ICAA Researcher: María Teresa Suárez / Guadalupe Tolosa : CURARE A. C.×
  • El arte independiente y claro de Frida Kahlo
    Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino
    According to Ceferino Palencia, the Spanish art critic living in exile in Mexico, Frida Kahlo’s pictorial art was an eloquent example of will in service to sensitivity. Palencia speaks of Frida’s lifelong rebellion against her mother’s violent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 826847

  • Exposición Rodríguez Orgaz
    The writer of this article refers to the exhibition of works by Mariano Rodríguez Orgaz, the Spanish artist living in exile, which was presented at the Palacio de Bellas Artes [Palace of Fine Arts]. The exhibition included the architectural studies [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824657

  • La travesía del Sinaia
    This essay commemorates the first anniversary of the arrival of the Sinaia, the French ship that brought the first wave of Spanish refugees to Veracruz in 1939, and mentions that the date coincides with the shameful Nazi occupation of Paris (June [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824645

  • Reseña de exposiciones : Arte y cirugía
    The article is a review of the Exposición de arte mexicano [Exhibition of Mexican Art] that was held at the Hospital Juárez. It included paintings, sculpture, and engravings by Mexican artists such as Diego Rivera, Roberto Montenegro, Carlos Orozco [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824625

  • El mundo de los pintores (en una exposición de Souto)
    León Felipe, 1884-1968
    This is an important poetic dissertation by León Felipe, who discusses the artist’s invention of his world as an intimate space in his own creative process. That is, the poet reflects upon the synchronicity that exists between the work of art and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824609

  • Fábula y signo de la pintura (Espejo de España)
    Larrea, Juan
    Juan Larrea wrote these words while looking at the panel shown by Joan Miró, the famous Spanish painter, in his country’s pavilion at the International Exhibition in Paris in 1937, during the Spanish Civil War. Though it is a product of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 814926

  • La busca de la plenitud
    This is a review of an exhibition of paintings by young Spanish artists living in exile in Mexico. It remarks on the group’s preference for depth over variety, in keeping with their vision of pondering deeply all aspects of their lives. Their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783769

  • La declaración de la Junta de la Cultura Española
    This article states the mission of the Junta de Cultura Española [Board of Spanish Culture] (relocated to Mexico), which was to guarantee the continued spiritual aspect of Spanish culture by supporting the work of Spanish intellectuals living in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783762

  • Cristóbal Ruiz un pintor sincero
    Best known for his portrait of Andalusian poet Antonio Machado—which hangs in the Ateneo Español de México—Cristóbal Ruiz mostly painted landscapes of Spain. He worked mainly in the region of Castilla, which he portrayed in luminous, vivid [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783756

  • Sobre los fines de la cultura
    This editorial—published in Romance magazine—addresses the complicated nexus between the goals of an artist and the goals of a human being in terms of individual and group welfare; that is, in terms of material happiness and spiritual wealth. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783751

  • Llamamiento a los intelectuales de América
    Reyes, Alfonso, 1889-1959
    This appeal asks Latin American thinkers to attend the Conferencia Panamericana de Ayuda [Pan-American Aid Conference] in support of Spanish Republicans, to be held in Mexico City, February 14–17, 1940. The goal was to express solidarity with those [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783670

  • José Moreno Villa : Evocación del hombre
    Saenz de la Calzada, Arturo
    Following the death of the artist and writer José Moreno Villa, the author of this article recalls the time, many years earlier, when they were both at the famous Residencia de Estudiantes [Students’ Residence] in Madrid. Even in those days, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773055

  • La exposición de Ras en el Ateneo Español
    Nelken, Margarita; Palencia Alvarez Tubau, Ceferino; Crespo de la Serna, Jorge Juan
    This article includes a collection of remarks made by a number of Spanish and Mexican critics on the occasion of the exhibition of works by the caricaturist Eduardo Robles “Ras” at the Ateneo Español de México. The critic Margarita Nelken, who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773047

  • Bartolí
    Gual, Enrique F.
    Enrique F. Gual reviews an exhibition at the Galería Prisse at which the artist José Bartolí mainly shows his oil paintings, in spite of being better known for his drawings. To Bartolí, the oil paintings represent a phase in which he is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773040

  • Ramón Gaya
    Séjourné, Laurette
    Laurette Séjourné discusses the work of Ramón Gaya, the Spanish painter and art critic who was living in exile in Mexico at the end of the Spanish Civil War. Séjourné remarks that, on closer inspection, Gaya’s paintings appear to be “alive [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773034

  • Giménez Botey
    Calders, Pere, 1912-
    In this article, Pere Calders refers to the Catalan sculptor José Giménez Botey—who lives in exile in Mexico—as a Latino, Mediterranean artist who was profoundly influenced by both his native land, Cataluña, and by Mexico, the country where he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773029

  • Arturo Souto : Un pintor en plenitud
    Prieto, Miguel
    The critic, painter and graphic designer Miguel Prieto visits the exhibition of Arturo Souto, with whom he shares the condition of being in exile. He discovers that Souto’s painting has taken elements from Spain’s dark days—visiting the towns, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773022

  • Enrique Climent
    Climent Palahi, Enric
    The anonymous author of this essay discusses landscapes by Enrique Climent, the painter living in exile, referring to the artist’s restraint and sparseness, and exemplifies, as in his painting of a simple track with a clump of trees to one side. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773016

  • Antonio Ballester : Escultor Español en México
    This brief text refers to a 1935 newspaper article by Manuel Abril about the Concurso Nacional de Escultura [National Sculpture Contest] whose theme was “Conmemoración a Lope de Vega” [In Remembrance of Lope de Vega]. Abril reports that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773008

  • A. Rodríguez Luna
    Bergamín, José, 1895-1983
    José Bergamín, the writer in exile and critic, compares poetry with painting as in classical times, and uses the language of poetry to discuss the painting of Antonio Rodríguez Luna. Bergamín refers to Rodríguez Luna’s main theme, which [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773001

  • Ángel Botello Barros
    Valldeperes, Manuel, 1902-
    In this review of the New York exhibition of works by Ángel Botello Barros—the Galician painter living in exile—Manuel Valldeperes discusses the values he perceives in the paintings, referring in particular to the artist’s use of color as “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772996

  • El surrealismo entre viejo y nuevo mundo
    Larrea, Juan
    In this final part of his lengthy essay, Juan Larrea acknowledges the reality of the Americas as the high point of the Surrealist movement. He states: “as the West flounders in the gloom, the tides of history [have] carried several representative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772528

  • El surrealismo entre viejo y nuevo mundo (Segunda y tercera de cuatro partes)
    Larrea, Juan
    In this section of his four-part essay, Juan Larrea discusses the creation, development, transcendence, and objectives of Surrealism, referring to a particular case to express the significance of the movement. He mentions Víctor Brauner, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772520

  • Conversación con David Alfaro Siqueiros sobre la pintura mural mexicana
    Torriente, Loló de la, 1906-1983
    In this biographical sketch, Loló de la Torriente defines the aspiration of David Alfaro Siqueiros as wanting to be recognized as a leader of socialist fighters rather than as a painter. The text is divided into four parts: Siqueiros, the man; the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772501

  • El escultor Herbert Hofmann Isenbourg
    Luna Arroyo, Antonio
    This is the Mexican critic Antonio Luna Arroyo’s biographical sketch of the German sculptor Herbert Hofmann-Isenbourg. It spans the latter’s education in philosophy and aesthetics in Berlin, his travels—including three trips around the world— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772495

  • Sobre la Bienal franquista
    Renau Montoro, José
    José Renau discusses the significance of the first Spanish-American Art Biennial, sponsored by Francisco Franco. According to Renau, the goal of the exhibition was to “establish a link between Spain’s robust pictorial tradition and the effete [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772483

  • Primera exposición conjunta de artistas plásticos mexicanos y españoles residentes en México
    Chávez Morado, José, 1909-2002
    In this article the Mexican painter Chávez Morado reviews the first group exhibition presented by Mexican and Spanish artists living in Mexico; the event was conceived as a riposte to the Iberian-American Art Biennial proposed by Francisco Franco’ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772450

  • Dos exposiciones dos mundos
    This valiant text discusses the inauguration of the Exposición Bienal Hispanoamericana (1951) [Hispano-American Biennial Exhibition] in Francisco Franco’s Madrid. It was organized by the Fascist government of the Caudillo por la Gracia de Dios to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 772435

  • Escultura : Antonio Ballester
    Renau, Juan
    This article by Valencian artista Juan [sic, Josep] Renau was published in the Mexican periodical Las Españas: Revista Literaria, no 12, 1949. In it, Renau describes Valencian sculptor Antonio Ballester Villaseca’s sculptural style as having a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765768

  • Atmósfera y sangre del color : Roberto Balbuena
    In this article Ceferino Palencia, the Spanish art critic and painter living in exile in Mexico, sketches a brief biography of Roberto Fernández Balbuena, portraying him as a well-known architect and painter with a clearly defined vision. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765762

  • El pintor José García Narezo
    Andújar, Manuel
    Manuel Andújar discusses José García Narezo’s work. It has been several years since the former has seen the latter’s paintings, and he remarks that he now finds them more complete, and discerns a new stage in the artist’s process and motives [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765751

  • Motivos críticos : Aurelio Arteta
    Encina, Juan de la
    The subject of this article is the Spanish artist in exile, Aurelio Arteta, who died in a streetcar accident only a year after he arrived in Mexico. The writer of the short article is a compatriot who shared the experience of being exiled in Mexico. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765731

  • Un ensayo de pintura colectiva
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    Romance magazine invited the Mexican artist David Alfaro Siqueiros to discuss his theoretical ideas about painting’s essential problems. At the time, he was finishing the mural at the Sindicato Mexicano de Electricistas de la Ciudad de México [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 765725

  • Galería de Arte de la Librería de Cristal : Exposición Hispano Mexicana
    Varela, Lorenzo
    In this article, Lorenzo Varela reviews the work of two of the artists who took part in a Hispanic-American exhibition: the Mexican painter Juan Soriano, and Mariano Rodríguez Orgaz, the Spaniard living in exile in Mexico. Focusing his critical eye [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759141

  • De la tierra y de la patria
    Moreno Villa, José
    This article provides thoughts on the meaning of land and the mother country. For José Moreno Villa, a Spanish artist exiled in Mexico during the Spanish Civil War, the mother country is made up of “my friendships, my stuff—or small material [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759104

  • Las cosas claras
    Bergamín, José, 1895-1983
    José Bergamín, a writer from Madrid living in exile in Mexico, draws up a welcoming speech as a member of the Junta de Cultura Española addressed to all of those who worked in Spain for its cultural life and for his defense. He further addresses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759093

  • Pintura en el destierro : (Salon de la Junta de Cultura Española en mexico.-Dinamarca 80)
    Based on a visit of the exhibition at the Salón de la Junta de Cultura Española [The Salon of the Board of Spanish Culture] (originally established in Paris in 1939, but later, due to the World War II, relocated to Mexico City), the author reviews [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756563

  • Motivos críticos : Dos exposiciones, dos artistas
    Guzmán, Salvador R.
    This article refers to two exhibitions that were sponsored by the Colegio de México about the exiled artists Enrique Climent and Antonio Rodríguez Luna, citing them as examples of two painters who succeeded in centering their spirit. These are two [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756550

  • Arturo Souto : pintor español
    Suárez Solís, Rafael
    Going through the exhibition of the work by Arturo Souto, Spanish painter exiled in Mexico, the author of this article sets down his reflections about the perennial characteristics of Spanish painting, including work that is produced in other [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756540

  • Abstracción y realismo : comentario sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas
    Renau Montoro, José
    This essay is a continuation of the exiled artist, José Renau’s, reflections on the preeminence of realism over abstraction. He believes that in the years following World War I, the art trends were characterized by an unbridled exaltation of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756518

  • Abstracción y realismo : Comentarios sobre la ideología en las artes plásticas
    Renau Montoro, José
    The author reflects on a comparison between abstraction and realism, presenting it as a grave problem of the era. For José Renau, the main trend of the “bourgeois” culture is based on the abstract and trivial aspect of intellectual creation. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756512

  • Reflexiones sobre la crisis ideológica del arte
    Renau Montoro, José
    The author José Renau, exiled in Mexico, summarizes the principal avant-garde art trends of the 20th century, highlighting the contradiction between the works created and their artistic value in light of the few connections among the artists, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756506

  • Una nueva generación : La de 1939
    Granados, Mariano
    Reflections about the generation that has lived through the Spanish Civil War as opposed to the “Generacíón del 98,” also from Spain, the latter faced with the reality of a dark present that dreams of past glories. Instead, the generation “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 756485