ICAA Researcher: Equipe Brasil: José Augusto Ribeiro×
  • "111" de Nuno Ramos
    Tassinari, Alberto
    1994
    This essay on the subject of 111 the work by Nuno Ramos is divided into three parts. The art critic Alberto Tassinari begins by describing the sociopolitical, cultural, and ideological conditions in Brazil on October 2, 1992, when military police put [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110582

  • "O que me interessa é essa coisa indefinidamente sugestiva..."
    Felix, Nelson; Resende, José; Pape, Lygia; Ramos, Nuno, 1960-; Naves, Rodrigo, 1955-
    1998
    Interview with artist Nelson Felix conducted by art critic Rodrigo Naves and three artists: Lygia Pape, José Resende and Nuno Ramos (São Paulo, May 24, 1997). Felix comments on his education as an architect; his love of music; his first drawings, [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111433

  • "Out"-arte?
    Barros, Stella Teixeira de
    1984
    This article by the art critic Stella Teixeira de Barros provides a general overview of Brazilian urban art presentations and performances since the 1960s. It also classifies the production of “street art” in three basic categories: 1. Anonymous [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110669

  • [A idéia da G-4]
    Gerchman, Rubens, 1942-2008
    1978
    The artist Rubens Gerchman discusses Pare, the exhibition he jointly presented with Roberto Magalhães, Antonio Dias, Carlos Vergara, and Pedro Escosteguy at the G-4 gallery in Rio de Janeiro in April 1966. Gerchman explains that the exhibition [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110583

  • [Caberá abrirmos, nesse passo...]
    Machado, Lourival Gomes
    1948
    This is the third chapter of the book by Lourival Gomes Machado that analyzes the development of modern art in Brazil, in which the author includes a reference to the contribution made to contemporary painting by the “spontaneous” artists (whose [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110358

  • [Descoberta de rythmos, revelacao de possibilidades novas...]
    Martins, Luís
    1937
    In this lecture, Luis Martins discusses various aspects of modern Brazilian painting from the 1920s through the mid-1930s. He describes Brazil as a “country of reflections” that passively echoes the challenges faced by the visual arts in the rest [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110456

  • 1968: Somos domésticos?
    Clark, Lygia
    1980
    In the middle of 1968—a critical year in the 20th century—Lygia Clark wrote this brief essay on the position that the artist should pursue in society; in the wake of the student protests that began in Paris in May of that year, demands for change [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110516

  • 3NÓS3/ Interversão urbana
    Hudinilson Jr., 1957-; Ramiro, Mario; França, Rafael, 1957-1991
    1981
    This document outlines the development of the approach of the art group 3NÓS3 [a pun: both “Three Knots” and “We Three”] made up of Hudinilson Jr., Mário Ramiro, and Rafael França, that was in existence between 1979 and 1981. The writers [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110667

  • A arte do AI-5 hoje
    Roels, Reynaldo; Santos, Joaquim Ferreira dos, 1951-
    1986
    This article contains a survey carried out on the occasion of the exhibition Depoimento de uma geração [Statement of a Generation] curated by critic Frederico Morais. The show, which took place at the Galeria de Arte Banerj in 1986, intended to [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110475

  • A arte do fantástico
    Vieira, José Geraldo, 1897-1977
    1952
    The art critic José Geraldo Vieira reviews the history of Surrealism and mentions Hieronymus Bosch, Albrecht Dürer, and William Hogarth, among others. In the critic’s opinion, these artists created a “cosmogony of the absurd” centuries ahead [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111415

  • A arte moderna
    Inojosa, Joaquim, 1901-
    1924
    This [text] is a “literary letter” sent by critic Joaquim Inojosa to the editors of Era Nova magazine in João Pessoa (in the state of Paraíba), which was later published as a book. It is considered a type of manifesto belonging to the Brazilian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1083630

  • A hora presente
    Lopes, Ascânio, 1906-1929
    1927
    In his essay “A hora presente,” Ascânio Lopes Quatorzevoltas blames the belligerence in the world for the habit of viewing foreigners as enemies, and for the rampant nationalist anger in Europe and the United States. In his opinion those [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780387

  • A intelligencia brasileira
    Almeida, Renato
    1926
    This is a lecture delivered by Renato Almeida in Salvador (capital of the state of Bahia) on October 26, 1926. He praised the reformist line of thought that arose in Brazil as “a riot” against everything that was “sterile imitation.” He saw [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780412

  • A pintura de José Antonio da Silva
    Spanudis, Theon
    1956
    This article discusses the artwork of José Antonio da Silva, which was deemed as primitive; it comments on the reception of his paintings during the transition from the 1940s into the 1950s. The writer, Theon Spanudis, points out its initial [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110357

  • A pintura franceza no Museu Nacional
    Campofiorito, Quirino
    1940
    This review of the 1940 Exposição de Arte Francesa at the Museu Nacional de Belas Artes in Rio de Janeiro discusses the “backwardness” of Brazilian art compared to its European counterpart. By presenting over a hundred years of French art— [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1091438

  • A querela do Brasil
    Zílio, Carlos
    1976
    The introduction to this essay rejects the possibility of defining Brazilian art by clearly describing the parameters of such a process which, usually, refers to cultural policies based on folkloric and anecdotal visions of national reality. [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1074928

  • A única arte que presta é a arte anormal
    Carvalho, Flávio de
    1936
    In this essay, the artist Flávio de Carvalho describes himself as a researcher into the “egocentric behavior of the world,” claiming that each social class usually wants to see itself portrayed in a straightforward manner. De Carvalho discusses [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1084943

  • Abstração ou figuração ou realismo?
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1957
    In this newspaper article Mário Pedrosa challenges the definition of “Abstract art” provided by the French avant-garde theoretician and artist Michel Seuphor in his Dictionnaire de la peinture abstraite (Paris: Hazan, 1957). According to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085648

  • Acontece que êle é baiano
    Veloso, Caetano; Bar, Décio
    1968
    This article by Décio Bar is an interview with singer-songwriter Caetano Veloso; it includes a biography, as well as reflections on the turn that Brazilian culture took in the 1950s and 1960s. This was the peak of “the extremely optimistic [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110418

  • Advertencia
    Bomfim, Manoel José do, 1868-
    1903
    In this historical review written in the early twentieth century, Manoel de Bomfim discusses economic, socio-political, and cultural conditions in Latin America. His objective here is to analyze the various problems afflicting the Americas as they [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 776434

  • Advertência aos leigos
    Jorge, Edmundo
    1953
    This text introduces the catalogue to the Exposição Nacional de Arte Abstrata held at Hotel Quitandinha in the city of Petrópolis, located near Rio de Janeiro, in February and March of 1953. Artist Edmundo Jorge, who organized the show, issues a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110324

  • Angelo Venosa e a intra-serialização
    Süssekind, Flora, 1955-
    1999
    In this text, literary critic Flora Süssekind discusses the work of sculptor Ângelo Venosa from the time of his first solo show (1985) to his recent productions (1990). She points out the recurrence in his art of carcasses, vertebrae, teeth, skulls [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111432

  • Anteprojeto do Manifesto do Centro Popular de Cultura, redigido em março de 1962
    Martins, Carlos Estevam, 1936-
    1962
    The first draft of a seven-part manifesto, this document declares that the aesthetic principles of the intellectuals and artists tied to the Centro Popular de Cultura (CPC) are based on the social problems facing Brazil, issues connected to material [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110413

  • Antonio Bandeira e a pintura
    Baratta, Mário, 1914-1983
    1951
    This essay is an article written by the Brazilian art critic Mário Baratta on his visit to the interior of the state of Ceará in 1951 with artist Antonio Bandeira. The article analyzes Bandeira’s work before and after he first resided in Paris [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110781

  • Arquitetura brasileira
    Warchavchik, Gregori
    1926
    Gregori Warchavchik, the Ukrainian architect based in Brazil, defends functionalism within the context of modern architecture and, in his judgment, that definitions should be restricted to the potential and means of the materials used. He states that [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780522

  • Arte e subversão
    Leirner, Sheila, 1948-
    1982
    In this article, the art critic Sheila Leirner avoids mentioning any particular case while discussing the “discouragement” caused by the news of the imprisonment of an artist accused of the crime of “free expression.” She muses on the role of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110510

  • Arte regional...
    Prates, Homero
    1918
    Starting with this issue, working alongside Guilherme de Almeida, Homero Prates assumed the role of literary editor of the journal Panoplia. In his text, Prates points out the nationalist feelings circulating at the time in Brazil. This outlook set a [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780547

  • Arte reprimida em São Paulo
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    1968
    The art critic Frederico Morais begins this article by drawing the reader’s attention to the work of “avant-garde artists” in São Paulo (“active, agitated, and/or agitators”) in the late 1960s. Among other things, he mentions the “ [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110638

  • Arte signográfica
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1959
    Mário Pedrosa establishes his position on non-geometric abstract trends in this text. Specifically, he is in favor of what he calls “arte signográfica” [art using graphic symbols], and he openly opposes the informal(ist) trend. In his judgment [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085678

  • Arte, necessidade vital
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1949
    Among the triumphs of modern art were the rediscovery of an emotional dimension and artistic sentiment in all their purity; something which becomes evident in the work of anonymous “primitive” artists and of the people who still live on a tribal [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110355

  • As tendencias sociais da arte e Käethe Kollwitz
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1933
    This address by Mário Pedrosa was entitled “Käthe Kollwitz e seu modo vermelho de perceber a vida” [Käthe Kollwitz and her red perception of life]; it was delivered at the CAM (Clube dos Artistas Modernos) in June 1933 during the show [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783035

  • Aspectos da pintura através de "Marco Zero"
    Andrade, Oswald de, 1890-1954
    1944
    Oswald de Andrade was invited by the American Contemporary Arts to give this lecture in São Paulo in 1944, in which he discusses the two characters he created for a series of novels (that was never completed) entitled Marco Zero. He used these [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 783942

  • Associações de artistas: precárias porém persistentes
    Barros, Stella Teixeira de
    1984
    In this article the art critic Stella Teixeira de Barros outlines the history of the various visual arts associations that were founded in the city of São Paulo between the Brazilian modernist period and the 1980s. Teixeira de Barros uses the term [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110676

  • Autonomous doodles, verbal scrawls and erasures on drawing in South America
    Herkenhoff, Paulo
    1997
    In this text, art critic Paulo Herkenhoff identifies and describes some of the characteristics of drawing as an autonomous form of expression in contemporary art from South America. He formulates ten categories in relation to the production in the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111410

  • Bode; A exposição de Antônio Manuel de zero às 24 horas nas bancas de jornais
    Manuel, Antonio
    1984
    The artist Antonio Manuel describes two works that were conceived for an exhibition at the MAM-RJ (Museu de Arte Moderna do Rio de Janeiro) in 1973, an event that the museum canceled on the eve of its opening in an attempt to avoid “difficult [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110565

  • BR/80 - Cenário social da década
    Costa, Maria Cristina Castilho
    1991
    The fall of the Berlin Wall, the spread of social democracy and liberalism as political, economic, and ideological models, the “westernizing” of Asia, and other facets of the process of globalization are mentioned here, among the many changes [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110566

  • Brasil diarréia
    Oiticica, Hélio, 1937-1980
    1970
    According to Hélio Oiticica, the future of Brazilian modernism depends on the creation of an artistic language that can adopt a universal critical approach that is both “permanent and experimental.” His diagnosis of the state of Brazilian [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1090409

  • Brasil/Cuiabá: pintura cabocla
    Morais, Frederico, 1936-
    1981
    The synopsis in English are coming soon [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075687

  • Caderno do Congresso
    1954
    This is the closing report of the Primeiro Congresso Nacional de Intelectuais held in 1954 in Goiânia, state of Goiás. It was written by journalist Salim Miguel—a member of the Delegação de Santa Catarina—for publication in the magazine Sul [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110339

  • Cinema : trajetória no subdesenvolvimento
    Gomes, Paulo Emílio Salles, 1916-1977
    1973
    In this text, writer and film critic Paulo Emílio Salles Gomes analyzes the underdeveloped state of Brazilian film, the sociopolitical and economic reasons for it, and what it implies on a cultural level. In Salles Gomes’s view, this problem is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111414

  • Clube de Gravura de Pôrto Alegre
    Miguel, Salim
    1956
    This article reports on the activities of the Clube de Gravura de Porto Alegre (CGPA) founded in 1950 by artist Carlos Scliar, who served as its president. The club was considered a model organization. It gained “notoriety throughout Brazil and [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110335

  • Como eu penso...
    Menotti del Picchia, 1892-
    1924
    In this paean to modern urban life, written by the well-known modernist poet Menotti del Picchia, the highways, the media, and the industrial sector all work together in perfect harmony to consolidate “new values.” He bemoans “our obsolete [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780648

  • Construtivismo
    Ruchti, Jacob
    1941
    In the view of Jacob Ruchti, the origin of Constructivism can be traced to the analytic investigation of Cubism. He believes that Constructivism implies “a new conceptual vision of things,” where colors, lines, and forms have an expressive power [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780261

  • Contrações do espaço
    Mammì, Lorenzo
    1988
    Art critic Lorenzo Mammì gives his reading of the exhibition of the work of sculptor José Resende, which was held at the Galeria Subdistrito in São Paulo (1988). Here, he explains the coherence of the artist’s method in terms of elements of [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111280

  • Corollario brasileiro
    Le Corbusier
    1930
    In this text, French-Swiss architect and urbanist Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, known as Le Corbusier, recounts the experiences he had during his first trip to Brazil (1929). He describes the aerial view of Rio de Janeiro and the “favelas”—the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 780696

  • Corpos de afago e dor = Bodies of caress and pain
    Pontual, Roberto, 1939-
    1989
    Roberto Pontual wrote this text for the catalogue to the show of work by Marcos Coelho Benjamim held in the context of the XX São Paulo Biennial (October 14 to December 10, 1989). According to the critic, the materials and objects in the works on [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1111211

  • Cultura popular : esbôço de uma resenha crítica
    Leite, Sebastião Uchoa
    1965
    This essay by Sebastião Uchoa Leite is an attempt to shed light on the term “popular culture” in relation to theory and praxis and in terms of historical conditions of time and space. The author places emphasis on activities bound to the [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110365

  • Cultura posta em questão
    Gullar, Ferreira, 1930-
    1965
    This article suggests a definition of “popular culture” that acknowledges the existence of two separate groups: one that is removed from the general population (because it is focused on questions to be addressed through art), and another that is [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1110364

  • Da abstração a auto-expressão
    Pedrosa, Mário
    1959
    In this essay the noted Brazilian art critic Mário Pedrosa discusses the Informalist Abstraction, also known as “voga tachista” [Tachisme vogue or fashion], of the late 1950s. The critic deplores this style, complaining that tachist painters [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1085707

  • Da arte nacional brasileira para a arte brasileira internacional
    Chiarelli, Tadeu, 1956-
    1995
    Ever since the academic romanticism of the nineteenth century, Brazilian artists had longed to create a “national (Brazilian) art,” a goal that at times had hampered their creative development. The painters Giovanni Castagneto, Oswaldo [...]
    ICAA Record ID: 1075144