ICAA Researcher: Leticia Torres : CURARE A. C.×
  • 1er Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    The first treinta-treintista manifesto is aimed against academics, public officials, thieves of public offices, and in general, all kinds of layabouts and rascals who pretend to be intellectuals. Using iconoclastic language, the ¡30-30! Group [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779430

  • 2° Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    In the second treinta-treintista manifesto, the group declares the reason for its dispute. It states that the struggle between independent painters and the academics intensified when the presidency changed hands, since certain conservative teachers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779440

  • 3er. Manifiesto Treintatrentista
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    The third treinta-treintista manifesto is a flyer written in opposition to the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes, its instruction methods, and the works produced at the school. Subdivided into eight points, the group’s statement describes the basic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779450

  • 4° Manifiesto treintatrentista
    Alva de la Canal, Ramón
    1928
    This manifesto from the Treinta-treintistas [¡30-30! mouvement] discusses the incorporation of new elements and announces the group’s purging and expulsion of old members, either for being neo-academics or for attempting to eliminate the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779471

  • 5° Manifiesto treintatrentista : Contra los académicos : los covachuelistas : los salteadores de puestos públicos : En general contra toda clase de sabandijas y zánganos intelectualoides
    Grupo de Pintores 30-30!
    1928
    In this manifesto, the ¡30-30! collective of painters announced that its struggle against academism was once again alive and thriving. The reason for this was that the president’s office of the Escuela de Bellas Artes [School of Fine Arts] [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786596

  • A propósito de la Exposición de Isabel Villaseñor
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1930
     Carlos Mérida comments that in Mexico xylography [wood engraving] has become the prevalent artistic trend of the time. He describes some characteristics of this technique, such as the use of pure contrast between light and dark. On the other hand [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736784

  • América en peligro de perecer! : El famoso pintor Diego Rivera profetiza la disgregación y la muerte de América si no corrige un yerro
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1943
    To Diego Rivera, discrimination against Indians is the greatest collective crime of the descendants of the Spanish colonists on the continent. If this situation is not corrected, Latin America will be set on a path to extinction. In this essay, as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747263

  • Cuestiones de arte moderno. Algo sobre el futurismo
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1920
    Carlos Mérida affirms that Filippo Tommaso Martinetti launched futurism, a movement that was based on the principle of dynamism in its broadest conception. In [Mérida’s opinion, futurism and all artistic schools do not produce a definitive result [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779821

  • El Alma de nuestra Raza y el Folk-lore Artístico
    Quevedo, Francisco
    1916
    According to folklorist Francisco Quevedo, a nation’s political life is its superficial existence, which must be transcended by those who wish to understand the innermost life of the people. He advocates immersion in folk art, warning that there is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760499

  • El arte de Roberto Montenegro
    1930
    The writer of this article states that during these years of aesthetic crisis, just when a new world is being constructed with new resources, artists approaching maturity have been confronted by a serious, unexpected problem. These artists are being [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736627

  • El Arte y el panamericanismo : América debe salvarse de perecer bajo los escombros del mundo grecolatino, esclavista, que se derrumba actualmente
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1943
    Diego Rivera believed that art materialized when primitive communities began to show signs of humanity; pre-Columbian, African and European art are proof of this. Those ancestral works already contained all the elements needed to function as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747269

  • El Arte, base del Panamericanismo
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1943
    To Diego Rivera, the crisis the world is going through leading up to World War II is a problem to be analyzed scientifically. The painter believes that Western culture is based on slavery, and presents a phenomenon that he calls “el cesarismo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747257

  • El lío entre pintores y arquitectos : Serenando la contienda
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1930
    This article summarizes the conflict between students at the Facultad de Arquitectura [School of Architecture] and those at the Escuela Central de Artes Plásticas [ECAP, Central School of Visual Arts] at the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754989

  • Esculturas policromadas de Juan Olaguíbel
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1930
    Carlos Mérida notes that, though much has been written about Mexican folk art, its full potential is largely overlooked, since it is in fact the essential expression of a nation built on the bedrock of its own culture. In this painter’s opinion, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 736709

  • Fernando Leal
    1930
    In the unknown author’s opinion, the Mexican pictorial movement could only be understood through an awareness of the different artistic proposals that comprised it. He affirms that the aesthetic phenomenon was not individual, either in its origins [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 734640

  • Grabadores mexicanos contemporáneos : Leopoldo Méndez y Alfredo Zalce
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1946
    In his comments on the work of José Guadalupe Posada, Carlos Mérida highlights the plasticity of Posada’s artwork. He goes on to point out that both Leopoldo Méndez and Alfredo Zalce have carried on the tradition initiated by Manuel Manilla, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733446

  • Hay crisis en la pintura mexicana? : Es absolutamente indudable que la situación revolucionaria, no sólo de México sino del mundo entero, entre 1910 y 1923 fue el factor determinante del auge de la pintura mexicana
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1945
    Diego Rivera maintains that the crisis in Mexican painting is an invention. It may be a crisis invented by the literati so they will have a pretext for writing their books, or perhaps created by critics so they will have material to send to their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747275

  • Inquietudes : Decoración mexicana
    Nelken, Margarita
    1952
    The Spanish art critic Margarita Nelken uses the term “Decoración Mexicana” [Mexican Decoration] as the title of her article on the work created at the Multifamiliar Benito Juarez [Benito Juárez Residential Project] by the Guatemalan artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792968

  • Integración plástica de la Ciudad Universitaria
    Islas García, Luis
    1952
    Luis Islas García brings up an issue that is seldom addressed about the modern Ciudad Universitaria (UNAM campus): the visual arts integration executed by Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, José Chávez Morado, and Juan O’Gorman. He states [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792975

  • Joaquín Clausell : El artista/El hombre
    Dr. Atl; Montenegro, Roberto
    1945
    This catalog, published as a tribute to Joaquín Clausell, includes two texts. The first, by painter Roberto Montenegro, entitled “El artista” [The Artist] starts off with a brief survey of the representation of Mexican landscape from the pre- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 759216

  • Juicio crítico de la exposición de Artes al Aire Libre
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1925
    Carlos Mérida states that he will base his commentary on the exhibition of the Escuelas Libres de Pintura [Open-Air Schools of Painting], taking place at the Palacio de Minería, on the writings of Dr. Atl (Gerardo Murillo), which he feels could [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781713

  • La academia y el monigotismo
    Useta, Jorge
    1928
    The author, Jorge Useta, reports that a group of students at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes has called for the resignation of the director, Alfredo Ramos Martínez, because of his favoritism toward the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773077

  • La arquitectura internacional a la zaga de la mala pintura
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1954
    In forty paragraphs, David Alfaro Siqueiros outlines the process of artistic integration of Mexican architecture and painting that produced the Ciudad Universitaria, the Presidente Juárez Apartment Blocks and the Museo Experimental El Eco. For [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786079

  • La ciudad universitaria y las artes plásticas
    Lombardo Toledano, Vicente, 1894-1968
    1952
    Vicente Lombardo Toledano states that without judging the political significance of the construction of Ciudad Universitaria (UNAM campus), the purpose of his article is to note certain errors in that project. Although they are minor, these errors [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 792982

  • La exposición de Carlos Mérida
    1920
    Carlos Mérida was interviewed on the occasion of his first exhibition in Mexico at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes [National School of Fine Arts]. This article reports on that interview, quoting from the brief text written by the painter for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760504

  • La inquietud estudiantil en Bellas Artes
    1928
    The article comments that the honeymoon of the painter Alfredo Ramos Martínez as director of the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes has been eclipsed by the students in the Academy shouting for his resignation. At the same time, the students in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773096

  • La nueva Galería de Arte Moderno : The new Modern Art Gallery
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1929
    Carlos Mérida reports that given the global importance that Mexican painting has taken on and the interest generated by its evolution, the Departamento del Distrito Federal [DDF, Mexico City-City Hall] founded an art gallery to exhibit works by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 757942

  • La obra de Tamayo : En la exposición del artista mexicano se advierte una evolución interesante que reclama cuidadosa atención de los críticos
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1926
    After remarking how difficult it was for artists to exhibit work due to the great expense and the lack of existing spaces, the painter and critic Carlos Mérida talks about the paintings that Rufino Tamayo exhibited in his latest show. Mérida says [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754953

  • Lo que dice Diego Rivera
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1930
    Diego Rivera states that he is completely within his rights to respond to statements made by students at the School of Architecture against him. In spite of the threats received from students, he has no intention of retracting or withdrawing a single [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820682

  • Los ataques a las pinturas de Jorge Camarena como síntoma de anormalidad social
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    2006
    Diego Rivera believed that the whole world knew there were paintings in the churches and palaces of the Catholic popes and kings that displayed nudity in a more obvious manner than the figures painted by Jorge González Camarena at the Guardiola [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 823143

  • Los dibujos de Amero en los periódicos neoyorquinos
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1926
    Carlos Mérida points out the two essential factors for the success in New York of Emilio Amero’s sketches. One is novelty and public interest in different things; the other is the intrinsic goodness of the evolutionary spirit and the strength of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754946

  • Los Nuevos Valores en la Pintura Mexicana
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1924
    This article by Carlos Mérida begins by citing Raynolds Maryland, who stated in a text published in the New York Herald, that Mexico was experiencing a birth and not a renaissance, with reference to Mexican art. This birth resulted in a discovery [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747178

  • Los Pintores jóvenes de México
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    1921
    To the Estridentista poet Manuel Maples Arce, the generation of young painters represents the most serious effort in the history of Mexican painting. He considers this group strong and homogeneous in its aesthetic principles and bound by spiritual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760468

  • Manifiesto a los Obreros y Campesinos de México
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1930
    In his proclamation, Diego Rivera denounces that the stance of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) is classist. According to the muralist, UNAM closes ranks against any attack from the proletariat organizations that provide subsidies [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 820695

  • Más guerra que paz
    Gual, Enrique F.
    1963
    The journalist Enrique F. Gual discusses the exhibition presented by the painters of the Nueva Presencia [New Presence] along with other artists who share the Nueva Presencia ideals at the Salón de la Plástica Mexicana [Visual Arts Mexican Salon]. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 747221

  • Mexicanos
    1928
    “Mexicanos” is a poster invitation from the students of the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes to an exhibition of true-to-life painting. The poster stresses that the lives of the workers, expressed in such a wholesome, humble way, will breathe new [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779493

  • No quieren que se modifiquen los planes de las escuelas
    1927
    This short article reports on some painters’ comments on possible changes in the curriculum at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes and the Escuelas de Pintura al Aire Libre [Open-Air Schools of Painting]. Details of the changes were kept [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773086

  • Notas artísticas : la próxima exposición de Carlos Mérida
    1920
    This article reproduces some of the works by Carlos Mérida that would be shown in his upcoming exhibition sponsored by the Academia de Bellas Artes. The author states that the artist’s personality is well defined. He points out that Mérida is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781727

  • Protesta : De los artistas revolucionarios de México
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1928
    The poster “Protesta: De los Artistas Revolucionarios de México” [Mexican Revolutionary Artists: A Protest] shows the obviousness of the dispute between the students at the Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes (ENBA) and the teachers and workers at [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 786608

  • Salón 61 : una sencilla mujer del norte : ¿Señor, por qué han premiado cuadros tan feos?
    Valdés, Carlos
    1961
    In this article Carlos Valdés writes a short review of the 1961 Salón la Plástica Mexicana [1961 Salon of the Mexican Visual Arts]. He tells the story of a woman who approached him at the exhibition and asked him if he understood why prizes had [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 735951

  • Siqueiros critica a los críticos de arte
    Tibol, Raquel
    1958
    This article is an interview with David Alfaro Siqueiros conducted by Raquel Tibol on the value of art criticism. Regarding the central question, Siqueiros identifies three types of criticism: the first, “the companion,” records the concepts that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 821964

  • Torre de señales : Una nueva sección a cargo de José Gorostiza
    Gorostiza, José
    1931
    In this document José Gorostiza analyzes the works of eight artists who participated in the Pintores mexicanos modernos [Modern Mexican Painters] exhibition organized by Carlos Mérida and Carlos Orozco Romero for the brewery, Carta Blanca. He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760487

  • Trayectoria : Se dirije al pueblo en general y a los productores de arte en particular
    Martínez Rendón, Miguel D., 1891-
    1928
    With this poster, aimed at the public in general and artists in particular, the academics respond to the attack by the treinta-treintista group. The poster states the reasons why the academics formed the Trayectoria group and their plan for public [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779483

  • Un notable escultor americanista en México
    Noriega Hope, Carlos, 1896-1934
    1921
    According to José Corral, it is unquestionable that Mexico is completely unaware of Latin American art history, since the whole continent takes its cues from Europe and the United States. This is why the arrival of the Guatemalan sculptor Rafael [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760462

  • Un nuevo valor en la pintura mexicana
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1930
    This article by Diego Rivera briefly reviews the artwork of Isabel Villaseñor emphasizing her illustration, interpretation, and compilation of Mexican corridos [folk songs]. He considers her to be one of the best engravers of the young generation of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 824150

  • Un reducto de la libertad : Diego Rivera : el conquistador de los muros
    Desnos, Robert
    1928
    To the French poet Robert Desnos, Mexico was facing a historical moment in which the defense of its freedom was linked to its territorial integrity. He believes it is unfair to call what is going on in Mexico nationalism, since the effort to defend [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760481

  • Un zafarrancho de estudiantes : Elementos adictos al arquitecto Carlos Lazo y al pintor Diego Rivera llegaron a las manos por cuchufetas de unos y otros
    1930
    This news item describes a fight that took place at the inauguration of an exhibition at the Escuela de Artes Plásticas between Diego Rivera, director of that institution, and the architect Carlos Lazo, who was an art history teacher at the Facultad [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773061

  • Una escuela en un corral; un gran pintor es limpiabotas y un decorado que causará revolución
    Durante de Cabarga, Guillermo
    1932
    The reporter tells of his visit to the Centro Popular San Antonio Abad, whose director is the painter Gabriel Fernández Ledesma. He mentions that there are about 20 students who attend this outdoor art school to work on creating art in complete [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 773068