ICAA Researcher: Gabriela Germaná Roquez×
  • El arte peruano antiguo como elemento de afirmación racial : los cuadernos de dibujo de Elena Izcue
    Portal, Magda
    This article was written by the Peruvian politician and writer, Magda Portal, focusing on the work of the artist, Elena Izcue. In Portal’s opinion, looking at the past would not represent a step backward, since the past is where we find the promise [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126113

  • El arte peruano en la escuela - I
    Izcue, Elena, 1889-1970
    Ventura García Calderón asserts in this prologue that, in Latin America, the Spanish and Indian races did not mix and that the former ignored the latter even though it was, in his view, “one of the most perfect civilizations in the world.” He [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146099

  • El arte peruano en la escuela - II
    Izcue, Elena, 1889-1970
    This is the second of the two textbooks published by Elena Izcue, which were designed to teach art based on pre-Hispanic motifs at Peruvian schools. It includes two introductory texts. The first, addressed to teachers, explains how the pedagogical [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1146115

  • El arte y el deber social : declara Ciro Palacios , dirigente de los trabajadores de las artes plásticas
    This is an interview with the Peruvian artist Ciro Palacios, who at the time led the newly formed SUTAP (Sindicato Único de Trabajadores de las Artes Plásticas). Ciro Palacios explained that the union was formed on the sociopolitical commitment of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136396

  • El día: la enseñanza de las Bellas Artes
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140754

  • El escultor Piqueras Cotolí
    Barreda y Laos, Enrique-Domingo, 1879-1944
    The author recalls his visit, three years earlier, to the Academy of Spain in Rome, where, in his judgment, “the inexplicable frivolity and artifice of modern art are halted.” He praises the work of director Eduardo Chicharro, as well as that of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141308

  • El INC y las artes plásticas : Cajahuaringa : optimista pese a todo
    In this interview the painter Milner Cajahuaringa expresses his profound disagreement with the decision to award the 1975 National Culture Prize for art to the Andean altarpiece artist Joaquín López Antay. Quoting from the dictionary of the Real [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136155

  • El indigenismo y el peruanismo en el arte : comentario sobre dos exposiciones recientes
    Gallagher de Parks, Mercedes, 1883-
    In this article, Mercedes Gallagher de Parks reviews two exhibitions in Lima: one consisting of works by the Indigenist painter Camilo Blas (at the Instituto Bach); the other a collection of works by the English painter Fred Stratton (at the Sociedad [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141131

  • El Perú en el arte de José Sabogal
    Basadre, Jorge, 1903-1980
    The author of this article thinks that Peru does a better job of addressing its potential in the artistic arena than in the social or political sphere, although this has begun to change in recent years. In his opinion, José Sabogal’s paintings are [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140311

  • El Perú en la Bienal de Sao Paulo
    Caillaux, Jorge
    In this essay Jorge Caillaux states that the new approach taken by the Bienal Internacional de São Paulo (1977) was “an acknowledgement of a new phase in the development of Latin American art;” he believes that the biennial board’s decision [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855937

  • El Perú en la Bienal de Sao Paulo 1977
    These remarks were made by George Thomas, the Director of the Museo Contemporáneo de Arte Popular Peruano and curator of the national exhibition representing Peru at the XIV São Paulo Biennial. The selection consisted of works obtained from [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855974

  • El pincel aborigen de Sabogal
    Esculies, Óscar A., 1913-
    This article about José Sabogal and his work, published in the Peruvian newspaper El Comercio, was written by Óscar Esculíes after visiting the artist’s workshop at the ENBA (Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes). According to the Paraguayan writer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140903

  • El pintor José A. Sabogal
    Garrido, José Eulogio, 1888-1967
    In this newspaper article José Eulogio Garrido describes his impressions on first meeting José Sabogal in the city of Trujillo (where he was born), and admits to having been one of the few people who were able to recognize an outstanding artist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136938

  • El significado cultural de la obra de José Sabogal
    Núñez, Estuardo, 1908-2013
    In his article about the exhibition of works by José Sabogal held at the Sociedad Filarmónica in Lima in 1937, Estuardo Núñez suggests that Sabogal’s paintings were not just the product of a particular school or trend but were required [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140523

  • Elena Izcue
    Mayer de Zulen, Dora
    This article by the Peruvian writer, Dora Mayer, focuses on the work of the artist, Elena Izcue, who managed to tie “el hilo flotante de la cultura incaica al hilo extirado [sic] de la cultura actual” [the floating thread of Inca culture to a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1126129

  • En el Museo Nacional : un ensayo de decoración estilo incaico
    Martínez, Alberto J.
    This article by Alberto J. Martínez discusses the use of stylized pre-Hispanic motifs to decorate one of the galleries of the Museo Nacional de Lima. In his view, “every effort to bolster a genuinely Peruvian form of artistic expression represents [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1144009

  • En honor de José Sabogal
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140492

  • En la cultura : homenaje a Alicia Bustamante, la madrina del arte popular
    Orrillo, Winston, 1941-
    In this newspaper article, Winston Orrillo announces the death of the painter Alicia Bustamante, and above all, acknowledges her contributions to a greater appreciation for traditional Peruvian art. She traveled all over the country collecting work [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139542

  • En la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    This article was published in January 1933 on the occasion of ENBA’s exhibition of paintings by Daniel Hernández, who was the first director of the Peruvian Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes [National School of Fine Arts], and by the school’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140428

  • Es sólo el punto de vista de una "selecta" minoría...
    This caricature published in the Lima-based newspaper La Prensa on January 10, 1976, formed part of the polemic around the Premio Nacional de Cultura [award] granted to altarpiece maker Joaquín López Antay as opposed to an “erudite” artist. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855170

  • Está naciendo algo... una entrevista con Mirko Lauer
    Buntinx, Gustavo, 1957-
    Gustavo Buntinx interviews Mirko Lauer on his social perspectives on the analysis of visual arts when applied to “the cultural structural order” currently in Peru. Lauer, commencing from a theoretical point of view, discusses the situation of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136477

  • Estados Unidos en impresión de José Sabogal
    Falcón, Jorge, 1908-; Falcón, Jorge, 1908-
    The Peruvian intellectual Jorge Falcón interviews José Sabogal about his visit to several cities in the United States in 1942 at the invitation of the State Department. Sabogal admits that until then, he did not have a complete view of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140687

  • Exposición de pintura de Julia Codesido
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    In this text, Clodoaldo López Merino, under the pseudonym of “EGO,” asserts that even before this show of painting, Julia Codesido had consolidated her prestige as an artist. She had studied at European academies and at the Escuela Nacional de [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1147874

  • Exposición de pintura en la Universidad Mayor de San Marcos
    Cáceres, Zoila Aurora
    In the author’s opinion, Julio Codesido “has accepted the admiration for and establishment of a genuinely Peruvian style of painting.” This is her second exhibition in Lima and, according to the reviewer, it includes paintings that reveal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141212

  • Exposición de xilografías de José Sabogal
    López Merino, Clodoaldo
    The writer of this article claims that José Sabogal’s exhibition “will shake our art milieu out of its inertia,” referring to a previous review he wrote about the Peruvian indigenist painter’s exhibition in Buenos Aires in 1928. In his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140260

  • Exposición Sabogal
    Muelle, Jorge C.
    The synopsis and the annotations in English are coming soon. However, our bilingual readers can click on “Español” to access this information in Spanish [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140555

  • Frente único
    Moncloa, Francisco, 1922-
    Francisco Moncloa applauds the decision to honor Joaquín López Antay, the Andean altarpiece artist who was awarded the National Culture Prize in the art category in 1975. Moncloa responds to critics who value “cultured art” above “handcrafts [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135914

  • Fundamentacíon para el dictamen por mayoría simple a favor del artista popular Joaquín López Antay
    Gunther, Juan, 1927-; Castrillón, Alfonso, 1935-; Lee, Leslie; Bernasconi, Carlos Antonio; Gálvez, Cristina
    This essay presents the basis and verdict of the Premio Nacional de Cultura [National Culture Prize] for art, awarded in 1975 to the Andean altarpiece artist Joaquín López Antay. It is said that in Peru two types of art coexist: one is the so- [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1135896

  • Habla Piquera Cotolí...
    Solari, Carlos, 1883-1932
    After visiting the ENBA sculpture studios in Lima, the author comments on works by Coello and Pozo, and mentions the sculptress Carmen Saco. He then interviews Manuel Piqueras Cotolí, the architect from Madrid, in whose studio he examines two works [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141340

  • Hacen Quelcas
    Espinoza Haro, Nilo, 1950-
    In this interview, Primitivo Evanán Poma explains to Nilo Espinoza that in Sarhua, the country village where he was born, “it was the custom that relatives would give quelcas or painted wooden boards to families that built a house and put a roof [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140967

  • Hacia una crítica marxista del marxismo. Entre Marx y la Estética
    Lauer, Mirko, 1947-; Buntinx, Gustavo, 1957-; Fetscher, Iring, 1922-
    [This article is] a debate between the German Marxist intellectual Iring Fetscher and the writer Mirko Lauer for the Peruvian magazine U-tópicos Entornoalovisual, moderated by Gustavo Buntinx, the editor of the magazine. This issue of the magazine [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1292607

  • Historia, modernidad y ruina peruana : notas sobre identidad y espacio en la obra de Carlos Runcie Tanaka
    Quijano, Rodrigo, 1965-
    Rodrigo Quijano argues that Tiempo detenido—the installation by ceramicist Carlos Runcie Tanaka—does more than illustrate a traumatic event. Since its beginnings, Quijano asserts, the work has been linked to the artist’s search for identity. To [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293738

  • Homenaje a José Sabogal : ofrecimiento de José Gálvez. Respuesta del pintor
    In August 1943 a ceremony was organized at the Cabane Club in Lima to honor José Sabogal. This document includes the honoree’s speech as well as the one given on that occasion by the poet José Gálvez, who refers to his doctoral thesis on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140821

  • Humillados y ofendidos
    Pinto, Ismael
    In these interviews, the author Ismael Pinto said that the decision by the INC (Instituto Nacional de Cultura) to send “arts and crafts” to the Bienal Internacional de São Paulo (1977) was evidence of a discriminatory cultural policy at the INC [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 855252

  • Impresiones de Julia Codesido después de su expos. en N. York
    This interview with the Indigenist painter Julia Codesido was published in the Lima newspaper La Crónica on the occasion of her exhibition at the Delphic Studios gallery (New York, 1936). The interviewer talks about the warm welcome Codesido [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1141277

  • Incanidad, indianidad
    Uriel García, José
    In this fourth chapter of his book El Nuevo indio, José Uriel García defines the concepts of “Incanity” and “Indianity.” With the advent of the Spanish, the author explains, “the history of the Incas came to an end, and with it Inca life [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136679

  • Introducción
    Stastny, Francisco
    This introductory essay appeared in the exhibition catalogue for the retrospective of the painter Alicia Bustamante at the Museo de Arte y de Historia de la Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos (Lima, 1974). The essay was written by the historian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139585

  • Jorge Vinatea Reinoso
    Raygada, Carlos, 1898-1953
    In this text, art critic Carlos Raygada asserts that Vinatea Reinoso is one of the “most refined and legitimate proponents” of “genuinely Peruvian painting.” The author makes reference to the most outstanding work in the reigning pictorial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1144156

  • José Sabogal
    Valcárcel, Luis E. (Luis Eduardo), 1891-1987
    In this article, the indigenist Peruvian anthropologist Luis E. Valcárcel pays tribute to José Sabogal, following his death in 1956. In the author’s opinion, Cuzco (where the painter lived after spending several years studying in Europe) was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139618

  • José Sabogal : maestro pintor
    Macera, Cesar Francisco, 1908-1964
    According to César Francisco Macera, José Sabogal’s first exhibition in Perú (Lima, 1919) had a profound impact on the country; viewers were astonished and appalled at “the new landscape” they were looking at. Sabogal responded to critiques [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140669

  • José Sabogal está en busqueda del arte del pueblo : un momento de exaltación de las fuerzas del Perú con el gran animador del arte vernacular nacional
    In this article, the editor of the newspaper Noticias de Arequipa interviews José Sabogal on the occasion of the artist’s visit to Arequipa, and they talk about contemporary Peruvian painting and traditional art. On the former topic, Sabogal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1289505

  • José Sabogal y las artes populares en el Perú
    Arguedas, José María, 1911-1969
    In this article about the indigenist painter José Sabogal’s relationship with Peru’s tradition arts, José María Arguedas explains that Sabogal was a member of the movement led by the thinker José Carlos Mariátegui, which was devoted to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139602

  • José Sabogal, director de la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    Garrido, José Eulogio, 1888-1967
    In the author’s opinion there has seldom been a fairer appointment, because José Sabogal is not a token candidate, he is a hard-working painter. Another factor is the “authentic Peruvian-ness” of what José Eulogio Garrido calls the fervent [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140395

  • José Sabogal, pintor de la raza
    Sabroso Montoya, Arturo, 1895-1974
    According to the author of this article José Sabogal is, above all, “someone who expresses Peruvian-ness,” one who has not only developed an original technique, but has also managed to expose profound and unprecedented aspects of the country’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140345

  • Julia Codecido en N. York
    Published in Lima-based newspaper La Prensa, this document is a compilation of reviews published in New York newspapers on the Julia Codesido exhibition held at Delphic Studios gallery, also in New York, in 1936. Howard Devree of The New York Times [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136600

  • La "Exposición de arte indigenista escolar y popular"
    This document contains a transcription of the speech given by Luis E. Galván, an official at the Peruvian Ministerio de Educación Pública, on the occasion of the opening of a show of indigenous art. He explains that education is fundamental to “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1136711

  • La ciudad : el camello por el ojo de la aguja
    Quijano, Rodrigo, 1965-
    In this text, Rodrigo Quijano argues that Lima 01—a series of photographs of inverted images of interiors of old abandoned buildings in downtown Lima—addresses questions of forgetting and urban decay. The series makes reference to the design of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1293706

  • La colección Alicia Bustamante y la universidad
    Arguedas, José María, 1911-1969
    The author, José María Arguedas, discusses the work of the late Alicia Bustamante, recently deceased, explaining that she “came of age as an artist in Lima during the years of [José Carlos] Mariátegui’s influence and the repercussions of the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1139559

  • La cúpula en América
    Sabogal, José, 1888-1956
    This article was written by José Sabogal on the development of architecture in Latin America. Sabogal emphasizes the emergence of an art of construction with its own nuances after the Spanish conquest, when Western elements were combined with Native [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1125912

  • La dirección de la Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes
    The signatories to this open letter addressed to the then-president of Peru, Manuel Prado, request that José Sabogal be reinstated as director of the ENBA (Escuela Nacional de Bellas Artes). They point out that ever since he was appointed (in 1932 [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1140784