ICAA Researcher: María Eugenia Grau, Gabriel Peluffo ×
  • La pintura una residencia en la tierra. Un arte americano, arte y política.
    Benvenuto, Sergio
    In this text, Sergio Benvenuto, director of Artes journal, describes and analyzes the visual arts in Uruguay and its connections to the rest of Latin America; he points out cultural differences from Anglo-Saxon America. Benvenuto asserts that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1253255

  • ¿Arte versus política?
    This article was published in El País, a newspaper run by sectors of the Partido Nacional, one of Uruguay’s two traditional political parties. It reports on the occupation of the Subte exhibition space in Montevideo by a group of visual artists [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1231919

  • [El hombre es libre]
    Basso Maglio, Vicente, 1889-
    Vicente Basso Maglio sees “creative freedom” as a constant that lies outside historical time. In his view, it is intrinsically human—a pure concept not bound to questions of style in art, which are to his thinking, vulgar, ornamental, and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1229417

  • [Letter] 1973 Febrero, San Juan Puerto Rico [to] Leonilda González
    Martorell, Antonio, 1939-
    In this letter to Uruguayan artist Leonilda González—secretary general of the Club de Grabado de Montevideo (CGM)—multifaceted Puerto Rican creator Antonio Martorell conveys his interest in organizing a group show of the CGM in San Juan. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1193636

  • [Octaedro Informa. Textos y dibujos de Juan Carlos Iglesias]
    This is an example of the Mail Art correspondence delivered by Octaedro, a group that emerged in late 1978 in Montevideo. In this case,  Juan Carlos Iglesias, one of the members of the Uruguayan group, is the author. It consists  [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1260374

  • 13 años de actividad de Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    This printed, folded sheet of paper provides a chronological history of the CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo) that spans its first thirteen years of operation, from 1953 to 1966. It includes a report on the Club’s sources of inspiration in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1183571

  • 1er Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas : Su contenido artístico
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    This special edition of the magazine AIAPE (Agrupación de Intelectuales, Artistas, Periodistas y Escritores) was devoted entirely to the first Salón Municipal de Artes Plásticas (Montevideo, 1940). The sole article in the magazine was written by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1184568

  • 4 Ambientación grupo Los Otros
    Los Otros was a group active in Uruguay from 1979 to 1982, at the end of the military dictatorship (1973–84). It formulated innovative and ephemeral projects for alternative spaces. This text, written by the group, levels harsh and ironic criticism [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1251116

  • Acerca de la crítica de arte
    García Esteban, Fernando, 1917-1982
    This essay, is on the art critic Fernando García Esteban and on his noted intellectual presence in Montevideo during the fifties and the sixties. The art critic echoes the difficulties encountered when critiquing local art and the differences in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227280

  • Acerca de la letra h : una conversación entre Yamandú Canosa y Rosa Queralt
    Queralt, Rosa; Canosa, Yamandú, 1954-
    This is an interview by the art critic Rosa Queralt with Yamandú Canosa in regard to his 2003 exhibition held in Spain, named La línea h (iceberg), at the Art Center of Salamanca. It was published in the catalogue Premio Pedro Figari (2007–08 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1247647

  • Apremios e interrogantes
    Peluffo Linari, Gabriel
    This essay is on an interview [conducted] by Gabriel Peluffo with the sculptor Germán Cabrera, the artist and performer Teresa Vila, and the painter and engraver Anhelo Hernández. He questions them on the role of the visual arts within the social [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1245079

  • Arte simple : por Cipriano Santiago Vitureira, Editorial Nueva América
    Del Cioppo, Atahualpa
    The author discusses Arte simple, the recently published book by Cipriano Santiago Vitureira. The Uruguayan columnist notes Vitureira’s poetic sensitivity, and expresses his conviction that art can drive social change. Atahualpa del Cioppo does not [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223119

  • Aspectos multiculturales de la identidad
    Romero, Nelbia, 1938-
    Artist Nelbia Romero wrote this document on her exhibition project Bye, Bye, Yaugurú, curated by critic Alicia Haber. Written on a loose page, the text explains the aims of an exhibition that set out to reaffirm the need to engage the cultural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1241419

  • Astractos concretan : artistas no figurativos protestando contra decisión de la comuna, ocuparon hoy el Subte Municipal, donde debia inaugurarse el XV Salon de Artes Plásticas. Objetan la designación de jurados por procedimeintos claramente políticos
    This article describes the artists’ occupation of the Montevideo city exhibition venue of el Subte in August 1963, which continued through December of that year. The ironic title of the text, “Abstractos concretan” (Abstract Artists Concretize [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1231216

  • Autobiografiando el mundo
    Luis Camnitzer reflects on the subject of an artist’s “signature” as he discusses the biographical statements that are encouraged by the institutions that control monetary values in the art field and cater to the market of the individual “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1249203

    This essay is about a document that pertains to the exhibition and catalogue on the group Axioma that was held at the Galería del Notariado in 1982; it mentions the members of the group without a description or analysis of their exhibition concept. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1250717

  • Barradas
    Abril, Manuel, 1884-1943
    The Spanish author and art critic Manuel Abril was widely known as an admirer of the work of Uruguayan artist Rafael Barradas. This essay, originally written for the Catalan magazine Vell I Nou, outlines the artist’s predisposition for modernism. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243461

  • Barradas el uruguayo
    Abril, Manuel, 1884-1943
    Written in 1925, this essay by Spanish writer Manuel Abril published in Alfar journal analyzes Rafael Barradas’s artistic attitude, which is based on permanent transformation. Abril begins with a reflection on the notions of “change” and “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1197352

  • Barradas pintor de eternidad
    Perucho, Artur, 1902-1956
    The catalogue of the exhibition Exposición Barradas, organized by the Comisión Nacional del Centenario in Uruguay in 1930, included an essay on Artur Perucho that had already been published before by the Barcelona-based magazine Joia. The article [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1243392

  • Bases y fundamento del arte constructivo
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    This article is called a “lesson” (as are all the chapters in the book Universalismo Constructivo, which is a collection of lectures), a reference to Joaquín Torres García’s didactic style throughout the lengthy volume. The project is the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1242058

  • Bernabé Michelena y la claridad solidaria
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    The essay “Bernabé Michelena y la claridad solidaria” is the third chapter of the book Arte Simple, published in 1937 by the Uruguayan essayist Cipriano S. Vitureira. The author evaluates the sculptural work of Michelena at a time when the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1220692

  • Bernabé Michelena, escultor
    Dieste, Eduardo, 1881-1954
    Chapter V of the book Teseo Discusión Estética y Ejemplos […] by the critic Eduardo Dieste, titled “Bernabé Michelena, escultor,” is devoted to a discussion about Michelena’s sculptural work, which the author associates with a new [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1220780

  • Bienal de Córdoba. El testimonio de Cabrera.
    The title of the article published in Marcha, the weekly Montevideo newspaper, refers to the Bienal de Córdoba. But the artist Germán Cabrera and his interviewer actually discuss aspects that are common to all contemporary biennials anywhere in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1253791

  • Carta de Figari a Cuneo, publicada en el diario "La mañana" del 25 de Julio de 1918. Las exposiciones Cuneo y Michelana : un juicio del Dr. Figari
    Figari, Pedro, 1861-1938
    Pedro Figari wrote this letter to José Cúneo, who had recently shown his paintings at a joint exhibition with Bernabé Michelena in Montevideo (1918). The letter, published in the newspaper La Mañana, was Figari’s public recognition of the young [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1233819

  • Cinco trabajos : Álvarez Cozzi, Aramburu, Cardozo, Kepekian
    Sayagues, Mercedes
    In this essay, the journalist Mercedes Sayagués analyzed the feasibility of new artistic ideas being formulated during the last dictatorial years in Uruguay. The projects being considered tried to abolish the traditional boundaries established [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1250155

  • Club de Grabado compra su casa
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    In this document, the Club de Grabado de Montevideo (CGM, founded in 1953) announces that it has purchased a property to be used as its headquarters. The text provides an overview of the club’s achievements and outlines its aims, among them [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1192649

  • Club de Grabado de Montevideo : 22 Aniversario 1953- Agosto 1975
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    The CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo) issued a number of publications in honor of its twenty-second anniversary. This flier includes several topics: a tribute to the maestro and artist Luis Mazzey in celebration of his 80th birthday; a program of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1183514

  • Club de Gravure de Montevideo : exposición
    Calvete, Jorge
    This document in diptych format is an invitation, with commentary, to the exhibition of the Club de Grabado de Montevideo (CGM) held in the city of Sèvres in March 1968. The official presentation of the exhibition was made by the Uruguayan [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1193387

  • Consideraciones sobre la expresión heroica
    Ortiz Saralegui, Juvenal, 1907-1959
    Juvenal Ortiz Saralegui discusses Vicente Basso Maglio’s ideas about what the literary critic describes as “heroic expression,” with oblique references to the painting of another Uruguayan, Rafael Barradas. Based on literary ideas in particular [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225615

  • Creatividad y desafío
    Fernando Álvarez Cozzi, a member of the Octaedro group, created this text as a piece of mail art. In the text, the Uruguayan artist reflects on artistic freedom and the challenges involved in exercising it at difficult time in Uruguayan history [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1260353

  • De la Tragedia de la Imagen : Barradas
    Basso Maglio, Vicente, 1889-
    The author outlines his convictions on “artistic creation,” associating them to searches that are transcendent and tragic in character (as manifested in the title of the article). He conceives that the act of creating derives from spiritual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225969

  • De los grabados de ayer a las ediciones actuales
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    This is a report on how artists at the CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo) dealt with new techniques designed for the reproduction of images. The report reviews new printing systems, such as offset, and mentions the increasing popularity of silk [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1191787

  • Definiciones / Uno
    Club de Grabado de Montevideo
    This informative and didactic article, published by the CGM (Club de Grabado de Montevideo), describes and explains a range of art styles that emerged and were developed in the United States and Europe after the Second World War. Referring to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1189065

  • Del ejercicio de la crítica de arte
    Argul, José Pedro, 1903-
    Figures such as José Pedro Argul, Jorge Romero Brest, and others of national and regional importance provided a new turn in fifties art criticism—a tendency akin to the Generación del 45 in literature. This essay by Argul was first published in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1227229

  • Demetrio Urruchúa con Nosotros
    The (unknown) author of this article reports and comments on the exhibition of works by the Argentinian painter, printmaker, and muralist Demetrio Urruchúa at the Ateneo de Montevideo. The article specifically mentions certain iconographic aspects [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223661

  • Dibujantes de monstruitos
    Heide, Daniel
    In this article in the weekly Marcha, critic Daniel Heide discusses the growing interest in drawing as visual modality in Uruguay in the sixties. Heide explains that he will address the fantastic and realist connotations of this new strain of drawing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1241440

  • Dr Antonio Frasconi
    Frasconi, Antonio, 1919-2013
    Through an open letter to the president of the Comisión Nacional de Artes Plásticas published in the weekly journal Marcha, the Uruguayan printmaker Antonio Frasconi, who was residing in New York, expressed his solidarity with the Visual Arts Guild [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1246348

  • Educación para la belleza y el arte : conferencia a unos maestros
    Argul, José Pedro, 1903-
    In 1956, the art critic José Pedro Argul published a text written the year before for the faculty at the Colegio Sagrada Familia. In it, he outlined his ideas on visual art, his studies, and his philosophy. It reviewed the concept of “beauty,” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1226918

  • El Milagro del Prisma
    Dieste, Eduardo, 1881-1954
    This essay is a chapter from the book by Eduardo Dieste, Teseo, discusión estética y ejemplos, published in 1925. Many of the chapters were articles that were published since 1923 in the magazine produced by Teseo (Agrupación de Artistas y [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1217097

  • El Arte Constructivo y Joaquín Torres García
    Vitureira, Cipriano S. (Cipriano Santiago), 1907-
    Chapter five of the book Arte simple, published in Montevideo (1937) by Cipriano Santiago Vitureira, focuses on Constructivist art and the unquestionable contributions by Joaquín Torres García. The author values the multifaceted artist’s return [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1218912

  • El arte correo en el Uruguay
    Padín, Clemente, 1939-
    Mail Art was started in the United States in the 1960s and quickly caught on in the rest of the world. Clemente Padín—the author of this article and one of the artists who worked in this style among many others (he was a performer, poet, and was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1191850

  • El Arte de Arzádum
    Torres-García, Joaquín
    Joaquín Torres García discusses the Uruguayan painter Carmelo de Arzadun’s change of course. Writing in a style that is rife with irony and veiled criticism of the local milieu, Torres García singles out Arzadun for having opted for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223148

  • El artista como payaso
    Rama, Ángel, 1926-1983
    The synopsis and annotations in English are coming soon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1244987

  • El artista y el Estado
    Zavala Muniz, Justino, 1898-1968
    This essay is a transcript of a speech given by the politician and writer Justino Zavala Muniz during a session of the Uruguayan senate in 1944. It began with a reflection on the difficulties in evaluating works of art by the state and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1216580

  • El Drama de la Pintura
    Dieste, Eduardo, 1881-1954
    The essay “El drama de la pintura” is the first chapter of the book Teseo, Discusión estética y ejemplos, written by Eduardo Dieste, the Uruguayan essayist and playwright. In 1923, he helped to establish the group Teseo. In the before mentioned [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1217147

  • El grabado uruguayo en la exposición de La Habana
    Benedetti, Mario, 1920-2009
    The writer Mario Benedetti, representing the Montevideo weekly Marcha, reviews the seventh edition of the Exposición de La Habana (1968), an event that was organized by the Casa de las Américas, a Cuban institution founded in 1959. The Uruguayan [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1241970

  • El grabador Carlos González : expresión realista del campo uruguayo
    Novoa, Felipe, 1909-1989
    The writer Felipe Nóvoa discusses Carlos González’s body of work at the end of the latter’s artistic career, during which this distinguished printmaker-woodcut printer created some very unusual works from 1934 to 1944, when he stopped producing [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1223870

  • El jurado designado por la Comisión Nacional de Bellas Artes no contempla las aspiraciones de los plásticos
    Del Cioppo, Atahualpa
    This article from the AIAPE’s magazine includes several critiques of the decisions taken by the Minister for Public Education, Eduardo Víctor Haedo and the Comisión Nacional de Bellas Artes. The decisions are considered highly inappropriate since [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1225373

  • El Nativismo
    Alberto Zum Felde discusses what is referred to as “nativism” in Uruguayan art (especially in the literary field). The writer and critic considers the movement to be epigonal and obsolete at a time when the presence of a new, cosmopolitan society [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1255456

  • El pintor de hoy no sabe qué hacer
    Romero Brest, Jorge
    This unsigned interview with Argentinean critic Jorge Romero Brest published in the weekly Jaque is somewhat alarmist. The main topics addressed—the decline of easel painting in the world over, the avant-garde experience at the Instituto Di Tella [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1244958