ICAA Researcher: Marina Garcia, Gabriel Peluffo ×
  • Ha muerto Felipe Seade lloran las paredes blancas
    Grupo Toledo Chico (Canelones, Uruguay)
    This essay describes the merits of Chilean-Uruguayan artist Felipe Seade, an advocate of social realism, and harshly criticizes all of those who hindered his career. The frictions between practitioners of social realism and those who disdained it on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1193080

  • Hachepiencia
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-; Paz, Hector; Linares, Juan José
    This essay is on “Hachepiencia,” the manifesto produced by the Uruguayan group Los hachepientos, which was formed by Clemente Padín, Héctor Paz, and Juan José Linares. The principal objectives of the group were outlined in the manifesto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243133

  • Hacia el arte revolucionario
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    This article by Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui formed part of the early debates in the leftist press in Uruguay on the relationship between art and politics, debates that largely ensued in the publication of the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198856

  • Hacia el arte revolucionario : contestando al camarada JOS
    Pintos, Francisco R., 1889-1968
    This article by Francisco R. Pintos is a response to the one by Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui published in the previous issue of Movimiento journal. Whereas Ortiz Saralegui was conciliatory in his approach to the problem of the relationship between “pure [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198896

  • Hacia el arte revolucionario III
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    This article by Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui formed part of a series published in Movimiento journal—the publication of the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay (CTIU)—that attempted to formulate a “revolutionary art” that did [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198748

  • Hacia la plástica integral por medio de la revolución
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    In this article, Mexican muralist David Alfaro Siqueiros explains his vision of art history which, in his view, wavers between moments of socialization (or social integration) and moments of individualism (or decadence). It is on those grounds that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1208204

  • Happening
    Polleri, Amalia, 1909-1996
    The article by Amalia Polleri analyzes the process of integrating the happenings of Uruguay within an artistic context and referencing the interventions by another Uruguayan artist, Teresa Vila. Polleri points to the trend of Latin American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1250362

  • IGE: Ideas en Marcha
    Mañe Garzón, Pablo, 1921-2004
    This essay about the interview by Pablo Mañé Garzón with Ángel Kalenberg, the director of the IGE (Instituto General Electric de Montevideo [General Electric Institute of Montevideo), discussing the programs carried out by the institution that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1244837

  • Invitación a la U. de Plásticos
    This document invites the Unión de Artistas Plásticos (UAP), a division of the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay (C.T.I.U.), to the Exposición Internacional de Artes Plásticas Revolucionarias, an event organized by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1202232

  • IX Bienal de Sao Paulo : demasiadas antítesis
    Mañe Garzón, Pablo, 1921-2004
    In this text, the painter, sculptor and art and music critic for the weekly Marcha, Pablo Mañé Garzón, criticizes the IX São Paulo Biennial and what he calls “the art of biennials” in general. He argues that art displayed on a mass scale in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233548

  • La actividad plástica del año
    This anonymous article mentions three important events in the Uruguayan visual arts calendar in 1940: the exhibition of French painting, the Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas, and the critiques of the Salón Nacional de Artes Plásticas. These [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223617

  • La Bienal de Tokio y los últimos aportes uruguayos
    Argul, José Pedro, 1903-
    In this article, published in 1965, the Uruguayan art critic José Pedro Argul discusses the 4th Tokyo International Biennial of Prints and his own personal role in the selection of the graphic works by Uruguayan artists that were submitted at that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1182696

  • La condición video. 25 años de videoarte en el Uruguay
    The catalogue La condición del video. 25 años de videoarte en el Uruguay provides a review of the major figures in the history of Uruguayan video art and describes the development of the movement in this region of Latin America from the time of its [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1258411

  • La exposición del Subte a beneficio de Chile es una Revelación Histórica
    A.I.A.P.E. (agrupación de intelectuales, artistas, periodistas y escritores - rosario)
    This exhibition was organized by a group of independent artists associated with the AIAPE (Agrupación de Artistas, Intelectuales, Periodistas y Escritores) working with a recently created State agency, the Comisión Municipal de Cultura. All parties [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225245

  • La libertad en Portinari
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    Cipriano Vitureira was one of the main intellectuals who feted Candido Portinari during his visit to Uruguay in 1947. On the whole, the Brazilian painter was well liked by members of the PCU (Partido Comunista Uruguayo) and artists working in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225346

  • La magia de la voz
    In this article, art critic María Luisa Torrens explains the importance of Uruguayan performer Teresa Vila’s “actions with theme” as demonstrating her commitment as an artist at a juncture of intense social violence in Uruguay. Vila engaged [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1250311

  • La nueva poesía y las redes alternativas : entrevista a Clemente Padín
    Nogueira, Fernanda, 1982-; Davis, Fernando
    The art critics Fernando Davis and Fernanda Nogueira interview the Uruguayan artist Clemente Padín. The conversation focuses mainly on the artist’s literary work, especially his visual poetry which launched a literary and aesthetic revolutionary [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1240658

  • La performance desde la perspectiva Latinoamericana
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    In this article Clemente Padín discusses the historical development of performance art in Europe and in North America. He also refers to specific examples to describe the nature of this action art as practiced in Latin America. He believes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1240733

  • La pintura en el V Salón de Otoño
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    In this insightful review of the V Salón Municipal de Bellas Artes, the critic Cipriano Vitureira takes for granted that the worldwide political and social events of the early 1940s demand a renewal in both artistic and thematic terms, particularly [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225672

  • La presente revista
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    Joaquín Torres-García wrote this editorial for Círculo y Cuadrado, the journal published by the Asociación de Arte Constructivo de Montevideo that seeks to follow in the footsteps of Cercle et Carré, the magazine co [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1262991

  • La rebelión del objeto
    Torrens, María Luisa
    This article describes the 1967 exhibition about objective art held in Montevideo at the General Electric Institute that included work by Carlos and Enrique Fernández Broglia, Amalia Polleri, Nelson Ramos, Washington Barcala, and Luis Alberto Solari [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247264

  • La segunda exposición anual del C.T.I.U.
    Verdié, Julio, 1900-
    According to the Uruguayan artist Julio Verdié—a member of the board of directors of the C.T.I.U. (Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales delUruguay [Confederation of Intellectual Workers of Uruguay]) founded in Montevideo in 1933, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1212032

  • La Universidad Popular
    Ceruti Crosa, Pedro
    This article discusses the rise of universities of popular education in a situation of political and social crisis in the Oriental Republic of Uruguay. The idea of the popular university looks to experiences in Latin America starting in the late [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1202149

  • Las "acciones" de Teresa Vila
    Vila, Teresa, 1931-2009
    In an artistic “manifesto” published on a flier to be handed out to the audience, Teresa Vila explains the aims of her “action art,” also called “actions with theme,” which had political and media impact in Uruguay in the sixties. Her [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1236324

  • Las industrias artísticas femeninas y la composición ornamental
    Arzadum, Carmelo de, 1888-1968
    In this essay, Uruguayan painter Carmelo de Arzadun advocates providing the women studying manufacturing at the Escuela Industrial N°3 with artistic knowledge. In the 1920s, many important modern painters in Montevideo gave classes at the Escuela [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1230556

  • Las veredas de la Patria Chica. Exposición homenaje a Teresa Vila
    This brief catalogue essay is by Haroldo González, the curator of Las veredas de la Patria Chica, the exhibition that was organized as a tribute to Teresa Vila. The fact that González was an important figure among Uruguayan conceptual artists in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1249835

  • Lo que significa en Nuestro Medio el Salón de Pintura General Electric.
    This essay is about the article describing the opening of the Primer Salón de Pintura General Electric [The First General Electric Art Exhibition Hall] in October of 1963, highlighting the work of IGE (Instituto General Electric [General Electric [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1244873

  • Los desaparecidos no son líneas de omnibus
    Tomsich, Francisco, 1981-
    In this text, artist and essayist Francisco Tomsich interviews Clemente Padín about his artistic career and the performance he did at the Boxing Club de Barrio Sur in Montevideo in 1987 in which he condemned the forced disappearance of individuals [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1240643

  • Los hachepientos del '68
    Torres, Alfredo, 1941-2018
    This article is about the group, led by Clemente Padín, which created the magazine Los Huevos del Plata, a departure from the literary style that was favored in Uruguayan cultural circles in the 1960s. The Uruguayan author’s goal was to present [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1240628

  • Los intelectuales del Uruguay frente a la dictadura
    This essay analyzes the posture taken by the Uruguayan intellectuals when faced with the dictatorship of Gabriel Terra (1931−38). This 1933 coup d’état provoked a shift in the political stance of the intellectuals and particularly of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198778

  • Los muros de Testoni
    In this article the critic Fernando García Esteban honors the photographer Alfredo Testoni, who pioneered an “abstract” painting approach to photography during the hey-day of the abstract and informalist movements in Uruguay [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1248786

  • Los nuevos movimientos de las artes
    Mazzey, Luis, 1895-1983
    The first two pages of this bulletin, published by the CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo), include a wood engraving by the artist Miguel Bresciano along with a notification addressed to members informing them that the next calendar edited by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1182868

  • Nacionalismo y Folklore
    Varèse, Edgard, 1883-1965
    The author of this document, Edgar Varèse, criticizes the exploitation of folklore by “highbrow music.” He agrees that the indigenous spirit of ancient cultures can certainly be a source of inspiration for artists, but considers its manipulation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263070

  • Necesidad de agruparse para la formación de un medio artístico
    Arzadun, Carmelo de, 1888-1968
    Carmelo de Arzadun stresses the importance of creating intellectual groups in Montevideo, explaining that their conversations about their various aesthetic preferences would enrich the debate in local art circles. On the whole, the article does not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263023

  • Nosotros y nuestro ambiente
    San Vicente, J. Luis
    In this article, which appeared in the final number of the magazine Círculo y Cuadrado (December 1943), J. Luis San Vicente discusses the spirit of cooperation among members of the TTG (Taller Torres-García). The writer also provides a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263146

  • Notas editoriales e informativas : Presentación
    In this essay the objectives of the Asociación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores (AIAPE, Association of Intellectuals, Artists, Journalists and Writers) are presented, which, were in line with the French and in accordance with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226398

  • Noticia de D. A. Siqueiros
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    This article quotes comments made by David Alfaro Siqueiros about contemporary art (in 1940) that appeared in the Mexican magazine Romance (a popular magazine in Latin America). Seven years after his visit to the Río de la Plata region, Siqueiros [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223640

  • Nuestro arte constructivo y las teorías cubistas
    Ragni, Héctor, 1897-1952
    This article by Héctor Ragni—one of Joaquín Torres García’s “devout” disciples—reveals the author’s profound understanding of the maestro’s doctrinaire corpus of constructive universalism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263131

  • Optimismo sobre España
    The AIAPE’s magazine published this report on the activities of Olimpia Torres, Joaquín Torres García’s daughter. In late 1936, after the outbreak of the Spanish Civil War, Olimpia was in Madrid with her husband, the Spanish sculptor Díaz [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225185

  • Página de crítica y polémica : Las exposiciones
    Del Cioppo, Atahualpa
    This essay by Atahualpa Del Cioppo, the art critic and theater director, was written as a tribute to the Uruguayan printmaker Leandro Castellanos Balparda on the occasion of the latter’s exhibition at “Amigos del Arte” in Montevideo. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1221503

  • Panorama General de la VI Bienal de Arte de San Pablo
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    In this text, architect and art critic Fernando García Esteban addresses the meaning as well as the repercussions of the sixth São Paulo Biennial. He discusses the problem of the criteria used to allocate awards and the difficulties faced by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233584

  • Perfiles del dibujazo
    Peluffo Linari, Gabriel
    On the occasion of a retrospective exhibition of works by Uruguayan draftsman who were active in the 1960s (a movement that was known as the Dibujazo), Gabriel Peluffo’s essay seeks to place the movement in the relevant socio-political context, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1235833

  • Pintura Mural en América : Síntesis de la conferencia, publicada en "El País"
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    The Argentinean visual artist Antonio Berni frequently visited the city of Montevideo from 1938, producing various exhibitions; in this article, he expressed his social and political vision of mural art, attributing it with a “constructive” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1217622

  • Planeta Video. Muestra Germano-Rioplatense de Video Creación
    In this report, issued in 1992 by NUVA (Núcleo Uruguayo de Videoarte), the Uruguayan video artist Fernando Álvarez Cozzi discusses the origins of latent cultural identities in Latin America and explores the specific nature of video art in Uruguay [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1258641

  • Por qué pertenezco a la asociación de arte constructivo
    Ragni, Héctor, 1897-1952
    In this article, the Argentinean-Uruguayan artist Héctor Ragni expresses his admiration for Joaquín Torres-García’s ideas and work. Ragni lauds the maestro’s motivational skills and recalls the first time he saw his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263007

  • Presencia de Siqueiros en la estética contemporánea
    Pombo, Luis Eduardo
    In this article, Luis Eduardo Pombo reveals himself as the first Uruguayan art critic to ideologically wrap himself in the aesthetics of David Alfaro Siqueiros. Generally, even the commentaries made by those intellectuals closest to the Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1217038

  • Primera nota crítica sobre el XVI Salón Nacional de Artes Plásticas
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    In this text, art critic Fernando García Esteban argues that the organization of the XVI Salón Nacional held in 1962 was “incompetent” and that the art scene reacted to it with “indifference.” The government-run Salón Nacional was an art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233496

  • Programa
    Zum Felde, Alberto, 1889-1976
    In 1927, on the occasion of the first published volume of the magazine La Pluma, the editors outline the basic themes and profiles planned for subsequent editions. Such tenets included an early adherence to the cosmopolitan and eclectic practices [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1196932

  • Reflexiones
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    “Reflexiones” is just that, a collection of thoughts related to the essence of the constructivist doctrine and the concrete strategies to be adopted in an environment that was not particularly receptive to the doctrine. The intent is to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263191

  • Relaciones de los artistas entre ellos-síntesis de las artes plásticas
    Grupo 8 (Uruguay)
    This essay published in June 1959 by Grupo 8 in the Boletín N° 1 de Artes Visuales expresses the desire to create common work spaces for artists working in different techniques in order to cross skills and generate new goals for each area. This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233667