ICAA Researcher: José Augusto Ribeiro×
  • [Depois de muita hesitação...]
    Schenberg, Mário
    In this essay the critic Mário Schenberg discusses the political and cultural changes he sees in the wake of the uprising led by Getúlio Vargas that was known as the Revolução de 1930. Schenberg believes that the agricultural oligarchy’s loss [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091507

  • Rebolo
    Machado, Lourival Gomes
    In September 1944 the Livraria Brasiliense in São Paulo held an exhibition of works by Francisco Rebolo. The art critic Lourival Gomes Machado, in his review, said that the work of artists identified as “people from a good Family”—a reference [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091476

  • Noticia da actual literatura brazileira: instinto de nacionalidade
    Machado de Assis, 1839-1908
    This is an article by the famous novelist Machado de Assis, in which he discusses nationalist opinions that value “the local colors” that were praised by literary critics and writers of the so-called Brazilian Romanticism during the second half [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090436

  • Realismo e abstracionismo
    Cavalcanti, Emiliano di
    The lecture by the painter Emiliano Di Cavalcanti was one of a number of events organized to celebrate the opening of the Rio de Janeiro branch of the Sul América Terrestres, Marítimos e Acidentes (SATMA) insurance company. In addition to a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085856

  • A pintura de Alfredo Volpi
    Spanudis, Theon
    This “study sketch,” as it is called by its writer, Theon Spanudis, performs an in-depth analysis of the artwork created by Alfredo Volpi. It provides a brief review of articles written as of that time (1956) by the critics Mário Schenberg, Sé [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085614

  • Em torno do terceiro Salão de Maio
    This article—which appeared in 1939 during the III Salão de Maio held in São Paulo—reports on the statement made jointly by the sculptor Victor Brecheret and the painter Lasar Segall to the effect that they did not agree with the “trend” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085032

  • Brasil (es)/Brazil(s)
    Herkenhoff, Paulo
    In his essay, Paulo Herkenhoff seeks to portray Brazil as though it were one country and several countries at the same time, presenting its art as though it were both a singular and a multiple phenomenon. The critic thinks of Brazil as just a point [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075090

  • Arte "brasileira" não existe
    Dias, Antônio, 1944-
    From the perspective of a practicing artist, Antonio Dias demands greater organization of the Brazilian cultural sector. He asserts that following the military coup of 1964, Brazilian culture became irrelevant on the global scene due not to a lack of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075066

  • Pintura, trópico e arte brasileira
    Barata, Mário
    In this lecture, given at the Seminário de Tropicologia de la Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, in 1967, the art critic Mário Barata explores the connection between painting and certain tropical areas as one possible way of determining [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074956

  • Sobre a questão da arte nacional
    Brocos, Modesto
    Modesto Brocos claims that the concept of national art is not limited to paintings produced in one particular country, but is a term that applies to art that expresses its own period and historical reality. In this article, the Spanish artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074869

  • Arte moderna e arte brasileira
    Teruz, Orlando, 1902-1984
    Orlando Teruz, a little-known painter, seeks to clarify a couple of terms and subjects that are frequently mentioned in discussions about current events: modern art and Brazilian art. As defined by Teruz, a work of modern art respects the traditional [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074823

  • Manifesto Regionalista de 1926
    Freyre, Gilberto, 1900-1987
    This manifesto was written by the sociologist Gilberto Freyre on behalf of the “rehabilitation of regional and traditional values” and in support of a “new organization” in Brazil. Stating his opposition to the administrative division of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074787

  • Caráter nacional da arte
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    According to the poet and critic Ferreira Gullar, the essential problem concerning the “national” nature of art is directly related to the cultural dependence of the country. By way of explanation, he suggests that this question would not arise [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807930

  • Os intelectuais brasileiros respondem ao apêlo de Gabriela Mistral
    Menotti del Picchia, 1892-
    This document is the response from a group of intellectuals who wrote a letter in support of a call by the Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral—the pseudonym of the educator and diplomat Lucila Godoy Alcayaga—for a Continental Conference on Culture in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 807597

  • Luz - paisagem - arte nacional
    Milliet, Sérgio, 1898-1966
    In this article, the art critic Sérgio Milliet continues an ongoing debate with his colleague Luiz Martins. This debate had played out in installments in publications such as Arte e Polêmica, as well as in lectures on a couple of themes that were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 784060

  • Hugo Adami
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    This is Mário de Andrade’s critical review of Hugo Adami’s exhibition at the Casa das Arcadas (São Paulo, 1928). This was Adami’s first solo show following his return from Europe. De Andrade discusses the artist’s virtuoso technique and his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783916

  • Em prol de uma pintura nacional
    Andrade, Oswald de, 1890-1954
    This article was originally published in the “Lanterna mágica” [Magic Lantern] section of O Pirralho [The Brat], a magazine founded by Oswald de Andrade (in São Paulo, 1912). The article by the young writer lobbies for a “greater expression [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783886

  • O ingresso de professores futuristas na Escola Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Instituto Paulista de Arquitetura
    During the modernization period at the Escola Nacional de Belas Artes (ENBA), the Instituto Paulista de Arquitetura (IPA) sent an official letter to the Ministério da Educação e Saúde Pública to protest against the invitation issued by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783562

  • Prefácio
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    SPAM (Sociedade Pró-Arte Moderna) was founded in December 1932 in São Paulo. Its stated goals were to create closer artistic ties, and relationships between artists and the public. The catalogue for the SPAM 1ª Exposição de Arte Moderna includes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783393

  • Osvaldo Goeldi
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    The writer and art critic Mário de Andrade makes an extremely interesting comment about printmaking, noting that prints are not among “collectors’ favorite items.” In his opinion, this is why Brazilian art production suffers, a situation that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782969

  • Theatro da Experiencia
    Braga, Rubem
    This newspaper article about the CAM (Club of Modern Artists) describes the activities of the Teatro da Experiência, the theater company founded by Flávio de Carvalho in 1933. The author explains that the group objectives are “to create [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782944

  • Tradicionismo dinamico : cultura universalista
    Chiacchio, Carlos
    The editorial in the first issue of Arco & Flexa magazine sets the tone for the publication, and endorses both “tradition” and the Brazilian “modernist” movement, essentially because the latter is steeped in a universalism that also seeks [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 782632

  • Tarsila
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    The Brazilian art critic Mário de Andrade reviews São Paulo and Morro da Favela [Shanty Town Hill], two of the paintings that were presented at the first solo exhibition of work by Tarsila do Amaral (in São Paulo, 1929). In de Andrade’s opinion [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781938

  • Tarsila
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    Mário de Andrade, the writer and member of the Brazilian “modernist” movement—[this version of “modernism” had nothing to do with the literary movement headed by Rubén Darío that followed European avant-garde ideas]—described Tarsila [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781921

  • Sobre a psycho-analyse
    Freud, Sigmund, 1856-1939
    A Revista was a magazine that operated outside of the twin hegemonic centers of modernist culture in Brazil (São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro) in the 1920s. It published the transcript of a lecture given by Sigmund Freud (probably in the United States) [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781850

  • Recordação do Clube dos Artistas Modernos
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    The artist Flávio de Carvalho describes the circumstances that led to the founding of the CAM [Modern Artists Club] with the painters Emiliano Di Cavalcanti, Carlos Prado, and Antonio Gomide. He also discusses the events and activities that defined [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781340

  • Primitivos
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    In this essay, the writer and researcher in the field of Brazilian music and folklore Mário de Andrade discusses the confusion surrounding the term “primitive” which, in his opinion, is being incorrectly used by art critics. He therefore “only [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781294

  • Prefácio interessantíssimo
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    Writing in a declarative style, Mário de Andrade launches into his “prefacio interesantísimo” [extremely interesting preface] by referring to the so-called “fundação do desvairismo” [Foundation of Delirium]. Alternately joking and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781273

  • Portinari
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    The noted Brazilian intellectual, Mário de Andrade presents Candido Portinari’s drawings for the Ministério da Educação e Saúde building in Rio de Janeiro, the signature project of Brazilian modern architecture. De Andrade explains that the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781236

  • Phantasias de um poeta
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    In this article, the writer Mário de Andrade discusses the photomontages of poet Jorge de Lima. In the opinion of de Andrade, photomontage can be considered a new medium for lyrical expression and an introduction to modern art. He thinks that those [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781216

  • O sentido moderno do Brasil
    This is the text of the editorial that was published in the sixth issue of Movimento Brasileiro magazine; it describes Brazilian modernism as the “expressive outpouring of a new country” rather than an artistic and literary undertaking. The [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781189

  • O problema esthetico do momento
    This anonymous article reports on the painter Lasar Segall’s second trip to Brazil, when he settled in São Paulo. Segall is described as “a confirmed expressionist” and an “ardent supporter of the modern art movement” which, according to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781161

  • O movimento modernista; O movimento modernista II; O movimento modernista III; O movimento modernista IV (conclusão)
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    In April 1942, in celebration of the twentieth anniversary of the founding of the Semana de Arte Moderna [Modern Art Week] at the Teatro Municipal in São Paulo in 1922, Mário de Andrade gave a talk at the library of the Ministério das Relações [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781117

  • O lado oposto e outros lados
    Holanda, Sérgio Buarque de, 1902-
    In this article, the historian Sérgio Buarque de Hollanda analyzes the various modern art groups that have emerged in Brazil. He notes the differences now compared to what was going on ten years earlier, when a point of view was developing that “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781100

  • Movimento brasileiro II
    Magalhães Drummond, José de
    The second part of Magalhães Drummond’s essay on modernism in Brazil—[this version of “modernism” had nothing to do with the literary movement headed by Rubén Darío that followed European avant-garde ideas]—was published in this issue of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781083

  • Monumento às Bandeiras
    Brecheret, Victor
    This document, submitted to a public competition in 1920, includes the mock-up and the report written by the sculptor Victor Brecheret for his “Monumento às Bandeiras” [Monument to the “Banner” Expeditions”] project. “Bandeiras” were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781066

  • Manifesto do III Salão de Maio
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    The manifesto shown here uses the term “aesthetic revolution” to refer to the steady discarding of perception (specifically visual) in modern art, and on the other hand, to the resulting development of the “psychological and mental perception [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 781014

  • Manifesto do Grupo Verde de Cataguazes
    Rezende, Henrique Vieira de; Quatorzevoltas, Ascânio Lopes, 1906-1929; Fusco, Rosário, 1910; César, Guilhermino, 1908-; Soares, Camilo, 1909-; Peixoto, Francisco Inácio, 1909-; Fonte-Boa, Christóphoro; Mendes, Martins; Abritta, Oswaldo
    This is the text of the manifesto published by the Grupo Verde, a group from the small town of Cataguazes, in the region of Minas Gerais. It was originally printed on green paper, like a newsletter about the work of the members: Verde: revista mensal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780996

  • Le Corbusier
    This anonymous article announces that the Swiss architect, Le Corbusier, might soon visit Brazil. According to the article, the noted architect considers the “geometric spirit” to be “a contemporary synthesis.” In a eulogy to the industrial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780967

  • Esta paulista familia
    Andrade, Mário de, 1893-1945
    After criticizing the selection made in the United States to represent Brazil at the Latin American Exhibition of Visual Arts that was held in New York during the 1939 World’s Fair, the great Brazilian polymath, Mário de Andrade continues by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780722

  • A modernidade universalista da arte : fragmento de um ensaio
    Abílio, Henrique, 1893-1932
    Responding to a “pure” form of nationalism that was in vogue in the early 1920s, Henrique Abilio proposes a “synthetic” approach to art: the “Universalist” movement. In general terms, this approach means being modern in time, as well as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780451

  • A estadia de Le Corbusier no Rio de Janeiro
    This anonymous article reports on the lectures given by the Swiss architect and urban designer Le Corbusier during his visit to Rio de Janeiro in 1929. Sponsored by the Instituto Central de Arquitetos (in what was then the capital of Brazil), Le [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780364

  • A epopéa do teatro da experiencia e o bailado do deus morto
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    In 1933, the artist Flávio de Carvalho discussed the founding of the Teatro da Experiência at the premises of the CAM [Modern Artists Club] in São Paulo. Speaking from his broader experience as an architect and set designer, he sees the theater as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780339

  • 1917 - Anita Malfatti
    Malfatti, Anita
    In this article written in 1917, Anita Malfatti records her impressions of her travels in the United States and Europe. The Brazilian artist enthusiastically describes the protests prompted by the paintings she exhibited on her return to São Paulo. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780289

  • Manifiesto invencionista
    Iommi, Enio, 1926-; Contreras, Simón; Werbin, Matilde; Lozza, Rembrandt van Dyck; Mónaco, Primaldo; Prati, Lidy, 1921-2008; Espinosa, Manuel; Maldonado, Tomás, 1913-; Hlito, Alfredo; Lozza, Raúl; Bayley, Edgar; Caraduje, Antonio; Molenberg, Alberto; Souza, Jorge; Núñez González, Oscar; Landi, Obdulio
    The Manifiesto Invencionista [Invention-ist Manifesto] was the brainchild of an Argentinean group that published a flyer in which they declared war to the death on figurative expression. In contrast to the “metaphysics of beauty,” they extolled [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 777253

  • Pablo Picasso, o primeiro unificador espiritual da América Latina
    Quiroga Galdo, Germán
    Germán Quiroga Galdo believes that modern Latin American painting could well be considered “the finest and most complete” example of art that was influenced by the works of Pablo Picasso. Galdo thinks that Picasso showed the Indian-American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 777197

  • Da crítica como produtora de teorias à socialização da atividade crítica
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    In this document, the Brazilian critic Frederico Morais discusses one of the unflattering traits for which Latin America is becoming known. He refers to the major biennials where there is scant “acknowledgement” of the specifics of regional art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 777169

  • Apêndice : I Bienal Latino-Americana de São Paulo
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    This is a scathing critique of the 1st Latin American Biennial held in São Paulo in November and December 1978, which featured exhibitions and symposia on “myth and magic.” Frederico Morais reports, “All the negative predictions concerning [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 777145

  • A America Latina : I
    Romero, Sílvio, 1851-1914
    Echoing what Manoel de Bonfim had written previously, in his 1903 book A América Latina: males de origem [doc. no. 832506 and doc. no. 833254], Sílvio Romero attributes the “ills” of Latin America to the Iberian colonization inflicted by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776408

  • A doutrina de Monroe e a doutrina de Drago
    Oliveira Lima, Manuel de, 1865-1928
    This essay discusses and criticizes the Monroe Doctrine (1823), which although it advocated a so called protectionist policy for Latin American countries, was in fact facilitating their subjugation. The author of the essay, Manoel de Oliveira Lima, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776383