ICAA Researcher: Maria Elena Huizi×
  • ¿Por qué explicar el arte?
    Cruz-Diez, Carlos
    1989
    In this brief essay, the second in his book Reflexión sobre el color (1989), Carlos Cruz-Diez enumerates the reasons he has decided to rationalize and to explain art. He even expounds on the methods he uses in his creative thought and the aims of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857038

  • ¿Por qué una reflexión sobre el color?
    Cruz-Diez, Carlos
    1989
    In this essay, Carlos Cruz-Diez discusses the socio-cultural factors that condition perception of color—the reason for his interest in engaging in theoretical reflection on the topic. In his view, for the general public as well as for the artistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857817

  • ¿Quién sabiendo cantar no ha cantado la Rosa?
    Benko, Susana
    1982
    In this essay, which appeared in the catalogue for Veinte disecciones (Caracas: Museo de Bellas Artes, 1982), the exhibition of works by Roberto Obregón, the researcher Susana Benko reflects on cultural symbols, conventions, and codes and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1080932

  • "De nuevo" Los Disidentes
    González Bogen, Carlos
    1950
    In this brief review Carlos González Bogen, a member of the Los Disidentes group, adopts a rather critical tone to discuss the negative aspects of an anonymous newspaper report—“De nuevo Los Disidentes,” published in the Márgenes column in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813667

  • "Performances" en la Galería de Arte Nacional
    Flores, Elsa
    1981
    In this article, Elsa Flores comments on the performances of a group of “action-language artists” gathered by the actor, Marco Antonio Ettedgui, who is also a performance artist. Together, they designed and presented their plans at the Galería [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1055962

  • "Quiero que me vean con los ojos, no con los codos" : Eugenio Espinoza en la orla del arte
    Wisotzki, Rubén
    1992
    In this interview, the journalist Rubén Wisotzki asks Eugenio Espinoza about Orla, the exhibition presented at the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo Sofía Imber in Caracas, in 1993. The Venezuelan artist believes that the exhibition was a moment for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866278

  • "reticularea" de Gego
    Briceño, Pedro
    1969
    Published in the magazine Imagen in 1969, this article by sculptor and teacher Pedro Briceño takes the reader into the universe of Gego’s Reticulárea. Briceño points out that Gego is an architect as well as an artist, and then describes the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150083

  • “Visibilia” en el punto neutro de la figuración
    Chacón, Alfredo, 1937-
    1982
    ‘Visibilia’ en el punto neutro de la figuración is Alfredo Chacón’s essay about Visibilia, the graphic designer Gerd Leufert’s exhibition at the Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, in 1966. Chacón approaches his review from a comfortable, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160567

  • [Creo plenamente en la figuración…]
    Obregón, Roberto
    1967
    In this brief text that appeared in the catalogue of Roberto Obregón’s second solo exhibition held in Caracas at Galería XX2 (1967), the artist presents a creed-like manner in expressing his convictions about art and life, and also commenting on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1063124

  • [Cuando miro algo...]
    Nedo, 1926-2001
    1973
    In this brief prologue to the catalogue of his exhibition Nedo: Reversámbitos held at the Museo de Bellas Artes in Caracas in 1973, Italian-born Venezuelan designer and artist Nedo [Mion Ferrario] describes his experience of space in terms of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102237

  • [El arte es una estructura compleja]
    Cruz-Diez, Carlos
    1989
    This is the preface of a book by Carlos Cruz-Diez, Reflexiones sobre el color (1989) in which the Venezuelan Kinetic artist uses short sentences to set forth the definitions and basic concepts of the art he creates. He also discusses the condition of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 857019

  • [El folleto "Los Disidentes" tiene por mision esencial dar testimonio ...]
    1950
    [This text is] the first issue of Los Disidentes (Paris, 1950) magazine, in which [the group] explains succinctly the “essential mission” of the eponymous magazine and the “immediate aim” which they are pursuing with this initial publication [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813779

  • [Hoy, cuando analizo mi trabajo de los últimos tres años...]
    Espinoza, Eugenio, 1950-
    1988
    This preface was written by the artist for the catalogue of his own exhibition Eugenio Espinoza: 1985–1988 at the Galería Tito Salas in Caracas (1988). Here the artist writes an analytical review of the ideas that govern the art he has produced in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101730

  • [La historia de las escuelas de arte...]
    Gego
    1964
    Gego—who was an art teacher as well as an artist—wrote “The History of Art Schools” by hand in Spanish in around 1964. In it, she claims that that history is parallel to the creative development of an individual and of his specific works. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159154

  • [Letter] 1969 December 23, New York [to] Rachel Conkright
    Catlin, Stanton L. (Stanton Loomis)
    1969
    This letter-report, dated December 23, 1969, was originally written in English by Stanton L. Catlin, an American curator and director of the Center for Inter-American Relations Art Gallery, New York, to Rachel Conkright, Gego’s gallerist in Caracas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107344

  • [Letter] 1969 September 17, Granada Hills, CA [to] Gego
    Weddle, Ruth
    1969
    This is a personal letter written to the Venezuelan artist originally from Germany, Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994), from her friend, Ruth Weddle. Weddle was an editor who was Gego’s classmate at the Tamarind Lithography Workshop in San [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150101

  • [Letter] 1970 January 10, New York [to] Stanton L. Catlin
    Moholy- Nagy, Sibyl, 1903-1971
    1970
    [This document is] a letter written in English by the architecture professor Sibyl Moholy-Nagy to Stanton L. Catlin, director of the art gallery at the Center for Inter-American Relations in New York, dated January 10, 1970. She writes to say that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149264

  • [Letter] 1970 January 26, New York [to] David Bronheim
    Rockefeller, David, 1915-
    1970
    This is a letter written by the American entrepreneur and patron, David Rockefeller, to David Bronheim, president of the Center for Inter-American Relations, New York, on January 26, 1970. The letter thanked Bronheim for the good time he had on the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150119

  • [Letter] 1970 January 5, Caracas, Venezuela [to] Todt
    Gego
    1970
    This letter, written in English by Gego (Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994), a Venezuelan artist of German origin, was sent to Stanton L. Catlin, director of the Center for Inter-American Relations Art Gallery, New York, in 1970; it addresses specific [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107360

  • [Letter] 1970 January 7, New York
    Catlin, Stanton L. (Stanton Loomis)
    1970
    In this letter dated January 7, 1970, Stanton L. Catlin, an American curator and director of the Center for Inter-American Relations Art Gallery, New York, invites a limited number of people to a private viewing of a work, Reticulárea, by Gego; [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1107328

  • [Letter] 1972 July 21, Caracas, Venezuela [to] James Harithas
    Gego
    1972
    This letter written in English by Gego, a Venezuelan artist of German origin, is addressed to Mr. James Harithas, director of the Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, New York. Dated July 21, 1972, the letter states that despite her enthusiasm, Gego must [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148350

  • [Letter] 1974 July 18, Caracas, Venezuela [to] Mrs. Blumberg
    Gego
    1974
    This letter written by Gego in English is addressed to Mrs. Sandra Trop Blumberg, executive director of the Everson Museum of Art, Syracuse, New York. In it, Gego acknowledges receipt of Blumberg’s letter, dated July 3, and informs her that she [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148329

  • [Letter] 1974, May 7, Syracuse, New York [to] Gego
    Catlin, Stanton L. (Stanton Loomis)
    1974
    In this letter written in English and dated May 7, 1974, Stanton L. Catlin informs Gego that he has been named a professor of art, and director of the galleries at Syracuse University, New York. He states that he will also be collaborating with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159018

  • [Letter] 1982 December 17, Arbach, Germany [to] Gego
    Hönig, Peter
    1982
    This document is a handwritten letter in German to Gego from the German photographer Peter Hönig, dated December 17, 1982, which concerns the photographs of the Reticulárea (1982) that Gego installed in a room at the Alte Oper building in Frankfurt [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159401

  • [Letter] 1982 October 15, [Frankfurt] [to] Gego
    Thiel, Christian
    1982
    This document is a letter written to Gego in German by the architect, Christian Thiel, from Frankfurt on October 15, 1982. After a short introduction, Thiel talks about his nostalgia for Reticulárea, installed in the Alte Oper [Old Opera Building], [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149282

  • [Letter] 1983 September 16, Frankfurt [to] Gego
    Thiel, Christian
    1983
    This document is a letter written to Gego in German by the architect, Christian Thiel, from Frankfurt on September 16, 1983. Thiel tells Gego of the discovery he made while he was reading an essay entitled “Rhizome,” written by the French [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149300

  • [Los nuevos conceptos y experiencias que se realizan en la actualidad...]
    Cruz-Diez, Carlos
    1960
    This is a text written by Carlos Cruz-Diez for his 1960 exhibition Fisicromías y Color Aditivo held in Caracas. Under the title “Un nuevo concepto del color,” the writer includes one paragraph from an essay by Fernando Álvarez Sabater “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 856961

  • [No puedo dejar de destacar la importancia de este encuentro...]
    Berni, Antonio, 1905-1981
    1978
    This is Antonio Berni’s critical review of Latin American art during the last ten years, in which he identifies other problems that, in his opinion, “are still ignored by the critics.” The Argentinean visual artist refers to categories and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815659

  • [Pronto hará ocho años que Carlos Cruz-Diez...] = [Voici bientôt huit ans que Carlos Cruz-Diez]
    Clay, Jean
    1966
    In this essay, Jean Clay reviews Fisicromías, the series of works by Carlos Cruz-Diez, and analyzes them from various perspectives. Clay discusses the evolution of the artist’s techniques, examining them through a prism of aesthetic principles. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 858602

  • [Si gente preguntan por los influencias...] [sic]
    Gego
    In this manuscript, Gego explains what she would say if people asked her about the influences on her work, especially during the 1960s and 1970s. She states that so far she would rather leave the responses to “historians and scholars.” She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159219

  • [Vivir quiere decir dejar huellas …]
    Flores, Elsa
    1979
    This article, written by Elsa Flores for Fotografía anónima en Venezuela—the exhibition organized by Claudio Perna at the GAN (Galería de Arte Nacional) in 1979—is divided into three parts. In the first part, Flores discusses the origins of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1063156

  • 80 : una versión disparatada
    Zerpa, Carlos, 1950-
    1990
    This document is an article by artist Carlos Zerpa in which he critiques the opinions historian Mariana Figarella offered in her essay “Los años ochenta. Panorama de una década” on the evolution of his career, the content of his work, and his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1051973

  • Abstraction, organism, apparatus : notes of the penetrable structure in the work of Lygia Clark, Gego, and Mira Schendel
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2010
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas discusses the typology of Latin American modern art that is designed “to be penetrated” by the viewer, based on an analysis of major works by three Latin American women artists: Brazilians Lygia Clark and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159688

  • Accrochage y algo más
    Espinoza, Eugenio, 1950-
    1991
    In this essay Eugenio Espinoza names nine artists (himself included) who, in his opinion, have distinguished themselves in the field of contemporary art as being creators of a body of work that “is neither art nor anti-art, but something in between [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 866188

  • Alejandro Otero
    1949
    The catalogue for the exhibition Alejandro Otero, presented at the Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas, (which opened on January 30, 1949) contains four texts, three photographic reproductions of works and a reproduction of a photographic portrait of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850732

  • Alejandro Otero en el Salón de las Américas de la Unión Panamericana
    Gómez Sicre, José
    1949
    This article by José Gómez-Sicre is on Alejandro Otero’s exhibition held at the Pan-American Union in Washington, D.C., in 1948. On that occasion, the artist showcased his well-known series Las Cafeteras at the OAS’s Salón de las Américas [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813709

  • Alfred Wenemoser
    Blanco, Lourdes
    1984
    In this essay, which was published on the occasion of the Cincoincidentes exhibition organized by the Museo de Barquisimeto in 1984, the curator Lourdes Blanco discusses the Viennese training of the Austrian artist who lived in Venezuela, Alfred [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097390

  • Alternativas para un arte masivo : esa es la proposición de la muestra de fotocopias de un grupo de artistas en la librería Cruz del Sur, en lo que consideran la búsqueda de un nuevo mensaje
    1978
    This (unsigned) article is a review of the exhibition of photocopies produced by the artists María Zabala, Roberto Obregón, Diego Rísquez, Joe, Lorenzo Berman, Sigfredo Chacón, Héctor Fuenmayor, and Claudio Perna. The exhibition was held at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1068383

  • Ambientaciones de Gego y de Cruz Diez, múltiples de Soto
    Ras (Eduardo Robles Piquer)
    1969
    The review by Ras (Eduardo Robles Piquer), published in the Revista Nacional de Cultura [National Cultural Review], Caracas, July/August/September 1969, comments on the most important cultural events of the month. It starts out with two exhibitions: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159975

  • Amigos = Friends
    Barboza, Diego, 1945-
    1976
    In this editorial, published in the second issue of the bilingual magazine Buzón de Arte/Arte de Buzón, the Venezuelan artist Diego Barboza—who was the director and editor of the magazine—describes the issue, explaining that it includes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102014

  • Anacronismo e irresponsabilidad
    Navarro, Pascual, 1923-1985
    1950
    This is an article by Venezuelan painter and member of Los Disidentes, Pascual Navarro, in which he responds to a series of accusations made by the realist painter Pedro León Castro in 1949 against the young artists from the same country that were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813751

  • Análogo simultáneo (sobre los objetos de Armando Reverón)
    Balza, José
    1983
    In this essay, as he discusses the collection of objects created by Armando Reverón, the Venezuelan writer José Balza considers different socio-political ideas about the role played by objects in society and their function as cultural building [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157190

  • Antonieta Sosa: Antropometrías de la casa
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    2000
    In this essay about Cas(A)nto, the installation by Antonieta Sosa at the Museo de Bellas Artes, Caracas, Luis Enrique Pérez-Oramas describes the Venezuelan artist as the heir to the Latin American Abstract-Constructive tradition, and a member of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1157705

  • Apreciados Señore..." [Delpre C.A., Unidad Comercial, La Florida]. Gego. Letter to Delpre C.A.
    Gego
    1972
    This document is a typewritten letter from Gego to Delpre C.A., Unidad Comercial La Florida, Caracas, dated June 10, 1972; it is addressed specifically to the architecture firm Siso, Shaw and Associates. In the letter, Gego informs the architects [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159169

  • Armando Reverón
    Diehl, Gastón, 1912-
    1951
    Starting with a poetic image—the work of Reverón made manifest through the “miracle of Reverón”—the French diplomat Gastón Diehl discusses three fundamental aspects of the artist whom he describes in a manner that is almost supernatural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808691

  • Armando Reverón
    Planchart, Enrique, 1894-1953
    1951
    Published in the catalogue for the first retrospective of Armando Reverón, which took place in Caracas in 1951, critic Enrique Planchart discusses the characteristics of Reverón’s “complex and changeable” personality. He describes the artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808725

  • Armando Reverón o la voluptuosidad en la pintura
    1955
    This is the main text from the catalogue for the retrospective on Armando Reverón, which took place at the Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas in 1955. In it, critic Alfredo Boulton proposes to study the artist’s work by dividing it into periods [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 808768

  • Armando Reverón y el arte moderno
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    1992
    In his essay, “Reverón y el arte moderno,” Luis Pérez-Oramas suggests that Reverón found his own way to modernism in his painting as a result of the exhaustion of Figuration, independently of the most noted modern artists of the twentieth [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155426

  • Arte correo : Una nueva etapa en el proceso revolucionario de la creación
    Vigo, Edgardo Antonio
    1976
    This document is an article by Argentinean communication theorist Edgardo Antonio Vigo, published in the second issue of the magazine Buzón de Arte/Arte de Buzón (Venezuela, 1976). After offering some thoughts on the art market in relation to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102031

  • Arte de acción y participación [selección]
    Popper, Frank, 1918-
    2001
    This document is a Spanish version of excerpts from the book Art-Action and Participation (1975) by Czech scholar Frank Popper, translated into Spanish by Alejandro Useche for the exhibition Diego Barboza: El festín de la nostalgia,presented in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097438