
    Literary critic Doris Sommer and Adal Maldonado discuss his transition from documentary projects in the 1970s to the employment of photography in conceptual installations in the 1990s. He relates the importance of prior works, such as Portraits of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 841901

  • Introduction
    Barreras del Rio, Petra
    1990
    In this introduction to the exhibition catalog Taller Alma Boricua: Reflecting on Twenty Years of the Puerto Rican Workshop, 1969–1989, Petra Barreras del Rio, former director of El Museo del Barrio, describes Taller Boricua [Puerto Rican Workshop [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 796715

  • Introduction
    Sánchez, Juan, 1954-
    1988
    Curator and artist Juan Sánchez writes that what was intended in the exhibition, Huellas: Avanzada Estética Por La Liberación Nacional, would draw public awareness to the colonial status of Puerto Rico. Huellas was organized to complement the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 802889

  • Introduction
    Agüeros, Jack
    1979
    In this short introduction to the exhibition catalogue, Jorge Soto Sánchez: Works on Paper, 1974–1979,Jack Agüeros—director of El Museo del Barrio from 1977 until 1986—maintains that while the artist was well known as a painter and sculptor, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 803066

  • Introduction
    Wilde- Biasiny, Betty
    2001
    Betty Wilde-Biasiny recounts the emergence of the photography collective, En Foco [Focused], to the rise of alternative artist-run spaces and collectives in New York City during the 1970s. Wilde-Biasiny states that En Foco’s promotion of cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842153

  • Introduction
    Ortiz, Rafael Montanez
    1981
    Artist Rafael Montañez Ortiz describes the assemblages of Marcos Dimas, Puerto Rican artist based in New York City, as an extension of his childhood experience of digging up bits of pre-Columbian Taino artifacts in the fields of Puerto Rico. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 842330