ICAA Researcher: Marina Garcia, Gabriel Peluffo ×
  • [Letter] 1915 Diciembre 1, Terrasa, España [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1915
    In this letter to the writer José Enrique Rodó, Joaquín Torres García discusses the affinity they share for the Greco-Latin tradition, and expresses his wish to be in touch with contemporary Uruguayan art because, though living in Spain at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247404

  • [Letter] 1916 Junio 1, Terrasa, España [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1916
    This letter from Joaquín Torres García to his Uruguayan compatriot, the renowned writer José Enrique Rodó, suggests that both men agreed on the need to encourage the emerging art in their country by exposing young Uruguayan artists to what was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247430

  • [Letter] 1916 Marzo 15 [to] José Enrique Rodó
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    1916
    In this letter, Joaquín Torres-García declares his intention to promote contemporary Uruguayan art to European audiences. The objective is to create a program designed to provide scholarships or grants from the Uruguayan government for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247461

  • [Letter] 1981, Julio 21, São Paulo, Brasil [to] Clemente Padín
    Zanini, Walter, 1925-
    1981
    This is the Brazilian art critic and curator Walter Zanini’s official invitation to Clemente Padín, asking him to take part in the XVI Bienal Internacional de São Paulo, in 1981. The document created a “diplomatic” incident that was solved [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1242138

  • [Manifiesto Grupo Brasileño Maldoror]
    1967
    The magazine Los Huevos del Plata founded in Montevideo by Clemente Padín, published the manifesto of the Brazilian group Maldoror that politically identified itself with revolutionary and antimilitaristic principles that were plainly active during [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243177

  • [Somos mutantes, es decir, vividos...]
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    1966
    In 1965, the original manifesto of the magazine Los Huevos del Plata was an avant-garde platform advocating against Uruguayan cultural dominance by the so-called Generación del ’45, a group of writers who exerted and promoted their strong [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243157

  • Alianza de intelectuales, artistas y escritores bolivianos
    1938
    This article announces the founding of the Bolivian AIAPE (Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores) a few years after the founding of homonymous associations in Argentina and Uruguay. The Bolivian group basically embraced the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225763

  • Apollonio ¿Libertad para qué?
    1964
    Pablo Mañé Garzón discusses some of the thoughts expressed by Umbro Apollonio, the director of the Biennale di Venezia’s Historic Archive of Contemporary Art. The Uruguayan critic refers specifically to the concept of “freedom” that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1248811

  • Aquí, en Montevideo
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    1938
    In this brief essay Joaquín Torres-García outlines the goals he developed at the AAC (Asociación de Arte Constructivo) and explained in the association’s magazine. He describes the difficulties he had in trying to make [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263116

  • Arte correo en el Uruguay
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    1985
    From a Uruguayan perspective, visual artist and performer Clemente Padín discusses the importance of Mail Art in Latin America, as well as the problems it faces. In this article, he explains the origins of Mail Art as a movement for international [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247293

  • Arte de Acción en Latinoamérica : cuerpo político y estrategias de resistencia
    De Gracia, Silvio, 1973-
    2010
    In this essay, critic and performer Silvio de Gracia explains the importance of and provides context for “action art” in Latin America. He demonstrates its specificity in the region, showing how it differs from similar tendencies in Europe and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1240673

  • Arte en las calles
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    1990
    In this essay, the artist and performer Clemente Padín explains the concept of “street art and urban art” following the alternative art exhibition, Tomarte, held in the city of Rosario, Argentina, in April 1990, with the pretense of injecting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243093

  • Arte Folklorico Versus Arte Social, Versus L´Art Pour L´Art
    Halty, Adolfo, 1915-1974
    1943
    In this essay by Adolfo Halty, ideas are espoused about the controversial “social” sense of art and “folkloric art” at a time in Uruguay when debates about the notions of “cultural heritage,” “popular art,” etc., were beginning to be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1217654

  • Arte postal en Latinoamérica
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    1988
    Clemente Padín describes and discusses his vision as a creator and promoter of Mail Art in the 1970s in Uruguay. He approaches the subject from the broad perspective of the movement’s worldwide activities, providing a comparative analysis that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1240703

  • Augusto Rodin
    Mauclair, Camilo
    1920
    The avant-garde journal Los Nuevos was created in Montevideo in 1919 in an attempt to renew the European roots of literary modernism. The first issue contains an article on the life and work of French sculptor Auguste Rodin. The text asserts that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1196229

  • Bases A.I.A.P.E (Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores)
    A.I.A.P.E. (agrupación de intelectuales, artistas, periodistas y escritores - rosario)
    1936
    In this essay, the members of AIAPE (Asociación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores [Association of Intellectuals, Artists, Journalists and Writers]) lays out the basic program structure of the association, emphasizing a class-based [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226697

  • Boletín N°7 Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    1965
    The Club de Grabado de Montevideo’s Boletín N° 7 (June 1965) contains several sections. The first one, “Escuela” [School], describes the growth of the CGM and the need for a team of instructors to educate the Club’s members in printmaking [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1182833

  • Buscando la identidad : encuentro latinoamericano de artes plasticas
    1990
    In this essay, various aspects of the II Encontro Latino-americano de Artes Plásticas [Second Latin American Meeting of the Visual Arts] held in Porto Alegre, Brazil, are summarized, emphasizing the performing artistic practices and the need to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1242413

  • Cae decorado de Berni bajo la piqueta del G.O.U
    1944
    This article reports on the destruction of a theater set made by Antonio Berni at the Teatro del Pueblo in Buenos Aires. The report mentions the situation that artists were facing under the repressive measures of the G.O.U. (a group of Argentinian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225213

  • Cansinos Assens comenta "Estética del Novecientos"
    Cancinos Assens, Rafael
    1928
    The article “Cansinos Assens comenta Estética del Novecientos” is a study on the book Estética del Novecientos by Uruguayan essayist and historian Alberto Zum Felde, who sought to establish cultural views about his country and Latin America [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1197025

  • Club de Grabado de Montevideo a la población de Montevideo
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    1965
    The announcement in the Boletín Nº 10 issued by the CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo, founded in 1953) includes a description of the Club’s organization and means of support, and a reference to its membership in the recently formed Confederaci [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1183124

  • Club de Grabado: desde la crisis con pesar
    Peluffo Linari, Gabriel
    1984
    The crisis and feelings of “remorse” (that, in this case, connotes political impotence) of the 1980s were the result of more than ten years of military dictatorship that had effectively dismantled the network of cultural organizations that had [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1185468

  • Conferencias Culturales : Sobre tópicos de arte decorativo
    Viviani, Sebastián, 1883-
    1920
    This 1920 article by Sebastián Viviani was published in Trabajo, a periodical that was a vehicle for the Consejo Superior de la Enseñanza Industrial in Uruguay. The text is a summary of the lecture given by sculptor Antonio Pena—who taught [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1230583

  • Consideraciones sobre aspectos de la enseñanza del dibujo
    Rodríguez, Guillermo, 1889-1959
    1920
    In this 1920 article published in Trabajo, a conduit for the Escuela de Industrias, painter and printmaker Guillermo Rodríguez places emphasis on the practical nature of drawing instruction at industrial schools—an approach advocated by the Unión [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1230412

  • Cultura de liberación
    Grompone, Antonio, 1893-1965
    1936
    This essay is on the author of the speech delivered at the Ateneo de Montevideo, Antonio Miguel Grompone, on “the culture of liberation,” where he highlights the cultural and political importance of the “peoples” universities or adult [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226424

  • Cultura en el orden internacional
    Oribe, Emilio, 1893-1975
    1939
    In the early twentieth century, Europe—which had, until that time, been Latin America’s cultural referent par excellence—was deeply immersed in a devastating socio-economic crisis brought about as a result of the First World War. Fascism and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223996

  • Declaración de principios de la C.T.I.U
    Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay
    1934
    A manifesto of sorts, this article expands on the statement of principles voiced by the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay (CTIU) in its first publication, the journal Aportación. The text is an extended exposition of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198763

  • Declaración de principios de la C.T.I.U
    Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay
    1933
    The Union of Visual Artists was part of the structure of the C.T.I.U. (Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay [Confederation of Intellectual Workers of Uruguay]) federation created in Montevideo at the request of David Alfaro [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1216968

  • Declaración de principios de la Unión de Plásticos
    Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay
    1933
    The declaration of principles of the Visual Arts Union were in fact taken and inscribed from the general declaration of the C.T.I.U. (Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales del Uruguay [Confederation of Intellectual Workers of Uruguay]). This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1216999

  • Del Círculo de Bellas Artes
    1935
    In this essay, the students at the Montevideo Círculo de Bellas Artes vilify the critical situation affecting the institution due to cuts in state subsidies. The publication Movimiento incited the students to fight for restoring quality in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1211356

  • Dictadura o clamoreo en el Uruguay
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    1994
    Here Clemente Padín sketches a retrospective of his life as an artist—he was an experimental poet, graphic designer, performer, and networker—during the Uruguayan military-civilian dictatorship (that lasted from the June 27, 1973 coup d’état [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1240688

  • Dos años en una tarea
    Kalenberg, Angel
    1965
    This informational brochure was written by Ángel Kalenberg, the director of the IGE (Instituto General Electric) in Montevideo, founded in 1963. The brochure describes the various objectives and activities of the institute that had been carried out [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1182268

  • Educación y diseño industrial
    Tomeo, Humberto, 1933-1996
    1964
    In this article, written in 1964, Humberto Tomeo, an educator and visual artist, underscores the importance of industrial design in the modern world, and its impact on pedagogical aspects of art instruction in secondary education. The author refers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233713

  • El arte naturalista y el arte geométrico
    Torres-García, Joaquín, 1874-1949
    1937
    This article, “El arte naturalista y el arte geométrico,” includes a discussion of Joaquín Torres-García’s main theoretical ideas. Here he restates his metaphysically-inspired philosophical approach and his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263101

  • El arte y la democracia
    Blanco Acevedo, Eduardo, 1884-1971
    1941
    Eduardo Blanco Acevedo was ideologically conservative and participated in the 1933 coup d’état of Gabriel Terra. During the elections of 1946, he self-directed the “blancoacevedismo” movement, a major force of conservative ideology within [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1218530

  • El artista debe ser un obrero de la idea
    Baroffio, Orestes, 1879-1963
    1935
    By illustrating the work of the Peruvian artist Cossio del Pomar, the author exposes his concept of the artist as “the laborer of the idea,” a cultural humanistic model and an agent in pursuit of new forms of social consciousness. In a way, this [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1212069

  • El artista latinoamericano en relación al encuentro de dos mundos
    Sindicato Uruguayo de Artistas Plásticos
    1991
    This text is the manifesto of Latin American art issued by the Sindicato Uruguayo de Artistas Plásticos (SUAP) in 1991, after the Primer Congreso de Arte Hispanoamericano held in La Paz, Bolivia. It addresses issues facing the region as a whole, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1236260

  • El Círculo de Bellas Artes y su acción docente 1905-1938.
    Círculo de Bellas Artes ( Caracas, Venezuela)
    1938
    This text provides an overview of the work of the Círculo de Bellas Artes school in Montevideo, which was founded in 1905—thirty-three years before this report was published. The text describes the consistent quality of teaching in different [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1231073

  • El constructivismo : muerte y nacimiento de un momento histórico
    Castillo, Guido, 1922-2010
    1943
    In this brief article, written in a colloquial, essay style, Guido Castillo expresses the hope that the essence of modern art will be reborn from its own ashes in both the emblematic figure of Joaquín Torres-García and in Universalismo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263176

  • El fracaso de la "Casa del Arte"
    1928
    The article “El fracaso de la Casa de Arte” argues the reasons why the institution was forced to close its doors shortly after it was founded. By the end of the 1920s, Uruguayan artists had established close ties with the government promoting [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1197600

  • El hombre, una incógnita
    Carrel, Alexis, 1873-1944
    1937
    This is an excerpt from the book L’Homme, cet inconnu [Man, the Unknown] by the French scientist Alexis Carrel, which appeared in issue Number 5 of Círculo y Cuadrado, the magazine published by the Asociación de Arte Constructivo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1263085

  • El II Salón de Pintura Moderna del Instituto "General Electric"
    1965
    This essay is on the informative publication by the newspaper El Plata on the II Salón de Pintura Moderna [Second Hall of Modern Art], organized in Montevideo by the IGE (Instituto General Electric [General Electric Institute]). It is with regard to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1244790

  • El mensaje de A. Berni
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    1938
    This essay notes the bonds of friendship and ideological affinity that existed between the multifaceted Antonio Berni, whose paintings are steeped in realism and social awareness, and his fellow travelers in Uruguay. This friendship between the AIAPE [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223596

  • El XV Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas
    Grupo Toledo Chico (Canelones, Uruguay)
    1966
    Published in 1966 by the Grupo Toledo Chico, the essay “El XV Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas” is a far-reaching criticism of the Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas—its organization, bylaws, and administrative and social policy—after [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1193049

  • Exposición de "La Casa del Arte"
    Zum Felde, Alberto, 1888-
    1928
    This is an essay written by Alberto Zum Felde, the director of the magazine La Pluma (Montevideo, 1927−31), in which he describes “La Casa de Arte” (a cultural center created at the initiative of the Uruguayan minister of public education in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1197009

  • Figari filósofo, pintor, poeta
    Roustan, Désire, 1873-1941; Ardao, Arturo, 1912-2003
    1960
    Revista Nacional was a quarterly journal published by the Academia Nacional de Letras del Uruguay [National Academy of Letters]. This article refers to one of the most important figures in the intellectual history of the River Plate [region], Pedro [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1218493

  • Fuera del Salón Oficial : una obra de la Pintora María Rosa de Ferrari
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    1938
    In the 1930s the ideological frictions sparked in intellectual circles by the dictatorial government of Gabriel Terra were not just a local problem; they were a reflection of the global conflict presaged by the unstoppable advance of fascism, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1221528

  • Ha muerto Felipe Seade lloran las paredes blancas
    Grupo Toledo Chico (Canelones, Uruguay)
    1969
    This essay describes the merits of Chilean-Uruguayan artist Felipe Seade, an advocate of social realism, and harshly criticizes all of those who hindered his career. The frictions between practitioners of social realism and those who disdained it on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1193080

  • Hachepiencia
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-; Paz, Hector; Linares, Juan José
    1966
    This essay is on “Hachepiencia,” the manifesto produced by the Uruguayan group Los hachepientos, which was formed by Clemente Padín, Héctor Paz, and Juan José Linares. The principal objectives of the group were outlined in the manifesto [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243133

  • Hacia el arte revolucionario
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    1934
    This article by Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui formed part of the early debates in the leftist press in Uruguay on the relationship between art and politics, debates that largely ensued in the publication of the Confederación de Trabajadores Intelectuales [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1198856