ICAA Researcher: Josefina Manrique×
  • Huesos, vísceras, pieles y sangre como elementos pictóricos en Contramaestre : resurge "El Techo de la Ballena" con un homenaje a la necrofilia
    Ras (Eduardo Robles Piquer)
    In this newspaper article, Eduardo Robles Piquer (alias RAS) describes the exhibition Homenaje a la necrofilia and interviews the painter and writer Carlos Contramaestre, whose work is shown at the exhibition, and who is a member of El Techo de la [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 868651

  • Impresiones y comentarios : la exposición de Samys Mützner
    Pocaterra, José Rafael, 1889-1955
    The Venezuelan writer José Rafael Pocaterra reviews his visit to the Romanian painter Samys Mützner’s exhibition at the Club Venezuela, in Caracas, in August 1918. Pocaterra describes the environment at the exhibition and provides a physical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 809961

  • Interrogantes
    Le Parc, Julio
    In the introduction to his questionnaire, the visual artist Julio Le Parc notes that art, being a product of social importance, needs group feedback. The first part of the questionnaire focuses on the definition, function, and social relationship of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 815575

  • Interview with Carlos Zerpa
    Stein, Axel
    The cultural agent Axel Stein interviews Carlos Zerpa in the catalogue for the exhibition Three Venezuelans in Two Dimensions. Miguel von Dangel. Ernesto León. Carlos Zerpa (New York: Americas Society Art Gallery, 1988). Zerpa discusses his training [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102380

  • Interview with Ernesto León
    Stein, Axel; León, Ernesto, 1956-
    Axel Stein, the well-known cultural agent, interviews Ernesto León (b. 1956) for an article in the catalogue for the exhibition Three Venezuelans in Two Dimensions. Miguel von Dangel. Ernesto León. Carlos Zerpa (New York: Americas Society Art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102364

  • Interview with Miguel Von Dangel
    Stein, Axel
    Axel Stein, the cultural agent, interviews Miguel von Dangel for an article in the catalogue for the exhibition Three Venezuelans in Two Dimensions. Miguel von Dangel. Ernesto León. Carlos Zerpa (New York: Americas Society Art Gallery, 1988). Von [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1102348

  • Introduction
    Bloch, E. Maurice
    This note within the catalogue to the exhibition, Tamarind: A Renaissance of Lithography (Shasta College Art Department, Reading, California, 1971), indicates Gego’s participation in that event. In addition to some information about Gego’s life, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1158966

  • Introduction = Introducción
    Manrique, Josefina; Huizi, María Elena
    María Elena Huizi and Josefina Manrique wrote the introduction to the book Sabiduras y otros textos de Gego / Sabiduras and Other Texts by Gego that includes a selection of the artist’s previously unpublished manuscripts. The two researchers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159417

  • Investigación de las basuras
    González León, Adriano
    The writer Adriano González León contributes the prologue to the anthology of poems by Caupolicán Ovalles—¿Duerme usted, señor presidente?—in the homonymous book produced by El Techo de la Ballena artists’ group. González León claims [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060324

  • Jacobo Borges
    Palacios, Inocente
    In this prologue to an exhibition held at Estudio Actual in 1972, critic Inocente Palacios analyzes Jacobo Borges’s pictorial work, which he considers socially committed art. He asserts that the decline of the representation of the human figure, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060361

  • Jacobo Borges : La pasión de la identidad
    Pérez Luna, Elisabeth
    Journalist Elisabeth Pérez Luna describes the audiovisual show produced at Parque Central in the framework of the III Conferencia del Mar and interviews its creator and producer, Jacobo Borges. Pérez Luna explains that the show entailed a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1063714

  • Jacobo Borges : La pintura como hermenéutica de la realidad
    Wilson, Adolfo
    In this review, Adolfo Wilson discusses the work produced by Jacobo Borges over the course of two decades, from the 1960s to the 1980s. Wilson reviews the visual artist’s most significant work from that period, analyzing his production as though it [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060655

  • Jacobo Borges en la ciudad ritual
    Ramos, María Elena, 1947-
    In this article María Elena Ramos reviews the La Comunión series by the Venezuelan painter Jacobo Borges, which she finds to be a synthesis of the main ideas he had explored in earlier works, such as El Espectáculo (Ha comenzado el espectáculo, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060525

  • Jacobo Borges en México
    Taracena, Berta
    Historian Berta Taracena discusses the trajectory of painter Jacobo Borges in relation to the works presented in the show Jacobo Borges: magia de un realismo crítico,held in Mexico City. She explains that Borges’s early work makes use of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1063795

  • Jacobo Borges's creation of potential space = Jacobo Borges e la creazione dello spazio potenziale
    Kuspit, Donald B.
    The North American professor Donald Kuspit discusses the work of Jacobo Borges in terms of its creation of “potential spaces,” referring to the concept used in the jargon of psychoanalysis. In a potential space—defined as an area midway between [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060608

  • John Cage : music of changes
    Dietrich, Malow
    This document shows a fragment of the score, Music of Changes, by the American composer John Cage, to be presented as an accompaniment to Gego’s environmental work, Reticulárea, in the exhibition Spielraum-Raumspiele [Play Room/Play Space] at the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148193

  • Juan Iribarren, el grano rauco y el silencio
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In the view of critic Luis [Enrique] Pérez-Oramas, the authentic practice of painting is an exception in Venezuela today. The painting tradition has not carried on or developed beyond a certain strain of Constructivist or kinetic abstraction. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160298

  • Jump cuts : dislocated continuities = Jump cuts : continuidades dislocadas
    Fuenmayor, Jesús
    In this essay written for the exhibition Jump Cuts: Venezuelan Contemporary Art, Colección Mercantil, held in 2007, Venezuelan critic and curator Jesús Fuenmayor uses the cinematographic notion of “the jump cut” to formulate a vision of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150047

  • La Batalla de San Romano de Von Dangel (I)
    Cárdenas, María Luz
    In the first part of her review of La Batalla de San Romano—the German-born Venezuelan visual artist Miguel von Dangel’s version of Paolo Uccello’s Renaissance painting by the same name— María Luz Cárdenas analyzes similarities between the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154028

  • La Batalla de San Romano de Von Dangel (II)
    Cárdenas, María Luz
    In the second part of her review of La Batalla de San Romano—Miguel von Dangel’s version of the Renaissance painter Paolo Uccello’s work by the same name— María Luz Cárdenas describes the different sections in von Dangel’s version. She [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154092

  • La caverne moderne : histoires de pénétrables
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas analyzes a fragment of modern Latin American art history, presented through the form of “penetrable” works. The critic describes the development of the form with respect to its representation as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159720

  • La Escuela de artes plásticas de frente y de perfil
    Manaure, Mateo
    Belonging to the group Los Disidentes (Paris, 1950), the Venezuelan artist Mateo Manaure critically recounts in detail the history of the Escuela de Artes Plásticas de Caracas. His story relates the moments of crisis at the institution brought about [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813569

  • La Exposición de Samys Mützner en el Club Venezuela
    Monsanto, Antonio Edmundo
    This is Antonio Edmundo Monsanto’s review of the exhibition of works by the Romanian painter Samys Mützner at the Club Venezuela in Caracas in August 1918. Monsanto describes Mützner’s paintings as the work of a “legitimate artist” who, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850236

  • La iridiscencia del ojo de la materia o como leer un objeto artístico procesal
    Ortega, Julio, 1942-
    In this text, Peruvian writer and critic Julio Ortega argues that the work of Miguel von Dangel cannot be read on the basis of academic ideas limited by causal historicism and the Eurocentric canon´s logic. In his view, von Dangel’s work forms [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155251

  • La magia de los objetos en Mario Abreu
    Guevara, Roberto, 1932-1998
    In this article, the critic Roberto Guevara reviews the works presented by the artist Mario Abreu at the exhibition Objetos Mágicos (Museo de Bellas Artes de Caracas, 1965). Guevara states that Abreu’s magical objects are among the most important [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155134

  • La mano, la seda, el color
    Espinoza, Manuel
    Venezuelan artist, curator, and cultural manager Manuel Espinoza presents the exhibition La mano, la seda, el color [Hand, Silk and Color] (Museo de Arte Contemporáneo of Caracas, 1978), which featured prints on silk by nine Venezuelan artists: [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159106

  • La materialidad en Gego = Gego´s materialism
    Shiff, Richard
    In this 2002 lecture, the American art history professor, Richard Shiff, analyzes specific aspects of Gego’s use of materials and her manual sensibility. As a theoretical basis for the study, Shiff proposes the concepts of “vectors”— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1150029

  • La memoria visual de una colección
    Pérez- Ratton, Virginia
    The artist, curator, and researcher from Costa Rica, Virginia Pérez Ratton, describes the exhibition A contra corriente [Against the Current] that took place at Galería TEOR/éTica in Costa Rica in 2005 and which included works by Lygia Pape , Gego [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159800

  • La mujer artista en America Latina
    Hernández, Carmen, 1963-
    In this text, researcher Carmen Hernández examines the visual discourse on gender issues of women artists from Latin America. She concludes that there is no artistic movement in the region that specifically reflects on gender of the sort that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155362

  • La obra : espacio de un acontecer
    Ossott, Hanni, 1946- 2002
    Hanni Ossott reviews Gego’s three-dimensional works retrospectively back to 1976. Ossott observes that unlike other contemporary works, Gego’s work invites the viewer to see past technical and formal elements to find the human “perspective” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 864374

  • La obra escultórica de Gego : esqueletos de ideas y canto a la forma
    Gil Tovar, F. (Francisco)
    In this newspaper article, F. Gil Tovar describes Gego’s work as being representative of one of the two types of German art. In the critic’s view, Gego’s work is driven as much by concept as by logic (as opposed to Romanticism, the other type [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1159272

  • La pintura de Carlos Contramaestre
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931
    Juan Calzadilla notes that the Venezuelan painter Carlos Contramaestre uses humor in his work to demythologize death. The critic cautions that Contramaestre should not be confused with his work, since he is a victim of what he presents, despite the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 868632

  • La pintura, una cuestión existencial para Borges
    Schmied, Wieland, 1929-2014
    German critic Wieland Schmied establishes that Jacobo Borges has incorporated certain influences from the European tradition into his work through a difficult process. From his perspective as a historian, Schmied explains that the Venezuelan painter [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1064574

  • La resistencia de las sombras : Alejandro Otero y Gego = The shadow's resistance : Alejandro Otero and Gego
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In this essay, Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas finds that the work of Armando Reverón is the source of a “formalist tale,” defined as a theme of “traces and shadows.” It is a theme that Pérez Oramas pursues through the entire period when modern [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156379

  • La reticulárea de Gego
    Salas, Alejandro, 1960-
    In this essay, Alejandro Salas studies Gego’s piece Reticulárea (1969). Salas describes and comments on the artist’s thoughts on the different ways she has assembled this work, as well as its journey through the different spaces where it has [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1156395

  • La reticulárea explota en el papel
    Comerlati, Mara, 1952-
    Venezuelan journalist Mara Comerlati interviews Gego about the exhibition of watercolors that will be held at the Galería de Arte Nacional (GAN) in Caracas in August 1982. She also provides information about the most important moments in Gego’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148172

  • La señora Lumpuy o la moral del juguete
    González, Julieta, 1968-
    The curator Julieta González assesses the artwork of Mariana Bunimov shown in the exhibition La Señora Lumpuy o la moral del juguete (Caracas: Museo Alejandro Otero, 2000). The curator sees it as the result of the artist’s search for identity, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160266

  • La traición de las imágenes
    Palacios, Carlos Enrique
    The curator and researcher Carlos Palacios explains that the Venezuelan visual artist Luis Romero’s work is based on an exploration of form via both images and words, and that this has been a constant trait throughout his career. Inspired by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160370

  • Las "Instituciones de cultura" nos roban el oxígeno, afirman
    In this article the members of the group El Techo de la Ballena (Caracas, 1961–68) explain what prompted them to create the group. Keeping the works of the Surrealist and Dadaist movements in mind, but with no intention of reviving them, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1060199

  • Las "placas al mérito" y la juventud
    Otero, Alejandro, 1921-1990
    The Venezuelan painter Alejandro Otero (1921–90) evaluates the performance of his country’s Official Institutes and Academies, and the acknowledgements these entities confer. He sees these institutions and their structures as custodians and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813429

  • Lo barroco y lo simbólico en la obra de Miguel Von Dangel
    Guédez, Víctor
    In this article, the critic Víctor Guédez drafts twelve points that, in his view, serve as a guide for an analytical approach to the work of Miguel von Dangel, La Batalla de San Romano. The author points to the contradictory vision projected by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1154124

  • Lo latinoamericano y lo occidental : (Continuación)
    Guillent Pérez, J. R.
    This document is a continuation and second part of the essay “Lo latinoamericano y lo occidental” by the then Paris-based Venezuelan philosophy student J. R. Guillent Pérez (1923−89), a member of the group Los Disidentes. In the first section [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813478

  • Lo trascendente de lo cotidiano : conversación con Miguel Von Dangel
    Blyde, Aurora
    This interview with Miguel von Dangel, conducted by Aurora Blyde, examines the artist’s career from its beginnings to date, making reference to his chief exhibitions and his most important works. Von Dangel believes it is an artist’s duty to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1101950

  • Los campos de fuerza en Gego : Gego´s force fields
    Brett, Guy
    According to English critic and curator Guy Brett, abstract works of art, whether systematic or informal in nature, can be seen as models of the universe. It is on this premise that he studies Gego’s work. Brett maintains that the work of many [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1148309

  • Los disidentes de 1948
    Guillent Pérez, J. R.
    The philosophy student in Paris, J. R. Guillent Pérez, tells the basic reasons that led a group of Venezuelan artists to form the group, Los Disidentes [The Dissidents], in Paris in 1950. He believes that the fact that he was a participant right [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 850473

  • Los Disidentes y sus críticos
    Navarro, Pascual, 1923-1985
    In this article, the Venezuelan painter, Pascual Navarro, expands on some of the principles underlying the creation of the group, Los Disidentes [The Dissidents] (Paris, 1950). The article is a response to the group’s detractors, who were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 813952

  • Los espacios de Gego
    Mahlow, Dietrich
    The German curator, writer, and art historian, Dr. Dietrich Mahlow wrote a study of the spaces created by the [installation] of Reticulárea, created by the Venezuelan visual artist originally from Germany, Gego [Gertrud Goldschmidt, 1912–1994]. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1149629

  • Los trabajos de Gego
    Schön, Elizabeth
    Elízabeth Schön describes the works of Gego from a poetic perspective. Regarding the artist’s drawings, Schön emphasizes the spareness of the forms generated by unrestricted freedom, art created for the sole purpose of demarcating spaces. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1160039

  • Los tumorales I y II
    Calzadilla, Juan, 1931; Contramaestre, Carlos
    This introduction to Carlos Contramaestre’s exhibition Los Tumorales is divided into two parts: the first was written by the artist himself and the second by Juan Calzadilla (both were members of the El Techo de la Ballena group). In his section, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1097559

  • m.f. 997: Lo casi visible
    Pérez Oramas, Luis, 1960-
    In this text, Luis Enrique Pérez-Oramas analyzes the installation 2i997 produced by Magdalena Fernández for a show of the same name. The critic affirms the solidity of the approach to the work insofar as it builds on the abstract-geometric [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1155301