In this article, “La unidad de Latinoamérica. Batalla diplomática en San Francisco” that appeared in Mañana [(Mexico City), no. 92 (June 2, 1945), pp. 12–13, 15], Mexican poet and Nobel Laureate Octavio Paz (1914–1998) discusses Pan-Americanism and the unity of the Latin American countries in the days leading up to the drafting of the United Nations charter. Paz begins his article with the press club dinner and the address to journalists given by Ezequiel Padilla, head of the Mexican delegation, in which he announced that the Latin American delegation had remained united in the process and that after two weeks of struggling, had accepted the proposal set forth by the United States. Paz paints a picture of the malleability of Latin America’s international relationships and how they were able to quell the strength of its northern neighbor, the United States. Paz discusses the history of the Pan-American Union, Roosevelt’s crucial role in improving the Pan-American system, and the importance of the Chapultepec Agreement, which stated that if any American country came under attack, all of the others would come to its defense. The two weeks in San Francisco put the Chapultepec Agreement in jeopardy, but on May 15th, they were finally able to reach a solution.