ICAA Researcher: Francisco Reyes Palma×
  • ¡Que viva Trotsky!
    Rivera, Diego, 1886-1957
    1986
    This was the headline of the supplement—dedicated to the muralist on the centenary of his birth—that published a document dated December 19, 1929 in which Diego Rivera explained “My Expulsion from the PCM.” The text discusses his reasons and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754283

  • ¿Qué opina usted del estridentismo?
    Leblanc, Oscar
    1923
    Based on the criticisms that the emergence of Estridentismo gave rise to, Oscar Leblanc, a journalist of El Universal Ilustrado carries out a survey about the movement, interviewing several personalities. The responses are really extreme. The writer [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737534

  • [Comité Ejecutivo de la Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) to Joseph Freeman, National Secretary of the John Reed Club (JRC). Communique]
    1935
    This communiqué outlines the growth of the Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (LEAR) [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] in the last ten months, explaining the organizational structure and activities. It highlights the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800989

  • [El café de nadie]
    Alva de la Canal, Ramón
    1924
    This stylized painting portrays some of the members of the Estridentista movement in their meeting place: El Café de Nadie [No Man’s Café]. Manuel Maples Arce is in the upper center of the picture, flanked by both Germán List and Salvador [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799703

  • [El conocimiento de la vanguardia internacional en México...]
    Schneider, Luis Mario
    1970
    Luis Mario Schneider carried out the first documented study on Etridentismo; he interviewed the members of the group and thoroughly examined the archives of this 1920s avant-garde movement. Although the group left some accounts to history, this was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752823

  • [Letter] 1935 December 4th, México D.F [to] League of American Writers
    Cabada, Juan de la
    1935
    Juan de la Cabada reports on progress in organizing a Congreso Continental de Científicos [Scientists’ Continental Congress] in Mexico City under the direction of Víctor Manuel Villaseñor in accordance with the resolutions of the American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801625

  • [Letter] 1935 June 6, México [to] Bernabé Barrios
    Arenal, Luis; Cabada, Juan de la
    1935
    This is a letter addressed to Barnabé Barrios, in New York, signed by Juan de la Cabada and Luis Arenal, as the editor and a member of the Executive Committee, respectively, of Frente a Frente [Face to Face] magazine. The authors inform Bernabé [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801000

  • [Letter] 1935 June 6th, México D.F. [to] New masses
    Liga de Escritores y Artistas Revolucionarios (Mexico City, Mexico)
    1935
    This document proposes an exchange of publications between Frente a Frente and New Masses, but its main goal is to convince the North American publication to use its influence to help connect LEAR to the Association d’Écrivains et Artistes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801041

  • [Letter] 1935 Junio 14, México D.F [to] Angel Flores
    Arenal, Luis
    1935
    This essay discusses LEAR’s decision to establish a “Bureau Editor for Mexico” to publish the continent-oriented magazine, Sin Fronteras / All America—the roots of the future “Congreso Continental de Escritores y Artistas de Toda América [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801551

  • [Letter] 1935 Noviembre 8, Mexico City [to] Luis Arenal
    Ossa, Ben
    1935
    After discussing how busy Germán List Arzubide—the Estridentista from old times—kept in New York’s workers’ media, Ben Ossa mentions the ideas suggested to LEAR by the “Congreso de Artistas Americanos (de Estados Unidos)” [American [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801606

  • [Letter] 1935 Octubre 16, New York [to] Luis Arenal
    1935
    “The Red International”—as Ramón Pi, Jr. referred to himself—describes his vehicle for distributing revolutionary words and images from his base in New York. His goal is to place his publication in the hands of professionals whose names he [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801576

  • [Letter] 1936 Abril 4, New York [to] Leopoldo Mendez
    Tamayo, Rufino
    1936
    In this letter, Rufino Tamayo hints at the friction experienced by an artist who put his personal goals above the demands of political activism. Tamayo promises to report on the failings of the delegation to the LEAR and apologizes for asking the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801636

  • [Letter] 1965 Junio 8, México D. F., [to] Juan Bracho, Antonio Pujol y Rufino Tamayo
    Pizarro Suárez, Nicolás
    1936
    According to the communiqué, several members of the LEAR [League of Revolutionary Writers and Artists] were scolded by the League’s Executive Committee for overextending their stay in New York and abandoning their League duties, The members were [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801646

  • 3 llamamientos de orientación actual a los pintores y escultores de la nueva generación americana
    Siqueiros, David Alfaro
    1921
    With his manifesto, David Alfaro Siqueiros sought to position the avant-garde project anew, doing away with belated modernism and impressionism, in favor of Cubo-Futurist expressions and the incipient eruption of Dadaism. This eagerness for [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801659

  • Actual, Hoja de Vanguardia, Num. 1
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    1921
    This is the poster-manifesto that gave rise to the Estridentista movement in Mexico. Manuel Maples Arce, a poet born in Xalapa (Veracruz), launched his avant-garde publication Actual as a provocation directed against the acclaimed literary figures of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 754048

  • Al público de la América Latina y del mundo entero : principalmente a los escritores : artistas y hombres de ciencia: hacemos la siguiente declaración
    Alvarez Bravo, Manuel
    1938
    The protest reports on a series of cancellations and blockages that prevented André Breton from arriving at the university and other college facilities. This occurred despite his official invitation and the fact that his presentation was planned in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800240

  • André Breton : la niebla y el relámpago
    Paz, Octavio
    1996
    This is a dense re-telling of Octavio Paz’s nexus to surrealism and particular link to André Breton. It tells of the role played by the poet Benjamín Péret in this long relationship, which the Mexican writer sums up as a moral bond: “My [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779416

  • André Breton o la búsqueda del comienzo
    Paz, Octavio
    1996
    In this essay, along with posthumous praise for the figure, André Breton, Octavio Paz establishes a new approach to surrealism, automatic writing and the concept of revelation: “The critics are saying that surrealism is no longer the avant-garde. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779424

  • Carta abierta a los revolucionarios : una clarinada de alerta a la juventud de la República
    List Arzubide, Germán
    1925
    In his role as director of Horizonte, the Estridentista magazine, Germán List Arzubide expresses his opposition to the tribute paid by the mainstream press—specifically Excélsior newspaper—to Salvador Díaz Mirón. He also denounces the crimes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799691

  • Carta del Dr. Atl a don Federico Gamboa
    Atl, Dr., 1875-1964
    1911
    Among descriptions of his affective universe and his hardships, the painter Gerardo Murillo (a.k.a. Dr. Atl) revues some projects that connect him to the French utopian tradition; for instance, either that of an “Integral City” or of an extremist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737633

  • Crítica cinematográfica : El Perro Andaluz
    Villaurrutia, Xavier, 1903-1950
    1938
    A short article by the Mexican poet Xavier Villaurrutia in which he announces the opening of a film club, “16 mm Cinema,” and the projection of the “sobrerrealista” [over-realist] film by Luis Buñuel, Un chien andalou [UnPerro Andaluz /An [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774225

  • Cuatro azules : Feininger, Jawlensky, Kandinsky, Paul Klee : exposición : óleos, acuarelas, grabados, litografías : Biblioteca Nacional de Mexico, del 24 de noviembre al 1o. de diciembre de 1931
    Biblioteca Nacional de México
    1931
    The Art Salon of the SEP [Ministry of Public Education] (1931-1934), as coordinated by the painters Francisco Díaz de León and Gabriel Fernández Ledesma—who represented both the Departamento de Bellas Artes de la Secretaría de Educación Pú [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 733040

  • El café de nadie
    Alva de la Canal, Ramón
    1930
    Ramón Alva de la Canal painted the first version of El Café de Nadie [No Man’s Café] in 1924. After it disappeared, he decided to paint the scene again, but this time he introduced some new elements. To illustrate it, he included the names of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799711

  • El movimiento estridentista
    List Arzubide, Germán
    1926
    Five years after their first manifesto Actual [see doc. 737463 and doc. 754048], Germán List Arzubide recounted the early activity of the estridentista group. The author began with a description of the group’s leader, the poet Manuel Maples Arce. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737784

  • El movimiento estridentista en 1922
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-
    1922
    In the same year that the Estridentista manifesto was written, Manuel Maples Arce recounts the progress of both the literary and artistic avant-gardes in Mexico observing that indeed: “the few intellectuals who joined the revolution were corrupt [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774074

  • El triunfo del pintor Manuel Rodríguez Lozano en la exposición de “Contemporáneos”
    1928
    When interviewed for his participation in the first exhibition of Los Contemporáneos group, Manuel Rodríguez Lozano replied: “We are not a group but rather four independent painters,” the common denominator among them being “work and honesty [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800875

  • Exposición de pintura actual organizada por la revista Contemporáneos : del 7 al 15 de diciembre en el Pasaje América : Catálogo
    1928
    This article analyzes the works exhibited by Abraham Ángel, Julio Castellanos, Carlos Mérida, Manuel Rodríguez Lozano and Rufino Tamayo. It also states that other artists were invited to participate: José Clemente Orozco, who promised to send [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800222

  • Exposición internacional del surrealismo : aparición de la gran esfinge nocturna = International exhibition of surrealism : apparition of the great sphinx of the night
    Breton, André, 1896-1966; Paalen, Wolfgang; Moro, César, d. 1956; Galería de Arte Mexicano (Mexico City, Mexico)
    1940
    The Exposición Internacional del Surrealismo [International Exhibition of Surrealism] opened in 1940 at the Mexico City gallery owned by Inés Amor. André Breton, although absent, had organized the exhibition. His phrase “La belleza será [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 801807

  • Fiesta del surrealismo
    Huerta, Efraín
    1938
    Un chien andalou [Un perro andaluz (1929) [An Andalusian Dog]—a film directed by Luis Buñuel, with a script written by Buñuel and Salvador Dalí—was presented in Mexico nine years after it was shot. Efraín Huerta, a writer by trade and an [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774343

  • Figuras inquietas : Marinetti
    Gómez de la Serna, Ramón, 1888-1963
    1922
    From Madrid, the Spanish avant-garde poet Ramón Gómez de la Serna wrote a concise profile of Filippo Tomasso Marinetti that was taken up by the Mexican cultural press. De la Serna refers to a certain appeasement of spirit in his friend the Futurist [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737453

  • Fotografía y cinematógrafo : Emilio Amero
    Mérida, Carlos, 1891-1984
    1932
    In this newspaper article, Carlos Mérida, a Guatemalan artist who lived in Mexico, quotes from an essay he had written for the exhibition catalogue, Amero 25 nuevas fotografías [Amero: 25 New Photographs]. He also includes three of Emilio Amero’s [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774109

  • Gestación y advenimiento
    Schneider, Luis Mario
    1978
    The first chapter of the book Gestación y Advenimiento, México y el surrealismo, 1925-1950 [Gestation and Advent, Mexico and Surrealism, 1925-1950] is dedicated to the Surrealist presence in Mexico. From a literary perspective, Luis Mario Schneider [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799727

  • Horizonte : Revista mensual de actividad contemporánea
    1927
    The magazine Horizonte [Horizon] had excellent cover designers such as Leopoldo Méndez and Ramón Alva de la Canal. Canal was the one who created this cover as well as many vignettes, all of which were very well sketched [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737586

  • Irradiacion inaugural
    1923
    Irradiador magazine—subtitled, “Avant-garde magazine: an international project devoted to the new aesthetic, directed by Manuel Maples Arce & Fermín Revueltas”—was published in Mexico City in 1923. El restorán [The Restaurant], a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800955

  • Irradiador N. 1: Revista de vanguardia
    Maples Arce, Manuel, 1900-; Revueltas, Fermín
    1923
    Irradiador magazine—subtitled, “Avant-garde magazine: an international project devoted to the new aesthetic, directed by Manuel Maples Arce & Fermín Revueltas”—was published in Mexico City in 1923. El restorán [The Restaurant], a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 800931

  • Jean Charlot
    Baciu, Stefan
    1970
    Baciu produces a panorama of the work by French painter Jean Charlot, from his early links to his country’s avant-garde and his integration into the first Mexican muralist movement, through to his relationships with the Estridentista movement and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737793

  • José Guadalupe Posada : ilustrador de la vida mexicana
    Posada, José Guadalupe, 1852-1913
    1963
    The printmaker Leopoldo Méndez, with the support of Mariana Yampolsky and Adolfo Mexiac, completed a careful and voluminous edition of the prints by José Guadalupe Posada, which included a selection of his illustrations for free handouts, posters, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737808

  • La ciudad de la Vanguardia : un recorrido estridentista
    Reyes Palma, Francisco
    2006
    This book takes as its subject a series of lectures held in 2000. It constitutes the first documentary account of the contributions of the visual artists who were involved in the Estridentista movement avant-garde and its relation to the urban scene [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752842

  • La cultura eterna de México
    Artaud, Antonin, 1896-1948
    1936
    Antonin Artaud outlines a type of utopia whose mission is to search for the lost soul of the great Native cultures in the Mexico of his time, to recover what is Native and go back to the beginnings to what is untouched by progress. Artaud arrives in [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774337

  • La frivolidad de Emilio Amero
    Casanovas, Martí, 1894-1966
    1928
    While passing through Mexico after four years in New York, artist Emiliano Amero shares his notebooks with author Martí Casanovas, who enthusiastically points out his themes of advertising, as well as café and cabaret life. In his judgment, they [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737702

  • La nueva orientación decorativa del mueble
    Alva de la Canal, Ramón
    1928
    A photograph of angular furnishings illustrates the text in which their designer, Ramón Alva de la Canal, states the necessity of updating the objects which surround us: the avant-garde proposes geometric forms that, divested of their ornamentation [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774352

  • La primera Exposición de los Grupos de “acción de arte”
    Perez Mendoza, Efraín
    1922
    According to Efraín Pérez Mendoza, the Grupos de “Acción de Arte” [Art Action Groups] exhibition is one of the most interesting, complete and “most tormented that has been mounted by Mexican artists,” because the works express the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774133

  • La revolución en el arte mexicano
    Vela, Arqueles
    1935
    The old Guatemalan Estridentista, Arqueles Vela, muses on how the revolution influenced Mexican art. He does not believe that cubism or the poetry of the proletariat were the first fields to be affected; instead, he points to the corridos, the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 779773

  • Las nuevas Escuelas Literarias : “El creacionismo”
    Cruchaga Santa María, Ángel
    1919
    The Chilean poet Vicente (Ruiz) Huidobro explains the effects of the elimination of punctuation due to the spatial cuts proposed by Creationism. With regard to this trend, he also lists the movement’s representatives, their publications, and their [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737688

  • Literatura-Poesia-Estamperia Popular
    Atl, Dr., 1875-1964
    1921
    In 1922, in the chapter dedicated to literature, poetry, and printing—emphasizing the editorial house Antonio Vanegas Arroyo—Dr. Atl refers for the first time to the printmaker José Guadalupe Posada. He describes him in detail: “grabador ú [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 752863

  • Manifiesto estridentista número 3
    Gallardo, Salvador
    1925
    Salvador Gallardo issued a third Estridentista proclamation in 1925 in the city of Zacatecas that echoed the formal language used by Manuel Maples Arce, the founding father of the trend, Estridentismo. It consisted of a repetitive litany, expressed [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799681

  • Manifiesto Número 4
    Aguillón Guzmán, Manuel
    1926
    In Ciudad Victoria (Tamaulipas), Miguel Aguillón Guzmán issued a fourth Estridentista manifesto in which the delegates to the III Congreso Nacional de Estudiantes [3rd National Students’Conference] affirm their “support for the Mexican [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 799686

  • Marinetti y la última renovación futurista : “El Tactilismo”
    Lozano, Rafael
    1921
    This article recounts an interview of Filippo Tomasso Marinetti conducted by Rafael Lozano when he visited the Italian poet in Paris. The text provides an ample description of the new “tactile” aesthetic that the futurist promoted as well as some [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 737428

  • México, de cerca, de lejos… : a André Breton
    Cardoza y Aragón, Luis
    1936
    In 1936 Luis Cardoza y Aragón—the writer who was involved with the surrealist avant-garde while he was in Paris, and later lived in Mexico—heard from the poet André Breton, who asked him for an introduction to the art of Mexico, where he was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 760510

  • Notas artísticas : el fracaso de la Exposición de Independientes
    Ortega, Febronio
    1922
    The “independents” exhibition was born out of an effort by artists to promote an art market and maintain control of it, christened in the same manner as the Parisian avant-garde. That first show in November 1922—by Grupos de Acción de Arte [ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 774095