ICAA Researcher: Flavia Marichal×
  • ¿Cual es el paisaje cubano?
    Juan, Adelaida de
    1987
    In this essay—a historical reflection on the Cuban landscape over the centuries—Cuban critic and historian Adelaida de Juan asserts that, starting in the second half of the nineteenth century, Cuban painters began to envision the natural [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806521

  • A crise mundial e uma orden estetica = La crisis mundial y un nuevo orden estético
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    1984
    The Brazilian critic Frederico Morais suggests that the discovery of artistic production emerging from peripheral locales in nations on both sides of the Atlantic is leading to a process of cultural decentralization. This outward movement from the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805736

  • Aproximación al desarrollo histórico de la xilografía en Puerto Rico 1950-1986
    Lugo de Marichal, Flavia
    1986
    Puerto Rican historian and curator Flavia Marichal Lugo offers an overview of the history of the woodcut in Puerto Rico. She explains that the medium took hold on the island in 1950 and its influence continually grew from then on thanks to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806507

  • Apuntes sobre Amelia Peláez y el arte latinoamericano
    Rodríguez, Bélgica, 1941-
    1988
    Venezuelan art critic Bélgica Rodríguez suggests that Latin American art is largely homogeneous. She discusses the impact of different international styles and artistic movements on Latin American artists such as Cuban painter Amelia Peláez, who [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805572

  • Apuntes sobre la Segunda Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano
    Ruiz de la Mata, Ernesto
    Puerto Rican critic Ernesto Ruiz de la Mata comments that after the II Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano [2nd San Juan Biennial of Latin American Graphic Art] was inaugurated, many people forgot about the marginal activities that made [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806339

  • Arnaldo Roche Agonista : la lucha por la identidad
    García Gutiérrez, Enrique
    1987
    The Puerto Rican art historian and critic Eugenio García Gutiérrez takes a critical look at the most important works from the career of Arnaldo Roche, paying particular attention to his self-portraits, and the techniques he used in his work. It [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805047

  • Arte Chicano : una iconografía de la autodeterminación
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1987
    This essay by North American historian Shifra M. Goldman examines the artistic production of Chicanos. She considers that production part of the nationalist strategy of a people that determines its own destiny by means of its declarations, be they [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806255

  • Arte Latinoamericano en los Estados Unidos : al margen de algunas exposiciones
    Barradas, Efraín
    1988
    The Puerto Rican critic Efraín Barradas writes about the full schedule of exhibitions in the United States, where he lives; according to him very few include Latin American art, since little is known about Latin American artists and their work. Be [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805513

  • Arte Latinoamericano hoy
    Cobo Borda, Juan Gustavo, 1948-
    1982
     The Colombian poet Juan Gustavo Cobo Borda talks about the Argentine critic Damián Bayón and his passion for Latin American art. He mentions some of Bayón’s books, such as: Aventura plástica de Hispanoamérica [Hispanic America’s Visual [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806367

  • Bajo el emblema de la pava: arte y populismo puertorriqueño dentro del contexto internacional
    Goldman, Shifra M., 1926-
    1988
    The American critic and historian Shifra M. Goldman considers the influence that the art of the New Deal (the program introduced by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in the United States that existed from 1933 to 1938) and Mexican Social Realist art [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805915

  • Bienal de San Juan
    Tolentino, Marianne de
    1979
    The French critic and historian based in the Dominican Republic, Marianne de Tolentino, wrote a critical review of the IV Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano [4th San Juan Biennial of Latin American Graphic Arts] (1979) organized by the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805900

  • Botero/Colombia en Washington
    Traba, Marta
    1980
    In this review, the Argentine art critic Marta Traba discusses the exhibition of works by the Colombian artist Fernando Botero at the Hirshhorn Museum in Washington, DC. Traba describes the exhibition as a fitting tribute to the artist who “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804888

  • Breve historia del arte argentino
    Bayón, Damián
    1987
    This brief but thorough review by the Argentine critic Damián Bayón explores the development of Argentine art from the eighteenth century to the present day. He mentions artists, architects, and sculptors who have helped to define the concept of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805103

  • Carlos González o la fundación del grabado uruguayo
    Kalenberg, Angel
    1980
    Uruguayan critic Ángel Kalenberg praises the woodcuts of Uruguayan artist Carlos González. He asserts that González is to South America what José Guadalupe Posada was to Mexico, mainly, a pioneer in the realm of art. His pivotal series of prints [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806129

  • Cien años de pintura dominicana : antología, evaluación, retrospectiva
    Tolentino, Marianne de
    1988
    The art historian Marianne de Tolentino, who was born in France and specializes in Dominican art, writes about the exhibition, Cien años de pintura dominicana, continuidad y ruptura [One Hundred Years of Dominican Painting: Continuity and Rupture], [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805556

  • CODA para la VII Bienal de San Juan
    Tibol, Raquel
    1987
    The Mexican writer and art critic Raquel Tibol questions the validity of international biennials. However, she believes they are important for stimulating changes and innovations. She talks about the change from the rule that provided for each judge [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806157

  • Congreso y exposición de artistas abstractos en Puerto Rico
    Tolentino, Marianne de
    1985
    The French critic and historian Marianne de Tolentino, who lives in the Dominican Republic, lists the artists who took part in the exhibition, Primer Congreso de Artistas Abstractos de Puerto Rico [First Puerto Rican Abstract Artists Conference] that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805348

  • Crítica a la crítica del arte
    1977
    The editorial board of the magazine Plástica reproduced part of an article on art criticism—a topic of great interest to the Puerto Rican art milieu—that had previously been published in the Mexican magazine ARTE-noticias. To expand on the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806045

  • Crítica a una crítica : carta abierta a los admiradores de Marta Traba
    Rivera García, Rafael
    1971
    Puerto Rican artist Rafael Rivera García criticizes Marta Traba’s choice of the term “eclectic” to describe Puerto Rican art. In his view, Traba should not have limited herself to four artists—Lorenzo Homar, Julio Rosado del Valle, Francisco [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805468

  • El acceso a las corrientes mayoritarias del arte
    Camnitzer, Luis
    1991
    Uruguayan critic Luis Camnitzer asserts that access to mainstream trends in art, let alone success on the art market, is difficult for artists from oppressed cultures. In his view, the colonized believe that the passage from a subordinate to a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805271

  • El arte cubano en Puerto Rico y en el mundo
    Cherson, Samuel B.
    1982
    In this article, Samuel B. Cherson, a Cuban critic living in Puerto Rico, writes about Cuban artists in exile. He mentions the artists who organized an exhibition in Puerto Rico, and who have made a name for themselves on the island, as well as [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804991

  • El estado del arte latinoamericano en Europa
    Bayón, Damián
    1984
    The Argentine critic Damián Bayón briefly summarizes the state of Latin American art in Europe. Many artists are there for just a short time, they come and then leave; most are men and the majority live in Paris. Most are painters, although there [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805721

  • El éxito de los derrotados
    Traba, Marta
    1970
    The Argentine critic Marta Traba, who was based in Puerto Rico at the time of this article, evaluates the works presented on the occasion of the Primera Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano [1st San Juan Biennial of Latin American Graphic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806451

  • El Museo de la Universidad : presentó obras de Botero, Coronel y Francisco Rodón
    Traba, Marta
    1970
    Argentine art critic Marta Traba—who lived in Puerto Rico with her husband, Uruguayan literary critic Angel Rama—considers then-contemporary Neo-figurative art a true provocation. She makes reference to critics who believed that Neo-figurative [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805438

  • El portafolio colombiano de Lorenzo Homar
    Ruiz de la Mata, Ernesto
    1984
    The Puerto Rican critic Ernesto Ruiz de la Mata interviews the maestro Lorenzo Homar on the occasion of the publication of Primera Colección de Grabados Editada en el Taller de Artes Graficas del Museo de Arte Moderno La Tertulia [First Collection [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805811

  • El portafolios gráfico o la hoja liberada
    Tió, Teresa
    1995
    This essay by Puerto Rican historian Teresa Tío discusses the historical development of graphic portfolios in Puerto Rico between the 1950s and the 1990s. The essayist’s thesis is based on the fact that Puerto Rico has a long tradition of creating [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806479

  • El significado del desarrollo de la Comunidad : un informe de la División de Educación de la Comunidad
    Wale, Fred; Isales, Carmen
    1967
    In this text, North American educator Fred Wale and his Puerto Rican counterpart Carmen Isales present an extensive report on the community development project, which began in 1949 under the administration of Luis Muñoz Marín (1949–65). This [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804865

  • El Taller Panamericano de Grabado
    Torres Martinó, José Antonio, 1916-2011
    Puerto Rican artist and critic José A. Torres Martinó asserts that there is widespread ignorance about the island of Puerto Rico, which he attributes to its isolation, which is the result of its political subordination. This has created a distance [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805408

  • En torno a tres trabajos de Antonio Martorell, artista puertorriqueño
    Rivera Rosario, Nelson
    1985
    In this detailed review, the Puerto Rican critic Nelson Rivera Rosario discusses three works by Antonio Martorell: Catálogo de objetos [Catalogue of Objects] (1974); White Christmas (1980); and Simplicity Patterns (1981). Catálogo de objetos is a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805303

  • Encuentros y coincidencias en el arte de América Latina entre oposiciones y antagonismos
    Ambrosini, Silvia de
    1984
    The Argentine critic Silvia de Ambrosini claims that there have always been “opponents” in the art field. In her opinion, these “opponents” are what revitalizes the creative atmosphere. She says that in Latin American art “we find [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805706

  • Entrevista a Myrna Báez "Myrna Báez y la presencia de P. R. en su arte"
    Fernández Zavala, Margarita
    1983
    Puerto Rican historian Margarita Fernández Zavala interviews Myrna Báez on the occasion of the retrospective exhibition of Báez’s work from 1971 to 1981 organized by the Museo del Barrio (New York, NY). The show was also exhibited at the Museum [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806311

  • Entrevista a Omar Rayo : Jurado de la Sexta Bienal del Grabado Latinoamericano.
    Fernandez, Margarita
    1983
    The Puerto Rican historian Margarita Fernández Zavala interviews the Colombian artist Omar Rayo about his participation and experience as a juror for the Sexta Bienal del Grabado Latinoamericano [6th Biennial of Latin American Graphic Art] in San [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805005

  • Escultura actual en Puerto Rico
    Pérez-Lizano, Manuel
    1987
    Spanish critic Manuel Pérez Lizano asserts that sculpture has not developed as fully as painting in Puerto Rico for a number of reasons: the high price of works in that medium (there are few exhibitions of foreign sculptors in Puerto Rico due to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805159

  • Escultura actual en Puerto Rico II
    Pérez-Lizano, Manuel
    According to the Spanish art critic Manuel Pérez Lizano, who lives in Puerto Rico, there are two movements in contemporary Puerto Rican sculpture: a Neo-Constructivist trend and an Informalist trend. He says that Manuel de J. Feliciano, Melquiades [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805930

  • Exposición de carteles realizados en el taller del Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña bajo la dirección de Lorenzo Homar
    Squirru, Rafael, 1925-
    1972
    Argentine critic Rafael Squirru writes a critical review of an exhibition of posters held at the Taller de Gráfica [Graphic Art Workshop] of the Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña (ICP) [Institute of Puerto Rican Culture]. This workshop was led by [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806353

  • Francisco de Miranda : nuestro primer crítico de arte
    Pineda, Rafael, 1926-
    1984
    The Venezuelan art critic Rafael Pineda states that Francisco de Miranda, who was born in Venezuela in the eighteenth century, is considered the country’s first art critic, based on his writings, his critical opinions on international art, and the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805587

  • Francisco Rodón
    Squirru, Rafael, 1925-
    1985
    According to the Argentine critic and historian Rafael Squirru, the Puerto Rican artist Francisco Rodón has managed to capture the character of his sitter in each of his portraits. In fact, he has mastered the art of portraying the essential [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805378

  • Francisco Rodón : Pintor de Puerto Rico
    Squirru, Rafael, 1925-
    1975
    Argentine art critic Rafael Squirru describes the connection between the Puerto Rican artist Francisco Rodón, and his work, and the way that Rodón “immerses himself in the canvas.” Squirru places Rodón within the Romantic tradition due to his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806465

  • Génesis de la Jungla : Fragmentos de una biografía de Wilfredo Lam en primicia para Bohemia (III)
    Núñez Jiménez, Antonio
    1983
    In this article, Cuban Antonio Núñez Jiménez provides interesting information on the life of Cuban artist Wifredo Lam after he returned to Havana from Europe in 1941 as a refugee of World War II. The article contains direct quotes from Lam on his [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806297

  • Hacia la sociohistoria de nuestra realidad artística
    Acha, Juan, 1916-1995
    Juan Acha, the Peruvian critic and historian who has lived in Mexico long time ago, claims that it is a mistake to see art criticism as an appendix to artistic expression. According to Acha, art criticism “should examine artistic reality and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805661

  • Impresiones sobre arquitectura : tercera parte : Colombia, México, Venezuela
    Bayón, Damián
    1982
    The Argentine critic Damián Bayón expresses his views on Colombian, Mexican, and Venezuelan architecture. He considers Caracas, the capital of Venezuela, to be a chaotic, disjointed city where confusion reigns supreme. However, in spite of that, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 804949

  • Impresiones sobre arquitectura, Segunda Parte : Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, Perú
    Bayón, Damián
    1981
    The Argentine critic Damián Bayón reviews modern architecture in Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, and Peru. He believes there is a great deal of talent among young artists in Buenos Aires. Projects are impressive in spite of the bleak economic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806269

  • Juan Antonio Rosado : 1891-1962
    Torres Martinó, José Antonio, 1916-2011
    1987
    Puerto Rican artist and critic José A. Torres Martinó discusses the life and work of painter Juan Antonio Rosado, better known as “the painter of Puerta de Tierra,” which was known as a working class neighborhood at the foot of Old San Juan, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805131

  • La antropología del grabado latinoamericano
    Duncan, Ronald J., 1941-
    1979
    Anthropologist Ronald J. Duncan analyzes work by 125 of the 315 artists that participated in the IV Bienal de San Juan del Grabado Latinoamericano [IV Latin American Print Biennial, San Juan] in an attempt to determine basic demographic patterns. In [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805423

  • La colección gráfica Esso de Puerto Rico
    1980
    In 1973, Andrew Stasik, director of the Pratt Graphic Center, assembled a collection of Puerto Rican prints later acquired by the Exxon Corporation, which also sponsored an exhibition of the collection that traveled to major cities in the United [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806115

  • La creación artística en América Latina: Factores determinantes en su evolución histórica
    Palacios, Inocente
    1984
    Inocente Palacios, who was the first director of the Escuela de Artes de la Universidad Central [Central University Art School] of Venezuela, suggests that in the twentieth century, and particularly after the Second World War, Latin American art was [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805691

  • La critique, fonction déviante entre la nature et la culture = La crítica: función desviante entre la naturaleza y la cultural
    Restany, Pierre
    1984
    The French critic Pierre Restany suggests that art criticism springs from the rebirth of an art based on modern technology, the expressive freedom of the artist, and the use of a new language that increasingly encourages a simplification of forms, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805781

  • La educación artística en Latinoamérica trasciende el problema de la identidad cultural
    Camnitzer, Luis
    1987
    Uruguayan artist and critic Luis Camnitzer asserts that the authorities that control the government of a colonized country determine its art and also dictate the principles underlying its education; any opposition is disregarded. During certain [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805061

  • La estampa serigráfica en Puerto Rico : cuatro décadas
    Rosso Tridas, Norma
    1987
    Norma Rosso, a Puerto Rican critic who resided in London, discusses the history of the silkscreen around the world, as well as its advent and later development on the island of Puerto Rico. In her view, silkscreen became the favored medium for a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 806493

  • La nueva imagen
    Glusberg, Jorge
    1984
    Jorge Glusberg, founder of the Centro de Arte y Comunicación [Center for Art and Communication] (CAyC in Buenos Aires), says that “there is no such thing as a Latin American art but there is a common set of challenges that creates an identity.” [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 805841