ICAA Researcher: Marco Andrade×
  • Dos carimbos à bolha
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    Aracy Amaral believes that the focus on daily life and reality undertaken by US Pop art woke up young Brazilian artists to the myths and symbols of the consumer society. In her opinion, the Brazilian hall at the IX Bienal de São Paulo shows that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110665

  • Entre a imagem e o conceito = Between the image and the concept
    Nunes, Benedito, 1929-
    Writer and essayist Benedito Nunes, who was associated with the Universidade Federal do Pará (UFPa), wrote this text about an exhibition of work by Emmanuel Nassar. In it, he argues that twentieth-century painting entails two major gestures: a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111268

  • Entrevista - depoimento
    Zanini, Walter, 1925-
    In this interview, Professor Walter Zanini assesses his role supporting artistic expressions that make use of the new media during his tenure as director of the Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo (MAC-USP). Even during a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111244

  • Etsedron II
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    In Aracy Amaral’s view, the debate around the Etsedron group could give rise to reflection on a Latin American aesthetic insofar as it entails an expressionistic and primitivistic interpretation of reality from an environmental perspective. Amaral [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111219

  • Exposition de V. do Rego Monteiro, Galerie Fabre, Paris, 1925 = Exposição de V. do Rego Monteiro, Galeria Fabre, Paris, 1925
    Raynal, Maurice
    The French art critic Maurice Raynal believes there is an innovative school of art in Brazil that is based on an intellectual aesthetic. The painter Vicente do Rego Monteiro is a member of that group. Raynal explains that Rego Monteiro, an artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785135

  • Flávio 1 2 3 : louco lunático infantil
    Sangirardi Júnior
    In this essay Sangirardi Jr. writes about Flávio de Carvalho. The author mentions eccentric aspects of the artist’s career, such as his controversial utopian expeditions and his bizarre ideas. Contrary to what most people think, all these very [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110717

  • Foto conceitual
    Yamagishi, Harumi
    This text by Harumi Yamagishi provides information about artistic research in photography, a study undertaken by Roberto Okumura, who thinks that photography is, first and foremost, a support of ideas. In addition, photography is mentioned as a means [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110872

  • Fotografia abstrata? (Conclusão)
    Koranyi, João
    In João Koranyi’s view, the term “abstract photograph” contains a contradiction: the optical process that the camera itself entails is based on the objective reproduction of the object. Abstraction can be obtained without recourse to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110874

  • Frida Baranek
    Salzstein, Sônia
    Sônia Salzstein argues that the sculpture of Frida Baranek is linked to production from the seventies geared to artistic innovation, production that attempted to go beyond the dilemma between Brazilian roots and submission to international [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111286

  • HIRSCH : fugitivo do Brasil, malgré soi
    Bardi, P. M. (Pietro Maria), 1900-1999
    Pietro Maria Bardi discusses the alarming number of Brazilians leaving the country, specifically mentioning Eugênio Hirsch, who had worked as a graphic artist in Rio de Janeiro, and was in Madrid working as the art director of a collection of books [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111195

  • Ho rio 18 julho 1978 CG
    Oiticica, Hélio, 1937-1980
    Hélio Oiticica’s introduction to the work of Regina Vater takes the form of a visual poem; he discusses her exploration of extreme experimental situations which seek to solve the dead end question concerning “the why” of a work of art. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110547

  • Introdução
    Zanini, Walter, 1925-
    The critic and curator Walter Zanini introduces the exhibition Prospectiva ‘74, and presents a broad overview of the languages used by the new media. He places the works based on multiple channels of technological communication on a level with [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110588

  • Inventário do nosso feudalismo cultural
    Britto, Jomard Muniz de; Fernandes, Anchieta, 1939-; Cirne, Moacyr; Veloso, Caetano; Gil, Gilberto; Guimarães, Aristides; Marconi, Celso; ANDRADE, Marcus Vinícius de; Aranha, Carlos Antonio; Córdula, Raul, 1943-; Varela, Dailor; Gurgel, Alexis; Silva, Falves da
    This manifesto voices a radical position on Brazil and its reality, and openly opposes the picturesque vision of Brazilian culture that, perhaps unwittingly, furthers underdevelopment. The signers of the document advocate the elimination of cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111421

  • Ivan Serpa : "o artista já não pode fechar-se em si mesmo"
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-; Serpa, Ivan
    The critic Ferreira Gullar interviews the artist Ivan Serpa, who thinks that painting represents the contradictions of his contemporary world, which builds devices that are designed to destroy and others that allow mankind to float around in outer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110374

  • Juventude e cinema
    Llorente, Eduardo
    In this article, the author draws the reader’s attention to the survival of cinema following the advent of television and mass media. According to Eduardo Llorente, the cinema is both a pure art and one of the visual arts. He recalls that one night [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110875

  • La invención de un pasado
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    This anthology analyzes and juxtaposes the contradictions and similarities found among architectural styles in the Americas in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. There is an attempt to reconstruct a “nonexistent” past by means of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776202

  • Lotus : lito-objeto do ready-made mineiro
    Maurício, Jayme
    Journalist Jayme Maurício asserts that there is a non-dogmatic renovation underway in printmaking, especially in lithography. He describes how Minas Gerais-based artist Lotus Lobo appropriates drawings and images of industrial products in an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110484

  • Luiz Henrique Schwanke
    Araujo, Adalice
    In this article, the art critic Adalice Araújo reviews the work of Luiz Henrique Schwanke and provides an outline of his career. His work attracted attention in the 1970s because of its links to Conceptual art and its subsequent alignment with the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111247

  • Marca litográfica
    Gusmão, Luciano, 1943-2003
    In this text, Luciano Gusmão explains how artist Lotus Lobo appropriates industrial lithography common in the state of Minas Gerais in the first half of the 20th century. Lobo employs old print stones used for the packaging of butter, animal fat, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110485

  • Materiais insólitos, desde o dadaísmo até a pop-art
    Vieira, José Geraldo, 1897-1977
    The critic José Geraldo Vieira contemplates the inclusion of unusual materials in easel paintings instead of inks and pigments. He discusses the possibility of including glued-on paper, based on the Cubist trend, given the popular customs of that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110837

  • Max Bill critica a nossa moderna arquitetura
    Aquino, Flávio de
    Flávio de Aquino interviewed Swiss artist and architect Max Bill during his visit to Brazil. In the interview, Bill expresses his reservations about the Ministério da Educação e Saúde (MES) building—a watershed in Brazilian modern architecture [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091637

  • Max Bill e a arquitetura brasileira vistos por Lucio Costa : oportunidade perdida
    Costa, Lúcio
    Lúcio Costa discusses Max Bill’s lecture, the text of which was published in Habitat magazine. It was a controversial article that prompted a great deal of discussion at the time. Costa highlights the differences he sees in modern Brazilian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110331

  • Mineiros no Centro Cultural
    Ramiro, Mario
    In this text, Mario Ramiro comments on Construção Selvagem, a show of artists from Minas Gerais held at the Centro Cultural São Paulo. The author asserts that by bringing together various artists, group shows give rise to reflection and illustrate [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111283

  • Notas a lapis sobre um pintor indiferente
    Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987
    Gilberto Freyre describes his visit to the visual artist Vicente do Rego Monteiro’s studio in Paris. Freyre acknowledges the artist’s talent and independence, and disagrees with the “Futurist” label with which he has been tagged by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 785071

  • Notas de um processo em processo sem intenção de lápide
    Váter, Regina Maria da Mota
    The Brazilian artist Regina Vater describes how works of art are “idealized.” She explains that her work explores the articulation of the word and its mental image in an attempt to criticize the manipulation of “art” in the commercial world. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110548

  • Novas tendências e nova figuração
    Cordeiro, Waldemar, 1925-1973
    This open letter from Waldemar Cordeiro to José Geraldo Vieira is a response to an article by Vieira published in the magazine HABITAT. The main issue addressed is the emergence of Nova Figuração in reaction to the dilemma between abstraction and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110840

  • Novos mineiros no Galpão
    Sebastião, Walter
    Walter Sebastião describes the activities at the group studio (located in a shed in Belo Horizonte) where eight young contemporary artists work together. They all explore different techniques and languages, but share a preference for a density of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111287

  • O antidocumentário, provisoriamente
    Omar, Arthur
    In this essay, filmmaker Arthur Omar makes the argument that documentaries, although dependent on fictional cinematography, are commercially produced and are generally geared toward the masses. Between the experimental avant-garde and the progressive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111235

  • O arquiteto, a arquitetura, a sociedade
    Bill, Max
    Max Bill here offers his critique of modern Brazilian architecture based on four elements that in his judgment form the basis of a “modern academic concern” in architecture: free and organic form, glass, brise-soleil, and concrete pile [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110329

  • O artista que vai e o que fica na América Latina
    This article discusses a text by Argentine painter Luis Felipe Noé in which he asserts that the responsibility of Latin American artists begins when they leave the region to become part of the international art scene. While Noé [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111181

  • O desenho industrial e a realidade brasileira
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    Frederico Morais calls for the rapid development of industry and industrial products, and stresses the need for a type of industrial design that reflects Brazilian reality. In this article, the critic discusses some of the ideas expressed in his book [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110472

  • O dilema figuração - abstração
    Vieira, José Geraldo, 1897-1977
    José Geraldo Vieira makes a distinction between figurative and abstract trends in art, wondering if this is an issue of criticism or perception. He hypothesizes that the saturation of aesthetic models—along with a simultaneity of approaches—is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110841

  • O espaço do mito
    Fabris, Annateresa
    On the basis of a reading of Carl Jung, Annateresa Fabris argues that there are two distinct types of artists: introverts and extroverts. She places Brazilian Wesley Duke Lee in the second category, which includes artists that lose themselves in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111035

  • O fechamento duma galeria paulista : rex : bandeira arriada
    This is a report on the closing of Rex Gallery & Sons in 1967, a sad event due to the importance of that venue for Brazilian art from the sixties; the gallery played an important role in the struggle against a form of abstraction that no longer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111185

  • O feitiço contra o feiticeiro
    Jordão, Vera Pacheco
    This article by Vera Pacheco Jordão questions the procedures followed at the Congresso Internacional de Críticos de Arte in 1959, a publicly funded event that brought foreign guests working in the cultural sphere to Brazil. The author condemns the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110411

  • O Freud de Cascadura
    Duarte, B. J. (Benedito Junqueira)
    Benedito Junqueira Duarte arranges the scattered memories of his cinematographic career in his book Caçadores de Imagens. In the chapter “The Freud of Cascadura,” Duarte mentions that the Primer Clube de Cinema in São Paulo was started in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111016

  • O ponto alto
    Schenberg, Mário
    Mário Schenberg believes that the exhibition Propostas 65 marks a high point in the debate about Brazilian art and reflects the shift (in taste) from Abstraction to Realism, and thus emphasizes the impact of advertising images which, in his opinion [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090461

  • O popular como matriz
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    Aracy Amaral explains that since the early twentieth century, fine artists from Latin America in search of their cultural roots have taken an interest in the themes and formal usage of popular expression. The examples she cites include Tarsila do [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110503

  • O testamento tripartido de Max Bill
    Corona, Eduardo, 1921-
    As a complement to the lecture offered by Max Bill (in June 1953 and published shortly thereafter in the magazine HABITAT), Eduardo Coronado offers a defense of Brazilian architecture. He refers to the Swiss architect’s presumption to express a “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110330

  • O trópico entrópico de Tropicália
    Chamie, Mário
    In this text, Mário Chamie distinguishes the Tropicalism of sociologist Gilberto Freyre from the Tropicália of singer-songwriter Caetano Veloso using the different postures of their native states, Pernambuco and Bahia respectively, in relation to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075019

  • Opinião 65
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    According to the art and literary critic, Ferreira Gullar, the exhibition Opinião 65 is unquestionably an important event with the potential to revitalize the stagnant state of the visual arts. The fact that artists can once again express their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090530

  • Os carimbos de Carmela
    Zanini, Walter, 1925-
    In this essay, Walter Zanini expresses his opinion of Carmela Gross’s work, highlighting that after supporting in spirit a precise constructive phase, her artistic research has come to a threshold between sign and writing. In her previous works, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110666

  • Os limites da denúncia
    Ferro, Sérgio
    Architect and artist Sérgio Ferro confronts the process of nationalization then underway within the context of Pop Art, which can be seen as a movement of “young painters” in Brazil, while also exposing the contradictions of this stance that, in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 771159

  • Partes para um ensaio (d’après Baravelli)
    Araújo, Olívio Tavares de
    In this text, Olívio Tavares de Araújo presents the retrospective exhibition of Luiz Paulo Baravelli. While the basis for Baravelli’s proposal is coherent and free, Tavares de Araújo acknowledges the importance of intuition in its formulation. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111204

  • Projeto de trabalho: História da arte moderna na América Latina (1780-1990)
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    This essay discusses the discipline of Latin American art history. In the author’s opinion, there are two types of art history: one of them was created by independent researchers and universities throughout the Americas. The other was developed by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776227

  • Quasares : quase estrelas
    Belluzzo, Ana Maria
    In this text, Ana Maria Belluzzo analyzes the graphic exhibition Quásares, by Carmela Gross, focusing her argument from the point of view of the observer. She states that without the assistance of the usual references, the observer is forced to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110716

  • Quatro artistas = Four artists
    Amaral, Aracy A., 1930-
    The Brazilian professor and art critic Aracy Amaral introduces Arte Híbrida, the exhibition organized by the MACU in Sao Paulo where she was the director. She highlights the creativity of the participating artists and their search for a Brazilian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110458

  • Questionário para um ‘Livro de Artista’
    Leirner, Nelson, 1932-
    A question-and-answer type questionnaire through which the artist Nelson Leirner raises the question about whether (or not) his book is an artist’s book [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110589

  • Questões de materialidade
    Salzstein, Sônia
    Sônia Salzstein focuses on paintings by the Brazilian artists Sérgio Sister, Nuno Ramos, Fábio Miguez, and Paulo Pasta. Her interest in these paintings is the relationship between the medium and the material nature of the work, considered [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111260

  • Razões da nova architectura
    Costa, Lúcio
    A poetic essay expressed in a manifesto style in which the author, Lúcio Costa, calls for a new kind of architecture derived from innovative construction techniques. He describes the current period as transitional and notes that while proletarian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110344